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高中英语语法之倒装句


Inversion
倒装句

Examples in the text
? Never will Zhou Yang forget his assignment at the office of China Daily. ? Only when you have seen what he or she does, can you cover a story by yourself. ? Not only am I interested in photography, but I (also) took a course at university. ? Only if you ask many different questions will you acquire all the information you need to know. ? Here comes my list of “dos” and “don’ts”.

倒装的分类
? 1 部分倒装 -主语与助动词 情态动词 系动词 主语与助动词/情态动词 主语与助动词 情态动词/系动词
倒装

? 结构:助动词/情态动词 主语+谓语动词 情态动词+ 结构:助动词 情态动词 主语 谓语动词 ? Never have I heard such a thing. ? = I have never heard such a thing. ? 2 全部倒装 – 主语与谓语动词倒装 ? 结构:谓语动词+ 结构:谓语动词 主语 ? Down fell the rain. ? = The rain fell down.

部分倒装的常见情况
? 1、在以so, nor, neither 开头的句子里 、在以so, ? neither/nor/so + be/ have, 助动词或 情态动词+ 主语( 情态动词+ 主语(如 SO do I 等)表与前面 内容也适用于另一个人或物时要部分倒装。 内容也适用于另一个人或物时要部分倒装。 ? ex:1. He likes dancing. _______. ? A. So his sister does. B. So does his sister. ? 2 - You forgot your purse when you went out. ? - Good heavens, _______. ? A. so did I B. so I did C. I did so D. I so did ? 表示对上述情况的认同,确实如此,不用倒装 表示对上述情况的认同,确实如此,

? 2.在下列否定或半否定词放句首表示强调时。如: 2.在下列否定或半否定词放句首表示强调时 在下列否定或半否定词放句首表示强调 ? never 从不 ? Never before have I met him. ? = I have never met him before. ? hardly, scarcely,barely刚刚,几乎不 刚刚, 刚刚 ? Hardly did I think it possible. ? ? seldom,rarely很少 很少 ? Seldom did the boy read newspaper. = I hardly think it possible.

部分倒装的常见情况

?

= The boy seldom read newspaper.

? little, few 少 ? Little do I dream of seeing such wonderful scenery. ? = I dream little of seeing such wonderful scenery. ? nowhere无处;任何地方都不, not until 直到 无处;任何地方都不, 直到……才 无处 才 ? by no means, at no time, under no circumstance, on no account 决不 neither…nor…… 两者都不 ? not only……(but also ……) 不仅…而且 不仅 而且 ? Hardly\scarcely…(when), no sooner….(than) 刚…… 就…… ? No sooner had they entered the house than it began to rain. ? =They had no sooner entered the house than it began to rain.

部分倒装的常见情况
? 3. Only + 副词,介词短语或从句作状语放句首 副词, ? Only then did I realize she is my real friend. ? 4.由so...that...引导的表示程度的状语从句,如 4. so...that...引导的表示程度的状语从句 引导的表示程度的状语从句, so引导的副词或形容词放于句首表示强调 引导的副词或形容词放于句首表示强调。 将so引导的副词或形容词放于句首表示强调 ? So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed.

部分倒装的常见情况
? 4. 在不带if的虚拟条件从句中, if 省略时, 在不带if的虚拟条件从句中, if的虚拟条件从句中 省略时, 要与主语倒装。 had, were, should 要与主语倒装。 ? Should he be interested in this subject, he might work hard at it. ? = If he should be interested in this subject, he might work hard at it. ? 如果他对这科目感兴趣,他就一定会用功。 如果他对这科目感兴趣,他就一定会用功。 ? ( 实际上, 他对这科目没兴趣,他也没 实际上, 他对这科目没兴趣, 有用功) 有用功)

全倒装的常见情况
? 1. 祝愿语 2. There be 句型 ? 3. 在there, here 或表示地点的介词短语 或表示方位的词组, 或表示方位的词组,如in the distance, in front of等放在句首时,谓语动词用 等放在句首时, 等放在句首时 谓语动词用 come, go,exit, follow,enter,rush,occur,lie, remain, fall, stand等。 ? There goes the bell. ? Here comes your husband. ? Under the tree sits a beautiful girl. ? In the distance was a boat.

全倒装的常见情况
? 4.副词now,then,thus 引导的句子里, 谓语是come,follow,begin,end,be等.
? Now comes your turn! ? Then followed another shot of gun. ? Thus ended the meeting.

全倒装的常见情况
? 5.当in, out, down, up, over, away,
off,back等副词作状语置于句首时,谓语 常用动词有come,go,rush,等不及物动词。 ? Off went the horses. ? Down came the brown waves! ? The door opened and in came Mr.Smith, our headmaster. ? 但如果主语是人称代词则不用倒装。 但如果主语是人称代词则不用倒装。 ? Back they fought. Up it flew.

其他倒装的情况
? 1在"such+be+主语"的结构中。 ? Such was the story he told me. ? - The story he told me was such. ? Such was what Peter spoke at the meeting. ? -What Peter spoke at the meeting was such..

其他倒装的情况
? 2. 由as/though引导的让步状语从句中,其基 本句式为:"形容词/副词/名词+as+主语+谓语 "或"动词原形+as+主语+情态动词/助动词"。 ? Child as he is, he knows a lot of English. ? - As/Though he is a child, …… ? Old as they were, they stuck to working. ? - As/Though they were old,…… ? Hard as he tried, he couldn't lift the stone. ? - As/Though he tried hard,…… ? Try as I might, I couldn't lift the stone. ? - As/Though I might try, ……

高考试题精选
? 1.Not until the early years of 19th century ____ what heat is. (MET89) A. man did know B. man knew C. didn’t man know D. did man know 2.Not until I began to work ____ how much time I had wasted. (MET 90) A. didn’t I realize B. did I realize C. I didn’t realize D. I realized

? ?

? 3. ---Do you know Jim quarreled with his brother ? ---I don’t know, ___. (MET 91) A. nor don’t I care B. nor do I care C. I don’t care neither B. D. I don’t care also ? 4. Not until all the fish died in the river, ____ how serious the pollution was. (MET 95) ? A. did the villagers realize B. the villagers realized C. the villagers did realize D. didn’t the villagers realize

? 5. Only in this way ____ do it well. A. must we B. we could C. can we D. we can ? 6. Hardly ____ when it began to rain. A. had he arrived B. arrived he C. he had arrived D. did he arrive ? 7. Not until the bell rang ____ in. A. do they come B. came they C. did they come D. they came ? 8. Only when class began ____ that he had left his book at home. ? A. will he realize B. he did realize C. did he realize D. should he realize

? 9. Hardly ____ when the bus suddenly pulled away. ? A. they had got to the bus stop B. they got to the bus stop C. did they get to the bus stop D.had they got to the bus stop ? 10. Not only ____ a writer but he was an artist for a time. A. he is B. he was C. is he D. was he ? 11. Not a single mistake ___ in the dictation yesterday. A. did he make B. made by him C. he made D. he had made

? 12. No sooner ____ his talk than he ____ the workers. A. he finished; surrounded all B. did he finish; did surround C. had he finished; was surrounded by D. after he finished; was surrounded near ? 13. Little ____ know about verbs, Franz ____ his head. A. did he; dared not lift ? B. he; dare not lift ? C. did he; dare not to lift D. doesn’t; doesn’t dare lift

? 14. Not only ____ a promise, but he also kept it. A. had he made B. he had made C. did he make D. he makes ? 15. ____ I would see you here. A. Little I dreamed ? B. Little do I dream ? C. I dreamed little D. Little did I dream ? 16. Hardly ____ when the bus suddenly pulled away. ? A. they had got to the bus stop B. they got to the bus stop C. did they get to the bus stop D.had they got to the bus stop


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