高中英语教学案 被动语态 谓语动词的语态表示句子的主语和谓语动作之间的关系-1）当句子的主语是谓语动作的执行者时，主、谓之间 的关系称为主动语态；2）当句子的主语是谓语动作的承受者时，主、谓之间的关系称为被动语态。例如： I teach English.（主动语态）我教英语。 Our English is taught by him.（被动语态）我们的英语是由他教的。 He speaks English.（主动语态）他说英文。 English is spoken in many countries all over the world.（被动语态）世界许多国家都讲英语。 在被动语态的句子中，谓语部分的结构是 be + p.p.（过去分词） 。被动语态的句子有时态的变化，这个变化反映在 be 动词上。也就是说，把一个句子做成被动语态的句子，只需要写出 BE 动词的所需时态，再加上所给动词的过去 分词就行了。当然，这只是指谓语部分而言。我们知道，be 动词作为一个独立的谓语动词有自己现在分词（being） 和过去分词 （been） 。那么，下面我们来看看 be 在各种时态中的变化形式： 一般现在时 am / is / are + p.p.（过去分词） 一般过去时 was / were + p.p.（过去分词） 一般将来时 shall / will + be + p.p.（过去分词） 过去将来时 would / should + be + p.p.（过去分词） 现在进行时 am / is / are + being + p.p.（过去分词） 过去进行时 was / were + being + p.p.（过去分词） 现在完成时 have / has + been + p.p.（过去分词） 过去完成时 had + been + p.p.（过去分词） "情态动词 + be + 过去分词"。 主动态变成被动态 She sent me a novel on my birthday. (主动) I was sent a novel on my birthday. (被动) 一.单项选择 A novel was sent to me on my birthday. (被动)
1. The sick boy to hospital by the police yesterday. A is taken B was taken C takes D took 2. Waste paper shouldn’t everywhere. It’s our duty to keep our city clean. A be thrown B throw C is thrown D are thrown 3. Do you have any problems if you this job? --Well, I’m thinking about the working day A offer B will offered C are offered D will be offered 5. It is reported that more new teaching buildings in our school in the next term A will be built B was built C has built D will build 6. The new library building last week. A was completed B is completed C completed D has completed 7. David, turn off the TV no one is watching it. --But it off already! The music is from the radio. A so that; has been turned B when; has turned C if; has been turned D because; has turned 8. Nick a job in a bank, but to our surprise, he didn’t take it. A is offered B offered C was offered D has offered 9. Do you often plant trees in spring? --Yes, many trees in our school every year. A plant B are planting C are planted
10. It’s difficult for the village children to cross the river for school. --I think a bridge over the river. A was built B is being built C has been built D should be built
二、将下列句子变为被动语态，每空一词：(语法填空) 1. We can finish the work in two days. The work ________ _________ 2. They produce silk in Suzhou. Silk _________ _________ in Suzhou. 3. The children will sing an English song. An English song ________ _________ ________ by the children. 4. You needn't do it now. It _________ _________ _________ by you now. 5. Lucy sent me a New Year Card last week. A New Year Card _________ _________ ________ me by her last week. 6. Peole use metal for making machines. Metal _________ _________ for making machines. 7. He made me do that for him. I _________ ________ ________ _________ that for him. 8.I have given this book to the library. This book _______ ________ ________ to the library. 9.Did they build a bridge here a year ago? ________ a bridge _________ here by them a year ago? 10.We'll put on an English play in our school. An English play _________ __________ ___________ on in our school. 11.More and more farmers buy colour TV sets. Colour TV sets _________ __________ __________ more and more farmers. 12.My brother often mends his watch. His watch __________ __________ _________ by my brother. 13.We must water the flowers every day. The flowers must ________ _________ (by us) every day. 14.They use knives for cutting things. Knives _________ _________ for cutting things. 15.He made the farmers work for a long time. The farmers _________ _________ __________ _________ for a long time. 16.Did he break the window yesterday? ________ the window _________ __________ __________ yesterday? 17.They have sold out the light green dresses. The light green dresses __________ __________ __________ out. 18.We clean the classroom every day. The classroom _________ _________ every day. 19. You must not plant trees in very dry earth. Trees _________ _________ __________ __________ in very dry earth. 20.You can dig a hole in the earth. A Hole _________ __________ __________ in the earth.
_________ in two days.
1—5 BACA 6—10
4. needn’t be done 8. has been given 12. is often mended 16. Was, broken by him 20. can be dug
二、将下列句子变为被动语态，每空一词： 1. can be finished 2. is produced 3. will be sung 5. was sent to 6. is used 7. was made to do 9. Was, built 10. will be put 11. are bought by 13. be watered 14. are used 15. were made to work 17. have been sold 18. are cleaned 19. must not be planted
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