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【名师A计划】2017高考英语一轮总复习 第一部分 教材知识梳理 Unit 6 Design课件 北师大版必修2._图文

Unit 6 Design

重点单词 重点短语 重点句型
1.abstract adj.抽象的,深奥的 concrete (反义词)adj.有形的,具体的
2.straight adj.直的 adv.直,直接
3.imagination n.想象,想象力 imagine vt.& vi.想象,猜想 4.exhibition n.展览会 exhibit vt.& vi.展览 5.poetry n.诗(总称) poem n.诗歌 poet n.诗人 6.valuable adj.贵重的,有价值的 value n.价值

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7.typical adj.典型的,具有代表性的 typically adv.通常;典型地;代表性地 8.elegantly adv.优美地 elegant adj.优美的 elegance n.高雅,典雅 9.emphasize/emphasise vt.强调 emphasis n.强调 10.detail n.细节,详情 detailed adj.详尽的;精细的;复杂的
11.foldn.皱褶,折痕 vt.& vi.折叠,合拢
unfold (反义词)vt.& vi.展开 12.shallow adj.浅的 deep (反义词)adj.深的

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13.eyesight n.视力 14.feature n.特征,特色 15.architect n.建筑师 architecture n.建筑物 16.ruin vt.毁坏,毁灭 17.dynasty n.朝代,王朝 18.religious adj.宗教的;虔诚的 religion n.宗教 19.purpose n.目的,意图 purposeful adj.有目的的;有决心的 20.pattern n.式样,模式 21.character n.字,字体;性格;品质;角色
characteristic adj.特有的;独特的 n.特性,特征

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22.temple n.庙宇,寺庙 23.jewel(le)ry n.(总称)珠宝 24.mercy n.慈悲,怜悯,同情心 merciful adj.仁慈的;宽恕的 25.damp adj.潮湿的 dry (反义词)adj.干燥的 26.narrow adj.狭窄的 wide (反义词)adj.宽的;广泛的
27.downtown adj.市区的 adv.在市区,往市区
28.conclusion n.结论;结束
conclude vt.推断;得出结论 vi.做决定;达成协议
29.add vt.增加,补充 vi.累积;扩大

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1.a matter of 一个关于……的问题/事 2.fix one’s eyes on 注视,凝视 3.deep in thought 陷入深思 4.add...to 增添,增加 5.sort of 有几分地 6.date back (to) 追溯(到) 7.relate to 涉及,有关 8.try out 试用,试验 9.leave out省去;遗漏;不考虑 10.in the shape of以……的形式;呈……形状 11.even so 即便如此 12.dream of/about 做梦,梦到 13.hold one’s breath 屏住呼吸

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1.齐白石的绘画(风格)常常给观赏者留下遐想,让他们去发挥自己的想象力。 Qi Baishi’s style of painting often leaves the audience guessing and makes them use their imagination. 2.但即便如此,那也不是我们真正想要的房子。 But even so,it’s not the house we thought we’d get.

Xu Beihong was important in modern Chinese folk art.During his lifetime,he developed the tradition of 1.combining(combine) poetry with painting.Between 1933 and 1940,he held several exhibitions in Asia and Europe 2.to promote(promote) Chinese art.Across the painting,Racing Horse,we can see a horse running 3.at high speed like a missile across the sky.To show the sweat along its body,Xu 4.creatively(create) used different shades of grey.
Qi Baishi was one of China’s greatest painters.His interest changed later to simple pictures from everyday life.Cabbage is 5.a well-known example of Qi’s work.The tiny insect near the cabbage has some red on its back.Its black eyes,6.which are fixed on the cabbage,show the creature’s interest in the vegetable.Qi’s style of painting often leaves the audience 7.guessing(guess) and makes them use their 8.imagination(imagine).

Chen Yifei was a very successful artist.The painting,Poppy,is a typical example of his style.In the painting,a young woman sits alone,deep in 9.thought/thinking(think).Her hand holding the fan is 10.elegantly(elegance) positioned above her knees.To emphasize the woman even more,Chen adds a lot of detail to the fan and the cloth of her dress,and chooses to paint the background behind the woman black.

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?valuable adj.值钱的,贵重的;有价值的,有用的 His soft portraits of beautiful women are very valuable.他那线条柔和的美女肖像画价值 不菲。(教材原句P36) ◆拓展延伸 1.value n.价格,价值,估价;评价 vt.估价;评价;重视 (be) of value=(be) valuable有价值的 (be) of no value=(be) valueless无价值的 2.invaluable adj.无价的,价值无法衡量的 What is the value of his house?他的房子值多少钱? Your help has been of great value.你的帮助很有价值。 I value the friendship between us.我尊重我们之间的友谊。

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◆现学活用 用valuable的适当形式填空 1.You’ll soon find the bag of value in helping you to get your stuff packed. 2.A dictionary is an invaluable aid in learning a new language.

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?typical adj.典型的,具有代表性的,象征性的 The painting,named Poppy,is a typical example of Chen’s style.这幅名为《罂粟花》的 画作是陈(逸飞)的代表作。(教材原句P36) ◆常见用法 be typical for 对……来说是典型的 be typical of 是……的代表作 It’s typical of sb.to do sth.做某事是某人的特点;某人做某事一向如此 This painting is typical of his early work.这幅画是他早期的代表作。 It was typical of him to be so merciless.他一贯这么冷酷无情。

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◆现学活用 完成句子 1.现在的天气并不是七月份常有的。 The weather at the moment is not typical for July. 2.她这人就是爱忘事。 It was typical of her to forget.

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?emphasize vt.强调,着重
To emphasize the woman even more,Chen adds a lot of detail to the fan and the cloth of her
dress,and chooses to paint the background behind the woman black.为了进一步突出这位女子,陈(逸飞)在她的扇子和衣
料上加入了很多细节,并选择黑色作为背景颜色。(教材原句P36) ◆常见用法 emphasize sth.强调某事 can’t emphasize...too much再怎么强调……也不为过 He emphasized the need for classroom discipline.他强调了课堂纪律的必要性。 We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting the environment too much.我们再怎么
强调保护环境的重要性也不为过。

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◆拓展延伸 emphasis (pl.emphases)n.强调;重点 give emphasis to 着重,强调 lay/place/put emphasis on/upon注重,着重于,强调;加强(语气),重读 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.Authors give emphasis(emphasize) to handle the relationship between high-grade and versatile products correctly. 2.We cannot lay too much emphasis on the importance of being a lifelong learner.

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?add vt.增加,补充;把……包括在内 vi.累积;扩大
To emphasise the woman even more,Chen adds a lot of detail to the fan and the cloth of her dress,and chooses to paint the background behind the woman black.为了进一步突出这位女 子,陈(逸飞)在她的扇子和衣料上加入了很多细节,并选择黑色作为背景颜色。(教材原句
P36) ◆常见用法 add...in 把……加进去,计算在内 add...to...把……加到……上去 add to增添,增加,增进 add up把……加起来;言之有理,说得通 add up to加起来等于,总计达 add that...补充说……

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After a short while,he added that he’d do his utmost.过了一会儿,他又说他会尽力的。 The bad weather added to our difficulties.恶劣的天气增加了我们的困难。 Please add up the numbers in Column B.请把B栏的数字加起来。 The total figures add up to 300.总数加起来是300。 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.The president talked with the official for a long time,adding(add) that he still trusted him. 2.Will you add more sugar to the coffee? 3.Every time I add these figures up I get a different answer.

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?purpose n.目的,意图;用途;效果;决心,意志
Mr Chen went on to explain that there are three types of paper cuts which people still make today:paper cuts for decoration,for religious purposes and for design patterns.陈先生继续介 绍说,至今人们还在做的剪纸有三种:用来装饰的、用于宗教目的的和用于图案设计的剪 纸。(教材原句P40)
◆常见用法 on purpose故意地,有意地 for (the) purpose of为的是,为了……起见,为了……的目的 to the purpose得要领的;中肯的;合适的 with the purpose of以……为目的 serve the purpose符合要求;解决问题

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He’s been here on purpose to see you.他是特地来这儿看你的。 Scissors are for the purpose of cutting.剪刀是专门用来剪东西的。 What he had said was not to the purpose.他所说的话并不中肯。 He went to town with the purpose of buying some food.他进城去买点食物。 I can’t find a screwdriver but this file should serve the purpose.我找不到螺丝刀,但这把 指甲锉可以达到目的。 ◆拓展延伸 purposeful adj.有目的的;有决心的;果断的 ◆现学活用 用适当的介词填空
1.I stayed awake on purpose until half past eleven in order to have a good look at the moon by myself.
2.They came here with/for the purpose of making trouble.

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?mercy n.仁慈,宽恕,怜悯 He had no mercy so we had to leave fast.他没有同情心,所以我们不得不赶紧搬走。(教材 原句P42) ◆常见用法 ask/beg for mercy 请求宽恕 at the mercy of 任由……的摆布 have mercy on sb.=show mercy to sb.同情某人,怜悯某人 It’s a mercy that...幸运的是…… He went down on his knees and begged for mercy.他跪下来,乞求宽恕。 They have no mercy on the poor father and daughter.他们毫不怜悯这对可怜的父女。 I shouldn’t like to be at the mercy of such a cruel man.我不想任由这个残忍的家伙摆 布。

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◆拓展延伸 merciful adj.仁慈的 be merciful to对……仁慈 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.They showed mercy to their enemies. 2.It is a mercy that she wasn’t seriously hurt. 3.The ship was at the mercy of the storm. 4.She is a kind-hearted woman and often has mercy on people who are in trouble.

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?conclusion n.结论;结尾,结局 conclusion—why you want to live there结论——你为何想住在那里(教材原句P44) ◆常见用法 in conclusion 最后,总之 make a conclusion 下结论 draw/reach/arrive at/come to a conclusion 得出结论 come to the conclusion that...所得结论是…… I’ve come to the conclusion that he’s not the right person for the job.我断定他不适合做 这项工作。

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◆拓展延伸 conclude vt.& vi.推断;结束 conclude sth./that...推断出,断定 conclude with/by...以……方式结束 conclude...with...以……方式结束…… The judge concluded that the accused was guilty.法官判定被告有罪。 The meeting usually concludes with an informal discussion.会议通常以一场非正式的讨论 结束。 The two countries concluded the talk with nothing.两国间的会谈无果而终。

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◆词义辨析 1.conclude “结束,终止”,较正式,常用于社交、会议等正式场合。 Let me conclude my speech with a saying.让我用一句谚语结束我的演讲。 2.complete 常指经历长时间之后“完成,结束”,其后可接建筑、工程、书籍等名词。 The building took two years to complete.这栋大楼花了两年才建成。 3.finish 作“结束,完成”讲时一般可与 complete 换用,但不及 complete 正式,可接动名词 作宾语。 When do you finish your college course?你什么时候大学毕业? 4.end的使用场合比较多,可指旅行、演讲、讨论、比赛、战争等的“结束,终止”。 World War Ⅱ ended in 1945.第二次世界大战于1945年结束。

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◆现学活用 单句填空 1.It took the jury half an hour to reach the conclusion that she was guilty. 2.He concluded by wishing everyone a safe trip home.

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?fix on把……固定住;注视;确定 Its black eyes,which are fixed on the cabbage,show the creature’s interest in the vegetable. 它黑色的眼睛,盯着那棵白菜,表现出小昆虫对白菜的极大兴趣。(教材原句P36) ◆常见用法 fix one’s eyes on注视,凝视 fix one’s mind/attention on集中某人的思想/注意力于…… fix sth.to/onto/on sth.把……安装/固定到…… be fixed on (doing) sth.专注于(做)某事 with one’s eyes fixed on注意力集中于…… When sitting at the corner,she fixed her eyes on passers-by.她坐在角落里注视着行人的一 举一动。 Attention now was fixed on Carrie,still proud and scornful.现在大家都盯着嘉莉,她依然是 那么高傲,脸上带着轻蔑的表情。

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◆现学活用 单句填空 1.He lay in the bed,with his eyes fixed(fix) on the ceiling. 2.My father often told me to fix my attention on what I was doing.

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?deep in thought陷入深思 In the painting,a young woman sits alone and is deep in thought.在画中,一位年轻女子独自 坐着,陷入深思。(教材原句P36) ◆拓展延伸 at the (very) thought of...一想到……(就……) on second thoughts经过再三考虑,再度思索 without a second thought不假思索,立即,马上 I was delighted at the thought of seeing you again.一想到能够再见到你我就高兴。 On second thoughts,he decided to quit his job.经过再三考虑,他决定辞职。

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◆特别提醒 deep in thought与 lost in thought/thinking用法相同,意为“陷入深思(思考)之中”,可作表语 或状语。 Deep/Lost in thought,he knew nothing about what happened outside.陷入深思之中,他对外 面发生的事一无所知。 ◆现学活用 单句填空 1.The nurse was full of thought(think) for the sick. 2.I didn’t answer right away because I was lost in thought.

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?date back to 追溯到…… Paper cuts of animals have been found in tombs which date back to the time of the Northern and Southern Dynasty!已经在南北朝时期的墓穴里发现了关于动物的剪纸。(教材原句 P40) ◆拓展延伸 1.date from 追溯到,起始于 2.have a date with sb.与某人约会 set/fix a date确定日期 out of date过时的,废弃的 up to date直到最近的,到目前为止;新式的;现代的

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◆特别提醒 date back to相当于date from,都不能用于进行时态和被动语态。当谈论现在的一件物品 时,虽然该物品始于过去,但date back to/date from的时态仍用一般现在时。 The church dates back to the 13th century.这座教堂始建于13 世纪。 ◆现学活用 用括号中所给词的适当形式填空 1.The scientist discovered a dinosaur fossil dating(date) from 40,000 years ago. 2.Every day a number of tourists take pictures in front of the tower,which dates(date) back to as early as 800 years ago.

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?leave out省去;遗漏;不考虑 When can we leave out who,whom,that,which?什么时候我们可以省略who,whom,that或 which?(教材原句P41) Don’t leave out any detail of the case.案件的任何细节都不要漏掉。 ◆拓展延伸 leave behind 忘带;留下 leave aside不考虑(某事物);搁置一边 leave alone 让……独自待着,不打扰 leave off 停止,中断 leave over剩下,残留 leave for 动身去某地 leave sth.as it is 听任某事自然发展

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◆词义辨析 1.leave out“省去,遗漏,排除”,指无意识地省去或遗漏,被省去的内容不出现在纸上或屏 幕上。还可指故意将某事物或某人排除在外。
The reason why I left out the third paragraph of the composition was that I think it was off the point.我把这篇作文的第三段删去的理由是我认为这一段离题了。
2.cross out“划掉,删去”,指因有错误而有意识地划掉或涂掉所写或所画的内容,被划掉的 内容仍然出现在纸上或屏幕上。
I crossed out the mistakes in my sentence and wrote it again.我把句子里的错误划掉,重写 了一遍。
◆现学活用 用leave相关短语的适当形式完成句子 1.请别把我拉入这场争吵中——我可不想牵连进去。 Leave me out of this quarrel please——I don’t want to get involved.

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2.我把我的信用卡落在餐馆里了。 I left my credit card behind at the restaurant. 3.我纳闷他们为什么不考虑如此重要的一个问题。 I wonder why they left aside such an important question. 4.你为什么不能让她一个人待一会儿? Why can’t you just leave her alone? 5.我在我刚才停下的地方继续读故事。 I went on with my story just where I had left off . 6.饭菜剩下了不少。 There were lots of foods left over.

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?hold one’s breath屏住呼吸 It’s small and red with narrow steps in front and windows so small that you’d think they were holding their breath.那是一座红色的小房子,前面有窄窄的台阶,窗户小得让你觉得他 们屏住了呼吸。(教材原句P42) ◆拓展延伸 above one’s breath大声,说出声 at a breath一口气 out of breath 上气不接下气 in a breath一瞬间;齐声地;一口气 in one breath同时,齐声地 draw/take a (long/deep) breath (深深地)吸一口气

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◆现学活用 单句填空 1.We held our breath(breathe) when listening to her song. 2.When we finally reached the top of the mountain,we were out of breath,exhausted.

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even so的用法 But even so,it’s not the house we thought we’d get.但即便如此,那也不是我们真正想要 的房子。(教材原句P42) even so意为“即便如此,即使这样”。so一般指代前文中的内容,即省略句。 It’s raining heavily.Even so,we must set off at once.雨下得很大。尽管如此,我们也得立 即出发。 There are many spelling mistakes in the essay.Even so,it’s quite good.虽然这篇文章有许 多拼写错误,但是仍不失为好文章。

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◆拓展延伸 and so forth(=and so on)等等,以此类推 if so要是那样的话,在那种情况下 or so大约,左右,将近 so and so某某;如此这般 Is that so?真的吗?是那样吗? So what?那么又怎样呢?结果怎样? How so?怎么搞的?怎么会这样呢?

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◆现学活用 选词填空 1.—Linda didn’t invite us to the party. —So what(For what/So what/What’s on/What’s up)?I don’t care. 2.Some of you may have finished Unit One.If so(If you may/If you do/If not/If so),you can go on to Unit Two.

一、单句填空

1.(2015·天津高考改编)The author’s mother told him to borrow a book in order to help

cure him

his reading problem.

of。句意:作者的母亲让他借书看是为了解决他的阅读问题。cure sb.of sth.“治愈某人

的疾病/矫正某人的恶习”。

2.(2015·浙江高考改编)If you swim in a river or lake,be sure to investigate what is below

the water surface.Often there are rocks or

(branch) hidden in the water.

branches。branch的复数形式为branches,和rocks保持一致。句意:如果你在河里或湖里

游泳,务必要对水面下进行查看。通常总有一些石头或树枝藏在水里。

3.(2015·广东高考改编)She is now crazy about classical music and will not miss any

chance

(attend) a concert with her husband.

to attend。句意:她现在热衷于古典音乐,从不错过任何与丈夫一起参加音乐会的机会。

chance,opportunity,ability,attempt,desire等名词后常接不定式作定语。

4.(2015·四川高考改编)His study shows that when robins

(expose) to light at

night in the lab,it leads to some genes being active at the wrong time of day.

are exposed。句意:他的研究表明,让知更鸟夜间在实验室处于光照条件下,会导致其基

因在一天当中错误的时间内处于活跃状态。固定搭配be exposed to“暴露于……”。

5.(2015·福建高考改编)Group exercise is

(challenge),yet fun and empowering!Of

course everyone knows that exercise is good for the body.

challenging。句意:群体健身活动具有挑战性,但有趣并赋予人力量!当然,人人都知道锻

炼有益于身体健康。句中缺少表语,用形容词challenging,意为“具有挑战性的”。

6.(2015·上海高考改编)He’s so addicted

the smart phone that he just can’t

stand the idea that there may be an important text.

to。固定搭配be addicted to“对……上瘾,沉溺于”。句意:他如此沉迷于他的智能手机,

以至于受不了可能有重要短信息这样的想法。

7.(2014·陕西高考改编)It’s quite hot today.Do you feel like

(go) for a swim?

going。固定搭配feel like doing sth.“想要做某事,愿意做某事”。

8.(2014·江苏高考改编)Having a baby in her unmarried state would have brought shame on

the family in China,so she probably kept my

(exist) a secret.

existence。句意:在中国未婚生育会给家庭蒙羞,所以她也许会把我的存在当作一个秘

密。空前有my修饰,应用名词。

9.(2013·福建高考改编)We’re accustomed to

(have)one thing in our pocket to

do all these things,and the average consumer isn’t gonna be able to afford another device

that’s hundreds and hundreds of dollars.

having。固定搭配be accustomed to doing sth.“习惯做某事”。

10.(2013·新课标全国卷Ⅰ改编)Babies paid more attention to squares moving

(random) on a screen when their number changed from two to three,or three to two.

randomly。randomly“随便地,任意地”,修饰动词moving。句意:当数字由2变成3或者由

3变成2时,婴儿更加注意的是正方形在屏幕上的随机移动。

二、单元话题微写作 绘画的作用
根据提示,将以下句子连成一篇英语短文。 1.绘画是一种特别的过程。在这个过程中,我们创造出美,并把它带进我们的生活。 (process;bring...into...) 2.通过绘画,我们能够展示多重情感和思想。(demonstrate;multiple) 3.绘画时我们的创造力和想象力得到了培养。(creativity;imagination;cultivate) 4.绘画还能帮助我们集中思想,把注意力从困境中转移开来。(in addition;concentrate on;get across;distract;go through) Drawing is a special process during which we can create beauty and bring this kind of beauty into our life as well.Through drawing,we are able to demonstrate,multiple emotions and thoughts.Besides,our creativity and imagination can be cultivated too.In addition,drawing helps us to concentrate on what we want to get across and distract us from difficult problems or situations that we may be going through.


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