当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 江苏省启东中学高中英语选修6《Unit2Whatishappinesstoyou》教案(译林版)


Lead-in Questions: 1. When you look at the topic, what do you think will be involved in the topic? 2. When do you think you are happy? 3. What do you think others will do when they are happy? 4. Do you think that people’s ideas of happiness can change or stay the
same? 5. What do you think happiness is?
Competition: Things that make you A: happy and B: unhappy to see which group has more reasons A
1. being allowed to do whatever I want to 2. receiving a present that I have longed for 3. receiving the first prize award in an important competition 4. being respected by my peers(同辈人)because of my hard work.. 5. having a chance to meet my favorite pop or sport star. 6. traveling to the countryside to breathe fresh air and enjoy beautiful scenery.

7. being healthy B
1. being assigned too much homework by teacher 2. getting too much interference from my parents 3. not getting on well with sb. 4. facing fierce competition between me and sb. else.
. …. Talking about pictures: Pic. 1 Being creative 1. Are you fond of drawing? 2. In your opinion, what other things can be called “being creative”?
Pic. 2 Doing exciting things 1. Do you like to do exciting things? If do, why? 2. Can you name some exciting things to us?
(roller-coaster, roller-skating, skiing, adventuring, white-water surfing, bungee jumping,…)
Pic. 3 Reading 1. Do you think reading can make you happy? Why?

Pic. 4 Playing sports 1. Do you like taking part in sporting activities? 2. Which sports do you enjoy most and why?
Pic. 5 Spending time with family 1. How often do you have a big family get-together? 2. Do you enjoy spending time with your relatives? 3. Do you talk with them about your problems and achievements?
Pic. 6. Learning news things 1. Have you ever been to a natural history museum? 2. What new things would you like to learn if you have the chance? 3. In which ways can you learn new things?
(Surfing the Internet, talking to different people, visiting strange places….)
Discuss the three questions on page 17
Language focus 1) make sb. + adj.: e.g. His explanation made us satisfied / happy.
The explanation made the passage easy to understand.

2) make sb. do sth. = sb. be made to do sth. 3) make oneself done: make yourself heard / seen / understood / known… 4) make sb. sb. / sth. sth. e.g. Study hard and I’ll make you a college student.
We’ll make our classroom a meeting-room. 5) Sb. will make a + n. :某人有能力/素质成为…… e.g. I think she will make a good student.
The young man will make an excellent teacher.
Practice Do exx on page 77 and 78 in KKL
Homework 1. Read the two article on P. 112-113 2. Answer this question: What does happiness mean to you? 3. Collect some information about Sang Lan on the Internet.
Reading The search for happiness Revision 1. Check the homework exercise 2. Free talk: What is happiness to you

Different people find happiness and fun in different things. There is no standard to decide which way of being happy is the best.
Lead-in Today we’ll talk about a special girl named Sang Lan, who used to
be a successful gymnast. Can you give us some information about Sang Lan?
Reading 1、Read the passage on page 18 and answer the three questions in Part A. Questions: 1). Do you think Sang Lan had a happy life before she was injured? 2). Do you think Sang Lan has a happy life now? 3). What would you do if you had the same problem?
Think about the question and tell me your true feeling 4). If you had a chance to talk face to face with Sang Lan, what would
you like most to ask her about? (childhood, school education, things or experiences that had left her the deepest impression before the accident, reasons for learning gymnastics, things that encourage her during hard times, current

physical condition, expectations for the future, future career plans, attitudes towards life, success and failure,…..) 2、Read the reading once again and do exercises C1 and C2 on page 20. 3、Can you use an adjective or some adjectives to describe Sang Lan’s personality? Sang Lan is brave, courageous, optimistic, hard-working, determined, considerate, …. 4、Finish part D and E on page 20 and 21. 5、Collect information: A. Before going to hospital: 1、being successful in her sport when she was young 2、being described as energetic, happy and hard-working 3、working towards something special 4、trying to make her parents proud B. While staying in hospital: 1、being in good spirits 2、thinking about what she could do to get better 3、being proud of the things she had accomplished 4、feeling happy to be alive, and lucky to have the rest of her life to learn new things C. After leaving hospital: 1、studying journalism at Beijing University

2、hosting a sports show about the 2008 Beijing Olympics 3、looking forward to playing table tennis in the special Olympics for disabled people in 2008 4、thinking about positive things and staying optimistic 5、believing that keeping busy helps her stay positive.
Reading strategy Read the “Reading strategy” on page 19, paying attention to “How
to perform an interview”.
Language focus 1. injure 1)vt. 使受伤(尤指在事故中);损害(名誉、自尊、健康等)
He injured his knee playing football. 他在踢足球时膝盖受了伤。 Three people were killed and five injured in the crash .在撞车事故 中有三人死亡五人受伤。 This could seriously injure the company’s reputation. 这会严重损害 公司的声誉。 Luckily , he was not injured . 2)adj. 受伤的;受委屈的
an injured voice / look 委屈的样子/ 语调 the injured n. 受伤的人/ 伤员 / 伤兵

Ambulances took the injured to a nearby hospital . 3) n. (对身体的)伤害;损伤(C/ U);(对感情的)伤害;挫伤(U)
a head injury 头部受伤 serious injury / injuries 重伤 There were no injuries in the crash . 撞车事故中没有人受伤。 辨析:wound / injure / hurt He was wounded in the leg during the war . 他战时腿部受伤。 The driver of the car was badly injured in the accident . No one was seriously hurt in the accident . 这次意外受伤的人伤势 都不很重。 wound 是指有意的伤害,尤指用武器造成的皮肤上的伤害, injure 则主要是指意外事故造成的伤害. 还可用于比喻义,如伤害健康、名 誉、感情等。 hurt 指的伤害可与 injure 同样严重,也可指比较轻的疼痛。
2. struggle 1) v. 挣扎;努力;奋力;斗争
She struggled to get away from him . The people were struggling to get out of the burning building . A bird was caught in the net and was struggling to get free. He struggled in the dark , without advice , without encouragement . 2) n. 斗争;战斗;挣扎;努力;费劲的事 The struggle for independence was long and hard.

A foreign language is a weapon in the struggle of life . It was a struggle to make him understand . 3) phrases : struggle against 和……斗争/搏斗
We had to struggle against strong winds all the way home . struggle for 为……斗争/打斗 The poor had to struggle for a living . struggle with 和……斗争
All his life he has been struggling with illness. struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来 struggle along 挣扎着生活下去
3. dedicated a. (working hard at sth. because it is very important to you)
献身的;专心致志的;一心一意的 a dedicated teacher 富有献身精神的教师 She is dedicated to her job . 她对工作专心致志。
4. apart from 1)远离;和……不在一起 He kept himself apart from other people . 他与其他人保持距离。

We live 10 km apart from each other . Their birthdays are only three days apart . 他们的生日仅隔三天。 2) 除了……外;要不是;此外(还) I’ve finished apart from the last question . Apart from them , I had no one to talk to . Apart from the cost , it will take a lot of time .
5. devote oneself to sth. / doing sth. 投身于;献身于 Mary devotes too much time to eating . I don’t think we should devote any more time to this question . He devoted himself entirely to music. All his life was devoted to helping the poor . He was still devoted to the study of chemistry . be devoted to sb. / sth. 对某人/某事忠诚 He is devoted to his job / wife . devote (vt.) ; devotion ( n.) ; devoted (adj.); devotedly (adv.)
6. cost:n. 代价、费用、成本;牺牲、损失 e.g. The cost of the car is $2000. phrases: at one’s cost = at one’s expense:某人买单 at the cost of …:以……的代价 at all costs = at any cost:不惜代价

vt. 花费钱, sth. cost (sb.) money 花费时间、劳力,牺牲生命
e.g. His illness cost us many sleepless nights. It cost time, money and energy to build the long bridge.
* Sth. cost sb. sth.:某物使某人失去…… e.g. Smoking cost him his health.
Careless driving cost him a leg.
7. rush v & n. 1) vi. 冲;猛跑;快速到(某处);匆忙行事;赶忙
The children rushed across the road without looking to the right and left .
There’s plenty of time ;we needn’t rush . 2) vt. 把……急忙送往
He rushed photographs to the newspaper. Doctors and medical supplies were rushed to the place of the earthquake. 3) n. 匆匆忙忙;奔流;大量人流涌来(购物等) I don’t like the rush of the city life . She is always in a rush . I hate shopping during the Christmas rush when everyone’s buying presents.

4) in a rush 匆忙地;急切地 gold rush 淘金热 rush hour 上下班时间; 交通最拥挤时间
8. spirit: n. (c) 精神\心灵, 相对:body, flesh e.g. I can’t attend your wedding, but I’ll be with you in spirit.
(心与你同在) The spirit is willing but the flesh is weak. 心有余而力不足。 灵魂、幽灵
e.g. Do you believe in spirits? n. (u) 勇气、志气:fighting spirit:斗志; a man of spirit:
有志气的人; spirits:情绪、心情, be in good / bad / high / low spirits Sim:in a ….state / mood:处于……状态、心情中
9.overcome 1) 克服;解决
She overcame injury to win the Olympic gold medal . 她战胜了伤痛,赢得了奥运会金牌。 The two parties managed to overcome the differences on the issue . 两个政党弥合了在这个问题上的分歧。 In the final game France easily overcame England . 在决赛中,法国队轻松战胜了英国队。

2)受到……极大影响 Her parents were overcome with grief at the funeral . 在葬礼上她的父母悲痛欲绝。 The dead woman was overcome by smoke .
10. adapt 1)v. 使适应;使适合
Most of these tools have been specially adapted for use by disabled people .
这些工具多数已经过特别改装,供残疾人使用。 2) adapt (oneself ) to sth. 适应新情况
We have had to adapt quickly to the new system . 我们不得不迅速适应新制度。 It’s amazing how soon you adapt .
你这么快就适应了,真是令人惊奇。 It took him a while to adapt himself to the new surroundings . 他过了好一阵子才适应新环境。 3) adapt sth. for sth. 将……改编成…… Three of his novels have been adapted for television. 4) adaptable adj. 有适应能力的;能适应的 adaptation n. 改编本; 改写本

11.courage n. 勇气; courageous adj. 勇敢的;无畏的; courageously adv.勇敢地;大胆地; encourage vt. 鼓励; discourage vt. 使泄气
12. inspire: vt. 鼓舞、振奋(人) 1) inspire sb. to (do) sth.
e.g. We were inspired by his speech. The teacher inspired us to greater efforts / make greater efforts.
His words inspired me to try again. 2) inspire sb. with sth. = inspire sth in sb.:激发某人……
e.g. The father inspired confidence in his son. He inspired dislike in us. Her words inspired determination in us.
inspiration:n. 灵感、启发、鼓舞, be an inspiration to sb.
13. admire:vt 感叹、赞赏 1) admire sth. / sb. e.g. Visitors to China admire the Great Wall.
We all admire his new car. 2) admire sb. for sth.:佩服某人的…… e.g. I admire him for his honesty.
They all admired us for our achievements. 3) admire sth.(口语):(恭维地)称赞

e.g. Remember to admire her new dress. admirer:爱慕者、崇拜者 admirable:adj. 值得称赞的、极好的 admiration:n. 感叹、佩服、赞赏 e.g. command / win admiration 赢得赞赏
have / express / feel admiration for …:钦佩…… We had great admiration for his talent. We looked at the pictures in admiration.
14. summarize:vt. 总结、扼要陈述, summarize sth. summary:n. 摘要、总结,make a summary of sth.:对……作总结
15. sympathy:同情、怜悯 gain / win one’s sympathy:赢得某人的同情 express / show one’s sympathy for sb.:对某人表示同情 feel / have sympathy for .sb.:同情某人
Homework 1、Finish exercises A1, A2, B1, B2 on page 108 and 109. 2、Do exercises on page 79 and 80 in KKL.

Word power Revision 1、Check the homework exercises 2、Test some language focus
Lead-in We have learned many words about different emotions. Can you tell me
some word in the following topics:Words express *happiness:joy 喜乐, delight 高兴, pleasure 愉快, like 喜
欢, love 爱 emotions *anger:fear 恐惧, anger 怒, jealousy 嫉妒, hatred 恨
*sadness:sorrow 伤心, grief 悲痛, despair 绝望

Other words expressing emotions: surprise, astonishment, frustration 受 挫 , depress 压 抑 , contentment 满意, satisfaction, concern 关心, worry, fury 愤怒, curiosity 好奇, amazement
All these words are abstract nouns 抽象名词, and they each have their adjective forms. They are: joyful, delighted, pleased/pleasing, likeable, lovable,
fearful, angry, jealous, hateful, sorrowful, grievous, despairing, surprising / surprised, astonishing/astonished, frustrated, depressed 精 神 不 振 的 /depressing 令 人 沮 丧 的 , content, satisfied/satisfying, concerned 涉 及 的 、 有 关 的 , worried, furious, curious, amazed/amazing
Emotions (page 22.) 1. Turn to page 22 and read the explanation above part A. 2. Do part A on page 22. 3. Fill in the blanks in part B on page 23.
Idioms 1. Explain the idioms in part C. 1). hot under the collar:angry, embarrassed

e.g. He got hot under the collar when I asked him where he had been all day.
2). over the moon:extremely happy or excited e.g. When he heard the news, he was over the moon.
3). down in the dumps:feeling unhappy e.g. Knowing that he didn’t pass the test, he was down in the dumps.
4). on cloud nine:extremely happy e.g. Chosen to host the party, I was on cloud nine.
5). feel blue:feel sad or depressed e.g. He has been feeling blue all week.
6). fly off the handle:suddenly become very angry e.g. When she asked her father for money, he flew off the handle.
2. Fill in the spider gram(蛛网式图表) with the above six idioms
Homework 1. Textbook page 108-109 2. KKL page 79-81 3. Remember the abstract nouns and their adjectives

Grammar:past and future tenses Revision 1. Review some abstract nouns and tell their adjective forms 2. Review the six idioms
Grammar Past tenses. Past tenses include: a) simple past b) past continuous and c) past
perfect A. Simple past
We use simple past tense to talk about an action that happened or a state that existed in the
past, but do not exist now. “ago, last…, in 1990…” are often used in past tense.
e.g. I was born in 1970 while most of you were born in the 1980s. She was ill three years ago. I lived in Shanghai for five years in the 90s.

It snowed last week but didn’t last long. B. Past continuous 1. We use past continuous tense to talk about an action that was happening
during the whole of a past period of time. The action may have finished or may not. 2. We also use past continuous tense to indicate an action that was happening at a point of time in the past, such as “this time yesterday, at three yesterday afternoon,…”. 3. We use past continuous tense when another past action happened, such as “when he came, the time he came,….” e.g. I was doing my homework yesterday evening.
She was reading a novel yesterday and she can finish it today. We were making preparations for the sports meeting last week. She was cleaning her room this time yesterday. We were having supper when the bell rang. The first time I saw her, she was working in a shop. C. Past perfect We use past perfect tense to talk about an action that happened before
a past action or a time in the past or to show the speaker’s intention. e.g. He had finished his homework when he went home.
We had learned 3000 English words by the end of last term.

I had hoped to go home yesterday, but didn’t in the end. Future tenses Future tenses have:simple future, future continuous and future in the
past. A. Simple future
We have the following future tenses: 几种将来时的不同含义: 1、be going to do:表示“计划、打算、安排好”的动作。 2、will:表示在说话前未加考虑的想法;表示自然属性。 3、be about to do … when…:就要/正要做……就在这时…… 4、be to do:表示说话者“警告、命令、决心”等的口气。 5、do / does:用一般现在时代一般将来时,常讲的是交通工具(定时运行的)
“来、去”,用于这一句型的动词是趋向性动词 come, leave, arrive, start, ….。 e.g. My train leaves at 7:00 tomorrow morning.
The plane arrives at midnight. B. Future continuous
We use future continuous tense to talk about sth. that will happen in the future and will
continue for some time or an action that will be happening at a point of time in the future.
e.g. We will be reading in the classroom when you come. When she arrives, he will be waiting at the station.

Mr. Brown will be talking about happiness at the meeting. What will you be doing this time next week? C. Future in the past We use future in the past to talk about a future action or state of
the past time. e.g. She said she would go home when she finished her homework.
He told me he was going to study abroad one year later.
Reading 1. Turn to page 24 and read the instructions 2. Read through the passage on page 25 and correct the mistakes in it. 3. Fill in the blanks in part B on page 25.
Homework 1. Finish the exercises on page 110 and 111 2. Do exercises on page 82-85 in KKL.

Task: Write a website article to give advice Revision 1. Check the homework exercises. 2. Translation:
1) He had studied English for five years before he came here. 2) Send my regards to your parents when you write home. 3) I was working in the garden when the accident happened. 4) My plane takes off this evening. 5) I am flying to Shanghai tomorrow morning. 6) She was about to go out to collect her shoes when the hurricane
occurred. 7) You are to listen carefully in class and never be absent-minded. 8) What will you be doing this time tomorrow? 9) By the end of last week we had collected enough money. 10) The last time we saw the girl, she was playing basketball on the


What kind of feeling do you have when you:

1. loose your way in a forest and there is no one to help you?


2. your favorite team lost a game?


3. could not go to the seaside for your holiday with others?


All these words: hopeless, unhappy, disappointed are negative

emotional words. We use

these negative words to express our negative emotions.

Reading 1. Turn to page 26 and read the explanation on the page. 2. Think out as many negative emotional words as you can:
(sad, confused, alone, regretful, depressed, ….) 3. Finish part A on page 26. 4. Listening practice
Listen to he tape and fill in the blanks in part B and C on page 27.

Language focus 1. obey:服从(人、命令)

e.g. At home you should obey tour parents. At school students should obey their teachers and school rules. Everyone should obey the laws / order.
obedience:n. 服从、顺从 e.g. I refused obedience to the order obedient:adj. 服从的、顺从的、听话的 ( …to…) e.g. an obedient servant
The boy is obedient to his teacher. 2. arrange:整理、布置、安排
1)arrange sth. e.g. We must arrange the room before the guests arrive.
The list of names is arranged in alphabetical order, I have arranged the meeting for Wednesday. Before leaving, he arranged his business affairs. 2) arrange sth for sb.:为……安排…… e.g. Mother has arranged an appointment for me with the dentist. 3) arrange for sb. to do sth.:安排某人做某事 e.g. I have arranged for him to meet her in the park. He has arranged for a car to pick them up. arrangement:arrive at / com to / conclude an arrangement:谈妥办法
make / work out an arrangement:安排、处理 3. coach:v & n. 1) n. 教练;辅导老师

e.g. A football team needs a good coach if it’s going to win any matches .
The professor agreed to be the boy’s maths coach. an English coach
2) v. 辅导(学习);训练 e.g. He is now being coached by a famous violinist .
He was privately coached in maths to bring him level with the rest of his class.
I coach a youth club basket team during the spring . 4. believe in:相信……的存在,信仰(宗教、神等)、信赖(人格、力量等)
e.g. Do you believe in God? I don’t believe in ghosts. I believe in his honesty.
believe:相信(某人的话):believe sb. / one’s words / what sb. said believe it or not:信不信由你; believe me:真的、是真的呀 belief(s):信念、信心、意见:have belief in:对……信任、有信心 5. allocate:vt. 分配;拨……(给);划……(归);分配……(给) e.g. We must allocate the money carefully .
A large sum has been allocated for buying new books for the project . More resources are being allocated to the project . The government has allocated ten million pounds to the stricken area. 6. quit:(quit, quitting)vt. / vi. 停止、放弃,quit (doing) sth.

e.g. They quit the work at five. He quit his job last month. Quit smoking in this room, please.
7. be tired of:对……厌烦 c.f. be tired from / with:因……而疲倦
8. guarantee:v.& n. 1) v. 对……提出保证;保修 e.g. They guarantee the watch for three years . The washing machine is guaranteed for one year. 2) v. 保证 guarantee + n. e.g. Buying a train ticket doesn’t guarantee you a seat . Can you guarantee me a job when I get there ? Nobody can guarantee good weather . 3) guarantee + to do e.g. We guarantee to be here tomorrow . He guaranteed to pay off the debts the next week.. 4) guarantee + 从句 e.g. I can guarantee that you will be satisfied with the result . Who can guarantee that he won’t change his mind this time? n. 保修(期);质量保证;保修单 e.g. The radio has a twelve months’ guarantee. Wealth is no guarantee of happiness.

Writing 1. Go through the lines on page 28-29 to let students know how to breaking big questions into smaller questions and how to give advice. 2. Write an article for the school website, providing proper solutions to the article in part A on page 26. Homework 1. Finish the writing. 2. Preview Project
Project:Making a happiness handout

Revision 1. Check the homework exercises 2. Translation
1).As a child, you should obey your parents. 2) I guarantee to help you when needed. 3) We are all tired of eating the same food every day. 4) You’d better quit smoking as soon as possible. 5) Are you tired with working all day? 6) Everyone should have belief in / believe in himself. 7) To do well in both study and sports, you should allocate your time wisely. 8) Have you arranged the time for the meeting?
Reading 1. Turn to page 30 and read :Golden days, then answer some questions:
1) Is the writer old or young? How do you know? (He is old, because he sys “When I was young”, implying that he is
not young any more.) 2) What time does the writer consider to be the happiest of his life? (His days at school were the happiest of his life) 3) Why does the writer think those days were happy? (1. He didn’t have any worries in his life

2. He could spend all day with his friends talking about interesting things 3. All he had to do was to go to school and spend a few hours studying after school. 4. His parents took care of everything important. 5. At weekends, he could see friends, visit his grandparents, read books and play sports 6. He didn’t need to think about problems at work or worry about
income or how to take care of a family. In a word, he could fully enjoy himself.) 4) What does the writer think young people can do while old people can’t? (Young people are healthy, so they can stay happy and cheerful. They seem never tired and feel they can do anything. When people get old, their bodies get ache. Old people get tired easily and must be very careful not to hurt themselves.) 2. Read passage B on page 31 and answer the following questions: 1) Is the writer a teenager or an adult? How do you know that? (A teenager. Because in the third paragraph, the writer says, “I will also be happy because I will be an adult then”) 2) Why does the writer think that his or her happiest days will be in the future?

(1. In the future, people will be healthier and live longer, they will never worry about illness because of new technology. 2. There will be no war, pollution or hunger. 3. People will only work four hours on workdays, and all the jobs will be interesting. 4. Robots and computers can do many things for people, esp. all the boring things. 5. The family members can spend more time enjoying each other’s company. 3) What does the writer think an adult can do while a teenager can’t? (1. An adult can make his or her own decisions and do things he or she enjoys. 2. He or she can have a job that he or she likes and finds happiness in being successful at it. 3. Teenagers have to work hard at school and should always be doing
or learning things, so they don’t have time to relax.) 4) Why does the writer think it is nice to think the happiest days are
still ahead of them? (It gives the writer the motivation to work hard now.) 3. Fill in the following table

Teenagers Advantages

Old people disadvantages Advantages


Language focus 1. guidance:n. 指导、率领, under one’s guidance:在……的率领下
under one’s leadership / direction / control / instruction … with one’s help / aid / assistance / encouragement … guide:vt. 带路、指导、领导, guide sb. + prep. Phrase e.g. guide sb. in one’s studies, guide sb. to success 2. golden:金黄色的、金子般的,宝贵的 e.g. golden hair, a golden opportunity:绝好的机会, the golden years
of one’s life:人生的黄金岁月, a golden watch:镀金手表, golden rule:良好的行为准则, golden wedding:金婚(五十周年) gold:金、金质的、金做的 e.g. pure gold, a gold medal, gold rush, the Gold Coast:黄金海岸 3. independent:adj. 独立的、自治的 e.g. an independent country,

She is an independent woman and earns her own living. be independent of sb.:脱离……取得独立 e.g. The job will make you independent of your parents.
In 1949, China became independent of imperialisms. independence:n.独立、自立,achieve / gain / win independence from …: 脱离…而独立 gain / win one’s independence:获得独立自主, declare independence: 宣布独立 4. communicate:
1)交流思想;通消息;联系 e.g. We learn a language to communicate .
The two friends haven’t communicated for years . We can communicate with people in most parts of the world by telephone . While he was in prison he was not allowed to communicate with his family .
2) 传达;表达;传送 e.g. With his help , we tried to communicate this feeling to our hosts .
The radio station communicated the storm warning to the islanders . 3) 传染
e.g. School children often communicate colds to each other.

4)n. communication 通讯联系(不可数);交流思想(不可数); 交通(复数)
e.g. Radio and television are important means of communication. The purpose of language is communication. London has poor road communications with the surrounding area, but the railway network is excellent.
5. assist:vt. = help, assist sb. with sth. / in doing sth.= assist sb. to do sth.:帮助……
做…… e.g. He helped his father in cleaning the car. I will assist our teacher with the general cleaning in the office. Who would like to assist me with the experiment? He assisted me with the set up of the tent.
6. company:n. 陪同、伙伴、团体 e.g. I enjoy his company. 由他为伴真愉快。 Do you feel at home in my company? 由我陪伴你感到轻松自在吗? He keeps good / bad company. 他和好人/坏人来往。 A man is known by the company he keeps. 观友见其人。(近朱者赤,
近墨者黑) be fond of company:好交际 keep / bear a person company:陪伴某人 for company:作为同伴,应酬上

e.g. I drank for company last night.

in company:一起、结伴

e.g. Let’s go to town in company.

in company with sb.:陪伴某人,

keep company with sb.:与……为友

7. mature:成熟的


e.g. a mature peach, the wine isn’t mature yet, in a mature way:


8. motivate:vt. 激发、刺激、使……愿意, motivate sb. to do sth.

e.g. What motivated him to do such a thing?

Kindness motivated the action.

He was motivated only by his wish to help me, and expected nothing

in return.

The murder was motivated by hatred. (由仇恨所引起)


e.g. Hunger was the motivation of the theft.

Homework 1. Finish exercises on page 108-111 in the book. 2. Review the whole unit.

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