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大学英语新视野第二版第一册Unit 4 How to make a good impression


How to make a good first impression How to make a good impression on girls

How to make a good impression on jobs

The First impression
? Q: How do Chinese behave when they

meet at the first time ?

clothes
appearance eye contact

performance

manner

How to make a good first impression
? Be confident and outgoing. ? Never fidget (焦躁、坐立不安). ? Relax. ? Smile. ? Make eye contact.

? Dress appropriately. ? Have a sense of humor. Concentrate of getting

the person to talk about himself or herself.
? Be yourself. ? Remember the name of the people you meet. ? Stay positive.

How to make a good impression on girls
? Do you think you can make a good impression on girls?
? How can you make a good impression on girls?

? Now let’s watch a video clip and

please pay attention to the boy and the girl.

Click here

Tips
? Compliment her, but don't over do it. ? Respect her. ? Take it slow. ? Be yourself. ? Don‘t brag (吹牛), girls hate that. ? State your opinion.

How to make a good impression on jobs

CHINA STATE CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING CORPORATION 中国建筑工程总公司
? Q: Please introduce yourself . ? Q: What are you good at ?

? Q: What’s your interest ?
? Q: Talk about your shortcomings. ? Q: Do you like your school ?

? Q: How about your teachers ?

Remember
? Be Prepared
Know your strengths and skills. Be ready to talk about them if not directly asked. Know the job you are applying for. Research the company.

? Practice
Think about the questions you may be asked and practice your answers or presentation in front of a mirror, role play with friends, tape record or video tape yourself.

? Be Confident
Enthusiasm counts. Know you are a good candidate for the job.

? Clothing
Be sure what you wear is in good condition and appropriate for the position for which you are interviewing.

Body Language
Watch for nervous mannerisms, but don’t keep from making gestures if they are appropriate and comfortable. Use good eye contact. Smile. Watch their body language for clues.

? Closing
Thank them for their time. Re-affirm your interest in the position. Emphasize your qualifications if no other opportunity has presented itself.

? Send A Thank You Note—Very Important!
Note may be on personal stationary and may be hand delivered.

Text Study
1 2 3

New
Words

Text
Reading

Main Ideas & Structure

Back

impression ? interview ? brood ? lighten up ?Phrases and ? encounter conscious ? take … ?Expressions ? focus consciously seriously ? ? unconsciously persuasion make up ? selfone’s mind ? persuasive Proper Names ? conscious …? presentation range from ? Ailes ? to … self? physical ? ? consciousnessappearance focus on ? drive sb. attitude ? rate ? crazy reaction ? pitch range ? at one’s best ? tone introduction ? communicate? gesture ? with spouse ? absorb

? stride ? impress ? consistent ? consistently ? speaker ? depress ? audience ? contact ? relax ? lighten ? entertainment ? roar ? humor

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III. Word Using
1. impression (title) — What ?s your first impression on your English teacher? — I am impressed by...

— Her/his... impresses me greatly.

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2. research (evidence/facts) show(s) (proves/suggests/indicates) that... 大 量的……表明…… (L1)
Translation
大量事实表明,大部分优秀生都有良好的学习 习惯。

Key
A large body of facts show that most top students have good study habits.

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3. consciously (L2) conscious adj. : aware, realizing sth. self-conscious adj. : shy or nervous unconscious adj. : unaware consciousness n. :意识, 知觉
Translation
他伤得很重,但仍未失去知觉。

Key
He was badly hurt, but he remained conscious.

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4. range from... to... (L4) reach from (one limit) to (another)
Translation
DVD机的价格少则五六百元多则上千元。

Key
The prices of DVD players range

from¥500 or¥600 to more than
¥1,000.

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5. be absorbed in (L21) give all one’s attention to
Translation
这位教授聚精会神地工作,

以至于没有听到来访者走进房间。
Key

The professor was so absorbed in her work that
she didn?t hear her visitor enter the room.

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6. drive sb. crazy (L24) —Stop that music! It drives me crazy. —What may drive you crazy in your daily life? 7. at one?s best (L26) —Many people are at their best in the morning. When are you at your best in a day? —“I am at my best when I...”

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8. Whether... or..., always remember to do sth. 不管……, 还是……, 始终记住要…… (L36)
Translation

不管事情进展得是否顺利,始终记住你 要保持清醒的头脑。
Key
Whether things go right or wrong, always remember to keep cool.

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导入

预习

小结

写作

Back

Text Reading

How to Make a Good Impression
Para. 1 Research shows we make up our minds about people through unspoken communication within seven seconds of meeting them. Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes, causing a chain of reactions, ranging from comfort to fear.
句型





词汇学习

课文分析

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写作

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Text Reading

Para. 2 Think about some of your most unforgettable meetings: an introduction to your future spouse, a job interview, an encounter with a stranger. Focus on the first seven seconds. What did you feel and think? How did you “read” the other person? How do you think he read you?
句型





词汇学习

课文分析

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导入

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Text Reading
Para. 3 You are the message. For 25

years I’ve worked with thousands
who want to be successful. I’ve helped them make persuasive presentations, answer unfriendly questions, communicate more effectively. The

secret has always been you are the message.





词汇学习

课文分析

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Text Reading

Para. 4 Others will want to be with you and help you if you use your good qualities. They include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expression through the eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. Others form an impression about you based on these.





词汇学习

课文分析

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写作

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Text Reading
句型

Para. 5 Think of times when you know you made a good impression. What made you successful? You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment you lost all self-consciousness. Para. 6 Be yourself. Many how-to books advise you to stride into a room and impress others with your qualities. They instruct you to greet them with “power handshakes” and tell you to fix your eyes on the other person. If you follow all this advice, you’ll drive everyone crazy—including yourself.
随 笔 词汇学习 课文分析

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Text Reading

Para. 7 The trick is to be consistently you, at your best.
句型

The most effective people never change from one

situation to another. They’re the same whether they’re having a conversation, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being; the tones of their voices and their

gestures match their words.





词汇学习

课文分析

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Text Reading

Para. 8 Public speakers, however, often send mixed messages. My favorite is the kind who say, “Ladies and gentlemen. I’m very happy to be here”—while looking at their shoes. They don’t look happy. They look angry, frightened or depressed. Para. 9 The audience always believe what they see over what they hear. They think, “He’s telling me he’s happy, but he’s not. He’s not being honest.”
句型





词汇学习

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Text Reading
Para. 10 Use your eyes. Whether you’re talking to one person or one hundred, always remember

to look at them.

句型

Some people

start to say something while looking right at you, but three words into the sentence, they break eye contact and look out the window.





词汇学习

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Text Reading

Para. 11 As you enter a room, move your eyes

comfortably; then look straight at those in the room
and smile. Smiling is important. It shows you are

relaxed. Some think entering a room full of people is
like going into a lion’s cage. I disagree. If I did agree, I certainly wouldn’t look at my feet or at the ceiling. I’d keep my eye on the lion!





词汇学习

课文分析

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Text Reading Para. 12 Lighten up. Once in a staff meeting, one of the most powerful chairmen in the entertainment industry became very angry over tiny problems, scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear him. When he got to me, he shouted, “And you, Ailes, what are you doing?” Para. 13 I said, “Do you mean now, this evening or for the rest of my life?” There was a moment of silence. Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter. Others laughed too. Humor broke the stress of a very uncomfortable scene.
随 笔 词汇学习 课文分析

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Text Reading

Para. 14 If I had to give advice in two words, it would

be “lighten up”! You can always see people who take
themselves too seriously. Usually they are either brooding or talking a great deal about themselves.





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Text Reading

Para. 15 Take a good hard look at yourself. Do you say “I” too often? Are you usually focused on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to lighten up. To make others comfortable, you have to appear comfortable yourself. Don’t make any huge changes; just be yourself. You already have within you the power to make a good impression, because nobody can be you as well as you can.
句型





词汇学习

课文分析

Unit4

BOOK1 I. Three suggestions on making a good impression on others:

? Be yourself.

? Use your eyes.
? Lighten up.

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Too much is as bad as too little. We should show our good qualities in a natural way.

1. Be yourself.

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If you lose proper eye contact, you are at risk of losing the happiness of your whole life.

2. Use your eyes.

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3. Lighten up.
To make others comfortable, you have to appear comfortable yourself.

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II. True or False?

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Analysis
Paraphrase

Translation

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Rewrite sentences with “so/such... that...”
like to like to buy things in his people buy things in his shop. shop.
His presentation was so interesting and ?? His presentation was very interesting(that)

He is such is an honest businessman, ?? Because hean honest businessman (that) peop

everyone listened carefully. everyone listened carefully.

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the best way

2. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. (L26)
do as well as you can always be yourself and have your same good qualities all the time

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1. You were committed to what you were talking about and so absorbed in the moment, you lost all self-consciousness. (L19) that Because you paid so much attention to what you were talking about, you almost 你对你所谈论的事情非常投入,当时完全沉 forget everything outside and you didn't 浸其中,以至于完全没有了羞怯的感觉。 feel shy any more.

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3. I disagree. If I did agree. I certainly wouldn't look at my feet or at the ceiling. I'd keep my eye on the lion! (L41)

Even if a room full of people were like a lion’s cage, we should keep eye contact with the lion. 我不同意这种说法(有很多人的房间像狮 子笼)。就算同意,我也绝不会看着自己 的脚或天花板—我会盯着那头狮子!

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Back

Main idea of the text ?
When people want to make a good impression, the following advice can be of some help: you are the message; be yourself; use your eyes; and lighten up. Devices for developing it?
列举法
设问法 举例法

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Summary
1
English Equivalents of Chinese Creative Application of Typical Expressions

2
3

Further Application of Typical Patterns

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English Equivalents of Chinese

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1. 无论有意识还是无意识 2. 从··到··变化 ·· ·· ·· ·· 3. 与陌生人的一次邂逅 4. “解读”他人 5. 作有说服力的演讲 6. 使他人对你保持兴趣 7. 以··为基础 ·· ·· 8. 听从所有这些建议 9. 逼得某人发疯 10. 全身心地做某事

consciously or unconsciously range from... to...

an encounter with a stranger to “read” the other person to make persuasive presentations
to hold the interest of others to (be) base(d) sth. on

to follow all this advice to drive sb. crazy to do sth. with one’s whole being





短语活用

句型应用

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English Equivalents of Chinese

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11. 与说的话一致 12. 相信眼见胜过耳闻 13. 一句话刚说几个字 14. 停止目光接触 15. 直视某人 16. 放轻松;别太当真 17. 为微不足道的事生气 18. 放声大笑 19.打破紧张气氛 20. 仔细地观察

to match one’s words
to believe what one sees over what one hears

three words into the sentence to break eye contact to look straight at sb. to lighten up to become angry over tiny problems to roar with laughter to break the stress to take a good hard look at





短语活用

句型应用

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Creative Application of Expressions

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1. 给某人留下印象 2. 致力于 3. 集中精神/专注于 4. 处于最佳状态

to make an impression on sb. to be committed to to be absorbed in at one’s best

5. 本身有做某事的能力 to have within one the power to do sth.





词组互译

句型应用

BOOK1 (列举法) 1. Unit4Listing

Back

The writer successfully presents the reader his ideas through the device of listing: 1) He gives his four pieces of advice on “How to Make a Good Impression”by listing and expounding one after another: You are the message. (Para.3) Be yourself. (Para. 6) >>>more Use your eyes. (Para.10) Lighten up. (Para. 12)
设问法 举例法

BOOK1 2. Unit4 Questioning(设问法)

Back

Part II: Think of times when you know you made a good impression. What made you successful? (Para. 5) Part III: Take a good look at yourself. Do you say “I” too often? Are you usually focused on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to lighten up.(Para. 15)
列举法 举例法

BOOK1 3. Unit4 Exemplification (举例法)

Back

Exemplification is applied to make the author’s advice or opinion more authentic and persuasive. And it is employed in the second part of the article as follows: 1) For 25 years I’ve worked with thousands who want to be successful. I’ve helped them make persuasive presentations, answer unfriendly questions, communicate more effectively. >>>more The secret has always been you are the message. (Para.3)
列举法
设问法

BOOK1 3. Exemplification (举例法) Unit4

Back

2) Once in a staff meeting, one of the most powerful chairmen in the entertainment industry became very angry over tiny problems, scolded each worker and enjoyed making them fear him.When he got to me, he shouted, “And you, Ailes, what are you doing?” I said, “Do you mean now, this evening or for the rest of my life?” There was a moment of silence. Then the chairman threw back his head and roared with laughter. Others laughed too. Humor broke the stress of a very uncomfortable scene. (Para.12-13) 列举法 设问法

? Structure Analysis
? Tips for Writing
? Your Task

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I. Structure Analysis
A Paragraph of a Statement Supported by a List of Things

Sample: Others will want to be with you and help you if you use your good qualities. They include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expressiveness of the eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. Others form an impression about you based on these.

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A Paragraph of a Statement Supported by a List of Things
1. physical appearance 2. energy 3. rate of speech 4. pitch and tone of voice 5. gestures 6. expressiveness of the eyes 7. ability to hold the interest of others

Your good qualities include:

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Practice
A general statement: many kinds of sports on our university grounds List of examples: football/basketball/racing/baseball/tennis/swim ming/high jumping/weight lifting

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A Sample
Sample:

Many kinds of sports occur on our university grounds. Students can participate in sports activities like football, basketball, tennis or even baseball. Our students may enjoy more sports, such as racing, swimming or high jumping. They also have access to sports like weight lifting.

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II. Writing Tips
Examples should be: ?enough ?without further details Effective sentences: ? divide the examples into groups ? put them into several different sentences ? use different verbs


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