1．harvest n．&vt.&vi. 收获；收割 2．starve vi.&vt. (使)饿死；饿得要死 3．trick n. 诡计；恶作剧；窍门 vt. 欺骗；诈骗 4．gain vt. 获得；得到 5．gather vt.&vi. 搜集；集合；聚集 6．award n. 奖；奖品 vt. 授予；判定 7．admire vt. 赞美；钦佩；羡慕
[拓展词汇] 1．beauty n．美；美人→ beautiful adj.美丽的；漂亮的 2．celebration n．庆祝；祝贺→celebrate vi.庆祝 3．origin n．起源；由来；起因→original adj.原始的；最初的 4．religious adj.宗教上的；信奉宗教的；虔诚的→religion n．宗 教 5．belief n．信任；信心；信仰→believe vt.&vi.相信；认为 6．poet n．诗人→poem n．诗→poetry n．诗歌 7．arrival n．到来；到达；到达者→arrive vi.到达
8．independence n．独立；自主→independent adj.独立的；自 主的
9．agriculture n．农业；农艺；农学→agricultural adj.农业的； 农艺的
10．energetic adj.充满活力的；精力充沛的；积极的→energy n．精 力，能量
11．custom n．习惯；风俗→customs n．海关
Ⅱ.重点短语 1．take_place 2．in_memory_of 3．dress_up 4．play_a_trick_on 5．look_forward_to 6．day_and_night 7．as_though 8．have_fun_with
发生 纪念；追念 穿上盛装；打扮；装饰 搞恶作剧；诈骗；开玩笑 期望；期待；盼望 日夜；昼夜；整天 好像 玩得开心
Ⅲ.重点句型 1．be＋adj.＋to do句型 【课文】 At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find, especially during the cold winter months. 在那个时代，如果食物难以找到，特别是在寒冷的冬月，人 们就会挨饿。 【仿写】 If some problems are_difficult_to_answer,_you can
do the easier ones first. 如果有些问题很难回答的话，你可以先做那些容易的。
2．either...or...“或者……或者……；不是……就是……” 【课文】 Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to
satisfy the ancestors, who might return either to help or to do harm. 有些节日，是为了纪念死者，或者使祖先得以满足，因为祖
先们有可能回到世上(给人们)提供帮助，也有可能带来伤害。 【仿写】 People can either give them as gifts to friends or hang
them in their houses. 人们可以把它们当做礼物送给朋友或者把它们挂在家里。
3．as though引导表语从句 【课文】 The country，covered with cherry tree flowers，
looks as though it is covered with pink snow. (节日里)整个国度到处是盛开的樱花，看上去就像是覆盖了一
层粉红色的雪。 【仿写】 It seems as_if/though our team is going to win. 看起来好像我们队要赢了。
4．with 复合结构 【课文】 On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with“bones”on them. 在这个重要的节日里，人们会吃制成颅骨形状的食物和装点有 “骨头”的蛋糕。 【仿写】 The teacher came in with_a_book_in_her_hand. 老师进来了，手里拿着一本书。
1．(教材 P1)Festivals are meant to celebrate important times of year.
节日旨在庆祝一年中重要的日子。 celebrate v．庆祝(仪式、庆典等)，祝贺；(以文章、演说等)颂 扬，赞美，歌颂 celebration n． 庆祝；祝贺 in celebration of 为了庆祝
①It's Dad's birthday and we're going out for a meal to celebrate
it. 今天是父亲的生日，我们打算出去吃饭庆祝一下。 ②The girl dreams of having a party in_celebration_of their
2．(教材P1)Discuss when they take place, what they celebrate and what people do at that time.
take place 发生；举行
①The Olympic Games take place every four years.Every athlete
dreams of taking part in them.
②Great changes have_taken_place in the past ten years in our
③The disaster happened at midnight，when most people were
asleep. 灾难发生在午夜，当时多数人在熟睡。 [名师点津] take place是不及物动词短语，不能用于被动语
3．(教材P1)At that time people would starve if food was difficult
to find, especially during the cold winter months.
(1)starve to death/be starved to death
(2)starve to do sth. 渴望去做某事
(3)starvation n. 挨饿；饿死
①The beggar would starve if the passers-by didn't give him food. 如果路人不给乞丐食物，他就会挨饿。
I'd rather starve than steal. 我宁可饿死也不偷窃。 ②The two countries have been at_war for many years. Millions of
people have starved_to_death. 两国交战多年，数以百万计的人饿死了。 ③The motherless children were starving for mother's love. ＝The motherless children were starving to_get (get) mother's
4．(教材P2)For the Japanese festival Obon，people should go to
clean graves and light incense in memory of their ancestors.
in memory of 纪念；追念
in praise of
in honour of
in search of
in charge of
①She set up an educational fund in memory of her parents. 她成立了一个教育基金会来纪念她的父母。 ②A new monument which some workers are busy building is
in_memory_of the national hero. 工人们正忙着建的纪念碑是纪念这位民族英雄的。 ③Can you tell me who is in_charge_of the whole company? 你能告诉我谁负责这个公司吗？
5．(教材 P2)The Western holiday Halloween also had its origin in
old beliefs about the return of the spirits of dead people.
(1)have a strong belief in... 绝对信任……
hold the belief that...
believe it or not
①My belief is that we can rely on our own effort to solve the
problem. ＝It is my belief that we can rely on our own effort to solve the
problem. 我相信我们可以靠自己的努力来解决这个问题。 ②With him leading us, we have belief (believe) in our future and
we will gain success sooner or later. 在他的带领下，我们对未来充满了信心，坚信我们早晚会获
得成功。 ③I hold_the_firm_belief_that he is a kind and warm-hearted man. 我坚信他是一位善良、热心肠的人。 ④I believe what you said, but I don't believe_in you. 我相信你的话，但是我不信任你这个人。
6．(教材 P2)It is now a children's festival, when they can dress up
and go to their neighbours' homes to ask for sweets.
dress up 穿上盛装；打扮；装饰；掩饰
(1)dress sb. up/dress up sb. 打扮某人；为某人化妆
(2)dress oneself up as...
(3)be dressed in
①It's not an important party; you needn't dress up for it. 这是一个不重要的晚会，你没必要为之打扮。 ②The girl dressed_up and pretended to be an old man with a long
beard. 女孩乔装打扮，假装成一位留着长胡子的老人。 ③The policeman dressed_(himself)_up_as an ordinary person to
watch over the suspect. 那个警察(把自己)打扮成普通人来监视那个嫌疑人。 ④Dressed (dress) in a red coat, she looks more beautiful. 穿着一件红色的外套，她看上去更漂亮了。
7．(教材P2)If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
如果邻居什么糖果也不给，那么孩子们就可能捉弄他们。 play a trick on 搞恶作剧；诈骗；开玩笑 (1)play a trick on sb.＝play tricks on sb.
捉弄某人 (2)trick sb. out of sth. 骗取某人的某物 trick sb. into doing sth. 欺骗某人做某事
①It's a tradition to play tricks on people on April 1st. 在四月一日，捉弄人是个传统习俗。 ②The young man tricked the old woman out_of a lot of money. 那个年轻人骗走那位老太太很多钱。 ③I was_tricked (trick) into telling the truth, so I felt very sorry. 我被欺骗说了实话，所以我感到很后悔。
8．(教材P2)India has a national festival on October 2 to honour Mohandas Gandhi, the leader who helped gain India's independence
from Britain. 在印度，10月2日是纪念莫汉达斯·甘地的全国性节日，甘地是
gain weight(＝put on weight)
gain strength/power/experience 增加力气/权力/经验
(2)No pains, no gains. 不劳无获
①If we go on a trip abroad, we can broaden our view and gain
knowledge. 如果我们去国外旅游，我们可以开阔视野并获得知识。 ②I gained a lot from my former experiences. 我从以前的经历中受益匪浅。 ③As the old saying goes, “No_pains,_no_gains.” 常言道，不劳无获。
9．(教材 P2) Some people might win awards for their farm produce, like the biggest watermelon or the most handsome rooster.
award n．奖；奖品 vt.授予；判定 (1)win/get an award for 因为……而获奖 (2)award sb. sth.＝award sth. to sb.
①I always dream of winning an award in the TV performance
competition. 我一直梦想着在电视表演大赛中获奖。 ②He_received_a_special_award_for his contribution to the
country's independence. 他因对国家独立作出的贡献而获得了一个特别奖。 ③The headmaster awarded_the_winner_a_gold_medal. ＝The headmaster awarded a gold medal to the winner. 校长给获奖者颁发了一枚金牌。
10．(教材 P2)China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when
people admire the moon and in China, enjoy mooncakes.
(1)admire sb. for sth. 因某事而钦佩某人
①All the neighbours admire this family, where the parents are
treating their child like a friend. 所有的邻居都对这个家庭赞赏不已，在这个家庭里，父母对
待他们的孩子就像对待朋友一样。 ②The old teacher was_admired (admire) for his devotion to his
education cause. 人们赞美这位老教师对教育事业的奉献精神。 ③The moment Jackie Chan appeared, all the fans looked at him
with admiration(admire)． 成龙一出现，所有影迷都钦佩地看着他。
11．(教材 P2)The most energetic and important festivals are the
ones that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of
look forward to (to 为介词) 期望；期待；盼望
look up to
look down on/upon 俯视；轻视；看不起
①I look forward to hearing from you as soon as possible. 我期盼能尽快收到你的来信。 ②He's a fine teacher. We've always look_up_to him. 他是一位优秀教师，我们一向很尊敬他。 ③They are looking_into the cause of the accident. 他们正在调查事故的原因。 ④A good teacher never looks_down_upon slow students. 好的老师从来不会瞧不起差的学生。
12．(教材 P2)People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun
with each other. 人们喜欢聚在一起吃、喝、玩、乐。
have fun with 玩得开心 (1)have fun with sb. 跟某人一起尽情玩耍 have fun (in) doing sth. 做某事很开心/很愉快
(2)What fun it is to do sth.! 做某事多有趣啊！
It's great fun to do sth. 做某事很有趣。
①The children were having so much fun with each other on
Halloween. 在万圣节孩子们彼此玩得很开心。 ②I hope you'll have fun doing (do) the self-driving travelling
during the May Day holiday. 我希望你们五一自驾游玩得开心。 ③It's fun to_swim (swim) in the pool with families or friends in
summer. 夏天和家人或朋友在游泳池里游泳很有趣。 [名师点津] fun是不可数名词，其前一般不加冠词。
1．Some festivals are held to honour the dead or to satisfy the ancestors, who might return either to help or to do harm.
not only...but (also)．.. 不仅……，而且……
①I left the book either on the table or in the drawer. 我把书不是放在桌子上，就是放在抽屉里了。 ②Either you or I am (be) going there tomorrow. 明天要么你去那里，要么我去那里。 ③Not only the students but also their teacher is_enjoying (enjoy) the film now. 不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片，他们的老师也在欣赏这部影 片。 ④As a matter of fact, not you but he is (be) responsible (be) for the accident. 事实上，不是你，而是他该为事故负责任。
2．On this important feast day, people eat food in the shape of skulls and cakes with “bones” on them.
①He said goodbye to his parents with tears in his eyes. 他眼含着泪水与父母告别。 ②With a lot of work to_do (do), he wasn't allowed to go out. 因为还有很多工作要做，他没有被允许外出。 ③With the final exam drawing (draw) near, he is busy going over
his lessons. 随着期末考试的临近，他忙于复习功课。 ④With his work finished (finish), he gladly played with his
3．(教材P1)At that time people would starve if food was difficult to find，especially during the cold winter months.
在“主语＋be＋adj.＋to do”结构中，主语与不定式中的 “do”为逻辑上的动宾关系，且作表语的形容词为“heavy， difficult/hard，easy，comfortable，pleasant，important，interesting good”等时，不定式则用主动形式，但表示被动的意义。
①As far as I know，he is hard to get along with. 据我所知，他很难相处。 ②This kind of job is very easy for them to_do (do)． 这种工作对他们来说是很容易做的。 ③The chair is comfortable to_sit_on. 椅子坐起来很舒服。
4．(教材 P2)The country, covered with cherry tree flowers, looks as
though it is covered with pink snow.
as though(＝as if)似乎，好像，有以下三种用法：
(1)在 look, seem 等连系动词后引导表语从句。
(3)as though/if 引导的虚拟语气从句中的时态：
一般过去时(be 动词用 were)
将来 过去将来时(would might/could do)
①It looks as though he is familiar with this city. 看起来他好像对这个城市很熟悉。 ②She love the boy as if she were (be) his mother. 她爱这男孩，好像她是他的母亲一样。 ③They talked as though they had_received (receive) an invitation
to dinner. 他们谈起来就像他们收到了晚宴的邀请似的。
随堂检测 知能落实区 Ⅰ.单词拼写 1．I admire her very much because she is always energetic (精 力旺盛的)． 2．It was getting darker and darker, and we waited anxiously for the arrival (到达) of the next bus. 3．It is the custom (风俗) for westerners to celebrate Christmas. 4．Tu Youyou was awarded (授予) the Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine in 2015. 5．Since the independence (独立) from Britain, America has been
developing very fast.
6．As the old saying goes, a heavy snow promises a good harvest (收获)． 7．He said that he'd rather starve (饿死) than ask for a penny. 8．He took the trouble to gather (搜集) the materials for me. 9．Although we are good friends, I don't share her religious (宗 教的) beliefs. 10．Tom is much admired (钦佩) for his English listening and
Ⅱ.单句改错 1．Great changes have been taken place in the school over the past
three years, which deeply impresses me. 去掉 been
2．A concert will be held next week in the memory of the
world-famous musician. 去掉第一个 the
3．Either you or the headmaster are to hand out the prizes to those gifted students at the meeting.
are→is 4．She has been looking forward to have a chance to pay a visit to Zhangjiajie.
Ⅲ.单句写作 1．He is always playing_tricks_on_us ,_(对我们搞恶作剧) and we find him hard/difficult_to_get_along_with (难以相处)． 2． With_time_going/passing_by (随着时间的流逝), it is becoming larger and larger.(with 复合结构) 3．He opened his mouth as_though_to_say_something (似乎要 说什么)． 4． Either he could not come or (要么……要么……) he did not
want to. 5．Now he has some free time to spare, so he likes to play with his
children and have_fun_with (玩得开心) them.
There are all kinds of festivals and 1c.e_l_e_b_r_at_i_o_ns(celebrate) all over the world, which are held for different reasons. Some festivals are held to honour the dead 2.____o_r___ to satisfy the ancestors, like the Japanese festival Obon. During the festival, people go to clean graves and light incense in memory 3.____o_f___ their ancestors. Some festivals are held 4.t_o_h_o_n_o_u_r_ (honour) people, such as the Dragon Boat Festival and Columbus Day. Harvest and Thanksgiving festivals can be very happy events. People are grateful because their food 5i._s_g_a_th_e_r_e_d (gather) for the winter and the agricultural work is over. China has the Mid-Autumn Festival, 6.__w__h_en___ people admire the moon and enjoy mooncakes.
The most 7._e_n_e_r_g_e_ti_c (energy) and important festivals are the 8.___o_n_e_s__ (one) that look forward to the end of winter and to the coming of spring. In China, people eat dumplings, fish and meat and may give children lucky money at 9.___t_h_e___ Spring Festival. The Western festival Easter celebrates the return of Jesus from the dead and the 10.__c_o_m__in_g_ (come) of spring and new life.
Festivals let us enjoy life, be proud of our customs and forget our work for a short time.
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