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上海市宝山区吴淞中学2013-2014学年高二上学期期末考试英语试题Word版含答案


Ⅰ.Listening comprehension:(30 分)
Section A: Short conversations Directions: In section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers in your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A.In a restaurant. B.At a supermarket. C.At a seafood stall D.In a fish shop 2. A.Librarian and student. B.Operator and caller. C.Boss and secretary. D.Customer and salesman. 3. A.To mail the box to her. B.To take care of her house. C.To collect her letters. D.To fix her mailbox. 4. A.It was tiring. B.It cost much less. C.It took less time. D.It was uncomfortable. 5. A.By eating fruit and vegetables. B.By going on a diet. C.By doing physical exercise. D.By having less food. 6. A.Read the notice on the window. B.Go and ask the staff. C.Board the train to Dalian. D.Get a new train schedule. 7. A.He is an experienced sales manager. B.He is being interviewed for a job. C.He is a close friend of the woman’s. D.He is good at answering questions. 8. A.The man takes his privacy into consideration first. B.The man is uncertain if he can find a better place. C.The man will rent a better dormitory to live in. D.The man is unlikely to move out of the dormitory. 9. A.He fell asleep in the middle of the program. B.He went out in the middle of the program. C.He didn’t wish to watch the performance. D.He enjoyed watching other performance. 10.A.He owned a piece of land in the downtown area. B.He has got enough money to buy a house. C.He can finally do what he has dreamed of D.He is going to move into a bigger apartment. Section B: Passages Directions: In section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers in your paper, and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.
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Question 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11.A.They have spent more time on space travel than on medicine. B.There are too many kinds of cold viruses for them to identify. C.It is not economical to find a cure for each type of cold. D.They believe people can recover without any treatment. 12.A.They reveal the seriousness of the problem. B.They indicate how fast the virus spreads. C.They tell us what kind of medicine to take. D.They show our body is fighting the virus. 13.A.It does harm rather than good to us. B.It helps us to recover much sooner. C.It works better with other therapies. D.It damages some organs of our body. Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14.A.To satisfy the needs of their family. B.To fully realize their potential. C.To make money for early retirement. D.To gain a sense of satisfaction. 15.A.They may have fewer job opportunities. B.They may regret the time they wasted. C.They may have nobody to rely on in the future. D.They may have to work for living at an old age. 16.A.To make wise use of money and enjoy life. B.To work hard with a clear goal in life. C.To pursue highly-paid and demanding careers. D.To save money for our retirement. Section C: Longer Conversations Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you will be required to fulfill the task by filling in the numbered blanks with information you have heard.

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Ⅱ.Grammar and Vocabulary(26 分)
Section A Directions: Complete the passages by filling the blanks with proper words. (A) The idea of reading online (25)____________ ( take ) on a whole new meaning recently as a lending library has opened on Line2 of Shanghai’s metro. This“underground”library allows subway riders (26)___________ ( choose ) a book at one station and leave it at another station when they ’ve finished reading it. And the service is free! The idea is to encourage more people to read books and to make better use (27)________ their time while they ride back and forth to work. So far, it ’s been (28)________ great success with most people returning the books and also leaving a one yuan donation which is used for charity. Shanghai’s underground library is an example of “guerilla libraries” (流动图书馆)which have been springing up all over the world. Unlike a traditional library, a guerilla library is usually set up by individuals (29)________ want to connect people of similar interests within a community. It may be a few shelves of books set up on the corner in a neighborhood, or just a book left in a coffee shop with instructions inside to pass the book along after it’s read. (30)_________ _________ the guerilla library movement, e-books have taken the passion out of reading. They say people are losing out on the very emotion (31)_________ comes with holding a real book in their hands and also the satisfaction that comes with sharing a book with another person. (B) At a time (32)________ other phone makers (33)________ ( try ) to make their devices do
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more, Nokia has decided to take a step back and make a phone that does less. Last month, the Finnish company introduced the Nokia1050, a phone that allows users to make calls and to text, and that’s all! The two big (34)________ (sell ) points for the Nokia1050 are its cheap price (162 yuan) and its long battery life (35 days, if left on stand -by). Compare that to most smart phones which have an average price of 3,000yuan and a battery life of just a few hours when playing videos or downloading. Nokia thinks people who already own a smart phone will buy the1050 and (35)________ use it as a backup in case their smart phone conks out (出故障). (36)_________ “simple” over “smart ” will be successful remains to be seen, but there is no doubt that smart phones are most consumers’ first choice. New Relic, a media research company, reports that 1.3million Android devices are activated (激活) every day and by the end of the year an estimated1.82 billion smart phones will be in use worldwide. New Relic also says that once someone buys a smart phone, it becomes (37)_________ equals a central part of his or her life. The average user checks his phone 150 times at day--an average of once every six-and-a-half minutes! That last statistic doesn’t surprise me. As a teacher, I see students reaching for (38)________ smart phones constantly. It ’s almost an addiction and it impacts their study and their social behaviour. I would be dreaming, however, if students would dump their smart phones for the (39)_________ ( practical ) and less intrusive Nokia1050. For the “ post90s ” generation, QQ, Renren and Weixin are as essential as the air they breathe and staying (40)________ ( connect ) is more important than mere communication. Section B Directions: Complete the passage by choosing the proper words or phrases in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

A. interact E. particularly I. issue

B. universal F. title J. formerly

C. primary G. specific K. react

D. involved H. modified

When discussing the causes of animal endangerment, it is important to understand that individual species are not the only factors 41 in this difficult situation. Endangerment is a broad 42 , one that involves the habitats and environment where species live and 43 with one another. Although some measures are being taken to help 44 cases of endangerment, the 45 problem cannot be solved until the natural environments where endangered species live are protected by humans. There are many reasons why a particular species may become endangered, but habitat destruction is on top. Our planet is continually changing, causing habitats to be changed and 46 . Natural changes tend to occur at a gradual pace, usually causing only a slight impact on individual species. However, when changes occur at a fast pace, there is little or no time for individual species to 47 and adapt to new circumstances. This can create disastrous results, and for this reason, rapid habitat loss is the 48 cause of species endangerment. The strongest forces in rapid habitat loss are human beings. Nearly every region of the earth has been affected by human activities, 49 during this past century. The loss of microbes (微生物) in soils that 50 supported tropical forests, the extinction of fish and various aquatic(水族的)
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species in polluted habitats, and changes in global climate brought about by the released greenhouse gases are all results of human activities. It can be difficult for an individual to recognize the effects on individual species and habitats, especially during a human lifetime. But it is quite obvious that human activities have greatly contributed to species endangerment. Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(47 分) Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A,B,C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. According to Greek legend, in ancient Athens a man noticed the great storyteller Aesop playing childish games with some little boys. He laughed and made fun of Aesop, asking him why he wasted his time in such 51 games. Aesop responded by 52 a bow, loosening its string, and placing it on the ground. Then he said to the critical man, “Now, 53 the riddle (迷), if you can. Tell us what the unstrung bow means.” The man looked at it for several minutes but had no idea about what 54 Aesop was trying to make. Aesop 55 ,“If you keep a bow always bent, it will break finally; but if you let it go loose, it will be more 56 for use when you want it.” So it is with us. Our minds and bodies are like the 57 .When often under the 58 of everyday life, we can finally break .We need to loosen up; we need time to take the pressure off and relax. Former baseball pitcher(投球手) Dutch Leonard might have put it a little differently. He once said that the 59 of great pitching is not speed or the ability to throw curves(曲线 球). It’s the “change of pace”. Even the 60 batter(击球手) will soon learn how to hit a pitcher who continually throws the same kind of pitch. But it’s 61 to hit a pitcher who changes the pace of pitching. That 62 of pace gives a pitcher an advantage over the other pitchers. A change of pace also gives us a(n) 63 in life. Taking time to watch the clouds, enjoy a breeze, take a walk, read just slowdown is 64 if we are to be our best later. And a regular day of rest is as important as regular sleep. It’s a 65 of taking the pressure off. To be your best, make sure you change your pace. It may just be the change you need. 51. A. wise B. bright C. foolish D. false 52. A. picking up B. throwing away C. making up D. putting down 53. A. make B. answer C. follow D. ask 54. A. point B. legend C. idea D. plan 55. A. answered B. replied C. explained D. called 56. A. possible B. careful C. hopeful D. fit 57. A. string B. bow C. riddle D. activity 58. A. routine B. control C. pressure D. pain 59. A. secret B. solution C. ability D. method 60. A. great B. successful C. average D. smart 61. A. easy B. hard C. likely D. usual 62. A. kind B. game C. change D. speed
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63. A. advantage 64. A. convenient 65. A. trick

B. road B. necessary B. result

C. bottom C. acceptable C. beginning

D. center D. reasonable D. way

Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A,B,C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have read. ( A ) The Last Supper is regarded as one of the supreme masterpieces in the whole field of pictorial art. Tradition has it that Leonardo Da Vinci worked for ten years upon the painting, the monks in the church annoyed at the delay. It was said that Leonardo often painted continuously from dawn to night without eating his meals. But at other times he spent hours before the picture, lost in contemplation, examining, comparing, and measuring his figures. This inactivity aroused the anger of the fussy Prior, the head of the church, who belonged to the large group of those who believed that the busier a man seems, the more he accomplishes; and so he tried to find fault with the idle painter. Leonardo was slightly unhappy and explained to somebody else that there is a great difference between the work of the creative artist and the stonemason. The creative artist needs time for contemplation; he may be busiest when his hands are idlest. Just now he needed two heads to complete the picture: that of Christ, for which no model on earth could be found, for where was the man to be found whose face would express the strength, and beauty, and tenderness, and deep sorrow of the Christ; then he also needed a head of Judas, and that was hard to find as well, for where was the man whose face could express the meanness of that base traitor. But he would look no further; if none came his way, he would be satisfied to take Prior as a model for Judas. This threat silenced the angry Prior, who quite naturally had no desire to pass to descendants in such a fashion. 66. Why did the Prior complain about the delay? A. Because he thought that the painter idled most of the hours. B. Because he knew that genius might be busiest when seemingly idlest. C. Because he liked the work of a stonemason D. Because he was eager to be taken as a model for Judas. 67. What does “ contemplation ” in the last sentence of Paragraph 1 mean? A. possibility B. intention C. deep thought D. expectation 68. Which of the following is true? A. The painter was pleased with the Prior’s complaint. B. The Prior was angry because he thought the painter did not work hard. C. The painter took one of the monks as a model for Christ. D. The painter took one of the monks as a model for Judas.

(B)
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Although the U.S. is so big and its people have so many different ethnic (racial) backgrounds, it is in some ways less varied than Europe. The English language is used almost everywhere in its American form. The American way of speaking has developed independently of England and is on the whole closer to what can be heard in Ireland. American instance of uniformity (一致性)is in habits and ways of living. From Boston to Los Angelese it is as far as from France to Central Asia, and from east to west there are five time zones; but everywhere people get up and go to bed at about the same time, eat the same kind of food, buy in the same kind of shops, work and rest at the same times of the day and have the same pattern of holidays. In most of the things that matter there is less difference between rich people and ordinary people, or between town and country, than in any single European nation. Although the United States covers so much land and the land produces far more food than the present population needs, its people are by now almost entirely an urban society. Less than a tenth of the people are engaged in agriculture, and most of the rest live in or around towns, large and small. Here the traditional picture is changing; most Americans do not live in small towns any more. Half the population now live in some thirty metropolitan areas. The fact that the United states has always been a single economic unit has contributed to uniformity. Modern industry favors large organizations, and it is no accident that the world’s biggest commercial firms are American. The people can choose between the products of competing manufacturers, but the products are all much alike. 70. In describing the uniformity in the U.S. the author does not mention that A. the American people get up and go to work at the same time. B. the American people spend their holidays in the same pattern. C. the American people buy and eat the same kind of food. D. the American people have more or less the same income. 71. What can we learn from the passage about the U.S. agriculture? A. The American farmers need more land than before. B. More and more Americans are interested in farming. C. It is quite modernized. D. It is now going backward. 72. What is the feature of the U.S. modern industry according to the last paragraph? A. The production scale and the organizational scale are very big. B. It is a single economic unit that manufactures the same kind of products. C. There are more and more competing manufacturers. D. There are always a variety of products to choose from. 73. What does “most of the things” in the sentence “In most of the things that matter, there is less difference between rich people and ordinary people” refer to? A. food, clothing and houses. B. Cars, computers and TV sets. C. Their wealth and income. D. Land, housing and bank savings. (C) Everyone has heard of the San Andreas fault(断层), which constantly threatens California and the West Coast with earthquakes. But how many people know about the equally serious New
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Madrid fault in Missouri? Between December of 1811 and February of 1812, three major earthquakes occurred, all centered around the town of New Madrid, Missouri, on the Mississippi River. Property damage was severe. Buildings were almost all destroyed. Whole forests fell at once, and huge cracks opened in the ground. The Mississippi River completely changed character, developing sudden fast-moving currents. Several times it changed its course, and once it appeared to run backwards. Few people were killed in the New Madrid earthquake, simply because few people lived in this area in 1811; but the severity of the quake is shown by the fact that the shock waves rang bells in church towers in Charleston, South Carolina, on the coast. Buildings shook in New York city, and clocks were stopped in Washington, D.C. Scientists now know that America’s two major faults are different. The San Andreas fault is a horizontal boundary between two major land masses that are slowly moving in opposite directions. California earthquakes result when the movement of these two masses suddenly leans forward. The New Madrid fault, on the other hand, is a vertical (垂直的) fault; at some point, millions of years ago, rock was pushed up toward the surface, probably by volcanoes under the surface. Suddenly, the volcanoes cooled and the rock collapsed, leaving huge cracks. Even now, the rock continues to settle downwards, and sudden sinking motions start earthquakes in the region. The fault itself, a large crack in this layer of rock, with dozens of other cracks that split off from it, extends from northeast Arkansas through Missouri and into southern Illinois. Scientists who have studied the New Madrid fault say there have been numerous smaller quakes in the area since 1811; these smaller quakes indicate large ones are probably coming, but the scientists say they have no method of predicting when it will occur. 74. The New Madrid fault is ______________________. A. responsible for forming the Mississippi River B. a fault in the flat position C. a worse fault than the San Andreas fault D. a fault caused by rocks moving directly upward 75. Which of the following is NOT true about the New Madrid fault? A. Not many people were killed in the quakes in 1811. B. The quakes stopped the clocks in Washington, D.C. C. Bells were rung in church towers in Charleston to inform the coming quakes. D. The quakes were caused by sudden sinking motion. 76. It can be concluded from the passage that ____________________. A. it is probably as dangerous to live in Missouri as in California. B. the New Madrid fault will eventually develop a mountain range in Missouri C. in the future California will become an island D. California will be broken into small pieces by an eventual earthquake

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Section C Direction: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on your Answer Sheet . Tens of thousands of theatre tickets will be given away to young people next year as part of a government campaign to inspire a lifelong love for theatres. The plan to offer free seats to people aged between 18 to 26 --- funded with 2.5 million of taxpayers’ money--- was announced yesterday by Andy Burnham, the Culture Secretary. It received a cautious welcome from some in the arts world, who expressed concern that the tickets may not reach the most underprivileged. The plan comes as West End theatres are enjoying record audiences, thanks largely to musicals teaming up with television talent shows. Attendances reached 13.6 million in2007, up 10 percent on 2006, itself a record year. Total sales were up 18 percent on2006 to almost ?470 million. One theatre source criticized the Government ’s priorities in funding free tickets when pensioners were struggling to buy food and fuel, saying, “I don’t know why the Government ’s wasting money on this. The Yong Vic, as The Times reported today, offers excellent performances at cheap prices.” There was praise for the Government’s plan from Dominic Cooke of the Royal Court Theatre, who said, “I support any move to get young people just into theatre, and especially one that aims to do it all over England, not just in London.” Ninety-five publicly funded theatres could apply for funding under the two-year plan. In return, they will offer free tickets on at least one day each week to 18 to 26-year-olds, first-come, first-served. It is likely to be on Mondays, traditionally a quiet night for the theatre. Mr. Burnham said, “A young person attending the theatre can find it an exciting experience, and be inspired to explore a new world. But sometimes people miss out on it because they fear it’s ‘not for them’. It’s time to change this perception.” Jeremy Hunt, the Shadow Culture Secretary, said, “ The real issue is not getting enthusiastic children into the theatre, but improving arts education so that more young people want to go in the first place. For too many children theatres are a no-go area.” (Note: Answer the questions and complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TEN WORDS. ) 78. Critics of the plan argued that ___________________________________________. 79. According to the supporters, whom should the plan involve? _______________________________________________________________________. 80. What can we infer from the passage? _______________________________________________________________________. 81. According to the passage, what is the real purpose of the plan? _______________________________________________________________________.
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第Ⅱ卷 (共 47 分)

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吴淞中学 2015 届高二第一学期期终考试英语试题答案

41—50 D I

A

G

B

H

K

C

E

J

11

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