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英语句子成分练习题


句子成分排序口诀
主语在前,谓中间,宾语状语排后面。 短语定语主宾后,形,代定语主宾前。 间接宾语若在后,直间要用 to,for 连。 宾补位于宾语后,地状常在时状前。 We will have an exam next week. Our grandpa often tells us stories about chairman Mao on Sundays. Tom asked me to help him at school yesterday.

(一). 指出下列句中主语的中心词 (4 分,4 分钟) ① the teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② there is an old man coming here. ③ the useful dictionary was given by my mother last year. ④ to do today's homework without the teacher's help is very difficult. (二). 选出句中谓语的中心词 (10 分,10 分钟) ① I don't like the picture on the wall. a. don't b. like c. picture d. wall ② the days get longer and longer when summer comes. a. get b. longer c. days d. summer ③ do you usually go to school by bus? a. do b. usually c. go d. bus ④ there will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. a. will be b. meeting c. the library ⑤ did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? d. afternoon

a. did b. twins c. have d. breakfast ⑥ tom didn't do his homework yesterday. a. tom b. didn't c. do ⑦ what I want to tell you is this. a. want b. to tell c. you ⑧ we had better send for a doctor. a. we b. had ⑨ he is interested in music. c. send d. his homework d. is d. doctor d. music

a. is b. interested c. in ⑩ whom did you give my book to?

a. give b. did c. whom d. book (三) 挑出下列句中的宾语(10 分,10 分钟) ① my brother hasn't done his homework. a b c d ② people all over the world speak english. a b c d ③ you must pay good attention to your pronunciation. a b c d ④ how many ne w words did you learn last class? a b c d

⑤ some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? a b ⑥ the old man sitting at the gate said he was ill. a b c d ⑦ they made him monitor of the class. a b c d ⑧ go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left. a b c d ⑨ you will find it useful after you leave school. a b c d ⑩ they didn't know who "father christmas" really is. a b c d (四) 挑出下列句中的表语 (5 分,5 分钟) ① the old man was feeling very tired. a b c d ② why is he worried about Jim? a b c d ③ the leaves have turned yellow. a b c d ④ soon they all became interested in the subject. a b c d ⑤ she was the first to learn about it. a b c d (五) 挑出下列句中的定语 (6 分,6 分钟) ① they use mr. mrs. with the family name. a b c ② what is your given name? d c d

a b c d ③ on the third lap are class 1 and class 3. a b c d ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. a b c d ⑤ the man downstairs was trying to sleep. a b c d ⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe! a b c d (六) 挑出下列句中的宾语补足语 (6 分,6 分钟) ① she likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. a b c ② he asked her to take the boy out of school. a b c d ③ she found it difficult to do the work. a b c d d

④ they call me lily sometimes. a b c d ⑤ I saw mr. wang get on the bus. a b c d ⑥ did you see li ming playing football on the playground just now? a b c (七) 挑出下列句中的状语(8 分, 8 分钟) ① there was a big smile on her face. a b c d ② every night he heard the noise upstairs. a b c d ③ he began to learn English when he was eleven. a b c d ④ the man on the motorbike was travelling to fast. a b c d ⑤ with the medicine box under her arm, miss li hurried off. a b c ⑥ she loves the library because she loves books. d d

a b c d ⑦ I am afraid that if you've lost it, you must pay for it. a b c d ⑧ the students followed uncle wang to see the other machine. a b c d (八) 划出句中的直接宾语和间接宾语 (5 分,5 分钟) ① please tell us a story. ② my father bought a new bike for me last week. ③ Mr. li is going to teach us history next term. ④ here is a pen. give it to tom. ⑤ did he leave any message for me?
划出下列句子成分 1. This is my room. 2. we study in No 1 Middle school. 3. some are singing, others are dancing. 4. the sick and the old need our help. 5. To become a nurse is my wish. 6. Reading newspaper everyday is my habit. 7. I would like to invite all my friends to get together. 8. Is everybody in? 9. we have two foreign teachers, a Canadian and a Ameican. 10. open your mouth and stick out your tongue. 11.We all find him funny. 12.this is the best chance , I think, that you can swim. 13. they had a wonderful time yesterday. 14.the news that we’re having a holiday tomorrow is true.

15Do you understand what I mean? 16.Tom speaks English very fast. 17.we live to work not work to live. 18.Arriving there, remember to call me up. 19.Not knowing the road , I lost my way. 20.the books on the shelf were just bought. 指出下列句子中的成分 1.The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year . 2. She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room .3. He asked her to take the boy out of school.4. She found it difficult to do the work.5. They call me Lily sometimes.6. I saw Mr Wang get on the bus.7. Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now?8. There was a big smile on her face.

英语人称代词用法口诀 人称代词主宾格,作用不同莫用错。主格动词前做主,动词介词后宾格。 You 和 it 主宾同,其他主宾须分清。人称代词并列现,尊重他人礼当先。 单数人称二三一,复数人称一二三。若把错误责任担,第一人称我靠前。 人称代词的五种基本形式: 形容词性 名词性 人称 第一 人称 第二 人称 单复数 单 复 单 复 单 数 数 数 数 数 主 I we you you he she it they 格 宾 me us you you him her it them 格 物主代词 物主代词 my mine our your your his her its their ours yours yours his hers its theirs 反身代词 myself ourselves yourself yourselves himself herself itself themselves

第三 人称






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