当前位置:首页 >> 高考 >> 专题09 名词性从句(教学案)-2017年高考英语二轮复习精品资料(原卷版)

专题09 名词性从句(教学案)-2017年高考英语二轮复习精品资料(原卷版)


名词性从句包括主语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句和表语从句。考查的要点主要是连接 代词和副词的正确使用,主语、谓语的语序,双重连接词以及特殊句型的使用等。其考点主 要包括: 1.考查名词性从句的连接词。如:有词义的连接代词 who, whose, whom, what, which; 连 接副词 when, where, why, how; 从属连词 that, whether, if, as if; 无词义的 that 在从句中不担任 成分,有时可省略。 2.考查名词性从句的语序和时态。 3.考查 it 作形式主语、形式宾语的情况。如: (1)It+be+形容词(necessary, important, obvious 等)+that 从句. (2)It+be+过去分词+that 从句. (3)It+be+名词(a surprise, a fact, a shame, an honour 等)+that 从句. (4)It+不及物动词(appear, happen 等)+that 从句. 4.名词性从句中的虚拟语气。如: (1)It is (was)+ essential (important, natural?) +that?; (2)It is (was) suggested (demanded, wished, desired?)that?等。 5.what 引导名词性从句时的语义功能和语法功能。如:what=the thing that/anything that?; what=the place that?; what=the time that?; what=the person that? 等。 6.whoever,whatever,whichever 引导名词性从句时的语义功能和语法功能。
]

一、几种易混的从句的辨别 定语从句、名词性从句和状语从句有时候在形式上很相似,下面提供一些区分的方法: 1.定语从句与同位语从句 定语从句与前面的名词是修饰与被修饰的关系;而同位语从句是用来说明前面名词的内 容的。that 在定语从句中充当句子成分,可指物或人;而同位语从句中的 that 在从句中不充 当任何句子成分,只起连接作用。请比较: (1)The news (that/which) he told us was exciting. (定语从句,that/which 在从句中作宾语,还可以被省略)

(2)The news that our team has won is exciting. (同位语从句,that 从句是说明 news 的内容的,that 在从句中不作任何成分,但不能被省 略) 辨析 判断是定语从句还是同位语从句可以用“加词”的方法,即在名词和从句之间加入一个 be 动词,如果句子意思成立,则是同位语从句,否则,则是定语从句。如上面第二句,加上 be 动词后: The news is that our team has won.句子意思成立,所以是同位语从句。而第一句,加上 be 动词后: The news is that he told us.意思不成立,因此不是同位语从句。 【特别提醒】 一般情况下,同位语从句紧跟在它所说明的名词的后面,可是有的时候,为了表达的需 要,名词与从句之间被另外一些内容分隔开了,叫做“分隔同位语从句”。对于这类同位语 从句,一定要根据句意,找准它所说明的名词。 2.定语从句与状语从句 请看两组句子:
.Com]

第一组:区分 such...as...和 such...that... (1)The new storybook is written in such easy English as beginners can understand. (2)The new storybook is written in such easy English that beginners can understand it. 这两句话只有一词之差,但语法结构大相径庭:第一句是 as 引导的定语从句,as 相当于 that/which(但不能用 that/which), 在从句中作 understand 的宾语。 第二句是结果状语从句, that 在从句中不作成分。
]

结论: 当从句缺少句子成分时, 用 such...as...; 当从句不缺少句子成分时, 用 such...that...。 第二组:选用 in which, where 填空 (1)He left the key ______ he had been an hour before. (2)He left the place ______ he lived for many years. 分析:第一句只能填 where, where 引导的是地点状语从句,修饰主句中的谓语动词。此 处 where 不可换成 in which, 因为 in which 只能引导定语从句, 本句中根本就没有先行词(后面 的从句不是修饰 key 的)。 第二句填 where 或 in which。根据句意可知,后面的句子是对名词 place 的修饰,因此此

句是定语从句。 二、that 与 what 的区别 that 引导名词性从句,在从句中不作任何成分,that 本身无意义,只起连接作用。what 引导名词性从句时,在从句中可以作主语、宾语、表语等,what 表示“??的东西或事情”。 请比较: What I need is more time.(what 引导主语从句,在从句中作宾语) That I need more time to do the work is very clear.(that 引导主语从句, 在从句中不作任何成 分) The village is no longer what it used to be.(what 引导表语从句,在从句中作表语) I had no idea what we should do next.(what 引导同位语从句,在从句中作宾语) He will tell us what he saw in London.(what 引导宾语从句,在从句中作宾语) 精析 名词性从句中区分 that 与 what 的关键是:分析句子结构,看从句是否缺少句子成分。如 果不缺成分,就用 that,如果缺少句子成分(主语、宾语、表语等),且表示“??的东西或事 情”就用 what。 三、who, whoever 与 no matter who 的区别 引导名词性从句,在句中作主语时用 who,意思是“谁”,含有疑问意味,whoever 意为 “无论谁”,不含有疑问意味。whoever 在引导名词性从句时,相当于 anyone who,其中 who 引导一个定语从句紧随其后。 另外,whoever 还可以引导让步状语从句,这时 whoever 相当于 no matter who,但是 no matter who 只能引导让步状语从句。请比较: 1.Who has taken away my bag is unknown. 谁拿走了我的包还不知道。(若用 whoever 显然句意不通) 2.Whoever breaks the law will be punished. 无论谁违反法律都要受到惩罚。(whoever 表达的语气强烈) 3.I'm not going to let you in, no matter who you are. =I'm not going to let you in, whoever you are. (根据句意“我不会让你进去的, 不管你是谁”, 后面是一个让步状语从句, 故用 no matter who 或者 whoever) 【特别提醒】

wh-ever 既可引导名词性从句,又可引导让步状语从句。引导名词性从句时,whoever =anyone who; whomever=any?one whom; whatever=anything that; whichever= anything/anyone that; whosever=any one whose。 Whichever he likes will be given to him.=Anything that he likes will be given to him. 无论他想要哪个都可以给他。 You should give the book back to whosever name(=anyone whose name) is on the cover of it. 你该把书还给任何一个他的名字在封面上的人。 【方法技巧】
]

做题时,具体思路如下:①通读全句,首先考虑是不是某种句型,如强调句型;②题干 句若是疑问句,首先把它恢复为正常语序;③观察设空的前前后后,确定相关从句的性质; ④确定从句性质后, 回忆相关从句的用法特点, 从而作出取舍; ⑤注意标点符号和并列连词(and, but)的作用;⑥将选项代入句子,看前后是否语意贯通。

考点一、考查标语、宾语从句 例 1. 【2016· 北京】29. The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is ________ one can be entirely free from dust. A. what B. that C. whether D. why you're going if you are to plan the

【变式探究】 (2015· 湖南, 26)You have to know best way of getting there. 考点二、考查主语从句

例 2. 【2016· 北京】24.Your support is important to our work. ________ you can do helps. A. However B. Whoever C. Whatever D. Wherever

【变式探究】 【2015·北京】33.I truly believe ______beauty comes from within. A. that B. where C. what D. why

考点三、考查同位语从句 例 3. 【2016· 天津】 11. The manager put forward a suggestion ____ we should have an assistant. There is too much work to do. A. whether B. that C. which D. what

【变式探究】—Is it true that Mike refused an offer from Yale University yesterday?

—Yeah, but I have no idea ________ he did it; that's one of his favorite universities.

【2016· 北京】24.Your support is important to our work. ________ you can do helps. A. However B. Whoever C. Whatever D. Wherever

【2016· 北京】29. The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is ________ one can be entirely free from dust. A. what B. that C. whether D. why

【2016· 江苏】21.It is often the case ______anything is possible for those who hang on to hope. A. why B. what C. as D. that

【2016· 天津】11. The manager put forward a suggestion ____ we should have an assistant. There is too much work to do. A. whether 1.(2015· 江苏,25) some won't accept it.
]

B. that

C. which

D. what

Li Bai, a great Chinese poet, was born is known to the public, but

3.(2015· 北京,33)I truly believe 4.(2015· 北京,35)

beauty comes from within.

we understand things has a lot to do with what we feel. is below the

5.(2015· 浙江,6)If you swim in a river or lake, be sure to investigate water surface.Often there are rocks or branches hidden in the water. 6.(2015· 重庆,8)We must find out

Karl is coming, so we can book a room for him. Doris Lessing

7.(2015· 陕西,19)Reading her biography,I was lost in admiration for had achieved in literature. 8.(2015· 四川,8)The exhibition tells us

we should do something to stop air pollution. ships are built for.

]

9.(2015· 安徽,25)A ship in harbor is safe, but that's not 10.(2015· 福建,29)—I wonder —By working out every day.

Mary has kept her figure after all these years.

1. (2014 北京卷) 30. The best moment for the football star was _______ he scored the winning goal. A. where B. when

C. how

D. why

2.(2014 北京卷)33.Some people believe _______ has happened before or is happening now will repeat itself in the future. A. whatever C. whereever B. whenever. D. however

3. (2014 大纲卷) 24. Exactly ____ the potato was introduced into Europe is uncertain, but it was probably around 1565. A. whether B. why C. when D. how

4.(2014 山东卷)7. It is difficult for us to imagine_____ life was like for slaves in the ancient world. A. where B. what C. which D. why

5.(2014 天津卷)14. I think _______ impresses me about his painting is the colours he uses. A. what B. that C. which D. who (2013·新课标 I 卷)26. Police have found ________ appears to be the lost ancient statue. A. which B. where C. how D. what
]]

D (2013·北京卷)33.Experts believe when it is necessary. A. why
]

people can waste less food by shopping only

B. where C. that

D. what

(2013·北京卷)31. writer. A. That

makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the

B. What C. Who D. Which

(2013·北京卷)21. Volunteering gives you a chance____ lives, including your own. A. change B. changing C. changed D. to change

(2013·山东卷)30. It’s good to know _____ the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away. A. what B. whose C. which D. that

(2013·四川)6. _______ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. A. When B. How C. What D. That

]

(2013· 天津卷)15. _____ I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents. A. That B. Which C. Whether D. What


赞助商链接
更多相关文档:

(预测)2014年高考英语二轮复习 专题09 名词性从句(含解析)

2014 年高考英语二轮复习精品资料 (预测) 专题 09 名词性从句 (含解析) 1. Besides the content of a book, ___ the editor also cares about is the numb...

2018年高考英语二轮复习易错点专练:专题09 名词性从句(2)

2018年高考英语二轮复习易错点专练:专题09 名词性从句(2)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。1.(2017·江苏卷) ___is known to us all is that Want Meng got three...

2018年高考英语二轮复习易错点专练:专题09 名词性从句(1)

2018年高考英语二轮复习易错点专练:专题09 名词性从句(1)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。1. Li Bai, a great Chinese poet, was born is known to the public, ...

2016年高考英语仿真押题 专题09 名词性从句(含解析)

2016年高考英语仿真押题 专题09 名词性从句(含解析)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题 09 名词性从句 1.Tom told us all that___he said at the meeting ...

专题09 名词性从句-(仿真押题)-2017年高考英语命题猜想...

专题09 名词性从句-(仿真押题)-2017年高考英语命题猜想与仿真押题仿真押题(原卷版)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。专题09 名词性从句-(仿真押题)-2017年高考英语命题...

专题09 名词性从句(命题猜想)-2018年高考英语命题猜想...

专题09 名词性从句(命题猜想)-2018年高考英语命题猜想与仿真押题(原卷版) - 【考向解读】 名词性从句是高考的必考点,它在句中可以作主语、宾语、表语和同位语...

专题09 名词性从句(命题猜想)-2018年高考英语命题猜想...

专题09 名词性从句(命题猜想)-2018年高考英语命题猜想与仿真押题(解析版)_高考_高中教育_教育专区。2018年高考英语命题猜想与仿真押题 ...

2014高考英语二轮精品典题测评 专题09 名词性从句

2014高考英语二轮精品典题测评 专题09 名词性从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题 09 名词性从句[ 1. Besides the content of a book, ___ the editor also c...

2016年高考英语命题猜想 专题09 名词性从句(含解析)

2016年高考英语命题猜想 专题09 名词性从句(含解析)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题 09 名词性从句【考向解读】 名词性从句是高考的必考点,它在句中可以作主语、...

09年高考英语第二轮热点专题复习9

资料来源于《七彩教育网》http://www.7caiedu.cn 2009 年高考英语二轮热点专题复习——名词性从句 (最新)考情分析名词性从句是历年高考的重点和难点也是热点...

更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com