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I.

Reading Comprehension Cars were first used at the end of the nineteenth century, and were no faster than a horse. Today there are billions of cars on the road. Everyone wants one. Cars have great advantages. They move fast and they give you freedom. You can just get in your car and go wherever you want. Up to five people can travel in a car, so often it is cheaper to go by car than to take a train. However, cars have great disadvantages. There are too many cars in our town. As a result, there are lots of traffic jams, and the air which we breathe is terrible. The reason why the traffic is terrible is that our town is very old and the streets are narrow, so there is no room for bus lanes. This means that buses always get stuck in the traffic jams, too. There are also lots of accidents with cyclists. In conclusion, I think there is a simple solution to these problems. They should close city center to all traffic except buses and bikes, and build larger car parks outside the town. Car drivers can take a bus into the city center and arrive at work or the shops relaxed and in a good mood. 1. How many problems does the writer talk about? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 2. These are the causes of the problem except________ A. Town is very old B. There are lots of accidents with cyclists C. The price of petrol is low D. Streets are narrow 3.What does the underlined word “they” refer to? A. passengers B. local government C. the drivers D. policemen 4. Which solution does not the writer find? A. Drivers can pay the congestion charge B. Build larger car parks outside the town. C. Car drivers can take buses into the city D. Keep the traffic except buses and bikes out of the city center

II.Brainstorming
1.Benefits:____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 2.Problems:___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3.Causes:_____________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ 4.Dos:________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5.Don’ts:______________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 6.Measures/Solutions:___________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________

III. How to organize a speech Five-step writing: 1.Create an outline Heading→ Body→ Ending 2.Collect materials 3.Make sentences ( Pay attention to the correct verb forms.) using varied sentence patterns 4.Write paragraphs
首先:first, firstly, in the first place, first of all,to begin with,for one thing … 其次:second ,secondly,in the second place,for another … 再次:third, thirdly,besides,in addition,furthermore,moreover … 最后:at last,in the last place, finally,lastly,last but not least … 总之: in general, in brief, in short, in conclusion, in a word, on the whole...

5. Polish your writing up
To be complete IV.书面表达 假设你是星光中学的李华,将参加主题为“Let ’s Ride Bicycles”的英语演讲比赛。请撰 写一份演讲稿,主要内容包括: ·目前汽车带来的空气污染和交通堵塞等问题; ·骑自行车的益处,如节能环保、有利健康。 Good morning, everyone, I am Li Hua from Xingguang Middle School. The topic of my speech is “Let’s Ride Bicycles”. As is known to all, with the improvement of people’s living standards, cars have become a popular means of transport, bringing great convenience to our life. However, they have also caused some problems such as air pollution and traffic jams. How can we solve the problems then?As far as I’m concerned, riding bicycles is a good solution. For one thing, bicycles don’t need any petrol and they are energy saving. For another, bicycles are environmentally friendly because they won’t give off waste gas. What’s more, riding bicycles is a good way for us to exercise and it is beneficial to our health. Therefore, let’s take the responsibility to build up a low-carbon city by riding bicycles. Come on and join us! Thank you! To be accurate To be varied To be coherent


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