Unit 13 We are trying to save the earth! 导学案 单元必背重点短语总览 1. at the bottom of the river 在河床底部 2. be full of the rubbish 充满了垃圾 3. throw litter into the river 把垃圾扔入河中 4. play a part in cleaning it up 尽一份力把它清理干净 5. land pollution 土地污染 6. fill the air with black smoke 使空气中充满了黑烟 7. cut down air pollution 减少空气污染 8. make a difference 产生影响 9. shark fin soup 鱼鳍汤 10. at the top of the food chain 处于食物链的顶端 11. in the last 20 to 30 years 在最近的 20 到 30 年间 12. environmental protection groups around the world 全球环境保护组织 13.develop laws 建全法律 14.the sale of shark fins 鱼鳍买卖 15. take part in 参加 16. can’t afford to do sth 负担不起做某事 17. take action 采取行动 18. turn off 关掉 19. pay for 付费 20. add up 累加 21. use public transportation 使用公共交通 22. recycle books and paper 回收书和废纸 23. use paper napkins 使用纸巾 24. turn off the shower 关掉喷头 25. ride in cars 开车出行 26. throw away 扔掉 27. put sth to good use 好好利用 28. pull…down 拆下 29. an old boat turned upside down 一艘倒过来的旧船 30. be an inspiration to sb 成为…的榜样 31. set up a website 建立一个网站 32. a ―metal art‖ theme park 一个―金属艺术‖主题公园 33. be known for 以…而闻名 34. not only…but also…不仅…而且… 第一课时 Section A（1a ~ 2d） 学习目标 1.学习本课时单词和短语。 2.通过听说训练谈论污染和环境保护。 3.复习 use to 的用法，现在进行时和一般现在时。 一、自主预习 1. _____________________在河床底部 2. _____________________充满了垃圾 3. _____________________把垃圾扔入河中 4. ___________________尽一份力把它清理干净
5. _____________________土地污染 6. _____________________使空气中充满了黑烟 7. _____________________减少空气污染 8. _____________________产生影响 二、课堂导学 1.litter:v 扔垃圾 un：垃圾 rubbish ,trash take out rabbish 倒垃圾 throw rubbish 扔垃圾 2..be full of=be filled with= fill with 充满…… 3.This is turning beautiful places into ugly ones.这正在把美丽的地方变成丑陋的。 one 泛指，指前面提到过的那类人或事情，指代可数名词，其复数形式用 ones. that:特指，指前面提到过的那类物，指代不可数名词。 Eg：The weather in Kunming is better than that in Wuhan. it :特指，指前面提到过的那个物，用于指可数名词单数或者不可数名词。 Eg:I have a pen,my uncle gave it to me. 4.advantage :n:优势，利益，有利条件 v：有利于 disadvantage 缺点，损失，不利条件 take advantage of 利于 at a disadvantage 处于不利地位 have the advantage of 胜过，处于… 有利条件 Eg:He had the advantage of being born into a rich family. 他有出生在一个富有家庭 的有利条件。The women’s disadvantage is her age.这个妇女的不利条件是她的年龄。 5.takeaway：adj:外带的，带走的，旧的 n：外卖食品，快餐点 6. play a part in 参与；起作用；扮演角色 7. too much 修饰 un.或 v ; too many 修饰 pl ; much too 修饰 adj/adv 原级 He didn’t attend the meeting because he had too much work to do. Don’t eat too much, or you’ll get fat. 8. cut down 消减；砍到 v+adv. 结构 cut out 删除 cut one’s hair 理发 cut in 插嘴 cut up 切碎 cut off 切掉；中断 9. be good for 对……有好处 be good to 对……好/ 和善 be good at 擅长 10. make a (big/ much) difference to 有(大)影响/有关系 11. lead to 导致；引起 lead sb. to do sth. 带领某人做某事 12. take， spend ，cost ，pay 的用法辨析 1) spend 的主语必须是人， 常用于以下结构： (1) spend st.／sm on sth. 在……上花费时间（金钱） (2) spend st.／sm (in) doing sth. 花费时间（金钱）做某事。 (3) spend money for sth. 花钱买…… His money was spent for books. 他的钱用来买书了。 2).cost 的主语是物或某种活动， 还可以表示―值‖， 常见用法如下： (1)sth. costs (sb.) ＋金钱,某物花了（某人）多少钱。 (2) (doing) sth. costs (sb.) ＋时间,某物（做某事）花了（某人）多少时间。 Remembering these new words cost him a lot of time. 他花了大量时间才记住了这些单词。 注意：cost 的过去式及过去分词都是 cost,并且不能用于被动句。 3). take 后面常跟双宾语， 常见用法有以下几种： (1) It takes sb. ＋st.＋to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时间。 It took them three years to build this road. 他们用了三年时间修完了这条路。 (2)doing sth. takes sb. ＋st.,做某事花了某人多少时间。 Repairing this car took him the whole afternoon. 他花了一下午修车。 4). pay 的基本用法是： (1) pay (sb.) money for sth. 付钱（给某人）买……。 (2)pay for sth. 付……的钱。 (3)pay for sb. 替某人付钱。(4)pay sb. 付钱给某人。 (5)pay money back 还钱。
(6)pay off one's money 还清钱。 三、即学即练 1. Dick ______in America , but he has been ______Chinese food since he moved to China. A. used to live; used to eating B. is used to live; used to eat C. is used to live; used to eating D. used to living; used to eat 2. —The meat is _____delicious. —Yes, but don’t eat _______. A. too much; too much B. much too; too much C. too much; much too D. much too; much too 3. — How much is the ticket to Central Park? —A one-way ticket ______ $40, and you can ______ another $20 for a round-trip. A. costs, pay B. cost, spend C. pay, spend D. spends, pay 4.—Why is Linlin practicing speaking English? —_______ abroad for further study. A. Go B. Gone C. To go D. Goes 5. —I’m new here. —Don’t worry. I’ll do what I can ________ you. A. help B. to help C. invite D. to invite 6. 他习惯于每天晚饭后散步。 He__________________________after dinner supper every day. 7.互联网现在在我们的生活中扮演着重要的角色。 Now the Internet is ___________________________ in our life. 8. 过多的使用手机对你的健康有害。 Using mobile phones _____________is bad for your health. 9. 分数对鲍勃没有造成任何影响。他还在高兴的玩耍。 The score __________________________to Bob. He is still playing happily. 10. 条条大路通罗马。 All roads _____________Rome. 第二课时 Section A（3a ~ 4c） 学习目标 1.学习本课时单词和短语。 2.通过学习 3a 部分的文章，了解珍稀动物的生存现状，树立保护濒危动植物的意识。 3.复习连词 so, although, if, but, when, 被动语态，现在完成时和情态动词的用法。 一、自主预习 1. __________________鱼鳍汤 2.切断_________3.____________________处于食物链的顶端 4. ____________________在最近的 20 到 30 年间 5. ____________________建全法律 6. ____________________ 鱼鳍买卖 7.把…扔到…里______________________ 8.在危险中____________9.采取行动_____________10. 参加_______________ 11. _______________ 负担不起做某事 12.____________累加 二、课堂导学 1. hear of 听说 hear from 收到某人来信 be popular in 在…范围内受欢迎 be popular with …受某人欢迎 2.south –southern north-northern west-western east-eastern 3.cut off 切断，中断 cut out 删除 cut down 砍倒 cut in 插嘴 4.be harmful to = do harm to 对…有危害 be good to 对…有利 5.law 法律 lawyer 律师 lawful 合法的，法律的 6.scientific study 科学研究 science 科学 scientist 科学家
7.percent 做名词，―百分之…‖ 单复数相同。 the percent of +名词（un/cn）,当其做主语时，谓语动词要和 of 后的名词保持一致。 Eg: Sixty percent of students in this class are boys. 8.in danger 在危险中 out of dange 远离危险 10.afford 承担的起，买的起 通常与 can ,could,,be able to 连用。 afford to do sth 负担得起做某事 can’t afford to do sth 不能负担做某事 Eg:We can’t afford to wait any longer to take action.我们在也等不起了，要采取行动。 11.You can also use reusable bags instead of plastic bags.你可以使用可重复使用的袋子来代替 塑料袋。reusable : adj 可重复使用的，可再次使用的 类似加前缀 re-的单词：return 返回 reappear 再现 rebirth 再生 rebuild 在建 recall 回 想 rewrite 重写 recover 恢复 recount 重新计算 rethink 重新思考 recycle 重新利用 12.All those small things might add up and become big things that would improve the environment.所有的这些小事都可能累积起来，成为将会改善环境的大事。 add up 合计，加起来 ， add to 增加(添) ， add… to… 把…加到… ， add up to 合计为 三、即学即练 选词填空，两项多余。 cost; recycle; different; work; pay for; be good for; job 1. Riding a bike is _____________our health. 2. How much did you __________your dictionary. 3. We can help to save the environment by ___________the books and paper. 4. There are a few __________between the two pictures. 5. I like the complete ______ of Shakespeare. 单选 1._______Lisa _______Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home to take care of the dog. A. Not only; but also B. Neither; nor C. Both; and D. Either; or 2.The 2014 World Cup in Brazil makes the whole world crazy and nobody will miss it. I ______all the matches so far. A. watched B. have watched C. will watch D. watch 3. In our school _______students like English, but _______of them can speak English smoothly. A. a little; a few B. a few; few C. a few; little D. a little; few 4. Hurry up! Everybody ______for you. A. waited B. waits C. is waiting D. will wait 5. —Is Miss Green in the office? —No, she ______to the library. A. goes B. had gone C. has gone D. would to 6. Don’t make so much noise. We _______ to the music. A. listened B. listen C. are listening D. have listened 7.长颈鹿能够到树顶上的叶子。 A giraffe can reach the leaves ______________the trees. 8.交通废气对环境有害。 Traffic fumes _________________ the environment. 9.当斯科特得重病时，我助他度过难关。 When Scott was badly ill, I ________________________. 10.很多年轻人参加求职节目，但是只有很少人成功。 Lots of young people ______________programmes of finding jobs, but few of them successed.
第三课时 SectionB 1a-self-check 一、自主预习 1. ______________________ 回收书和废纸 2. ______________________使用纸巾 3. ______________________ 关掉喷头 4. ______________________ 开车出行 5. ______________________ 扔掉 6. ______________________ 好好利用 7. ______________________拆下 8. ______________________一艘倒过来的旧船 9. ______________________ 成为…的榜样 10. ______________________ 建立一个网站 11. __________________一个―金属艺术‖主题公园 12. _________________有一个好的环境 13. ______________________ 有待提高（改善）14. ___________________ 变得越来越严重 二、课堂导学 1. work cn. （音乐，艺术）作品 可数 un. 工作;劳动;作业; 功课事，成果,产品;工艺品,针线活 v. 工作,劳动,干活[(+at/on)] (机器等)运转,活动 work out 算出 job cn. 工作 2.throw away v+adv. 结构 3. 复习 be made of/from 区别 4. 复习 (a) few/ little 区别 5. set up 建立 put up 张贴；举起 pick up 捡起 turn up 调大 6. plan n./v. 计划 plan to do sth. 计划做某事 make a plan/ plans to do 制定计划做某事 1. inspiration :n 灵感，鼓舞人心的人（或事物） 动词：inspire 鼓舞，激励 inspire sb to do sth 鼓舞某人做某事 2、creativity :n 创造力 creator 创造者，创建者 create: v 创造 creative : adj 创造 性的 三、即学即练 pay for protect law upside down science spend recycling
1. It was a picture of a car on show. But John held it __________. 2. The government introduced new______ to stop smog from coal fires and the situation improved a lot. 3. —Do you know how much she_______the new mobile phone last week? —Maybe 900 yuan. I’m not quite sure. 4. I use to keep dogs for _____, but now I keep them as pets. 5. He is a hard-working scientist. He is doing _____research now. 单选 1.Now you can see many his art ______at the square in the city. A.work B. works C. job D. lesson –How does Jack usually go to work? 2.—He ______ drive a car, but now he ______ there to lose weight. A. used to; is used to walk B. was used to; is used to walking C. was used to; is used to walk D. used to; is used to walking 3.The scarf which is ____silk______soft and com for table. A. made from; feels B. made of ; feels C. made in; smells D. made up of; smells 4. Now teenagers are very busy with their schoolwork and they have ______time to do exercise. A. few B. little C. a few D. a little
5. UNICEF _________in 1946. It works to help children live a better life. A. set up B. put up C. was set up D. was put up 6. —Why are you so tired these days? —Well, I have ________homework to do. A. too much B. too many C. much too D. many too 7. The zoo keeper is worried because the number of visitors ________smaller and smaller. A. become B. are becoming C. is becoming D. have become 8. Be quiet! I________ my homework. A. am doing B. have done C. do D. did 9. China is going to ______a manned space station around 2020 to explore more space. A. put up B. set up C. wake up D. turn up 10. — What are you going to do this weekend, Laura? —I _______go to see the movie Coming Home, but I’m not sure. A. must B. need C. might D. can 11. 我很高兴我能够好好利用我的兴趣爱好。 I am happy that I can ___________________________. 12. 拆毁比建造容易吗？ Is it easier __________________than to build up? 13. 那个年轻人去年创办了一家公司。 The young man __________ a company last year. 第四课时 (综合提升训练) 1. —Excuse me. I’m looking for Be the Best of Yourself. —Sorry. The book you ask for _____out. A. is selling B. is sold C. was selling D. will be sold 2. —Hey, Tom. Let’s go swimming. —Just a moment. I _________a massage. A. send B. sent C. am sending D. have sent 3. Every day, too much water ________in our school. We should save it. A. is wasted B. wastes C. was wasted D. wasted 4. Recycling is good, so don’t _________bottles or newspapers. A. find out B. hand in C. use up D. throw away 5. Not only_____ French, but she knows a little German. A. she knows B. does she know C. did she know D. she knew 6. We should do what we can ______ our environment. A. protect B. to protect C. protecting D. be protected 7. —Is the wine made ______grapes? —Yes, it’s made _______France. A. of; in B. from; in C. from; by D. of; as 8. Would you please ________the radio a little bit? It’s too loud. A. turn on B. turn up C. turn off D. turn down 9. —How much is the ticket to Central Park? —A one-way ticket ______$40, and you can _______another $20 for a round-trip ticket. A. costs; pay B. cost; spend C. pay; spend D. spends; pay 10. —Alice, would you mind not playing the guitar? I _______on the phone. —Oh, sorry, Mom. A. talked B. talk C. was talking D. am talking 11. —what do you think of the new foreign teacher Thomson? —Pretty good. I think he _______a great job so far. A. does B. did C. has done D. was done
12. —Some children can’t afford _______necessary stationary. —Let’s donate our pocket money to them. A. buy B. buying C. to buy D. be bought 13. This pair of shoes _________hand, and it ________very comfortable. A. is made with; is felt B. are made from; is felt C. are made of; feels D. is made by; feels 14. —You’re in a harry. Where are you going? —To the cinema. Sue______for me outside. A. waits B. waited C. is waiting D. was waiting 15.—To achieve a bright future, we should______study hard______ keep in good health. —I agree with you. A. not; but B. not only; but also C. neither; nor D. either; or 16. 我的哥哥不但喜欢英语，而且喜欢数学。 Not only _______my brother __________English, but also he likes maths. 17. 旧房子被拆后，新的楼房就建起来了。 After the old houses________________, the new buildings were built. 18. 李明经常扔掉他不需要的东西。 Li Ming often ____________things he don’t need anymore. 19. 每人认为这东西能被好好利用。 No one thought these things _________________________. 第五课时 (初级写作训练) 根据 Section B 3a, 3b 提示按要求写一篇作文。 郧西县刚刚结束争创省级卫生城市系列活动， 再此期间县政府一直在向市民收集好的建议和 意见， 作为郧西人， 你对我们所居住的地方的环境有何看法？你认为我们应该采取哪些实际 行动来为创卫工作服务？我市英语学会准备在全市中学生中开展以―How to protect the environment of our hometown‖为主题的英文征文活动。根据以下提示，写一篇短文参评。 要求：1.文中不得出现真实人名。 2.词数 80-100 词 提示：Which parts of the town/ city have a nice environment? Why are they nice? Which parts need to be improved? Why? Give suggestions or possible ways to solve the problems. How to protect the environment of our hometown ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________
任务型阅读训练。阅读短文，根据其内容，完成下列任务。 One morning it took me an hour to watch a small ant carry a huge feather (羽毛) across my back hall. Several times it met objects on its way and after a short time it would go around them. At one point the ant had to deal 1 a crack (裂缝 ) about 10mm wide. After a short time of thought, the ant put the feather over the crack, 2 it and picked it up on the other side, then continued on its way. I was attracted by the cleverness of this ant, one of God's smallest creatures. It was an example of the wonder of creation. Here was an insect, tiny, yet given a brain (大脑) to think, discover and beat difficulties. But this ant, just like people, also shares human weaknesses(弱点.). After some time the ant finally reached its home--a flower bed at the end of the hall and a small hole that was the entrance to its underground home. And it was here that the ant finally faced the problem. How could that large feather be possibly pulled into the small hole? Of course it couldn't. So the ant, after all this trouble and using much creativity, beating difficulties all along the way, just left the feather behind and went home. The ant had not thought the problem through before it began its brave journey and in the end the feather was nothing more than a heavy weight. Isn't our life like that? 任务一：请根据短文内容，分别写出 1、2 处所缺的单词。(每空限填一词) 1．1__________ 2__________ 任务二：请把上文中画线的句子翻译成汉语。 2．______________________________________________________________________ 任务三：请根据短文内容，补全下面的句子。(每空限填一词) 3. (A) At the entrance to the ant's home it found the feather was too for the small hole. (B) According to the writer's opinion, the small ant is clever, brave and , but also has its own weaknesses. 任务四：请根据短文内容回答下列问题。 4. Did the writer show a great interest in the ant at first? 5. What does the writer mainly want to tell us? Before we do anything, we should 选择单词或词组，用其适当的形式填空，使句子意思正确、通顺。(每词限用一次，其中两 词多余)
hang out，hungry, country, help，come true，politely, shiny 6. I'm really. . I want to have a piece of chocolate. 7. With the of teachers, we have made great progress. 8. If we see someone breaking the rules, we may. give them some suggestions. 9. My sister always spends the whole weekend in the department store. 10. There will be more than 200 to take part in the London 2012 Olympic Games.
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