当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 2017--2018学年人教版必修三Unit 4 Astronomy

2017--2018学年人教版必修三Unit 4 Astronomy

Unit 4 Astronomy- the science of the stars 课时作业

Language points

请认真阅读下列短文,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A ☆☆☆

Argentina in the late nineteenth century was an exciting place. Around 1870,it was

experiencing an economic(经济的)boom,and the capital,Buenos Aires,attracted many people.

Farmers,as well as a flood of foreigners from Spain and Italy,came to Buenos Aires seeking

jobs. These jobs didn’t pay well,and the people felt lonely and disappointed with their new life

in the city. As the unhappy newcomers mixed together in the poor parts of the city,the dance

known as the tango(探戈舞)came into being.

At the beginning the tango was a dance of the lower classes. It was danced in the bars and

streets. At that time there were many fewer women than men,so if a man didn’t want to be left

out,his only choice was to dance with another man so that he could attract the attention of the

few available women. Gradually,the dance spread into the upper classes of Argentinean society

and became more respectable.

In Europe at this time,strong interest in dance from around the world was beginning. This

interest in international dance was especially evident in Paris. Every kind of dance from

ballet(芭蕾舞) to belly dancing could be found on the stages of the Paris theaters. After tango

dancers from Argentina arrived in Europe,they began to draw the interest of the public as they

performed their exciting dance in cafes. Though not everyone approved of the new dance,saying

it was a little too shocking,the dance did find enough supporters to make it popular.

The popularity(流行) of the tango continued to grow in many other parts of the world.

Soldiers who returned to the United States from World WarⅠ brought the tango to North

America. It reached Japan in 1926,and in 2019 the Argentinean embassy (大使馆)in Seoul hired

a local tango dancer to act as a kind of dance ambassador(大使),and promote tango dancing

throughout South Korea.

56.The origin of the tango is associated with________.

A. belly dancers B. American soldiers C. a Spanish city D. the capital of Argentina

57. Before World WarⅠ,the tango spread to________.

A. America

B. Japan

C. France

D. South Korea

58. What can be the best title for the text?

A. How to Dance the Tango

B. The History of the Tango

C. How to Promote the Tango

D. The Modern Tango Boom

B ☆☆☆☆

Olaf Stapledon wrote a book called First and Last Men, in which he looked millions of

years ahead. He told of different men and of strange civilizations, broken up by long 'dark ages'

in between. In his view, what is called the present time is no more than a moment in human

第1页

history and we are just the First Men. In 2,000 million years from now there will be the

Eighteenth or Last Men.

However, most of our ideas about the future are really very short-sighted. Perhaps we can

see some possibilities for the next fifty years. But the next hundred? The next thousand? The

next million? That's much more difficult.

When men and women lived by hunting 50,000 years ago, how could they even begin to

picture modern life? Yet to men of 50,000 years from now, we may seem as primitive in our

ideas as the Stone-Age hunters do to us. Perhaps through the cribe , These words, which I have

just made up , have to stand for things and ideas that we simply can't think of .

So why bother even to try imagining life far in the future? Here are two reasons. First

unless we remember how short our own lives are compared with the whole human history, we

are likely to think our own interests are much more important than they really are. If we make

the earth a poor place to live because. we are careless or greedy or quarrelsome, our

grand-children will not bother to think of excuses for us.

Second, by trying to escape from present interests and imagine life far in the future, we may

arrive at quite fresh ideas that we can use ourselves. For example, if we imagine that in the

future men may give up farming, we can think of trying it now. So set you imagination free

when you think about the future .

59.A particular mention made of Stapledon's book in the opening paragraph ____________

A.serves as a description of human history B.serves an introduction to the discussion

C. shows a disagreement of views

D. Shows the popularity of the book

60 The text discusses men and women 50,000 years ago and 50,000 years from now to show that

_________.

A.human history is extremely long

B.life has changed a great deal

C.it is useless to plan for the next 50 years

D.it is difficult to tell what will happen in the future

61.According to the writer of the text , imagining the future will _________.

A.serve the interests of the present and future generations

B.enable us to better understand human history

C.help us to improve farming

D.make life worth living

C ☆☆

The easy way out isn't always easiest. I learned that lesson when I decided to treat Doug,

my husband of one month, to a special meal. I glanced through my cookbook and chose a menu

which included homemade bread. Knowing the bread would take time, I started on it as soon as

Doug left for work. As I was not experienced in cooking , I thought if a dozen was good, two

dozen would be better, so I doubled everything. As Dong loved oranges, I also opened a can of

orange and poured it all into the bowl. Soon there was a sticky dough(面团)covered with ugly

第2页

yellowish marks. Realizing I had been defeated, I put the dough in the rubbish bin outside so I

wouldn't have to face Doug laughing at my work, I went on preparing the rest of the meal , and ,

when Doug got home, we sat down to Cornish chicken with rice . He tried to enjoy the meal but

seemed disturbed. Twice he got up and went outside, saying he thought he heard a noise. The

third time he left, I went to the windows to see what he was doing. Looking out, I saw Doug

standing about three feet from the rubbish bin, holding the lid up with a stick and looking into

the container. When I came out of the house, he dropped the stick and explained that there was

something alive in out rubbish bin. Picking up the stick again, he held the lid up enough for me

to see. I felt cold. But I stepped closer and looked harder. Without doubt it was my work. The hot

sun had caused the dough to double in size and the fermenting yeast (酵母)made the surface

shake and sigh as though it were breathing. I had to admit what the 'living thing 'was and why it

was there. I don't know who was more embarrassed by the whole thing Doug or me.

62.The writer's purpose in writing this story is ___________

A. to tell an interesting experience

B. to show the easiest way out of a difficulty

C. to describe the trouble facing a newly married woman

D. to explain the difficulty of learning to cook from books

63.Why did the woman's attempt at making the bread turn out to be unsuccessful?

A. The canned orange had gone bad.

B. She didn't use the right kind of flour.

C. The cookbook was hard to understand.

D. She did not follow the directions closely.

64.Why did the woman put the dough in the rubbish bin?

A. She didn't see the use of keeping it

B. She meant to joke with her husband.

C. She didn't want her husband to see it.

D. She hoped it would soon dry in the son.

65.When Doug went out the third time , the woman looked out of the window because she was

______.

A.surprised at his being interested in the bin

B.afraid that he would discover her secret

C.unhappy that he didn't enjoy the meal

D. curious to know what disturbed him

D ☆☆☆☆☆

Two friends have an argument that bleaks up their friendship forever, even though neither

one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in

high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, "In our

country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or

starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence". Given that this is the case, why

aren't students taught to manage conflict the way they are taught to solve math problems, drive

cars, or stay physically fit?

第3页

First of all, students need to realize that conflict is unavoidable. A report on violence among

middle school and high school students indicates that most violent incidents between students

begin with a relatively minor insult (侮辱). For example, a fight could start over the fact that one

student eats a peanut butter sandwich each lunchtime. Laughter over the sandwich can lead to

insults, which in turn can lead to violence. The problem isn't in the sandwich, but in the way

students deal with the conflict.

Once students recognize that conflict is unavoidable, they can practice the golden rule of

conflict resolution (解决) stay calm. Once the student feels calmer, he or she should choose

words that will calm the other person down as well. Rude words, name-calling, and accusation

only add fuel to the emotional fir On the other hand, soft words spoken at a normal sound level

can put out the fire before it explodes out of control.

After both sides have calmed down, they can use another key strategyfor conflict resolution;

listening. Listening allows the two sides to understand each other. One person should describe

his or her side, and the other person should listen without interrupting. Afterward, the listener

can ask non-threatening questions to clarify the speaker's position. Then the two people should

change roles.

Finally, students need f. consider what they are hearing. This doesn't mean trying to figure

out what's wrong with the other person. It means understanding what the real issue is and what

both sides are trying to accomplish. For example, a shouting match over a peanut butter

sandwich might happen because one person thinks the other person is unwilling to try new

things. Students need to ask themselves questions such as these: How did this start? What do I

really want? What am I afraid off As the issue becomes clearer, the conflict often simply

becomes smaller. Even if it doesn't, careful thought helps both sides figure out a mutual solution.

There will always be conflict in schools, but that doesn't mean there needs to be violence. After

students in Atlanta started a conflict resolution program, according to Educators for Social

Responsibility, "64 percent of the teachers reported less physical violence in the classroom; 75

percent of the teachers reported an increase in student cooperation; and 92 percent of the

students felt better about themselves". Learning to resolve conflicts can help students deal with

friends,. teachers. parents, bosses, and coworkers. In that way, conflict resolution is a basic life

skill that should be taught in schools across the country.

66. This article is mainly about _______.

A. the lives of school children

B. the cause of arguments in schools

C. how to analyze youth violence D. how to deal with school conflicts

67. From Paragraph 2 we can learn that________.

A. violence is more likely to occur at lunchtime

B. a small conflict can lead to violence

C. students tend to lose their temper easily

D. the eating habit of a student is often the cause of a fight

68. Why do students need to ask themselves the questions stated in Paragraph 5?

第4页

A. To find out who to blame.

B. To figure out how to stop the shouting match.

C. To get ready to buy new things. D. To make clear what the real issue is.

69. After the conflict resolution program was started in Atlanta, it was found that______.

A. there was a decrease in classroom violence

B. there was less student cooperation in the classroom

C. more teachers fell better about themselves in schools

D. the teacher-student relationship greatly improved

70. The writer’s purpose for writing this article is to_______.

A. complain about problems in school education

B. teach students different strategies for school life

C. advocate teaching conflict management in schools

D. inform teachers of the latest studies on school violence 阅读答案

DCB BDA

ADCD DBDAC

第5页


友情链接:学习资料共享网 | 兰溪范文 | 伤城文章网 | 酷我资料网 | 省心范文网 | 海文库
| 夏兰阅读之家 | 湛芳阅读吧 | 芸芸聚合阅读网 | 小雨中文吧 | 采莲中文阅读平台 | 晏然中文看书网 | 浩慨阅读小屋网 | 碧菡阅读平台 | 采南中文网 | 星星小说阅读网 | 子怀平台 | 霞姝中文阅读之家 | 妞妞阅读吧 | 密思阅读家 | 希月阅读吧 | 海女中文阅读吧 | 俊迈中文阅读网 | 婉秀中文网 | 湘君看书网 | 隽雅阅读网 | 希彤阅读之家 | 阳煦阅读吧323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 644
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:3088529994@qq.com