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春高中英语Unit3LifeinthefutureSection2LearningaboutLanguage同步测试新人教版必修5

Unit 3 Life in the future Section 2 Learning about Language
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1 . It is known to us all that the English language is________( 持续不断地 ) changing. 2.If she doesn't want to go, nothing you can say will________(劝服) her. 3.They drove 600 miles across the________(沙漠). 4.Eventuallyshemanagedtoo________her shyness in class. 5.Modern houses have replaced the m________huts with grass roofs. 6.He s________the letter into his pocket while no one was looking. 答案:1.constantly 2.persuade 3.desert 4.overcome 5.mud 6.slid Ⅱ.用方框中所给短语的适当形式填空 fill in, speed up, on earth, bend over, take up,lose sight of, remind of, persuade ... to....,pick out, leave alone 1.What________are you going to do in the coming weekend? 2. As I________, my fountain pen fell to the ground, broken. 3.If you want your free copy of the Patients' Charter,________this form. 4.He has finally________the post of the society's president. 5.Nothing on earth could________me ________take his advice. 6.You should notice that your breathing has________a bit. 7.A railway station is no place for a child to be ________at night. 8.She was________from thousands of applicants for the job. 9.He was________his father's devotion to his garden. 10.I watched the plane go higher and higher until I________it. 答案: 1.on earth 2.bent over 3.fill in up 7.left alone 8.picked out Ⅲ.单句改错 1.The meeting is held yesterday is of great importance. ________________________________________________________________________ 2.Having deeply moved by the story, the children began to cry. ________________________________________________________________________ 3.To give more water, the tree can be saved. ________________________________________________________________________ 4.Being devoted to his research work, the professor cared little about other things.
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4.taken up 5.persuade; to 6.speeded

9.reminded of 10.lost sight of

________________________________________________________________________ 5.Seating at the back of the classroom, he couldn't see the blackboard clearly. ________________________________________________________________________ 答案:1.去掉第一个 is。 2.Having deeply moved 改为 Deeply moved 3.To give 改为 Given 4.Being devoted 改为 Devoted 5.Seating 改为 Seated Ⅳ.完成句子 1.小偷趁没人注意时溜进了房间。 The thief________ ________the room while no one was looking. 2.我们把落叶堆在角落里,然后把地打扫干净。 Let's pile up the fallen leaves in the corner and________ ________the ground. 3.只有鼠目寸光的人才会无视教育的重要性。 Only short - sighted men will________ ________ ________the importance of education. 4.离开学校以后,他就从事了新闻工作。 When he left school he________ ________journalism. 5.我们希望新的经济方案能让我们国家重新站起来。 We hope with new economic program our country would________ ________ ________ ________. 6.你对伦敦的第一印象是什么? What was your________ ________of London? 7.这个计划因缺乏资金而被放弃了。 The project was abandoned________ ________ ________funds. 8.他们在下结论之前做了充分的调查研究。 They made full investigations________ ________reaching a conclusion. 9.他把一张 10 美元的钞票塞入了我的手中。 He________a ten-dollar bill________my hand. 10.我从书店出来时看见她上了公共汽车。 I________ ________ ________her getting on the bus when I came out of the bookstore. 答案:1.slid into 2.sweep up 3.lose sight of 4.took up 5.be back on its feet 6.first impression 7.for lack of 8.previous to 9.pressed;into 10.caught sight
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of Ⅴ.句型转换 1 . Although the players were beaten by the opposite team, they were not discouraged but practiced harder. →________________________ ________ ________ ________, the players were not discouraged but practiced harder. 2.She was dressed in white and appeared suddenly. →________ ________ ________, she appeared suddenly. 3.The meeting, which was attended by over five thousand people, welcomed the great hero. →Themeeting________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________, welcomed the great hero. 4.Accepted by the club,he has taken part in several activities held by it. →________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________ ________, he has taken part in several activities held by it. 5.Once seen,it will not be forgotten. ________ ________ ________ ________,it will not be forgotten. 答案:1. Although beaten by the opposite team 2.Dressed in white 3. attended by over five thousand people 4.After he was accepted by the club 5.Once it is seen Ⅵ.完形填空 A grown man found__1__once again fascinated with a cocoon. He had__2__it at the side of the park path. Somehow the twig had been knocked from the tree and the cocoon had__3__undamaged and still woven to the branch. As he had seen his mother do, he__4__protected it by wrapping it in his handkerchief and carried it home. The cocoon found a__5__home in a jar with holes in the lid. The man__6__it every day. One day, for the first time, the cocoon moved. He watched more closely and soon the cocoon was trembling with activity. Nothing else__7__. The cocoon remained tightly glued to the twig and there was no__8__of wings. Finally the shaking became so__9__, and the man thought the butterfly would die from the__10__.He removed the lid on the jar, took a sharp pen knife from his desk drawer, and__11__made a tiny slit in the side of the cocoon. Almost immediately, one wing appeared and then outstretched the other. The butterfly was__12__! It seemed to__13__its freedom and walked along the edge of the jar. But it didn't
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fly. At first the man thought the__14__needed time to dry, but time passed and still the butterfly did not__15__. The man was worried and called up his neighbor who __16__high school science. He told the neighbor__17__he had found the cocoon, placed it in the mason jar, and the terrible trembling as the butterfly struggled to get out. When he __18__how he had carefully made a small slit in the cocoon,the teacher stopped him, “ Oh, that is the__19__.You see,the struggle is what gives the butterfly the strength to fly.” And so it is with us. Sometimes it's the struggles in life that__20__us the most. 文章大意:一个人发现了一个即将破茧的蚕蛹,于是把它放进一个坛子里。当他看到蚕 蛹破茧时的痛苦和挣扎,就拿来一把刀把蚕茧割开,让蝴蝶出来,可是好几天过去了,蝴蝶 竟然不会飞翔……。 1.A.myself C.himself B.yourself D.herself

答案:C 根据下文中的 He had ___2__it at the side of the park path.可知,此 处指他自己(himself)。 2.A.searched C.raised 答案:B B.found D.pulled 联系下文中的 Somehow the twig had been knocked from the tree,可知

他是在路边发现(found)茧的。误解分析:易误选 A 项,search 的意思是“查找”,与文意 不符。 3.A.hidden C.existed 答案: D B.appeared D.survived

结合句中的 knocked 和 undamaged 等语境可以推知,此处指它活下来了

(survived)且没有受伤。 4.A.gently C.partly B.quickly D.easily

答案:A 根据下文中的 The man__6__it every day 及语境可知他对茧的关心,所以他 很温和地(gently)把它包起来。 5.A.wonderful C.forever B.temporary D.luxurious

答案:B 茧子原来在树上,破茧后要到处飞翔,故此处指暂时的(temporary)家。 6.A.met C.recognized B.noticed D.watched

答案:D 根据下文中的 One day,for the first time,the cocoon moved.等语境可
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以推知,他每天都观察茧子。 7.A.helped C.happened B.arose D.proved

答案:C 联系下文中的 The cocoon remained tightly glued to the twig and there was no ___8__of wings 可知,茧子只是颤动,并没有发生(happened)别的事情,也就是破 茧飞出。 8.A.sign C.signal B.mark D.scene

答案:A 作者看到茧子一直在挣扎,也没有飞出的征兆(sign),所以才发生了下段中 的事情。 9.A.nervous C.terrible 答案:D B.weak D.strong

根据句中的 the man thought the butterfly would die from the __10__

可知,茧子的颤动很激烈(strong)。 10.A.beat C.quarrel 答案:B (struggle)。 11.A.confidently C.carefully B.finally D.proudly B.struggle D.fight

联系上文中的 the shaking 等信息可以推知,这个人认为蝴蝶会死于挣扎

答案:C 他一直很关心茧子,也一直很照顾它,由此可知他很小心地(carefully)把茧 子割开了一道口子。 12.A.free C.happy B.different D.alive

答案:A 他用刀把茧子割开了一道口子,蝴蝶当然很快就获得自由(free)了。 13.A.hate C.desire B.share D.enjoy

答案:D 蝴蝶不用挣扎了,看起来也很享受(enjoy)它的自由。 14.A.arms C.feet B.wings D.hands

答案:B 蝴蝶飞行需要翅膀,由此可知,这里指蝴蝶的翅膀(wings)变干燥需要时间。 15.A.take off C.bring up B.get down D.come out

答案:A 根据上文中的 But it didn't fly 可知,时间过去了,但是蝴蝶还是不能起
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飞(take off)。 16.A.searched C.taught B.invented D.observed

答案:C 根据下文中的 the teacher stopped him 可知,邻居是教(taught)高中科学 的一位老师。 17.A.where C.when B.how D.why

答案:B 因为蝴蝶不能飞,所以他向邻居介绍,包括怎么(how)发现蝴蝶等。 18.A.explained C.expressed B.imagined D.described

答案:D 联系上文中的 He told the neighbor 可知,这里指他描述(described)他的 做法。 19.A.reason C.excuse B.purpose D.evidence

答案:A 结合上文中的 When he described how he had carefully made a small slit in the cocoon 可知,这是老师所指的原因(reason)。 20.A.strike C.strengthen B.trouble D.encourage

答案:C 根据上文中的 the struggle is what gives the butterfly the strength to fly 可知,这里指生活中的挣扎能使得我们更有力量(strengthen)。 Ⅶ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Once a farmer's donkey(驴) fell into a deep well. The animal cried loudly for hours, but thefarmer couldn't figure out what to do __1__ it. Finally, he decided that the animal was old and that the well needed to be covered anyway, so he__2__(think) the donkey wasn't worth saving. Then, he invited some of his neighbors to come over and help__3__. They all took a shovel (铁铲) and began to put dirt into the well. At first, the donkey realized what was happening and cried__4__(pitiful). Then, to everyone's surprise, the donkey became quiet. A few shovel loads later, the farmer looked down into the well and was astonished at__5__he saw. Each shovel of dirt hit its back, but the donkey was doing something __6__(amaze). It was shaking the dirt off and taking a step up.__7__ the neighbors continued to put more dirt on top of the animal, it would shake the dirt off and take one more
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step up. Pretty soon everyone was surprised as the donkey stepped up over the edge of__8__ well and ran off happily! When life sometimes __9__(put) dirt on you, the best way of getting out of the well is to shake the dirt off and take a step up. Each of your troubles is a stepping stone. You can get out of the deepest well just__10__ never giving up! 文章大意:本文是一篇寓言故事,主要讲了一头掉到井里的驴如何成功自救的故事。这 个故事告诉我们: 遭遇逆境时不能绝望, 要用积极的态度去面对, 这样就可能将掩埋你的“沙 土”变成你成功的垫脚石。 答案: 1. with/for/about 根据语境可知, 此处可以指“应对、 处理这件事”的意思, 与“do” 连用,故可以填 with 或 about;同时“it”也可以指代“驴”,此时可以填“for”。 2.thought 根据上句时态“decided”可知,本句也用一般过去时。故填 thought。 3.him 根据上下文语境可知,他邀请邻居过来帮他一起填埋这头驴。故填 him。 4 . pitifully pitifully。 5.what 根据题干结构可知,本句话包含一个宾语从句,从句中缺少“saw”的宾语, 意为“所……的”。故填 what。 6 . amazing 所给词在句中用来修饰不定代词“something”,意为“令人感到惊奇 所给词是用来修饰谓语动词“cried”的,修饰动词应用副词。故填

的”。故填 amazing。 7.As/When 根据两句话之间的语境逻辑可知,此处所缺词应意为“随着……”或者

“当……时”。故填 As/When。注意首字母应大写。 8.the 此处特指上文提到的这口井。故填 the。 9.puts 根据题干可知,所给词作谓语;同时这是这则寓言故事的道理,因此时态应 用一般现在时。故填 puts。 10.by 根据语境可知,此处所填词与动名词连用,表示方式手段。故填 by。

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