南昌二中 2018—2019 学年度下学期第二次月考 高二英语试卷
第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What does the woman advise the man to do?
A. Change the order. B. Telephone the seller. C. Wait for some time. 2. Which sport does the man like to play now? A. Basketball. B. Tennis. C. Baseball. 3. What does the woman imply about Uncle Jim? A. He eats too much. B. His manners are just fine. C. He has a sense of humor. 4. What will the man do this afternoon? A. Talk with his professor. B. Write his term paper. C. Go to the library. 5. What upsets the woman? A. Being unable to see her brother. B. Not receiving any replies from her brother. C. Getting the wrong address for her brother. 第二节
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选
项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小 题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 请听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What color pants does the man choose?
A. Yellow. B. Black. C. Grey. 7. How much will the man pay? A. $64. B. $72. C. $80. 请听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. When is Mary’s birthday? A. On July 7th. B. On July 14th. C. On July 21st. 9. What will the woman get for Mary? A. A book. B. A picture. C. A scarf. 请听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why is the woman calling the man? A. To inform him of a talk. B. To invite him to give a talk. C. To confirm details of his talk. 11. Where will the talk be given? A. In the hall. B. In the lecture theatre. C. In the conference room. 12. What equipment does the woman fail to offer?
A. A microphone. B. A whiteboard. C. A CD player. 请听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What does the woman think of Katie? A. Funny. B. Outgoing. C. Artistic. 14. Why can’t Gary be in the film project? A. He is in another group. B. He wants to do his own project. C. He isn’t good at the school play. 15. What does the woman want to be? A. An actress. B. A cameraman. C. A director. 16. Who will probably be the makeup artist? A. Lucy. B. Mark. C. Susan. 请听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. When will the lunch break start? A. At 11:40. B. At 11:50. C. At 12:00. 18. When will the changes take place? A. Next Wednesday. B. Next Thursday. C. Next Friday. 19. What are the listeners asked to do in the end?
A. Visit a paper factory. B. Sort the containers by color. C. Take a paper with more information. 20. What’s the speaker mainly talking about? A. A new product. B. A recycling program. C. New office hours.
第二部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。
A Summer Camps Make your summer magical with a one-of-a-kind summer camp experience! Half-day, week-long camps are held from 9 am-12 pm or 1 pm-4 pm. Daily snacks will be provided and even become part of the hands-on fun! Session 1 --- Ocean Commotion(暴动) Set sail for fun and adventure on the deep blue sea! Campers explore uncharted land at The Magic House and discover something fishy as they come into the exciting world of sea creatures. June 6-10 June 13-17 June 20-24 Session 2 --- Super Kids Explore Earth Campers become superheroes to the earth as they learn about the environment and discover how to use their super powers to protect it! During this action-packed week, campers will explore the earth from the sky to the sea and participate in fun, earth-friendly activities such as turning trash into treasure. June 27-July 1
July 11-15 July 18-22 Session 3 --- Once Upon A Time At this unique fairy tale-themed camp, campers have a magical, make-believe adventure through the pages of some of their favorite storybooks. Campers experience giant-sized fun as they use their imaginations to travel to places found only in fairy tales. July 25-29 August 1-5 August 8-12 (am sessions only) 21. What does the underlined word “one-of-a-kind” in Paragraph 1 mean? A. Long. B. Unique. C. Official. D. Moving. 22. What is the main purpose of Session 2? A. To encourage reading. B. To inspire imagination. C. To develop the spirit of adventure. D. To raise environmental awareness. 23. What do campers probably do during Session 3? A. Read fairy stories. B. Travel the country. C. Search for treasure. D. Learn about animals.
B There is virtue in working standing up. It sounds like a fashion. But it does have a basis in science. That, by itself, may not be surprising. Health ministries ask people for decades
to do more exercise. What is surprising is that long periods of inactivity are bad regardless of how much time you also spend on officially approved high-impact stuff like pounding treadmills(跑步 机) in the gym. What you need instead, the latest research suggests, is constant low-level activity. This can be so low-level that you might not think of it as activity at all. Even just standing up counts, for it invokes muscles that sitting does not.
Researchers in this field trace the history of the idea that standing up is good for you back to 1953, when a study published in The Lancet found that bus conductors, who spent their days standing, had a risk of heart attack half that of bus drivers, who spent their shifts on their backsides. But as the health benefits of exercise and vigorous(强度大的) physical activity began to become clear in the 1970s, says David Dunstan, a researcher at the Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute in Melbourne, Australia, interest in low-intensity activity --- like walking and standing --- became weaker.
Over the past few years, however, interest has been excited again. A series of studies, none big enough to provide convincing evidence, but all pointing in the same direction, persuaded Emma Wilmot of the University of Leicester, in Britain, to carry out a meta-analysis. This is a technique that combines diverse studies in a statistically meaningful way. Dr Wilmot combined 18 of them, covering almost 800,000 people and concluded that those individuals who are the least active in their normal daily lives are twice as likely to develop diabetes(糖尿病) as those who are the most active. She also found that the immobile are twice as likely to die from a heart attack and two-and-a-half times as likely to suffer cardiovascular disease as the most mobile. Crucially, all this seemed to be independent of the amount of vigorous, gym-style exercise that volunteers did. 24. The surprising thing mentioned in Paragraph 2 is that ______.
A. Low-level activities are better than high-level ones. B. Long periods of inactivity are bad to people’s health C. The benefits of high-impact exercise are not highly approved by people D. Strong physical activities cannot make up for the bad effects of inactivity.
25. Why did people lose interest in low-intensity activity in the 1970s? A. Researchers didn’t devote much to studying their health benefits. B. The health benefits of high-impact exercise were widely recognized. C. It was believed to be unable to invoke all the muscles of the body. D. It was proved not so effective in reducing the risk of heart attacks.
26. The findings made by Dr Wilmot ______. A. disagreed with her assumption B. consisted with the results of the 1953 study C. changed her original research objectives D. confirmed David Dunstan’s research results
27. What’s the passage mainly about? A. The history of the theory. B. The benefits of standing up. C. Low-level activity and health. D. A series of epidemiological studies.
C Dyeing eggs has long been an Easter tradition, but it’s the dyeing of baby chicks that is upsetting in some states. The dye, which is often ordinary food coloring, is either injected into eggs being hatched or sprayed onto newly hatched chicks. Although hatchery owners say the practice is harmless, critics argue that spraying the birds with color is stressful and that dyeing the animals transforms them into something attractive that can be thrown away when their colorful feathers disappear. “These are living creature and dyeing them sends out a message saying that they are more of a new and unusual object than a living animal,” said Dr. Marc Copper, senior scientific manager for the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. Dyed chicks --- and sometimes rabbits --- have been a traditional part of the Easter holiday in some parts of the world, but the practice has gone largely
underground in the U.S. because many people view it as cruel. Today, about half of U.S. states ban the dyeing of animals, but last month the
Florida Legislature passed a bill to remove the state’s 45-year-old ban. The drive to end the law wasn’t related to Easter chicks; it was done at the request of a dog groomer(美容师) who wanted to enter pet beauty contests.
Florida governor Rick Scott must agree to remove the ban, which would be lifted July 1, but the Animal Rights Foundation of Florida(ARFF) has asked him not to remove the ban. In addition to allowing animals dyeing, the law would also lift a ban on selling baby animals as pets, and the organization fears that next year the state could see hundreds of dyed baby chicks on the market.
As long as the dye is not poisonous, experts say the birds’ health isn’t affected, and there are scientific reasons to dye animals. Wildlife researchers often inject eggs with dye to track birds in the wild, and teachers have dyed chicks for educational purposes. However, animal advocates are quick to point out that dyeing baby chicks for Easter isn’t educational --- it’s done simply to earn profits. 28. What can we infer from Cooper’s words?
A. He finds it dangerous to dye eggs. B. He likes dyed birds’ colorful feathers. C. He is in support of the hatchery owners. D. He is among the critics of dyeing animals. 29. What do we learn about dyed baby chicks in the U.S.? A. They are mainly sold in secret. B. They are as common as dyed eggs. C. They are welcomed by most Americans. D. They are getting more popular in the world. 30. What was the purpose of the bill? A. To protect Easter chicks. B. To ban pet beauty contests. C. To make animals dyeing legal. D. To prevent the sale of baby animals.
31. What is the ARFF’s attitude toward the bill? A. Tolerance. B. Opposition. C. Doubt. D. Caution.
D When asked about her childhood in the documentary Alive Inside, a 90-year-old woman with dementia(痴呆) replies, “I’ve forgotten so much.” Filmmaker Michael Rossato-Bennett then plays music from her past for her. “That’s Louis Armstrong,” she says. “He’s singing When the Saints Go Marching In and it takes me back to my school days.” She then recalls exact details from her life. Why does it happen? Music tends to accompany events that arouse emotions or otherwise make strong impressions on us --- such as weddings and graduations. These kinds of experiences form strong memories, and the music and memories likely become intertwined(紧密相连) in our neural(神经的) networks, according to Julene Johnson, a professor at the University of California. Movements, such as dancing, also often pair with our experience of music, which can help form memories. Even many years later, hearing the music can bring back memories of these long-past events. As Alive Inside shows, music has this power even for many people with dementia. Researchers note that the brain areas that process and remember music are typically less damaged by dementia than other areas, and they think it may explain the phenomenon. They also pay attention to elderly people with dementia, especially those in nursing homes. “It’s possible those long-term memories are still there,” Johnson says, “but people just have a harder time accessing them because they’re in a strange place and there are not a lot of circumstances in which someone could pull out those memories.” Johnson also notes that music is not universally useful for all people with dementia since there are some people with dementia whose brain area that recognizes
music is damaged. Despite music’s apparent benefits, few studies have explored its influence on
memory recall in people with dementia. “It’s really an untapped area,” Johnson says. Petr Janata is one researcher investigating the topic of music and memory. He says that scientists still do not have the answers for why and how music reawakens memories in people with dementia, but this phenomenon is real and it’s just a matter of time before it’s fully borne out by scientific research. 32. What helps the old woman in Alive Inside recall her childhood?
A. A film she has watched before. B. A song she has listened to before. C. The voice of her childhood friend. D. The description of her school days. 33. What benefit of music is discussed in Paragraph 2? A. It helps make lasting memories. B. It helps cure patients of dementia. C. It helps arouse emotions in special events. D. It helps remember dance movements easily. 34. According to Johnson, what should we do for elderly people with dementia? A. Send them to nursing homes for good care. B. Provide familiar environments for them. C. Play lots of classical music to them. D. Talk to them about their past. 35. What do we know about the study into music and memory recall in people with dementia? A. It is criticized by Petr Janata. B. It is a ground-breaking study. C. It is supported by solid evidence. D. It applies to all people with dementia. 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，选项中有两项为多余选项。
Violent Games: Fun or Harmful? If you play lots of video games, you’ve probably blown a zombie(僵尸) into tiny bits. __36__ Many adults worry that playing such games could make children act violently in real life. Is that true? The American Academy of Pediatrics(儿科) says that violence in any kind of media --- from TV to music to video games --- presents a risk to kids’ health. A number of studies have shown a link between video games and aggression, including one published in JAMA Pediatrics in 2014, which found that kids who played violent video games showed an increase in aggressive thoughts and behaviors. __37__ But not all studies agree that violent games cause kids to act out. Another study replaced violent deaths with evaporation(蒸发) in a game. __38__ People who played the non-violent game without any training were more aggressive afterward than people who played the violent version but learned to control themselves first. And here’s an even stranger fact: When violent video games are released, people carry out fewer violent crimes! Why? __39__ Steve Levitt, coauthor of the book Freakonomics, said, “If you can make video games fun enough, then kids will stop watching TV, and they’ll stop going out and creating violent disorder on the street.” What do you think? __40__ A. One possible explanation: potential criminals are at home playing the new game. B. Then, before playing the game, some people received training and others didn’t. C. More than 3,000 kids answered survey questions during a two-year period. D. For example, thinking it’s OK to hit someone you don’t like. E. Have you ever played any violent video games? F. Do violent video games cause bad behavior? G. Some games even pile up dead bodies.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Several years ago, I quit my job to chase my dream of writing a book, but that
book was __41__ repeatedly. Everybody was asking, “How’s the book coming?” I was
My friend got together one day and I blurted out(脱口而出), “I don’t know my
purpose in life.” The outburst was met with __43__ and stares. Finally, Pam said,
“I don’t know, either.” She was in a job she __44__. Teresa said, “Me either.”
I was sure that Bette would have a(n) __45__. She was suffering from cancer and, surely
she had figured things out since she was facing a likely terminal outcome. __46__,
she shook her head.
Two years passed and, during that time, I sold my __47__, Teresa went back to
school, Pam switched __48__, and Bette kept on living as best as she could.
Actually, for those two years, Bette lived a __49__ life than any of us. She built
a butterfly garden in her neighborhood. She spent time with her family, went hiking,
__50__ and lived.
My book was finally __51__and Bette made it to my first big signing. A day or
two later, she was back in the __52__ as she was seriously ill. I left on tour for
several weeks, and when I__53__, she was close to __54__.
The day came when her brother called to let me know Bette had __55__. He asked
me to write her obituary(讣告). I thought about how she’d filled every moment with
as much joy as she could find. That obituary wasn’t a list of __56__. It was the
story of a woman who lived __57__ what life threw at her, she lived.
That was when I __58__ what I’d learned through her passing. She defined her
purpose in life by simply living her life. That’s all any of us are here to do. In
the end, the only thing that __59__ is that we breathe in our time here and fill it
41. A. read
42. A. excited
B. confident C. envious
43. A. darkness
44. A. hated
45. A. present
46. A. Therefore B. However
47. A. house
48. A. jobs
49. A. fuller
50. A. complained B. shouted
51. A. revised
B. published C. reviewed
52. A. hospital
53. A. hollowed
54. A. success
55. A. given up
B. shown off C. turned down
D. passed away
56. A. requirements B. suggestions
C. achievements D. agreements
57. A. Other than B. Rather than
C. Regardless of D. In case of
58. A. guessed
59. A. works
60. A. life
第二节：（共 10 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分）
从 A、B、C 和 D 四个选项,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
61. I think you can ______ the first five chapters before the deadline.
A. live through B. put through
C. get through
D. see through
62. The right thing would be to ______ direct pressure to the wound.
63. As she got older, offers of modelling work began to ______.
A. dry up
B. dry off
C. dry out
D. dry away
64. Environmentalists fear that this is a short-sighted ______ to the problem of global
B. approach C. method
65. The tiny fire in the stove gradually ______, and it was getting dark outside.
A. died down B. put down
C. set down
D. keep down
66. It was the first occasion ______ they had both found it possible to reach an
67. Some of the material presented may not be ______ to you or your circumstances.
68. I gratefully ______ financial support from several local businesses.
B. recommend C. distribute
69. The other day we ______ some visitors from Switzerland.
B. have had
C. will have
D. had had
70. Observation, reason and experiment make up ______ we call the scientific method.
第三节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
When people __71__(face) with health or nutrition questions, it is
__72__(increasing) common to go online and diagnose themselves. But the Internet is
full of conflicting health warnings with no regulations to get rid of the wrong advice,
some of __73__ is extremely dangerous! Also, search engine’s rank results from
popularity rather than accuracy, __74__ solid facts can be tricky to find. It is worth
__75__(check) if the writer of an online piece is properly qualified as an expert.
Anyone can call __76__(they) a “diet expert” “nutritionist” and even a “doctor”
--- given it could refer to qualifications like a PhD. But remember, only officially
__77__ (recognize) practicing doctors as well as dietitians have degrees in giving
medical __78__(suggest). So if you are unsure and still wondering __79__ the chocolate
diet really does work or not, then it pays to make __80__ appointment with your
dietitian or doctor. The truth is out there, and you just need to look in the right
第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词；
2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 My classmates and I decide to do something for our coming graduation. After the heated discussion, we agreed on making a video to record their school life experiences. Material collecting took us a whole week --- we interviewed our teachers or took pictures of almost every aspect of our school life. Edit the interview videos and pictures were tough. We discussed about what to put into the video. Some compromises and arguments were unavoidable, but the video turned out to be perfectly. Several days later, when the video played at the graduation ceremony, it was well received. The students and teachers had a great time. That surely gave us a great sense of achievements. 第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分） 假如你是李华，你的美国笔友 Tom 发来邮件抱怨父母给他定了很多家规，如晚上 10 点前 回家，不得与父母顶嘴等。请你给他写封回信，要点包括：1. 家规的重要性；2. 你对他家 的家规的看法；3. 你家的家规。注意：1. 词数 100 左右；2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连 贯。 Dear Tom, _______________________________________________________________________________
南昌二中 2018—2019 学年度下学期第二次月考
听力： 01--20 CBCAB
阅读： 21--40 BDA
完型： 41--60 CDDAB BDAAC
单选： 61--70 CBABA
71. are faced 72. increasingly 73. which
76. themselves 77. recognized
78. suggestions 79. whether/if 80. an
81. decide --- decided
82. the --- a
83. their --- our
84. or --- and
85. Edit --- Editing
86. were --- was
87. about --- 删掉 about
88. perfectly --- perfect
89. video played --- video was played
90. achievements --- achievement
One possible version
I am sorry to hear that you are bothered by your family rules. However, I can’t
be on your side this time. Family rules which let us know how to behave properly and
develop healthily are essential for us. For example, your family rule “Come home
before ten at night” is for your safety and “Never talk back to your parents” is
teaching you good manners. In fact, I benefit a lot from my family rules, such as
“Be gentle with everyone” and “Apologize if you hurt others’ feelings”. Sometimes
family rules make us uncomfortable, but that’s the price we have to pay for a
successful life. Am I right?
Looking forward to your reply.
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