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【长江作业】高中英语 Unit4 Period3 Learning about Language课件 新人教版选修7_图文

教 学 目 标 分 析

Period Ⅲ
教 学 方 案 设 计

Learning about Language

课 堂 互 动 探 究

当 堂 双 基 达 标

(教师用书独具)

●教学目标 1.熟记学案中所列出的单词和短语。 2.通过学案中所给出的重点单词和重点短语的学习,让学 生能够正确理解和使用这些单词和短语。 3.通过对语法的学习让学生能够理解并能够运用这些语法 知识,复习掌握限制性定语从句的用法。

●教学地位 语法是学生感到比较难以掌握的东西。 让学生正确理解和掌 握语法知识是让学生学好英语的关键。 限制性定语从句在英语学 习中和高考中占有相当大的含量,所以应通过课文的学习和实 例,让学生掌握该语法。

(教师用书独具)
●新课导入建议 通过对学生作业的检查导入本堂新课。

●教学流程设计

1.comb vt.梳理,彻底搜查;vi.涌起,卷起 n.梳子,蜂 窝状的东西 She smoothed her hair down with a wet comb...(教材 P32)她 用湿梳子梳了梳头??

I look in the mirror and comb my hair. 我照镜子并梳头发。 I have to comb my hair. 我得梳梳头了。

comb out 梳开(毛发的纠结),去除掉(劣等的事物),整理, 搜出 comb for 彻底搜查,到处寻找
The police combed the area for clues. 警察彻底搜索了那个地方以寻找线索。

完成句子 ①警察在全市到处搜查凶手。 The police the murderer.

②你的头发太乱了,我梳不动。 Your hair's so tangled that I
【答案】

.
②can't comb it

①have combed the city for

2. She was dying to see him again but what if he didn't want to see her? (教材 P32) 她极想再见到他,但如果他不想见她怎么办? 本句中画线部分为句型 What if...?“要是??会怎么样? 如果??又有什么关系?” What if he doesn't agree?如果他不同意该怎么办呢? What if I fail? 即使我失败了又怎样?

what for...为??目的 what about/how about...??怎么样(表建议) How come? 怎么回事? So what? 那又怎么样?

What about having a walk after supper? 晚饭后散散步怎么样? So what if nobody else agrees with me? 就算没有一个人赞成我的意见,那又怎么样?

完成句子 ①那又怎么样?我们可以去便利商店呀! ?We can go to the convenience store. ②怎么搞的,只在考试前才对我好? you are only nice to me before exam? ③明天我可以请假吗?那为什么? Can I have the day off tomorrow?
【答案】 ①So what ②How come


③What for

观察下列从 P29-30 的 Reading 中选取的句子, 体会限制性定 语从句的用法。 1. I know you're dying to hear all about my life here, so I've included some photos which will help you picture the places I talk about. 2.The boys who had never come across anything like this before started jumping out of the windows.

3. But last weekend another teacher, Jenny,and I did visit a village which is the home of one of the boys,Tombe. 4. We walked for two and a half hours to get there—first up a mountain to a ridge from where we had fantastic views and then down a steep path to the valley below. 5.The only possessions I could see were one broom,a few tin plates and cups and a couple of jars.

[ 自我总结 ]

从上面定语从句中可以看出这五个句子都是

对先行词进行修饰, 且与先行词关系密切。 引导这些从句的关系 代词有
【答案】

;关系副词有
which/that/who;where



复习限制性定语从句 一、限制性定语从句的用法 限制性定语从句用来修饰和限制先行词, 与先行词之间的关 系非常密切,它所修饰的先行词代表一个(些)或一类特指的人或 物,说明先行词的性质、身份、特征等状况,如果去掉,则意思 含混不清。引导定语从句的关系代词有 who,whom,whose, which,that,as 等,关系副词有 when,where,why 等。

Samaranch, the former IOC President, suffered from the heart disease for many years which/that made him lose his life finally.前国际奥委会主席,萨马兰奇患心脏病多年,并最后因此 失去生命。 We will always remember those sad days when Ya'an Earthquake did great harm to the people there. 我们将永远记住雅安地震给雅安人民造成巨大伤害的悲伤 日子。

二、关系代词引导的定语从句 1.关系代词的基本用法

关系代词 who whom

先行词 人 人

在从句中充当的成分 主、宾、表 宾

which that as whose

物 人或物 人或物 人或物

主、宾、表 主、宾、表 主、宾、表 定

The old man (who/whom/that) we visited yesterday is a famous artist. 我们昨天拜访的那位老人是位著名的艺术家。 Miss Wang is taking care of the child whose parents have gone to Beijing. 王小姐正在照顾一个父母去了北京的小孩。

2.指人时用 who 而不宜用 that 的情况 (1)先行词为 anyone, everyone, he, one 和 those 时。 He who doesn't reach the Great Wall isn't a true man. 不到长城非好汉。 (2)There be 句型中的主语作为先行词时。 There is a student who wants to see you. 有一个学生想见你。

(3)一个句子中有两个定语从句,先行词都是人,其中一个 定语从句的关系代词是 that,另一个宜用 who,以免重复。 The student that won the first prize is the monitor who studies hard.获得一等奖的是学习努力的班长。

3.指物时用 that 而不宜用 which 的情况 (1)当先行词为 all, everything, nothing, anything, something, none, few, little, much 等不定代词时。 All that glitters is not gold. 发光的并不都是金子。 (2)当先行词被 very,both,the only,all,every,no,any, little,much,some 修饰时。 This is the only coat that I have. 这是我拥有的唯一的外套。

(3)当先行词被形容词的最高级修饰或序数词修饰时。 This is the most attractive match that I have watched. 这是我所看过的比赛中最吸引人的一场。 This is the first lesson that we have this term. 这是我们这学期上的第一节课。

(4)当先行词既包括人又包括物时。 He hasn't sent us the workers and equipment that we need. 他还没有把我们需要的工人和设备送来。 (5)当主句是以 which 开头的特殊疑问句时。 Which is the story that you like best? 哪个是你最喜欢的故事?

(6)当先行词在句中作表语时。(无论先行词是人还是物) My hometown is no longer the place that it used to be. 我的家乡不再是它以前的那个样子了。 (7)有两个定语从句时,其中一个关系代词已用 which, 另外 一个宜用 that。 They secretly built up a small factory which produced things that could cause pollution.他们悄悄开设了一家小工厂, 他 们生产的产品会造成污染。

4.用 as 引导限制性定语从句的情况 (1)such+名词+as...“像??一样的??” Do you have such books as we like? 你有我们喜欢的那种书吗? (2)the same+名词+as...“和??同样??” It's the same person as we wanted to find yesterday. 他/她就是我们昨天要找的人。 (3)as+形容词+名词+as...“像??一样的??” She will marry as wealthy a man as she can find. 她将嫁给一个她能找到的有钱人。

5.用“prep.+which/whom”引导定语从句的情况 I don't know the old woman to whom I gave the umbrella yesterday. 我不认识我昨天送给她雨伞的那位老妇人。 I bought a house yesterday the window of which is made of wood.= I bought a house yesterday of which the window is made of wood.= I bought a house yesterday whose window is made of wood. 昨天我买了一所房子,窗户是由木头做的。

【提示】

the+名词+of which/whom=of which/whom+

the+名词=whose+名词

三、关系副词引导的定语从句 关系副词 when, why, where 在定语从句中分别代替表示时 间、原因、地点的先行词,并分别在从句中作时间、原因、地点 状语。 另外关系副词也可根据其在句中的搭配关系, 转换成“介 词+关系代词”的结构。

关系副词 when where why

被代替的先行词 在从句中的作用 表示时间的名词 时间状语 表示地点的名词 地点状语 表示原因的名词 原因状语 (只用reason)

The day will come when(=on which)we'll win the final victory.我们取得最后胜利的日子即将来临。 We know the place where(=in which) our teacher lives.我 们知道我们老师住的地方。 Do you know the reason why ( = for which) he was so sorry?你知道他道歉的原因么?

四、限制性定语从句中需要注意的几种情况 1.关系词的选择通常要分两步:先判断从句中缺少什么成 分,从而确定用关系代词还是用关系副词;再看先行词,从而确 定用关系代词或关系副词中的哪一个。

2.当关系代词在从句中作主语时,从句中谓语动词的数原 则上要与先行词保持一致,但要注意以下几点:先行词是“one of+复数名词”结构时,定语从句中的谓语动词一般用复数形 式;但如有 the only, the very, the first, the last 等修饰 one 时, 谓语动词用单数。 This is one of the most interesting questions that have been asked.这是被问过的最有意思的问题之一。 She is the only one of the girls who studies hard. 她是这些女孩中唯一一个刻苦学习的。

3.当先行词是 way 意为“方式,方法”且关系词在从句中 做状语时,引导定语从句的关系词须用 that, in which 或省略。 The way(that/in which)he explained the sentence to us was not difficult to understand. 他向我们解释句子的那种方式并不难理解。 4.当先行词是 case, point, situation 等词且关系词在从句中 作状语时,引导定语从句的关系词须用 where。 They have reached the point where they have to separate with each other. 他们已经到了必须分手的地步。

5.定语从句通常紧跟在先行词之后,但有时亦可与先行词 分离,即分隔式定语从句。 A new teacher will come tomorrow who will teach you German.明天要来一位新教师教你们德语。

单句改错 1 . The book that I borrowed it from the library is wellwritten. 2.The house stood at the place which the roads meet.

3.Did you see the young man whom was chosen the League secretary? 4.We shall visit the university where my father teaches there. 5.The person whom you want to see comes.

6.Can you think of anyone who's house is on a pile of rocks? 7.The day which I was to start arrived at last.

8.I have known the reason which she is so worried.

9.This is the girl who practice playing the piano every day.

10.The watch which her mother gave it to her works very well. 11.This is the shop which keep open till eleven at night.

12.Is she the girl who her grandfather was a Red Army man? 13.The worker who repaired out house live next door to Li Hua's. 14.The girl studies music plays the violin very well.

15.The house in where we live is very large.

16.The street which lead us to the Beijing Station is wide and long. 17 . Do you know the driver whom caused the traffic accident where a man was killed?

18.Has she returned you the novel that you lent it to her last Friday? 19.This is the one hundredth letter which she has received from that boy. 20.This is the woman to who my mother talked just now.

【答案】 去 掉 there 7.which→when 掉 it

1.去掉 it

2.which→where

3.whom→who

4.

5.come→came/has come 8.which→why

6.who's→whose 10. 去

9.practice→practices

11.keep→keeps

12.who her→whose 15 . where→which 19.which→that

13.live→lives 16.lead→leads 20.who→whom

14.studies→who studies

17.whom→who 18.去掉 it

Ⅱ.用适当的关系代词、副词填空 1.Please pass me the book is lying on the table.

2.We shouldn't spend our money testing so many people, most of are healthy. somebody accused

3.Have you ever had a case

your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick. 4 . George , scholarship. is my classmate , has won a

5.This is the room in 6.The reason can provide us with fresh air. 7 . I'll never forget the day earthquake happened. 8. This is the only chance change. 9.She is the only one

we lived last year. we have to grow trees is that they

the terrible

he can catch to make a

advice he might listen to. he was

10.A stone was put up over the place buried.

【答案】 5.which

1.that/which 6.why

2.whom 8.that

3.where 9.whose

4.who 10.where

7.when


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