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2013届高三英语一轮总复习精品课件:unit1(新人教版选修7)


2013届高三英语一轮总复习精品课件:unit1(新人教版选修7)

佳 作 诵 读
晨 读 必 背·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 写 作 提 升 ·············· ·············

(2010·辽宁沈阳阶段测试)面对中学生“出国热”,社会对 此有不同的看法,请你以“Studying Abroad”为题,就以下提

供的信息和自己的看法完成一篇作文。
Advantages 1.良好的语言环境,更利 于语言学习 2.拓宽视野,学习国外先 进的科学技术 3.传播各民族间的不同文 化 Disadvantages 1.年纪小,缺乏生活 经验,自立能力差 2.情感孤独,思乡 3.生活和学习的费用 高 你 的 观 点

注意:

1.词数120左右;
2.文章开头已经给出,不计入总词数。

参考词汇:媒介,中间人mediator
Studying Abroad In recent years, studying abroad has been popular. ___________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________

【经典范文】

Studying Abroad In_recent_years,_studying_abroad_has_been_popular. Tens

of thousands of Chinese students have gone to foreign countries to study.Many people are trying their best to apply to go abroad. There are many advantages in studying abroad. Firstly, students who have studied abroad can act as mediator between people of different cultures. Secondly, we can learn more advanced knowledge of science and technology from foreign countries. Thirdly, we can learn foreign languages more quickly.

However, there are some disadvantages. First of all, most of the students are too young to live alone without any living experience. Besides, being far away from their home country, they may feel lonely and homesick. Of course, the costs are much higher there than those at home. In spite of these disadvantages, in my opinion, it is advisable to attend schools abroad. After all, we need to learn more foreign cultures if we want to communicate with foreigners much better.

考 点 锁 定
明 确 目 标·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 基 础 自 清 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.重点词汇 1.________ n.缺席,不在某处→________adj.缺席的, 不在的 2.________ adj.适合的;适宜的→________vt.适合,适宜

3.________ n.协助,援助→______vt.帮助,协助,援助
4.________ n.行为;品行vt.指挥;管理;主持

5.________ vi.& vt.辞职;辞去(工作、职位等)
6.________ n.伤残;无力;无能→________adj.伤残的

7.________ n.雄心;野心→________adj.有雄心的;有 野心的

8.________ adj.有益的;受益的→________v.&n.使受
益;益处

9.________ vt.使适应;改编→________n.适应;改编本
10.________ vt.使??不悦;惹恼→________adj.颇为生 气的 11.________ vt.废除;废止 12.________ vt.祝贺;庆贺→________n.祝贺;贺词

13.________ adj.足够的;充分的 14.________ n.(接近的)方法→________adj.可接近的 15.________ n.赞成;认可→________vi.赞成;认可

答案 1.absence; absent 4 . conduct ambitious 5.resign 2.suitable; suit 3.assistance; assist 7.ambition ;

6.disability ; disabled

8.beneficial ; benefit

9.adapt ; adaptation

10 . annoy ; annoyed
congratulation approve 13.adequate

11.abolish

12.congratulate ;

14.access;accessible 15.approval;

Ⅱ.短语回顾 1.be beneficial________对??有益 2.________other words换句话说 3.adapt________适合

4.cut________切去;省略;停止(做某事)
5.out of________上气不接下气

6.all in________总而言之
7.sit________闲坐着

8.as well________和;也 9.________many ways在很多方面 10.make fun________取笑 11.________mind不必担心

12.________the best(祝你)一切顺利
13.meet________遇到;经历;会晤

答案
1 . to 2.in 3.to 4.out 5.breath 6.all 7.around

8.as

9.in

10.of

11.never 12.all 13.with

Ⅲ.句式填空 1.疑问词+不定式在句中作宾语 Unfortunately, the doctors don't know________(如何治好 我的病),but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to

my disability.
2.every time+从句 ________(每次缺课回来后),I felt stupid because I was behind the others.

3.as+形容词+a/an+名词+as用来比较说明前后两者在 某方面相同

Just accept them for who they are, and give them
encouragement________(像你一样过得丰富多彩、充实美满).

4.be+to do表示一种“可能”或“应该”发生的事情
I read in the newspaper today that________(您将成为)the architect for the new Bankstown cinema.

答案 1.how to make me better 2.Every time I returned after an absence 3.to live as rich and full a life as you do

4.you are to be

高 频 考 点
热 点 梳 理·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 分 层 突 破 ·············· ·············

考点单词 1.ambition n.雄心;野心;志向;抱负 Her ambition is to become part of the national team for the next Games.

她的志向就是成为下届运动会国家队的队员。
Mothers are often highly ambitious for their children.

做母亲的往往都希望孩子出人头地。
ambition to be/to do sth.做某事的雄心 ambition of being/doing sth.做某事的夙愿

achieve/realize one's ambition达到目标/实现抱负 be ambitious to do sth.有雄心做某事 be ambitious for sth.有雄心/野心得到某物 be ambitious for sb.对某人抱有很大希望

即境活用1

She fulfilled her________to become a doctor

after graduating from university.

A.intention
C.attention

B.attempt
D.ambition

[ 解 析 ]ambition 抱 负 。 intention 打 算 ; attempt 努 力 ;
attention 注意力。 [答案]D

2.adapt vt.使适应;改编 He could not adapt his way of life to the company. 他的生活方式无法适应公司。 The material can be adapted for use with older children.

这些材料改一下可以给大一点的孩子用。
adapt oneself to使自己适应??

adapt sth. to使某物适应或适合??
adapt to适应于??

adapt from...根据??改编/改写

adapt...for为??改编/改写;使??适应 adaptable adj.适应性强的;可改编的 adaptation n.适应;改编

【易混辨析】
adapt/adjust adapt指通过修改或改变,使某物适应新条件或环境;而 adjust指“ 调整,调 节”,以使两者相互适应 ,多用于搭 配 adjust to。意为“适应”时,两者可通用。 You should adapt yourself to the new environment. 你应该适应新环境。

You can't see through the telescope until it is adjusted to
your eyes. 你把望远镜调节到适合你的眼睛之后,你才看得见。

即境活用2 A.adapt to

This plant can ________ environment easily. B.refer to D.subscribe to

C.contribute to

[解析]adapt to适应。refer to 谈及;contribute to 对……做

贡献;subscribe to 同意,赞成。
[答案]A

3.annoy v.使??不悦;惹恼 Don't annoy your neighbour by singing loudly. 不要大声唱歌,以免打扰邻居。 annoy sb. with/by...因??而使某人烦恼

be annoyed with sb.生某人的气;对某人烦恼
be annoyed at/by sth.因某事生气

be annoyed that...因??而生气

be annoyed to do sth.做??而生气 annoying adj.使人烦恼的;讨厌的 annoyance n.恼怒,烦恼,不高兴,烦恼的事情

即境活用3 A.annoyed C.annoy

I got________by what he said. B.annoying D.to annoy

[解析]get annoyed烦恼的。

[答案]A

4.conduct n.行为;品行vt.指挥;管理;主持
Why has his fellow students' conduct changed towards Marty? 为什么他的同学们对待马蒂的行为发生了变化呢? I think he conducted himself well, considering the difficult circumstances. 考虑到那种困难的情况,我认为他的表现很好。

good/bad conduct优良/恶劣行为 conduct sb. to...引领某人去?? conduct sb. in/out带领某人进/出 conduct a survey/an interview/an experiment

进行调查/采访/试验
conduct oneself well/badly举止端庄/行为恶劣

即境活用4

Our teacher________this experiment. B.confused D.convinced

A.conducted C.confirmed

[ 解 析 ]conduct 指 导 。 confuse 使 迷 惑 ; confirm 证 实 ;

convince 使相信。
[答案]A

5.congratulate vt.祝贺;庆祝 Joan congratulates Barry and wishes him future success. 琼向巴里表示祝贺,祝愿他未来成功。 She congratulated me warmly on my exam results.

她热烈祝贺我考试取得好成绩。
congratulate sb. on...向某人祝贺??

congratulate oneself on庆幸;感到幸运

congratulations to sb. on sth.就??向某人祝贺 offer sb. congratulations on...向某人祝贺?? Congratulations!祝贺你!(口语)

即境活用5

Let's________you on your success. B.celebrate D.express

A.congratulate C.impress

[ 解 析 ]congratulate 祝 贺 。 celebrate 庆 祝 节 日 ; impress

给……留下印象;express 表达。
[答案]A

6.adequate adj.适当的;足够的 Adequate access for wheelchairs. 为乘坐轮椅的人提供充分的便利。 be adequate for...足够的;充足的

be adequate to (doing) sth.胜任(做)??
be adequate to do sth.足可以做??

即境活用6

The food supply was________for people's need

in the quake-stricken areas under the leadership of the

government.
A.adequate B.strict

C.necessary

D.important

[解析]adequate足够的。strict 严格的;necessary 必需的; important 重要的。 [答案]A

7.access n.(接近的)方法;通路;可接近性 Only high officials have access to the president. 只有高级官员能接近总统。 A manager should be accessible to his staff.

经理应该让职员感到平易近人。

gain/have/obtain access to...得以接近/进入/会见;使用 have access to能接近或使用 within easy access of在容易到的地方 be accessible to...可接近的;可进入的;可使用的

【易错提示】
access前通常不加冠词,且access短语中的to为介词。

即境活用7 home computers

(2012· 安 徽 铜 陵 三 中 测 试 )The increase in means that families have much

easier________to information.
A.measure B.access

C.way

D.method

[解析]have access to有使用……的机会。 [答案]B

8.absence n.缺席;不在某处 His repeated absence from school is worrying. 他一再缺课使人担忧。 She never speaks ill of anyone in his or her absence.

她从不趁人不在时说别人的坏话。

in the absence of...某人不在时;缺少 during/in one's absence在某人外出期间 absence of mind心不在焉 absence of sth.缺乏?

be absent from缺席

即境活用8

In the________of evidence, the police could

not take action against the man.

A.lack
C.shortage

B.absence
D.failure

[解析]in the absence of缺少。
[答案]B

9.resign vi.& vt.辞职;辞去(工作、职位等) He resigned his post as chairman. 他辞去了主席职务。 resign one's position辞职

resign from one's post辞职
resign oneself to听任摆布

resign office=leave office辞职

【思维拓展】 be in office在职;当权 take office就职 hold an important position担任重要职务

on duty上班
off duty下班

lose one's place失去职位

即境活用9

The Prime Minister refused to comment on

the rumor that he had planned to________.

A.discharge
C.resign

B.dismiss
D.remind

[解析]resign辞职,符合句意。discharge不负责;dismiss
解雇,开除;remind提醒。 [答案]C

考点短语 1.cut out切去;删去;停止做某事 I like your article, but would you cut out the reference to the Kennedys?

我欣赏你这篇文章,但你能把涉及肯尼迪家族的部分删掉
吗? The children were fighting so their mother told them to cut it out or go to bed. 孩子们在打架,妈妈让他们住手,否则都上床睡觉。

【思维拓展】 cut into插进来;参加(谈话);打断(别人的话) cut off切断;隔断;断绝 cut in插入;插话;插队;超车

cut down砍倒;削减;压缩;缩减

即 境 活 用 10 just________it________!

I'm

sick

of

you

two

arguing—

A.cut; off
C.cut; out

B.cut; up
D.cut; down

[解析]cut out停止做某事。
[答案]C

2.all in all总而言之;总体来说 All in all,I have a good life. 总而言之,我生活得很好。 All in all, it's been a pretty bad year for John.

总的来说,对约翰来讲这是糟糕的一年。

【思维拓展】 in all总共 at all根本;到底;究竟;全然 not at all一点也不

above all首先;最重要的是
after all毕竟;别忘了

即境活用11

The hostess was friendly and the food was

delicious.________,the party was pleasant.

A.After all
C.In all

B.Above all
D.All in all

[解析]all in all总而言之。after all 毕竟;in all 总计;
above all 首先。 [答案]D

3.meet with遇到;经历;会晤;受到 I hope my suggestions will meet with your approval. 我希望您能赞成我的建议。 I met with some difficulties when I tried to enter the

country.
我在入境时遇到了一些困难。

【思维拓展】 meet sb.会面;迎接某人 meet one's wishes/demands/needs满足某人的愿望/要求/需 要

meet with failure经历失败
meet with sb.会见某人

【易错提示】
meet with指比较正式地接见、会晤某人;表示“遇到”时, 强调偶然性,等于come across。

即 境 活 用 12 exam.

I________some trouble when I took this

A.met with
C.went with

B.agreed with
D.disagreed with

[ 解 析 ]meet with 遇 到 。 agree with 同 意 某 人 ; go with
与……配套;disagree with 不同意。 [答案]A

4.in other words换句话说 His wife is my daughter. In other words, I am his mother-in-law. 他妻子是我女儿。换句话讲我是他的岳母。

【思维拓展】 have a word with...和……说句话 have words with...和……争吵 keep/break one's word遵守/违背诺言

in a/one word总之
get in a word/get a word in插话

Word came that...有消息说……

即 境 活 用 13

She is organized, friendly to people,

hardworking and clever.________, I can't speak too highly of

her.
A.In other words B.In a word

C.As a result

D.In addition

[解析]in a word总之。in other words 换句话说;as a result 结果;in addition 另外。 [答案]B

5.never mind没关系,不必担心 —We haven't done very well, have we? —Never_mind. At least we tried. ——我们做得不好,是不是?

——没关系,至少我们尝试过了。

即境活用14

—Sorry, I made a mistake again.

—________.Practice more and you'll succeed. A.Never mind C.Not at all B.Certainly not D.Don't mention it

[解析]never mind没关系,不要紧。
[答案]A

6.out of breath气喘吁吁 After climbing that long flight of stairs , she was completely out of breath. 爬完这么长的一段楼梯后,她已经完全喘不过气来了。

He ran out of breath by then.
那时他跑得喘不过气来。

【思维拓展】
?hold one's breath屏住呼吸 ? (1)? ?lose one's breath喘不过气来 ?

?out of sight看不见 ? ?out of control失控 ? (2)? out of order出毛病 ? ? out of work失业 ? out of question没问题;无疑;毫无疑问 ?

即境活用15

Having lived in the town for quite a few years,

Mr. Johnson no longer felt________among the local people.

A.out of order
C.out of control

B.out of place
D.out of the question

[解析]out of place不适宜,符合句意。out of order出故障;
out of control失控;out of the question不可能。 [答案]B

重点句型 1.I used to climb trees, swim and play football. 我常常爬树、游泳、踢足球。 句中used to do sth.表示“过去常常做某事或存在某种状

态”,暗示现在不做或不存在了。对比下列句型:
be used to do sth.被用来做……

be/get used to(doing) sth.习惯于(做)某事
Did there used to be a hotel on that corner? 那个拐角处过去有家旅馆吗?

【易错提示】 used to do/be变否定句和疑问句时可以直接在used后加not 或将used提到主语之前,也可以使用助动词didn't或did。 【易混辨析】

used to/would
used to强调过去经常做,与现在无关,既可以表示动作也

可以表示状态。
would多表示动作,并不暗示现在如何。

即境活用16

My parents________live in the countryside,

and now they have________the life in the big city.

A.were used to; used to
B.used to; become used to

C.used to; used to
D.were used to; become used to

[解析]used to do过去常常做;become used to习惯于。
[答案]B

2.Sometimes.too, I was too weak to go to school so my education suffered.

有时我太虚弱不能去上学,因此我的学业受到了影响。
句中too...to结构表示否定意义“太??不能”;但用于下

列情况时则表示肯定含义:
①当too或to前有否定词构成双重否定时。 Actually, Chinese is not too difficult to learn. 实际上,汉语并不太难学。

②当too后是glad, pleased, happy, delighted, satisfied, ready, willing, good, careful, eager, anxious等形容词或副词时,too...to

无否定意义。
They are too anxious to leave that desert.

他们急于离开那处沙漠。
He is too ready to help others.他非常愿意帮助别人。 ③与can not或can never连用时。 You can not be too careful when doing your homework. 做作业时无论怎么仔细都不过分。

即境活用17

—Must I turn off the gas after cooking?

—Of course. You can never be________careful with that. A.enough C.so B.too D.very

[解析]can never be too怎么都不过分。
[答案]B

3.Access to the cinema for people in wheelchairs and those who have difficulty walking.

为坐轮椅的人和行走不便的人进入影院提供的便利通道。
(1)have difficulty (in) doing sth.做??有困难

其 中 difficulty 为 不 可 数 名 词 , 其 前 可 有 修 饰 语 , 如 no,
much, any, little, a little等。 have difficulty with sth.在某事上有困难 do sth.with difficulty/without difficulty 做某事费力/毫不费力

(2)have trouble(in) doing sth.做??有困难,很费力 (3)当difficulty指具体的困难、难处、难点时,是一个可数 名词,如果不是则没有复数形式。

即境活用18 are so alike.

He has trouble________the twins, for they

A.distinguished
C.to distinguish

B.distinguishing
D.to be distinguished

[解析]have trouble (in) doing sth.做某事有困难。
[答案]B

课 堂 双 基
紧 扣 考 点·· · · · · · · · · · · · · 跟 踪 训 练 ·············· ·············

Ⅰ.词义辨析 1.It seems that nothing can stop him from achieving his ________ to make his mark in the world. A.conclusion B.challenge

C.dignity

D.ambition

[解析]ambition 雄心。conclusion 结论;challenge 挑战;

dignity 尊严。
[答案]D

2.His ________ from home for such a long period of time might have contributed to his son's addiction to the Internet.

A.absence
C.occupation

B.conduct
D.tradition

[解析]absence 不在。conduct 行为;occupation 职业;
tradition 传统。 [答案]A

3.I was very ________ with John because he promised to help me, but then he did not.

A.suspected
C.admired

B.exposed
D.annoyed

[ 解 析]annoyed 懊 恼 的 。 suspect 怀 疑 ; admire 钦 佩 ;
expose 暴露。 [答案]D

4.The survey ________ last week was aimed at finding out how many people preferred western food.

A.committed
C.guaranteed

B.conducted
D.transformed

[ 解 析 ]conduct 做 。 commit 犯 ; guarantee 保 证 ;
transform 改变。 [答案]B

5.There are many bad customs and laws that I think ought to be________.

A.resigned
C.abolished

B.abused
D.attempted

[解析]abolish 废除。resign 辞职;abuse 滥用;attempt 努
力。 [答案]C

6.Many people consider a dog to be a very pleasant ________for their old age.

A.certificate
C.companion

B.fellow
D.community

[解析]companion 陪伴。certificate 证书;fellow 伙伴;
community 协会。 [答案]C

7.Despite his cries, no one came to his________. A.service C.survival B.approval D.assistance

[解析]assistance 援助。 service 服务; approval 同意;

survival 幸存。
[答案]D

8.There is more than ________ rain this year, so some parts of the country have been flooded.

A.adequate
C.desperate

B.absolute
D.awkward

[解析]adequate 充足的。absolute 绝对的;desperate 绝望
的;awkward 困窘的。 [答案]A

9.Frank put the medicine in the top drawer to make sure it would not be ________ to the kids.

A.accessible
C.steady

B.clumsy
D.sensitive

[解析]accessible 可接近的。clumsy 笨拙的;steady 平稳的;
sensitive 敏感的。 [答案]A

10.He sold his house last week and made a ________ of $3,000 on the sale.

A.access
C.entry

B.profit
D.benefit

[解析]profit 利润。access 接近;entry 进入;benefit 利益。
[答案]B

Ⅱ.短语填空 in other words; out of breath; in particular; adapt to; have trouble; sit around; meet with; bump into; at a time; in comfort 1.By the roadside several young girls were ________,

looking bored.
2.No matter what difficulty you ________, you must carry out your plan. 3 . The little boy tossed the peanuts into his mouth one________.

4.The bus ________ the back of the car. Luckily, nobody was hurt.

5.I like to travel ________, so I always go first class on
the ship.

6.Most students have little difficulty ________ college life.
7.They asked him to leave—________, he was fired. 8.Is there anything ________ you'd like for dinner? 9 . He's been ________ making himself understood in English.

10.We were ________ halfway up the mountain. 答案 1.sitting around into 5.in comfort 2.meet with 3.at a time 4.bumped 8.in

6.adapting to

7.in other words

particular 9.having trouble

10.out of breath

Ⅲ.单词拼写 1 . Anyone with common sense knows fresh air is________(有益的)to our health. 2.Your________(鼓励) has made me more confident in

my future.
3.He was________(心烦的) to find that supper was not ready when he got home. 4.If you're afraid of losing your________(尊严),you can't expect to learn to speak a foreign language.

5 . There are four emergency________( 出 口 )in the department store.

6.Your technical________(援助) in the project is greatly
appreciated.

7.The little girl will be a(n)________(同伴) for my young
daughter. 8.In the end, he achieved his________(抱负) of competing in the Olympic Games.

9 . How can we make English language fun to learn and________(可使用的) to all the Chinese?

10.Robert replaces Jacob Winters, who________(辞职)
from the firm last month.

答案
1.beneficial 2.encouragement 3.annoyed 5.exits 6.assistance 7.companion 4.dignity

8.ambition

9.accessible 10.resigned


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