2010 年福建卷 英语作文 假设你是李华，福建省某中学高中学生，今年暑假将前往澳大利亚参加主题为 WATER FOR LIFE“的交流活动。请你以参访代表的身份，根据以下图片提示，用英语写一篇发言稿。 注意： 1． 根据图片的内容适当展开，以使行文连贯； 2． 开头与结尾已写好，不计入总词数； 3． 文中不能出现考生的具体信息； 4． 词数：120 左右 参考词汇：短缺 shortage ; 资源 resource
Ladies and gentlemen, Good morning. I’m Li Hua from Fujian, China. It’s my great honor to be here to say something about the global water shortage and ways of dealing with it. As we know, the global water shortage is becoming increasingly severe mainly due to global warming, environmental pollution and the ever-increasing population. Therefore, it’s high time we did something about it. Firstly, an effective way, I think, is to reserve water in a scientific way for future use. Secondly, new methods need to be developed to use the existing water resources, for example, turning sea water into fresh water. Thirdly, we must stop water pollution by law. Last but not least, it’s everyone’s responsibility to make good use of water, such as recycling and saving water in our daily life. In conclusion, people around the world should be aware of the real situation of water shortage, protect the present water resources and explore potential ones scientifically. That’s all. Thank you.
2008 年江苏卷 英语作文 实现有效的沟通，建立良好的人际关系，不仅要善于言表，更要学会倾听。请你根据下表 中所提供的信息，写一篇题为 Being a Good Listener 的英文演讲稿。 为何倾听 表示尊重，增进理解，建立良好的人际关系 谁来倾听 家长倾听孩子 理解孩子，消除代沟，…… 老师倾听学生 了解学生，满足需求，…… 同学相互倾听 增进友谊，互帮互学，…… 怎样倾听 （请考生联系自己拟定内容，列举两至三点。） 注意：1、对所给要点，逐一陈述，适当发挥，不要简单翻译。 2、词数 150 左右。开头和结尾已经写好，不计入总词数。 3、演讲稿中不得提及考生所在学校及本人姓名。 Good afternoon, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “Being a Good Listener”. Good listening can always show respect, promote understanding, and improve interpersonal relationship. Many people suggest that parents should listen more to their children, so they will understand them better, and find it easy to narrow the generation gap; teachers should listen more to their students, then they can meet their needs better, and place themselves in a good relationship with their students; students should listen more to their classmates, thus they will help and learn from each other, and a friendship is likely to be formed. What I want to stress is that each of us should listen more to others. Show your respect and never stop others till they finish their talk; show you are interested by a supportive silence or a knowing smile; be open-minded to different opinions even though you don’t like them. In a word, good listening can really enable us to get closer to each other.
Thank you for your listening! 2012 年江苏卷 英语作文 生活中冲突时有发生。假设你班同学苏华和李江打篮球时发生争执,导致关系紧张。请 你结合此事,并根据以下提示,用英语写一篇短文,向学校英文报“Happy Teens 冶专栏投稿。 简要描述事情的经过 分析发生冲突的原因 谈谈避免冲突的做法 打篮球、碰撞、争执,等等 1. 遇事不够冷静 2. …… (请考生根据自己的经历或感想,提出至少两种做法)
Conflicts with others are common in everyday life. During the basketball game yesterday afternoon, Su Hua and Li Jiang bumped into each other, trying to catch the ball. Then they started shouting and yelling, and it turned into a horrible quarrel. To be honest, it was Su 爷 s fault but Li was also to blame—they were not calm enough and both said some really mean things. They cared too much about winning and losing. As a matter of fact, blocking, pushing and bumping are just part of a tough game. To avoid such conflicts, we should be kind to one another, which is essential to enjoying aharmonious life. It is also a virtue to forgive and forget, especially in such a competitive and stressful society. Instead of blaming each other, we should communicate more and put ourselves in others’place. Don’t be self-centered and try to be considerate. We must learn to handle conflicts calmly andwisely
Model Test 6 1-7： BDBAC CB 8. Troubles 9. Handle parental conflicts 10. Threatening 11-18: DBBBD ABA 19-25: BDAC BBA 26-35: ACDD BAC CDB 36-43: ambition, earning, creative, rough, staff, quit, launched, applied 44. and most of them had seen a lot more of life than Zaslow, who was 28 and not married 45. His years in the advice business left him with a deep appreciation for people and their problems 46. I have much more faith in my fellow men than I had before and I’ve read more letters to back that up 47-56: IJKNB GACDH 57-66: DCADD CBBAC 67-86: ABDCB DASBAD BACCB ADDCC 87. did she find that her wallet had been stolen 88. can’t be compared with other means of transportation 89. will take her recent illnesses into account/consideration
90. wouldn’t have made such a serious mistake/ so serious a mistake 91. nothing is more pleasant than staying home relaxing Test seven 1-10：D B B C C D A learning and memory, shrink down, more long-lasting 11-35： BDACC CDBDA CBBAD DBACA DADCA 36-46 ： grant, multiply, announcement, proportion, crucial, ensure, financial, access 44. Universities will charge 3,000 pounds in tuition fees for full-time courses from September 2006 45. Those institutions with a high proportion of part-timers feared they would not be able to raise fees without pricing many out of the market 46. The money in “the hardship fund”, which universities can allocate to students facing particular financial difficulties, will rise from 3 million pounds to 12 million pounds 47-56: LFKCA BMHIE 57-66: BDABC DBBCA 67-86: BACAD CDBAB CBCCD BAADD 87. And its results were surprising/ the results of which were surprising 88. To keep pace with the rapid changes of society 89. Having been canceled because of the snowstorm 90. On seeing the damage he had done 91. Wouldn’t be smiling now Unit 3 III 1 cultivate 2 comprehensive 3 controversial 4 suspend 5 insulted 6 preliminary 7 conventional 8 reform 9 worthwhile 10 publicity IV 1. His girlfriend’s father saw him as a man who could not make a living. 2. The course was canceled over the students’ protest. 3. The problem is so difficult that we cannot work it out without the help of our teacher. 4. Children tend to do/try their utmost when they know their parents are making similar efforts. 5. The new teaching program didn’t work well in the school at the outset. 6. I was kind of excited when I received the letter that offered me an interview. 7. The school is scheduled to open on September 1. 8. They appeared to offer a free computer, complete with software and a printer. 9. In spite of hardships, they made real efforts that have resulted in more progress than expected. 10. Many people make things more difficult for themselves because they still operate on the principle that you should not ask for help, or you might seem weak. V FMKDCGLOIB VI
1 cold 2 competition 3 debate 4 desire 5 fear 6 heat 7 interest 8 love 9 pleasure 10 enthusiasm VII 1 historic 2 atomic 3 optimistic 4 energetic 5 economic 6 heroic VIII 1. responsibility 2. rapidity 3. mobility 4. curiosity 5. publicity 6. complexity IX 1 In Britain, as in America, there is a great demand for educational reform. 2. In Greece, as in Italy, people use a lot of olive oil in cooking. 3. As in the Hyde School, values such as courage, integrity, leadership, curiosity and concern are the first, most important lesson in some public inner-city schools in Maryland. 4. In China, as in Japan, a large number of middle school students take supplementary classes in order to get into a famous university. 5. As in the middle of the 1950s, many young people went down to the countryside in the late 1960s and early 1970s. X 1 Once you’ve practiced a bit, you’ll find that it’s quite easy. 2. Once the meal was finished, the discussions began. 3. Once you show any fear, he will attack you. 4. Once parents make a commitment to the program, they will be daily role models for their children. 5. Once customers come to rely on these systems, they almost never take their business elsewhere. XI 1. In his thinking, as in his behavior, he is very traditional. 2. Once the teachers agree to accept the new teaching program, they have to face the strain it puts on them. 3. In the long run, it is worthwhile to pursue one’s study after graduating from university instead of going to work directly. 4. As the school operates on the Character First principle, moral values and academic achievements are stressed equally. 5. It is said that the meeting, which is scheduled to be held this month, will be put off till next month. 6. The school sees its job as preparing its students for life by cultivating a comprehensive set of principles that can benefit all of them. XII 1. 跟在法国一样，美国在 20 世纪 60 年代也发生过文化革命。 2．他一旦下定决心去干一件事，就根本拦不住他。 3．学校强调的观点是：家长和孩子一起参加学校的活动是值得的。 4．快下课时，老师让学生用最后的五分钟来展开激烈的讨论，依照 1—10 的评分标准相互 评价他们当天的课堂表现。 5．为了避免引发针对他们的品格培养方案的争论，该校校长解释说，品格第一并不是要强 迫学生接受某一套道德原则或宗教观念。 6．并非所有的家长都相信海德中学的办学原则，即如果你向学生传授诸如求真、勇敢、正
直领导能力、好奇心和关心他人等美德的话，学生的学习成绩就自然会提高。 XIII 1 B 2 D 3 A 4 B 5 D 6 B 7 A 8 D 9 C 10 B 11 B 12 A 13 C 14 C 15 A 16 B 17 C 18 A 19 D 20 B Unit 4 III 1. inspected 2. assembled 3. exaggerated 4. versions 5. universal 6. approved 7. recruit 8. evolved 9. dedicated 10. solemn IV 1. worked on 2. approve of 3. went ahead 4. for sale 5. come up with 6. refashioned into 7. rise to fame 8. captures my attention 9. evolved from 10. named after V CE FNO KAHLI VI 1. respect 2. influence 3. credit 4. confidence 5. support 6. acceptance 7. fame 8. insight 9. recognition 10. experience VII 1. intelligence 2. consequence 3. significance 4. ignorance 5. indifference 6. competence 7. brilliance 8. magnificence VIII 1. coexists 2. co-director 3. cooperate 4. co-pilot 5. co-author IX 1. Jimmy walked slowly to the corner of the playground, his face covered with tears. 2. The taxi sped away, its lights disappearing into the distance. 3. Their stomachs crying for food, their back burning from too much sun, both boys gathered their things and headed for home. 4. Barbara just lay there, her mouth trembling, her eyes unfocused, unable to say a word. 5. Then the two players let him fall to the track, his chest landing first, his head following, bouncing, and finally lying still. X 1 Most snakes, although with a threatening appearance, aren’t really dangerous if you leave them alone. 2. Women, even though with the same abilities, have failed to approach the income of men. 3. Though with a severe lack of coal, the principle was not forced to close the school. 4. She is capable of making complete French meals even though with no cheese after salad. 5. When in doubt about the result of your test, call the test office. XI 1. Everything considered, this city is the world’s most exciting city. 2. Though with no approval from his parents, he went ahead with his plan to study abroad. 3. The bridge was named after the hero who gave his life for the cause of people. 4. It is said that the painter used his mother as the model in the painting whose face represented suffering yet strength. 5. The writer instantly rose to fame in 1950 with the publication of a novel inspired by his
experience with a girl on a farm. 6. One story says that “US” was short for “Uncle Sam” whose real name was Sam Wilson, who had once worked with a man who had signed a contract with the government to provide meat to the US Army. XII 1. 这副画上一个神色严肃的男子，身旁站着一位女子，身后是所农舍。他们的原型分别是 画家的牙医和姐姐。 2．公司的申请书，不管是代表自己还是代表他人，都应该有官员的签名。 3． 做了脱口秀之后， 约翰和妻子在广播和电视节目上出了名， 这些节目给普通民众以启迪， 而不只是向他们提供信息。 4．尽管有些人不赞同，可市领导还是决定实施这个计划，在湖边建造两个五星级宾馆，以 吸引更多的游客。 5．那位著名画家去世了，曾经给他当模特的妻子立即担任了他装潢公司的总经理职务。 6．宴会上，他们的衣着都很华丽，但吸引我注意力的却是他们的交谈方式，使得我很想和 他们交谈。 XIII 1 A 2 C 3 B 4 D 5 B 6 D 7 A 8 C 9 A 10 B 11 A 12 C 13 A 14 C 15 C 16 A 17 D 18 D 19 A 20 D Unit 5 III 1. switch 2. decay 3. secured 4. loose 5. slid 6. privileges 7. interval 8. outline 9. preceding 10. shallow IV 1. reached for 2. feel for 3. trying to avoid breathing 4. so that 5. managed to accomplish 6. sense my thoughts 7. provide for 8. spared me 9. read about 10. go about V N I K G M L A F C D VI 1. pain 2. fear 3. tension 4. mind 5. stress 6. crisis 7. anger 8. anxiety 9. signs 10. hunger VII 1. growth: the act of growing or developing; physical or natural development 2. warmth: the state or quality of being warm; warm-heartedness and kindness 3. depth: the distance from the top to the bottom of something 4. truth: the state or quality of being true; the actual facts or reality of something 5. length: the measurement of how long something is in size 6. breadth: the distance from one side of something to the other 7. width: the distance from one side of something to the other; the quality of being wide 8. death: the state of being dead VIII 1. exposure 2. failures 3. disclosure 4. pressure 5. mountaineers 6. closure 7. profiteers 8. seizure IX
1. did he realize that the task was a little too difficult for the new secretary to finish on her own 2. did Mary stop weeping 3. will all the employees know the result of their performance evaluation 4. did she become aware how hard it was for her mother to have brought up her sister and her on her own 5. did I get to know what happened in the end to the main characters X 1. Having finished their morning work, the clerks stood up behind their desk, stretching themselves. 2. The secretary worked late into the night, preparing a speech for the President. 3. Seeing no prospect of success, we quitted the attempt to climb the mountain. 4. Knowing that they were going traveling, the students began to make preparation. 5. Having been found guilty, the man was given a severe sentence by the judge. XI 1. Not until he saw his mother lying in bed, dying, did he realize how much he loved her. 2. Taking into account of his recent physical condition, I think he has done quite well in the exam. 3. Mrs. Clark lies in bed motionless, and I wondered briefly if she is still alive. 4. The building was darkened except for a single light burning in a third-storey window. 5. These soldiers have received very strict training and are well equipped to fulfill the new task. 6. He reached for the phone, picked it up, and dialed the hotel’s number. XII 1. 直到 60 年代早期，人们似乎才普遍认同英国不再是以前心目中那样的大国了。 2．在决定了租房之后，我们便着手与市内所有的房屋代理商联系。 3．我小心翼翼地替她擦身子，尽量避免弄疼她，因为她瘦的只剩皮包骨了。 4．我心间对这位老人涌起了一股感情。他那暗黄的皮肤松弛地裹在显得异常大的骨头上， 深陷的胸部随着不均匀的呼吸一起一伏。 5．你在报上读到那位著名画家的消息了吗？他实际上是为了要成为视觉艺术大师的抱负而 累死的。 6．有迹象表明，这位老太太想孤独地离开人世，不让她的家人看到他们或许无力面对的人 生插曲。 XIII 1 B 2 C 3 B 4 A 5 D 6 B 7 D 8 A 9 C 10 A 11 C 12 A 13 C 14 B 15 A 16 D 17 D 18 A 19 B 20 A Unit 6 III 1. sensible 2. detect 3. precaution 4. occurrence 5. withstand 6. resistant 7. vertical 8. accidental 9. enclosed 10. fastened IV 1. come out of 2. watch for 3. resistant to 4. put out 5 .After all 6. make a difference to 7. agree on 8. attach labels to 9. if necessary 10. In addition to V
E J K O B L C H G N VI 1. sense 2. message 3. argument 4. image 5. idea 6. belief 7. knowledge 8. reputation 9. standard 10. habit VII 1-f cupboard 橱柜 2-I motorcycle 摩托车 3-l silkworm 蚕 4-k teardrop 泪滴 5-g bloodstain 血迹 6-a sawdust 锯木屑 7-e cabinet-maker 细木工匠 8-j steamboat 汽船 9-b arrowhead 箭头 10-h shirtsleeves 衬衫袖子 11-d windowpane 窗玻璃 12-c manservant 男佣人 VIII 1. encourage 2. enlarge 3. encircles 4. enable 5. endanger 6. enlightened 7. ensure 8. enforce 9. enacted 10. endear IX 1. so that the baby would not catch cold 2. so that more people would vote for him 3. so that his father might forgive him for his failure in the math exam 4. so that it would go on smoothly 5. so that you can judge for yourself X 1. She cycled from Shanghai to Beijing, which is pretty difficult for a woman of 50. 2. He wore his swimming things in the office, which shocked his boss a great deal. 3. They ran out of drink, which actually didn’t bother me because I wasn’t drinking. 4. They will win the match, which will please my brother. 5. She borrowed a book on literature, which suggests that her literature teacher was having some influence on her. XI 1. We should try our best to forecast earthquakes so that destruction of property caused by them could be prevented as much as possible. 2. A farmer noticed large schools of fish swimming near the surface of the water, which, he said, indicated the possible occurrence of an earthquake. 3. Keep an English-English dictionary handy, and when you cannot understand a word with accuracy, you may refer to it any time. 4. If necessary, people who live in the area where an earthquake is about to occur may sleep in tents. 5. A master’s degree does make a great difference to a student who wants to get a job. 6. In addition to the knowledge about earthquakes, the book tells us how to prepare for them. XII 1. 由于在地震中遇难的人大部分都是被倒塌的建筑物砸死的，所以一定要改进建筑结构， 以便它们能够抵御地震的力量。 2．人们应该在家里和工作地点储备些水和食物，这在可能发生地震时是特别必要的。 3．在日本和中国，人们长期以来一直相信通过观察动物行为可以预测地震。 4．除了努力改进建筑结构之外，地震多发地区的人们还应该在其他几个方面为可能发生的 大地震做好准备。 5．明智的做法是每个家庭都制定地震应急计划，而且所有的家庭成员都应该知道在地震过
后的混乱中如何离开那个地区。 6．由于剩下的几条可用电话线路将会很忙，所有的家人都应该往往在远离地震区域的某个 朋友或亲戚家中打电话报平安。 XIII 1 B 2 C 3 A 4 B 5 C 6 D 7 A 8 C 9 D 10 A 11 B 12 B 13 D 14 C 15 D 16 B 17 A 18 C 19 D 20 D
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