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必修一 module2 Reading and Vocabulary


Warm up
Skimming

Scanning Detailed Reading Language Points

Let’ s go to a beautiful country!

The map

The national flag

capital city -- Canberra

Sydney

Melbourne

The Great Barrier Beef

Sydney Opera House

The beach

Kangaroo

1. Do you know how many people live

there? More than 20 million. 2. Do you know the name of the capital city?
Canberra 堪培拉

3. Where do you think most of the

people live, in the central part of the
country or on the coast? On the east coast and the southeast coast. 4. What do you think the central part of the country is like? Desert.

5. What Australian animals do you know about? Kangaroo 袋鼠 Koala bear

树袋熊 Dingo 澳洲野狗

Duck-billed platypus
鸭嘴兽

Check the meaning of these words and match some of the words with these definitions.
abandoned camels cassette clouds colourful desert diamonds distance experts famous farms fields food government law meal midnight passengers products recently sand scenery shine shoot soil supply weather

1. an area of land where it is always dry ______ desert 2. valuable stones diamonds _________ 3. people who travel on a train, bus or plane _________ passengers 4. you find this on beaches _____ sand 5. white or grey things made of water in the sky _______ clouds 6. where plants grow ________________ soil / fields / farms

What’s the passage about?

A. a train to Sydney
B. taking the train to Australia

C. traveling to the central part of
Australia D. a child visiting her grandmother

How many parts can we divide the passage into? What is each about?
Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3 Paragraph 4 Paragraph 5 Paragraph 6 I. Alice’s journey on the train. II. Alice’s experience and feeling.

III. The history of the transportation in Australia.

Read the passage again carefully and answer the questions.

1. Did Alice travel on the train a long time ago? No, she traveled on the train recently. 2. Was her destination on the coast of Australia? No, it was Alice Springs in the center of Australia.

3. Was the scenery the same during the whole journey? No, at first there were fields, then it was desert. 4. Did she study while she was on the train? Yes, she studied Chinese.

5. Did the Australians use horses to travel to the central part of the country? Yes, at first, but the horses didn’t like
the hot weather. 6. Do they still use camels to deliver goods? No, they use the train now.

Read the passage and tell whether the following sentences true or false.

1. Alice had her first ride on the famous Ghan train with her parents. 2. Alice Springs lies in the middle of Australia. 3. Dark red soil was seen for the last few hundred kilometers of the journey.

4. Alice experienced completely different scenery during the journey. 5. Camels carried food and other supplies to Afghanistan. 6. After 1925, people could shoot the camels for their meat.

Read the first paragraph:
Alice, an __________ 18-year-old girl, ___________ comes from Sydney, Australia. Recently, ___________ together with a friend she had her first ____ ride on a ____________ long-distance train. They spent two days and nights on the _______ famous Ghan train.

Read the second paragraph:

The meals cooked ______ by experts were great and the _______ scenery was very ________. colourful They first saw fields with ____ dark red soil, and then the desert _____. There were even some abandoned _________ farms built ____ more than a hundred years ago.

Read the third paragraph: During the day, she ___ sat by the window, ____________ looking out of it, reading books or _______ listening to some cassettes. _______, At night she watched the stars _______ shining like diamonds.

Read the last three paragraphs:
The reason _____ why the train is called the Ghan is that trained ______ camels from Afghanistan were ____ once used _______ to carry food and other supplies. ___________, In the 1920s a new railway line was built and the camels

_______needed _________. weren’t any more

1. We got on in Sydney and we got off in Alice Springs… 1) 请注意下车的表示法: get on 上(车、船等) get off 下(车、船等) get into 上(车) get out of 下(车)

2) in the middle of 在……的中间, 中部 2. We ate great meals cooked by experts! 1) great 在这里不解释为“伟大的”, 而是“绝妙的,美味的”的意思。 2) cooked 过去分词短语作后置定语。

e.g. 1) Do you know the woman (who is) talking to Tom? 2) Who are those people waiting outside? 3)There were some children (who were) swimming in the river. 4) I didn’t talk to the man (who is) sitting next to me.

5) The boy injured (=who was injured) in the accident was taken to hospital. 6) Some of the people invited (=who was invited) to the party can’t come. 7) Most of the goods made (=which are made) in the factory are exported.

8)The window broken(=which was broken )

in the storm has now been repaired.
9) Have you finished the exercises given

(=which was given) by Mr. Li?
10)The teacher is a very enthusiastic woman called (who is called) Mrs. Shen.

1) 我妈做的饭很好吃。 The food ___________________ cooked by my mother is very nice. 2) 我们住在去年建的楼里。 built last year We live in a building ____________.

3) Most of the artists _________ to the
party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited

3. For the first hundred kilometers of the
journey, the scenery was very colorful.

scenery un. (自然风景/景色)
e.g. Have you seen the scenery of the Alps. The scenery is beautiful around here.

scene cn.(某一特定环境呈现的)景色 (也指具体的/人活动的)情景/实况 e.g. The old man running after the dog made a very amusing scene. There were distressing scenes when

the earthquake occurred.

4. During the day, I sat and looked out of the window, and sometimes talked to other passengers.
during the day 在白天, 在白天期间 look out of 从…….往外看

5. On night, at about midnight, I watched the night sky for about on hour. at midnight 在半夜 请注意at的用法: at noon at night at midnight at dawn at sunset at dinner time at Christmas at one time

6. Ghan is short for Afghanistan. Ghan是阿定汗的缩写。 be short for… 是……的缩写

7. The Afghans and their camels did this until the 1920s/1920’s. (20世纪20年代) 在……世纪……年代(必须加the) in the 2000s/2000’s 在21世纪 in the 1960s/1960’s 在20世纪60年代 in the 1850s/1850’s 在19世纪50年代

在某人十几/二十几/三十几??九十几岁

in one’s teens/twenties/thirties…nineties
e.g.当马克思五十几岁时,他发现研究俄 国形势很重要。 When Marx was in his fifties, he found it important to study the situation in Russia.

It is not rare in ___ that people in ___
sixties are going to university for further education. A. 90s; the C. 90’s; their B. the 90’s; / D. the 90s; their

8. Then the government built a new

railway line, so they didn’t need the
camels any more.(不再……)

no more = not …any more
表示动作不再重复出现,与瞬间动词 连用

no longer = not …any longer 表示动作延续, 必须和表示延续动词连用 e.g. Ever since then, such accident has no more appeared. They will not talk with each other any longer.

—Excuse me, is this Mr. Brown’s office? —I’m sorry, but he ____ work here ____. He left about 3 weeks ago. A. doesn’t, now B. didn’t, no more C. doesn’t, any more D. doesn’t, any longer

I. 用方框内所给单词的适当形式填空,并 写出其在句中的汉语意思。
train distance expert scenery abandon product journey helicopter 1. Ten minutes later, three men were lifted by a(n) _________________ helicopter直升飞机 from the burning ship.

2. Only a(n) __________ expert 专家 in computing can understand the report. 3. The police found the lost diamonds in a(n) ________________ abandoned废弃的 well. 4. The _____________ distance 距离 between the island and the nearby shore is 500 kilometers.

5. Guilin is famous for its beautiful ___________. scenery 风景 6. Employees are trained ___________ 训练 to deal with emergency (突发事件). 7. We began our six-hour train journey旅程 home from London. ___________ 8. If our new ____________ products产品 are properly marketed (推销), they should sell very well.

II. 根据括号内所给汉语提示完成下列句 子,每空一词。 1. Since ____ ___ the _____ 1980s (自从二十世纪八十年 代以来), the people’s living standard (生活水平) has improved greatly. 2. The man _______ referred __ to (提及) at the last meeting is my cousin, Bob. 3. What means _____ __ ________ (交通方式) of transport will you use to get to the museum?

4. The railway station lies __ __ ______ in the central ____ __ ____ part __ of the city (城市中部). 5. Do you think everything that _____ shines ___ like _____ gold (像金子一样闪亮) valuable stones? 6. The law passed allows _____ ______ women ___ to _____ _______ attend colleges (允许妇女上大学).

1. Write a passage about your first ride on a train. 2. Summary the main phrases and words in the passage and remember them.


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