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精选河南省郑州市2016_2017学年高二英语下学期第一次月考试题

2016--2017 学年高二下学期第一次月考英语试卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并

标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每

段对话仅读一遍。

1. What did the woman do today?

A. She did nothing.

B. She wrote letters.

C. She practiced the

piano.

2. What does the man say about Delta Restaurant?

A. The service was better.

B. The food was delicious.

C. The menu was attractive.

3. What vehicle will the woman probably take tomorrow?

A. A bus.

B. A taxi.

C. The subway.

4. How much will the woman pay?

A. $ 3.

B. $ 6.

C. $ 9.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. A book.

B. A teacher.

C. An exam.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分)

听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选

出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5

秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。

6. What is the woman probably?

A. A hotel clerk.

B. A house agent.

C. A shop assistant.

7. What is the pillow filled with?

A. Cotton.

B. Dried flowers.

C. A special material.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。

8. What is the probable relationship between the man and Donna?

A. Brother and sister.

B. Classmates.

C. Colleagues.

9. What will the man do after graduation?

A. Work in China.

B. Find a job in town.

C. Start his own business.

10. What will the man do next?

A. Leave the party.

B. Talk to Dan.

C. Go to find Donna.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 l3 题。

11. What is the man?

A. A player.

B. A reporter.

C. A tourist.

12. What is the woman doing?

A. Queuing up for a tennis match.

B. Watching a tennis match.

C. Waiting for a tennis star.

13. Where does the woman come from?

A. London.

B. Berlin.

C. Wimbledon.

听第 9 段材料。回答第 14 至 17 题。

14. What is the man’s first advice?

A. Write to people on recycled paper.

B. Buy some drinks machines.

C. Allow staff to wear jogging suits at work.

15. Why doesn’t the woman agree on using china cups?

A. They are expensive.

B. They are easily broken.

C. There’s nowhere to wash them.

16. What does the woman agree to do in the end?

A. Ban smoking at work.

B. Buy some work clothes.

C. Encourage staff to cycle to work.

17. What is the speakers’ business?

A. Health care.

B. Personal image.

C. Rubbish recycling.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 18 至 20 题。

18. What is the aim of the school trip?

A. To enjoy a film.

B. To see a theatre.

C. To visit a

museum.

19. Where can the listeners’ parents pick them up?

A. In the car park.

B. At the school gate.

C. Behind the school

library.

20. What should the listeners bring with them?

A. Some food.

B. A notebook.

C. Some money.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A
Sports are the base of my life, next to my mother who raised me when my dad left us. I have been into sports since I was six years old. I have known many coaches and heard hundreds of their tips, but they usually focused on drills to develop my skills and reach the next level of play.
When I was in Senior Two, I met the new school basketball coach, Brian Pawloski. I thought I was certain to be selected for the school team since I had been in it the year before. I showed up to the tryouts (选拔赛) and put out about 90% effort since I thought I’d make it with no problem. That was a big mistake.
Brian Pawloski is the hardest-working coach I have ever met. He didn’t expect 100% effort, he expected 200% effort. One example: he once made us do 40 suicide drills for the 40 lay-ups (投篮) after we missed in a game. Some think this is crazy, but it isn’t. After this conditioning practice, as we were getting a cup of cold water to drink, I said, “Coach,that was the best practice I ever had.” I was completely sincere. This man was and is the person who influenced me most at my high school. He expects us to be excellent not just on the court but in the classroom. If I am not working on basketball, I am reading

a book that he thinks will help us be tter understand life’s challenges, including Wooden,

Coach, and The Screwtape Letters.

In the first two years I slacked off, not putting forth my full potential. Now, unlike

the coaches of my youth, this man was interested in how he did off the court. He always

made sure I kept up with my studies and was able to be trusted. I can honestly say that

no other coach has given me so much advice on how to succeed in basketball, but more

importantly, in life. My school is lucky to have such a great person to teach, coach and

influence their students. I will always remember my high-school basketball days as one of

the hardest times I have ever worked in my life not only in basketball but in my growth

as an individual.

21. Different from other coaches, Coach Brian ________.

A. trained the team to the edge of death

B. expected the team to do well in their studies

C. asked the team to do more reading than training

D. concentrated on skill training

22. The underlined phrase “slacked off” in the last paragraph probably means ________.

A. made less effort

B. paid no attention

C. showed no interest

D. had less passion

23. In the author’s eye, Coach Brian is ________.

A. professional and serious

B. skilled and cruel

C. hardworking and honest

D. strict and helpful

B

Claude Sammut, a professor of computer science and engineering at the University of New South Wales in Australia, said it would soon be possible for robots to defeat the stars of the future.
For many years, Mr. Sammut has been a member of a project called RoboCup, where robots have been programmed to learn how to play football and compete against others in a football match.

As h e explains, the robots are having difficulty in learning how to control the ball

and mo ve the ball on their own, but he is still full of confidence that one day in the future

they will show the same skills as Wayne Rooney, who is one of the best football players

in the world.

Mr. Sammut also said,“In 1968, John McCarthy and Donald Michie made a bet with David

Levy, who was then the chess champion in Scotland, that within 10 years a computer program

would be able to beat him. It took a little bit longer than 10 years (nearly 30 years) but

eventually such programs came into being.”

“In the same spirit of a grand challenge, RoboCup aims to develop a team of robots

that can defeat the world soccer champion team by the year 2050. To achieve this, or come

even closer to the ambition, the robots will have to be able to sense and act in completely

unstructured environments. This will require major advances in perception(感知),

decision making, lear ning, and cooperative behaviors. Considering robots are integrated

hardware and software systems, great advances will also be needed in sensors (传感器) ,

energy storage, and materials.”

24. The RoboCup is aimed to develop robots that know how to ________.

A. play computer football games

B. play football and win in real matches

C. understand the rules of the football game

D. improve the skills of real football players

25. What kind of difficulties are the robots facing in playing football?

A. They can't run as fast as real people.

B. They can't recognize their partners accurately.

C. They can't control the ball well by themselves.

D. They can't pass the ball to their partners.

26. The idea of designing a computer program that could defeat a chess champion came forth

________.

A. in 1968

B. in 1978

C. in the 1990s

D. 30 years ago

27. What's the best title for this passage?

A. Scientists' Wisdom in Designing Robot Football Players

B. Robot Football Players to Beat the World's Best Team by 2050

C. Robot Football Players' Bright Future

D. Mr. Sammut—the Father of Robot Football Players

C The more you give to others,the more you reap yourself. When you share what you know, you will find that you grow according to the number of seeds that you sow. Such is the one secret to be happier in life. Spread cheer and teach others to do the same. People will gather around you to hear your wisdom,and feel your love. They will come to receive your sharing of what is inside you, all around you, and the messages coming from above. Life is all about giving back. It is not about heartache or lack. Count your blessings every day. Put them in a stack that grows higher and higher, till it sets your spirit on fire with joy! Life is good when you stand up for what you believe. When you enrich the world with your truth,then you will receive all that is good and wonderful. All that is grand will come to you,too. All it takes is living from your heart to understand how the cycle of giving and receiving works. Ah yes!You will discov er endless perks! For many people today, especially women who are socialized to give of themselves, and told they are selfish if they want to do something for themselves, the cycle of giving and receiving gets blocked. When a person gives and does not receive, then the energy flow gets cut off. Every person must receive,as well as give.Nature intended for that balance in creating that particular flow.Now why would that giving and receiving be a natural law?Because all people need to open themselves to receiving.In receiving you tell yourself you are worthy and deserving of what life has to offer. 28. According to this passage, the author wants to tell us ________. A. Giving is more important than receiving B. Receiving is more important than giving C. Women need more receiving than giving D. Giving and receiving is a natural law,and both are important 29. If you want to be popular with the people all around you, what should you do? A. Giving them whatever they want to get. B. Dancing to the music to amuse them. C. Sharing whatever you have with them. D. Spreading cheer and teach others to do the same. 30. For the women who are giving, which sentence is right?

A. They don't need receiving or praise. B. They are selfish if they want to do something for themselves. C. They need receiving to encourage their energy to continue giving. D. They can't understand the secret to be happier in life. 31. The reason why receiving is important is that ________. A. our living together is to receive our possessions. B. life is all about giving back not receiving from others. C. the more you give to others, the more you reap yourself. D. you are worthy and deserving of what life has to offer.
D When a person travels quickly over long distance, the place may not be the only change. When her bodily rhythms get thrown off, she suffers from jet lag (时差) — it’s hard to sleep and eat at the right times in the new locations. Humans and all living creatures have an internal biological clock that tells them when to sleep and when to be awake. Jet lag happens because this internal clock takes a while to match the day and night schedule of a new place. In a new study, scientists tested the effects of jet lag on hamsters (仓鼠) — which might seem strange, since we don’t usually think of hamsters as world travelers. But what happens to hamsters may happen to humans, too. The researcher didn’t test just one bout of (一次) jet lag — they wanted to know how chronic (长期的) jet lag would affect the brain and thinking behavior of the animals. Previous studies have shown that people with work schedules that change their sleep patterns over and over face higher risks of heart disease, cancer and diabetes. Another, earlier study found a connection between cigarette smoking and people whose daily schedules don’t follow their internal clocks — a situation that often leaves them tired. First, the scientists m oved the hamsters’ schedules forward by six hours. The animals’ eating schedules, for example, were changed. After three days, the scientists did it again — they changed the hamsters’ schedules forward by another six hours. Three days after that, they did it again; and then again three days later. For a full month, the scientists changed the hamster routines every three days.

Specifically, Gibson’s team wanted to know how jet lag would affect the production of neurons, or nerve cells. People are born with many of the neurons they’ll have their whole lives. But thesecells also continue to be produced by a part of the brain that helps people store and sort memories, and can move to other parts of the brain.
The hamsters with jet lag produced only about half as many neurons as before. Plus, the hamsters had trouble with basic learning exercises. That means jet lag “is having a long-term effect on learning and memory,” Gibson said.

32. Why do travelers suffer from jet lag?

A. Because travelers cover a long distance at a low speed.

B. Because the bodily rhythms of travelers are at work.

C. Because the biological clock of travelers fail to work.

D. Because travelers can’t adjust to a new environment.

33. How many times was the hamster routines changed in the study?

A. 9.

B. 10.

C. 8.

D. 11.

34. According to the study, a person who always suffers from jet lag will ________.

A. produce more nerve cells.

B. be effective in learning

C. have a poor memory

D. have to do more exercise

35. The main idea of the pas sage is about _________.

A. hamsters are no good travelers

B. travelers may have difficulty in learning

C. people have different sleep patterns

D. jet lag slows hamster brains

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

根据短文的内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项 。选项中有两个多余选项。

The benefits of keeping a journal

If you want to grow, one important thing you should do is keeping a journal. It may seem

simple, but it can make a big difference in your life. I have been keeping journals for

years. Writing all the lessons I learn and all the ideas I get has become a habit for me.

__36__ Here are some benefits you will get by keeping a journal.

◆ It prevents you from losing an idea. Have you ever gotten an idea only to lose it later because you didn’t write it down? __37__ But then I developed the habit of writing down every idea that came into my mind as soon as possible. If I’m away from my computer, I usually write it down on a piece of paper that I bring wherever I go. I will then transfer the idea to the journal in my computer.
◆ It helps you review all the lessons you’ve learned. By reviewing your journal, you can quickly see the lessons you’ve learned and the ideas you’ve gotten. 38 You can use the ideas to propel(鞭策) yourself forward.
◆ 39 After keeping a journal for years, you can look back at it and see how far you’ve gone. Things that were big problems in the past might seem small today. The raw ideas you had in the past might have been realized today.
◆ It helps you expand your ideas. When you try to come up with a sentence to express an idea, you are thinking actively about it. 40 In the end, you will expand your ideas.
A. It trains you to express your thoughts. B. It allows you to see your progress over time. C. Just use whatever tool you feel comfortable with. D. And to be honest, I can’t imagine what my life would be like without it. E. Then you can do whatever necessary to avoid repeating the same mistakes. F. I often experienced that myself. G. Thinking actively helps you connect your idea to another idea.
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中,选出可以填在空白处的最 佳选项。
Mac was cycling along a road in Canada’s Yukon, halfway through a 2,750-mile bike tour to Prudhoe Bay, Alaska. He was carrying a 30-pound camping bag, 41 he wasn’t moving very fast. Suddenly he heard loud breathing behind him. “Man, that’s a big dog!” he thought. He looked to the side, but to his great42 , he saw that it wasn’t a dog, but a wolf, running hard to __43 him.

Mac’s heart jumped. He reached for the44 from his bag. With one hand on the handle

bar, he45 the spray. A bright red cloud covered the wolf46 , and it fell back, shaking

its head. But a minute later it was by his side again. He sprayed a second time, and the

wolf fell __47again, but only to quickly restart its48 .

The wolf was getting closer and closer,49 a dozen yards away. Mac waved and yelled

at passing motorists, but meanwhile 50 hard. He knew clearly that he must be 51 not

to slow down. Otherwise, he would become a 52 of the wolf.

Paul and Becky were driving along the same road. From a distance, they spotted what

they ___53 was a dog running after a man on a bike. As they got54 , they realized it

was a wolf.

Mac heard a car coming up behind him, and he slowed down. The car veered (改变方向)around

the55 , then suddenly stopped in front of him. Mac 56 off his bike and dashed for the

back57 of the car. It was locked. Paul quickly 58 the door so as to let Mac in, and

the59 man dived in, shutting the door behind him.

It was quite a while before Mac became 60 and cried out: “I thought I was going

to die!” And Paul and Becky were glad that they had given a helping hand to people in need.

41. A. but

B. so

C. for

D. or

42. A. regret

B. disappointmentC. fear

D. anger

43. A. catch up with B. break away from

C. give in to

D. come back to

44. A. hammer

B. stick

C. gun

D. spray

45. A. dropped

B. fired

C. threw

D. held

46. A. in turn

B. at last

C. in time

D. at random

47. A. back

B. down

C. behind

D. over

48. A. flight

B. race

C. journey D. attack

49. A. still

B. just

C. also

D. even

50. A. kicked

B. rode

C. hit

D. pressed

51. A. crazy

B. wrong

C. careful

D. fair

52. A. victim

B. competitor C. killer

D. protector

53. A. decided

B. declared

C. assumed

D. found

54. A. faster 55. A. climber 56. A. sent

B. closer B. motorist B. fell

C. stronger C. cyclist C. turned

D. wiser D. runner D. jumped

57. A. window 58. A. bent 59. A. frightened

B. seat B. struck B. worried

C. door

D. trunk

C. blocked D. unlocked

C. discouraged D. confused

60. A. brave

B. calm

C. optimistic D. confident

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 This morning, my neighbor called me and asked me 61 (anxious), “Are your dogs

missing?” I 62 (fill) with nervousness and immediately made a phone call to my wife, and
then I replied with relief, “No. They 63 (stay) at home.” My neighbor is a sweet,

kind and generous girl with 64 old-fashioned heart and spirit. She bakes cookies and shares them with neighbors. Today she found two small dogs walking down the street, 65 she brought them home.
I then suggested places where she could report the missing dogs. “Most people wouldn’t

do anything about them,” I said, “Many cars and people passed 66 them this morning, ignoring them. You did the right thing.”
I went outside to look for someone 67 might be walking down the street, and I

expected to hear the distant cry of someone 68 (call) the dogs’ names. But no one did this.
If I were lost, I would hope someone would come looking for me. If I were crying alone,

I 69 hope that someone would stop and wipe away my tears. Why not give a little love to dogs and other 70 (creature)?

第四部分 写作(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错(共 10 小题;每小 题 1 分,满分 10 分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ? ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

I like eating fruit and vegetables what are of great benefit to our healthy. Not only

do they prevent us from falling into ill, but they help us lose weight. I used to hate

vegetables, but follow the doctor’s advice, I gradually kicked the bad habit. Just as an

old saying going, “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”. However, there are still many

children dislike fruit and vegetables. On contrary, influenced by this or that kind of

advertisement, many were crazy about junk food. Consequently, they become weaker and weaker

instead of getting strong. In my opinion, we must take action to change them.

笫二节:书面表达(满分 25 分)

假如你是李华,你的英国笔友 Andrew 不久前去美国留学,他给他写信说很不适应那里的生活。

请你根据以下提示用英语给他写一封回信,鼓励他勇敢面对。

1. 尊重当地的风俗习惯;

2. 与美国学生多交流;

3. 积极参加户外活动;

4. 注意与人交往时的礼仪。

注意:1. 可根据内容要点适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

2. 词数 100 左右,开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Andrew,

How

nice

to

hear

from

you

again!________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________
Yours sincerely, Li Hua

参考答案

听力

1-5:BCABC

6-10:ACBAB 11-15:BABAC 16-20:AACBC

阅读:

21-23:BAD

24-27: BCAB 28-31: DDCD

32-35: DBCD

36-40:DFEBG

完形:

41. BCADB 46. CADBB 51. CACBC 56. DCDA B

短文填空:

61. anxiously 62.was filled 63. are staying64. an 65. so

66. by67. who

68. calling

69. Would70. creatures

短文改错:

1. what →which/that2. healthy→health 3.去掉 into 4. follow→following

5. going→ goes6. dislike→ disliking 或在“children”后加 who/that

7. On 后加 the 8. were→ are9. strong→ stronger10. them→ it

作文:

Dear Andrew,

How nice to hear from you again! I think it is natural for you not to get used to the

life there.Here I have some suggestions for you.

First of all,you should respect the local customs there and try to involve yourself

in the natives’ lives.Just as the saying goes,“When in Rome,do as the Roman s do.”

Secondly,don’t be afraid to communicate with American students and make friends with them.Friendship will bring you happiness.What’s more,it is better for you to join in more outdoor activities with your friends,which may help you relax and have fun.Finally, mind your own manners and remain modest and honest when getting along with your friends.
I do hope my suggestions will help.May you adapt to your new life and enjoy your stay there.
Yours sincerely, Li Hua


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