The Olympic Games
Words preview ancient adj. 古代的；古老的
compete vi. 比赛；竞争 competitor n. 竞争者 medal n. 奖章；勋章；纪念章
Expressions preview take part in 参加；参与
stand for 代表；象征；表示
The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games in Ancient Greece Introduction In the ancient times, every four years in the summer period, a major event, which lasted seven days, was held in Olympia, a city in Ancient Greece. Officially established as a celebration at the beginning of the 9th century BC with a law, it included religious rituals and athletic games.
With the same law, the area of Olympia was considered a sacred place while a truce was initiated: during the Olympics, all the conflicts among the ancient Greek cities-states stopped.
Preparation for the Olympics
The Palaestra, a square building-3rd century BC consists of an open peristyle (列拄廊；列柱中庭） courtyard with rooms round it. It was an area in which athletes trained for wrestling, boxing and jumping.
The first written testimonies with the names of winners, date back from the year 776 BC. There were specific preparations for the event which were:
The first Olympic
Torch Relay in the 16th Olympic Games in 1928 in Athens．
Work in pairs and ask each other the following questions. 1 Where did the ancient Olympic Games start? Olympia (Greece) 2 How many countries competed in the
ancient Olympic Games? One (Greece)
3 Who could not take part in the ancient Olympic Games? Slaves and women (expect in chariot races)
4 When and where did the modern Olympic Games start?
Athens in 1896
5 Who was China’s first gold medal winner and for what event? Xu Haifeng for shooting
6 What are the three words that show the spirit of the Olympic Games?
swifter, higher, stronger
7 What do the five rings on the Olympic flag stand for? The five continents
solidification 团结 equity 平等 open 坦城 friendship 友谊
The five rings stand for friendship of five continents.
8 What are the official mascots for the Beijing Olympic? The five mascots are officially called the Five Friendlies.
The Official Mascots of the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games
Like the Five Olympic Rings from which they draw their color and inspiration, the Five Friendlies will serve as the Official Mascots of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games, carrying a message of friendship and peace——and blessings from China——to children all over the world. 源自于奥运五环的颜色和灵感，五个好朋 友成为了北京奥运会的吉祥物，向全世界 的孩子们送去友好和平和祝福的信息。
A general view of Ancient Olympia as it is today.
Religious rituals were held at the beginning and the end of the games. An important notice is that except the priestesses, women were not allowed to watch the games and mothers and sisters of the athletes stayed at the opposite side of the nearby river.
school sports meet
the National Games
Sports meet the Asian Games the Olympic Games the World Cup
Miami Heat Los Angeles Lakers
take part in stand for tie in preparation for superstar professional
In Beijing; In 2008.
It is a great honor to host the Olympic
Games. To hold the Olympic
games is a rich prize for a
country. And it can make
a country known in the world.
Stadium Green Olympics Mascot( Torch Emblem ( 吉祥物 火炬 (会徽 ) )) ) The Olympic flag Motto ( 口号 (体育馆)
Summer Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
The Torch of the Beijing Olympic Games
The torch is 72 centimetres high, weighs 985 grams and is made of aluminium. A torch can usually keep burning for approximately 15 minutes in conditions where the flame is 25 to 30 centimetres high in a windless environment.
The opening sitting of Torch Relay
The Route for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Torch Relay
2008年5月8号经过６个小时的艰苦跋 涉，北京奥运会“祥云”火炬于9时17 分 抵达珠峰顶峰，并进行传递。这是 奥运历史上海拔最高的火炬传递。
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