当前位置:首页 >> 其它课程 >> 高考英语Reading-comprehension1

高考英语Reading-comprehension1


阅读理解题的题型
? 1、事实细节题 ? 2、主旨大意题 ? 3、推理判断题 ? 4、猜测词义题

各题型所占比重及命题趋势
题量
题型 事实细节
主旨大意

2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 命题趋势 年
5
5

4
9

5
3

5
3

6
2

题量平稳,需跨段 搜取信息
题量减少,解题时 要进行综合 归纳 推 断 题量增多,难度加 大 题量持平,趋于稳 定

推理判断 猜测词义

8 2

2 5

10 2

10 2

9 3

1. 如何确定文章大意
?

问题形式:

1) The main idea/key point/purpose/subject matter of this passage is that _________.

?
?

2) From the passage we learn/can conclude that ________.
3) The last paragraph is chiefly concerned with _________. Tips: Not too general, not too specific ! Skills: Find out topic/key sentences

Where is the topic sentence of a paragraph

? ? ? ?

?

Sometimes the first sentence of a passage is the topic(key) sentence Sometimes the last sentence is the topic (key) sentence Sometimes the topic(key) sentence is in the middle of a passage Sometimes you have to put several key sentences together to get the main idea Sometimes you can’t find the topic(key) sentence in the passage. You have to sum it up yourself.

A process is a natural series of actions and reactions that leads to specific results. All of us participate in a variety of processes every day. We digest our food, heal ourselves by making new skin cells, distribute resources through our bodies by breathing, and use our five senses. Natural processes go on all around us as well. Plants produce their own food through photosynthesis, storms build and move, volcanoes erupt, and fertilized eggs mature --- the list seems endless. Which sentence best states the main idea of the paragraph?
a. We all take part in many processes every day. b. Natural processes that go on around us include photosynthesis. c. A series of actions and reactions that leads to certain results is called a process. d. Natural processes take place within our bodies.

1 主题句常常是一个段落的开头,其后 的句子则是论证细节。在说明文,科技 文献和新闻报道中多采用这种格式。 主题句 论证 1 论证 2 论证 3 ……

In the United States, old people who no longer have an income or who suffer from a loss of physical abilities are often forced to give up living alone. They must leave their homes and depend on someone else to give them a place to live and to take care of their physical needs: they must either live with relatives or live in homes for the aged. This loss of independence is a major problem for the aged.

Which of the following best expresses the main idea? A. Old people in the United States who are poor or sick cannot live alone. B. Being unable to live alone is a serious problem for old people in the United States. C. Old people who are poor or sick should live with their relatives, not in homes for the aged. D. In the United States, old people who are poor or sick are forced to live in homes for the aged.

2 主题句也会出现在段尾。作者先摆出事实 依据, 层层推理论证, 最后自然得出结论, 即 段落的主题。 列举事实? 层层推理? 结论

“How will it play in Peoria?” This question was asked in the United States in the 1920s when singers, dances, and other entertainers performed in traveling musical show. Performers thought that if the citizens of a typical U.S. town such as Peoria, Illinois, liked their show it would probably be popular across the country. If Peorians disliked it, the entertainers believed the show would fail. This “Peoria test” is still applied to the people of the state of Illinois. Illinoisans’ likes and dislikes seem to mirror those of people across the land. Perhaps this is true because of Illinois’ central location; it is a crossroads between east and west, north and south. Or perhaps it is because Illinoisans come from such different backgrounds and follow such a wide variety of lifestyles. Which sentence best states the main idea of the paragraph? a. Illinois is located in the central part of the United States. b. Illinoisans come from different backgrounds. c. The “Peoria test” is the name of a famous show. d. Illinoisans’ opinions seem to mirror the beliefs of people throughout the United States.

3 当主题句被安排在段中间时, 作者往往从 具体的事例谈起, 随之归纳出主题, 然后再 围绕这一主题展开讨论, 使立论更加清楚, 具有很强的说服力。 具体事例?归纳主题?深入讨论

All communication is a two-way process involving a speaker or writer and listeners or readers (the audience). In written communication, because the audience is not present, the audience is easy to ignore. However, the kind of audience you write for determines what you write and how you write. In describing the World Series baseball championship to a British reader, you would have to include definitions, explanations, and facts that a reader in the United States would not need. Similarly, if you write about cricket ( a British sport) for an audience in the United States, you would need to include a lot of basic information. Which sentence best states the main idea of the paragraph? a. Communication is a process that involves speakers and writers. b. British readers would need special information to understand an article on the World Series. c. Listeners and readers are called the audience. d. It is important to consider your audience when you write.

*着重理解首末段,首末句 *主旨在文章中间的情况(非文首文尾),遇到文章前后段意 思转折,提高警惕

主旨题的解题技巧

主旨题的注意事项:

正确选项特点: 干扰项特点:

*段落中出现转折时,该句很可能是主题句 *作者有意识的反复重复的观点通常是主旨 *首段出现疑问句时,对该问题的解答就是文章主旨 *提出文章主旨时常伴有的文字提示:therefore, thus, but, however, in short等等 不出现细节信息;不含过分肯定或绝对意义的词 细节信息明显;过于笼统

The common cold is the world’s most widespread illness, Which is a plague(疫病) that flesh receives. The most widespread mistake of all is that colds are caused by cold. They are not. They are caused by viruses(病毒) passing on from person to person. You catch a cold by coming into contact with someone who already has one. If cold causes colds, it would be reasonable to expect the Eskimos to suffer from them forever. But they do not.

The passage mainly discusses___
A. B. C. D. the the the the

experiments on the common cold mistaken idea about common cold reason and way people catch cold continued spread of common cold

Some plants have relative immunity to a great many diseases, while others have a susceptibility to them. A blight(萎菌病)may be but a local infection easily controlled; on the other hand it can attack particular plants in a whole region or nation. An example is the blight which killed virtually every chestnut tree in North America. Another is the famous potato blight in Ireland in the last century. As a result of that, it was estimated that one million people died of starvation and related ailments. what is the main idea of this paragraph? A. Some plants have relative immunity to a great many diseases B. some other plants have a susceptibility to a great many diseases C. the tolerance of a particular plant changes as the growing conditions change D. a blight can be a national infection.

2 如何寻找最佳标题
常见设问方式: What’s the best title/headline for the passage?

Title
? 标题是段落中心思想的精练表达形式 ? 主题句的功能:介绍主题( topic) 和阐述控制概念(controlling idea) 有明确主题句的段落标题拟定的方式是: 核心词不动,其他词意义浓缩 例:Smoking cigarettes can be an expensive habit. 主题:smoking cigarettes 控制概念:can be an expensive habit 标题:The Expensive Habit of Smoking Cigarettes

标题的特点: 强调主题,清楚简明,有意义,能吸引读者注意力,有新 鲜感

The Man of Many Secrets--- Harry Houdini-- was one of the greatest American entertainers in the theatres in the last century. He was a man famous for his escapes-from prison cells, from wooden boxes floating in rivers, from locked tanks full of water. He appeared in theaters all over Europe and America. Crowds came to see the great Houdini and his “magic” tricks. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. A skeleton Key B. A Man of Many Secrets C. World-wide Fame D. Great Escapes

? There is a simple economic principle used to determine prices. It is called the law of supply and demand. Supply means the amount of, or access to, certain goods. Demand represents the number of people who want those goods. If there are more goods than wanted, the price of them falls. On the other hand, if the demand for those goods is much greater than the supply, then price rises. Of course manufacturers prefer to sell more goods at increased prices.
? The best title is_____ A) Economic Principles B) Law of Supply and Demand C) More Goods, Lower Prices D) Fewer Goods, Higher Prices

; http://zdays.com/ 百度云搜索 百度网盘 flp382bej “我永远也忘不了母亲临终时拉着我的手对我说的话:抱养个孩子吧,免得老了无人照顾??从此,我心灰意冷,为了还债, 我便在上班之余干起了捡破烂儿的生意。有一天早上,天还没亮,我便去了城西的垃圾场,捡着捡着,不远处传来了婴儿的啼 哭声,我顺着声音悄悄地走过去,在废墟旁有一个小纸箱,声音是从这儿发出来的。我抱起襁褓中的婴儿,大声呼喊着:这是 谁家的婴儿?四处悄然无声,没有人回答我,只有怀中婴儿哇哇的啼哭声??我来不及多想,把它抱回了家。打开婴儿的襁褓, 里面露出了一个奶瓶和一包奶粉,还有一张纸条。纸条上清清楚楚地写着:可怜可怜这不幸的女儿吧,好人自有好报!原来是 个弃婴!感谢上帝的恩赐!我衷心祈祷,爱不释手,如获至宝??”他激动得言不择释,不知所措。 “说来也怪,我和妻子无论怎样精心照顾,她总是哇哇地叫个不停。找来了隔壁的王大婶儿,王大婶儿仔细地看了又看,最终 还是建议我们去已院看已生。我二话没说便抱着她去了已院,诊断结果表明:这是个没有**的残婴,必须立即去省城的大已院 做手术。当我来到手术室时,我才想到我根本就承担不起如此数目的手术费??我拉着大夫的手苦苦哀求着:救救我的女儿 吧??我会一分不少的把钱还清的??” 无论他怎样控制??不!更确切地说,不管他怎样掩饰自己,眼里的泪还是流了出来,我深深地体会到女儿已成了他生命的一 部分! “不知道是我的诚心感动了上帝,还是女儿的遭遇震撼了世人?已院的领导当即决定:除了必要的已药费外不收任何费用。 天无绝人之路,我的女儿得救了!左邻右舍献出爱心??给我凑齐了所有的已药费??女儿出院后,我辞去了工作,正式做起 了收破烂儿的生意。我要挣好多好多的钱回报所有关心我帮助我的人??” 说到这儿,他停了下来,急忙给我去倒水。 我听得入了迷,一个劲儿地追问他,“后来呢???” 他一边倒水一边说:“后来,我真的发啦,盖了这所大院,成了这一带有名的‘破烂儿王’。” 他自夸着,炫耀着他曾有过的辉煌! “这??我还真没听说过,我只知道你是众所周知的‘吴疯子’??” 我的话一下子使他那沸腾的情绪降到了零下,他白了我一眼,“难道你也认为我疯了么?还是我真的疯了?” 他是在问我还是在问自己??我一时搞不明白,也不敢追问下去。 过了好久好久,他又讲了起来。 “十八年后,我家来了俩位远方的客人,男的戴着墨镜衣着华贵,女的满身珠光宝气。他们说是有要事相商。”他指着我坐 的地方说:“他就坐在沙发上,顺手打开随身携带的精致皮箱,把满满的一箱钱放在我面前,他说:‘这是二百万,我要用这 些钱换回十八年前丢失的女儿??’他的话如雷击顶,我和妻子几乎晕了过去??当我醒来的时候,我的女儿不见了。我的妻 子昏迷在已院里,花尽了我所有的积蓄也没有使她醒过来??临走前她握着我的手,我明白她的意思:她宁愿死也不能动这二 百万,她让我用这钱甚至更多的钱去换回我们辛辛苦苦养育了十八年的女儿??这钱至今我还原封不动的保存着,期盼我女儿 的到来??” 说到这些悲惨的过去,他不但没有再流泪反而笑了,笑得傻傻的。 也许是他的泪早已流干了?还是他正憧憬在女儿的回归中?或许他真的疯了??? “好了好了,一切都过去了??谈谈你的经历吧。”


赞助商链接
更多相关文档:

【英语】2012精编答案

英语】2012精编答案 - 精编高中英语教学与评估 参考答案(2012 修订本) 高三英语高考练习(一) 第 I 卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A ...

2015级阅读理解考前指导_高三英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区

2015级阅读理解考前指导 - 2015 年高考英语阅读理解研讨 A Guide to English Reading Comprehension 重庆市长寿中学校 杨介民 Task one...

...teachers are puzzled by _questions_答案_百度高考

Have you got any skills in reading comprehension?...第1小题正确答案及相关解析 正确答案 such 解析...2016年高考模拟 英语2016高考真题 2016年高考真题 英语...

更多相关标签:
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com