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高中英语倒装句讲解及练习题及2012、2013真题训练


倒装

——攀枝花七中石林
Part I 完全倒装 1. 结构:一些谓语动词(如 live、stand、lie、rush 等)完全置于主语之前 实质:表语或状语位于句首表示强调意义时和避免头重脚轻 2. 常见类型: 1) 表运动方向的方位副词或介词短语置于句首, 如 in、out、up、down 等 Out rushed the child. In front of the hall sits a man. 2)地点副词置于句首, 如 here、there 等 Here comes the bus. There stands a girl. 3)时间副词或短语置于句首, 如 then、now 等 For a moment, nothing happened. Then came voices, all shouting together. 4)Such 置于句首,意为“这些” Such are the facts. No one can deny them. In the distance was a small boat. Such were his last words. 3. 如果主语是代词, 仍用正常语序: Here you are. This is the new railway station. 4. 高考题 1)For a moment, nothing happened. Then _____all shouting together. A. voices had come B. came voices C. voices would come D. did voices come 2)-- Is anyone here? -- Not yet... Look, there_____the rest of our guest. A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 3)Distinguished guests and friends,welcome to our school.______the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad. A.Attend B.To attend C.Attending D.Having attended

Part II 部分倒装 1. 结构:把部分谓语动词(助动词、情态动词等)置于主语之前 2. 常见类型: 1) Only 修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句置于句首 Only in this way can we learn English well. Only when he returned did we find out the truth. 2) 否定副词如 never、nor、hardly、seldom、scarcely、rarely 等置于句首 Never before have I seen such a moving film.
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Not a single mistake did he make. Hardly do i think it possible to finish the job before dark. 3) 表否定意义的短语如 at no time, under no circumstances, in no case, by no means 等置于句 首(in no time 意为立即、马上,置于句首不倒装) On no condition should you forget you are a Chinese. In no time we saw smoke coming out of the house. 4) Not until....直到...才 Not until he returned did we have supper. Not until 4:00 o?clock could he fall asleep. 5) Neither... Nor...”...不..., ...也不...” Neither do i know it, nor do i care about it. 6) Not only... but also....不仅...而且... (注意:but also 引导的句子必须用正常语序) Not only will help be given to them to find jobs but also food will be provide for them. 7) So +adj./adv.+that...或 such +adj./adv.+that... 如此...以至于... So clearly does he speak English that he can always make himself understood. 8) No sooner... Than.... scarcely…when… Hardly.... when... 一...就... No sooner had he arrived there than he fell ill. Hardly had we gotten there when it began to rain. 9) 在虚拟结构中,条件从句的谓语含有 were, had 和 should 这三个词是,可省去 if,将这些 词移至主语之前。 Had I time (= If I had time), I would go and help you. Were I you (= If I were you), I would go abroad. Should he come (=If he should come), tell him to ring me up 3. 高考题 1). Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A did he begin B had he begun C he began D he had begun 2). New technology was used in teaching. As a result,not only______,but students became more interested in the lessons. A.saved was teachers' energy B.was teachers' energy saved C.teachers' energy was saved D.was saved teachers' energy 3). Distinguished guests and friends,welcome to our school.______the ceremony of the 50th Anniversary this morning are our alumni (校友) from home and abroad. A.Attend B.To attend C.Attending D.Having attended 4). We laugh at jokes,but seldom _____about how they work. A.we think B.think we C.we do think D.do we think 5). At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and the Jialing River______, one of the ten largest cities in China. A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie Part III as, though 引导的倒装句
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提示: as / though 引导的让步从句必须将表语、状语或动词原形提前 结构: 1. 形容词 名词(前无冠词) + as / though + 主语+be 分词 2. 副词 + as / though + 主语+谓语动词 3. 动词原形+ as / though + 主语+ 情态动词 示例: 1)Old as/though my father is, he keeps up with his English study. 2)Child as he is, he knows something of electricity. 3)Tired as he was, he continued to work. 4)Young as she was, she was already director of a factory. 5)Hard as he tried, he never seemed able to do the work satisfactorily. 6)Try as I might, I could not lift the stone. 2013 年 历年真题 (2013 全国大纲卷)30. It was only after he had read the papers Mr. Gross realized the task before him was extremely difficult to complete. A. when B. that C. which D. what (2013 全国大纲卷)32. Only by increasing the number of doctors by 50 percent properly in this hospital. A. can be the patients B. can the patients be treated C. the patients can be treated D. treated can be the patients (2013 福建)34. Not until he went through real hardship _____the love we have for our families is important. A. had he realized B. did he realize C. he realized D. he had realized (2013 湖南)35. Not once _____ to Michael that he could one day become a top student in his class. A. occurred it B. it did occur C. it occurred D. did it occur (2013 江苏)27. “Never for a second ,”the boy says, “ that my father would come to my rescue.” A. I doubted B. do I doubt C. I have doubted D. did I doubt (2013 江西)25. Only when he apologizes for his rudeness ____to him again. A. I will speak. B. will I speak. C. do I speak. D. I speak. (2013 辽宁)26. At no time ________the rules of the game. It was unfair to punish them. A. they actually broke B. do they actually break B. did they actually break D. they had actually broken (2013 天津)11. It was not until near the end of the letter she mentioned her own plan. A. that B. where C. why D. when
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(2013 新课标Ⅰ)21. -----Why, this is nothing but common vegetable soup! ----_____, madam. This is our soup of the day. A. Let me see B so it is C Don ?t mention it D Neither do I (2013 重庆)27. It was with the help of the local guide the mountain climber was rescued. A. who B. that C. when D. how 2012 年 【2012 重庆】 The headmaster will not permit the change in the course, nor ______it a thought. 33. A. does he even give B. he even gives C. will he even give D. he will even give 【2012 天津】6. Only after Mary read her composition the second time ____ the spelling mistake. A. did she notice B. she noticed C. does she notice D. she has noticed 【2012 江西】32. Never before _____ seen anybody who can play tennis as well as Robert. A. had she B. she had C. has she D. she has 【2012 辽宁】 Not until he retired from teaching three years ago ____ having a holiday abroad. 32. A. he had considered B. had he considered C. he considered D. did he consider 【2012 四川】5. This is not my story, nor ______ the whole story. My story plays out differently. A. is there B. there is C. is it D. it is 答案:CACDC

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