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【人教新课标】2012届高三英语一轮复习精品同步练习:选修8 Unit 3 Inventors and inventions

Unit 3 Ⅰ.多项选择

Inventors and inventions

1.—Mum,it is nice weather.I want to skate this afternoon. —Don’t you think the ice on the lake is too thin to__________your weight? A.carry C.catch B.bear D.take

解析:选 B。这里的 bear 不表示“忍受”,而是“承受”的意思。 2.—How did you like the lecture tonight? —Very__________.I doubt if I will come to this kind of lecture next time. A.encouraging C.disappointing B.encouraged D.disappointed

解析:选 C。此处指对事物 lecture 的看法,故使用 v.-ing 形式。结合后面的“I doubt...”可知此题答案为 C 项。 3.(2011 年吉林模拟)—Listen,there is some strange noise.This machine must be________. —I think so.You must have it checked. A.out of order C.out of sight B.out of date D.out of control

解析:选 A。out of order 出故障了,可根据“你必须让人检查一下”判断。out of control 失去控制,不符合句意。 4.I haven’t seen Anna since she left our hometown two years ago,but we do keep in touch with each other by sending e-mails __________. A.here and there C.at one time B.sooner or later D.now and then

解析:选 D。now and then 意为“有时,偶尔”。句意:两年前安娜离开家乡以来我 就没见过她,但我们的确有时发电子邮件保持联系。here and there 到处;sooner or later 迟早;at one time 一度,过去有一段时间。 5.—When would it be __________ for you to go to the science museum with me? —I am free this Friday afternoon.Let’s meet at 2 p.m.at the school gate. A.familiar B.pleasant



解析:选 D。本题考查形容词 convenient 的用法。convenient“方便的,合宜的”, 故选 D。 6. Water can absorb and give off a lot of heat without big changes in temperature, this creating a __________ environment. A.peaceful C.common B.sensitive D.stable

解析:选 D。句子表示“创造了一个稳定的环境”,所以应用 stable。peaceful 和平 的;sensitive 敏感的;common 普通的。 7.To be honest, the role John plays in this film doesn’t come up to my __________, though he is one of my favorite actors. A.excuses C.experiences B.explanations D.expectations

解 析 : 选 D 。 expectation 意 为 “ 期 待 , 期 望 , 预 料 ” , 短 语 not come up to(one’s)expectations 意为“未达到期望(的水平)”。句意:老实说,虽然约翰是我最 喜欢的演员之一,但他在这部电影中扮演的角色没有达到我的期望。 8.As far as the American children are concerned, the Christmas is __________ with excitement, happiness and gifts. A.associated C.deal B.get D.satisfied

解析:选 A。句意:对于美国的孩子来说,圣诞节与兴奋、幸福和礼物连在一起。 associate“联想; 联系”, associated with“与??有联系”, be 符合题意。 satisfied be with“对??感到满意”;其余两项搭配不当。 9.When we plan our vacation, mother often offers __________ suggestions. A.careful C.effective B.practical D.doubtful

解析:选 B。母亲是长辈,她所拥有的是实用的信息。建议要经过检验之后才知道是否 有效,排除 C 项。 10.Nowadays senior high school students are burdened with too many __________ which is making them less and less confident.

A.motivations C.amusements

B.expectations D.opportunities

解析:选 B。考查名词词义辨析。expectation“期望”。句意:现在高中生背负着太 多 的 期 望 , 使 得 他 们 越 来 越 没 有 自 信 。 motivation“ 动 机 ” ; musement“ 娱 乐 ” ; opportunity“机会”。 Ⅱ.完成句子 1.The performance of the host,________________(旨在)to please the audience and draw their attention,was greeted with a cold silence,however.(intend) 解析:考查定语用法。“旨在做”可表达为 be intended to do,据此可选用定语从句 或过去分词作定语。 答案:(which was)intended 2.I’m afraid I won’t be able to attend the meeting at 3∶00 p.m. next Monday. I ________________(已经坐飞机到) New York long before then.(fly) 解析:考查动词时态。由 next Monday 以及 before then 可知 fly 的动作应是将来完 成时。 答案:will have flown to 3.Come to my office tomorrow if ________________(你方便的话).(convenient) 解析:考查状语从句。it is convenient to sb.是一个习惯用法,意为“对某人来说 是方便的”。 答案:it is convenient to you 4 . You’d better call him up ________________( 万 一 他 记 不 清 )the exact time.(remember) 解析:考查状语从句。由语境可知要使用连词 in case,从句动作应为一般现在时。 答案:in case he doesn’t remember 5. food must be eaten up within three days ________________(一旦打开). The (open) 解析:考查状语从句。由语境可知要使用连词 once,open 的动作与主语是被动关系, 因此用被动语态。由于主、从句主语一致,本题也可以使用省略形式,即 once opened。 答案:once (it is)opened 6. major problem arose at the meeting ________________(要花多少钱) to complete A the whole project.(cost)

解析:考查同位语从句。本题是一个分割性的同位语从句,引导词要用 that,从句动 词 cost 的动作尚未发生,因此用将来时态。 答案:how much it would cost 7.He wished to forget everything ________________(与原来生活有联系的)and start a new life.(associate) 解析:考查定语用法。“与??有联系的”可表达为 be associated with,据此可选 用定语从句或过去分词作定语。 答案:(that is)associated with his former life 8 . In no case ________________( 允 许 他 )to get up until he was completely recovered from his illness.(allow) 解析:考查倒装结构。含否定意义的短语 in no case 置于句首,句子部分倒装。 答案:should he be allowed 9.She is busy with applying for a patent recently,and has ________________(没 时间整理房间)which is in a mess now.(tidy) 解析:考查动词短语。have no time to do sth.意为“没有时间做某事”。 答案:no time to tidy her house 10.Color blind people often find ________________(难以区分)between blue and green.(distinguish) 解析:find it(is)difficult to do 意为“发现做某事很难”。 答案:it (is)difficult to distinguish Ⅲ.阅读理解 Words:482 难度系数:☆☆ 建议用时:7′

(2011 年南通模拟)Being the boss might mean more money and challenging work but it can also cause damage to physical and mental well-being, according to a Canadian study. For years studies have shown people in lower-status jobs generally have higher rates of heart disease and other illnesses and die earlier than those in higher -status positions while job authority has shown no relationship with workers’ health. But University of Toronto researchers, using data from 1,800 US workers, found

the health of people in higher positions is affected by work as they are more likely to report conflicts with co-workers and say work disturbs their home life. However the positive aspects of having a power position at work, such as higher status,more pay and greater independence, seemed to cancel out the negative aspects when it came to people’s physical and psychological health. These latest findings, reported in the journal Social Science & Medicine, suggest that the advantages and disadvantages authority positions basically cancel each other out, giving the general impression that job authority has no health effects. For the study, the researchers surveyed participants about various aspects of their work, life and well-being.Job authority was judged based on whether a person managed other employees and had power over hiring, firing and pay. Physical health complaints included problems like headaches, bodyaches, heartburn and tiredness.Psychological complaints included sleep problems, difficulty concentrating and feelings of sadness, worry and anxiety. “This isn’t to suggest that having authority is ‘bad’—in fact, we show it has benefits...but it is important to identify the negative sides and deal with them.” researcher Scott Schieman said. Schieman said conflicts with co-workers or involvement of work into home life may destroy physical and mental well-being by creating stress. “These are key stressors that can tax individuals’ ability to function effectively,” Schieman said. 【解题导语】 公司老板和身处较高职位的人要正确处理高薪工作给自己带来的好处

和弊端,如果不能正确处理,则会有损于自己的身体健康。 1.Work will have a negative effect on job authority’s health probably because __________. A.they are not fit for their work B.they have power over hiring and pay C.they are faced with severe competition D.they don’t get on well with their co-workers

解析:选 D。细节理解题。由第三段“as they are more likely to report...life.” 可知 D 项正确。 2.Most people don’t see that bosses have health effects because __________. A.their health problems are not serious enough to see B.they have enough money to keep themselves healthy C.their problems are quite different from those of workers D.the advantages and disadvantages of their status work against each other 解析:选 D。细节理解题。根据第五段“the advantages and disadvantages authority positions basically cancel each other out,giving the general impression that job authority has no health effects.”可知答案应选 D。cancel out 取消,抵消。 3.From the passage we can infer that the study aims to __________. A.warn people not to be a boss for ever B.remind the boss to deal with bad effects of their work C.show that having authority is harmful to one’s health D.prove that being a boss can benefit a lot 解析:选 B。作者意图题。根据全文内容可知,文章的写作目的就是提醒做老板和身居 高职的人要正确处理工作给他们带来的消极影响。故选 B。 4.The best title for this passage might be __________. A.Lower-status can affect health B.Authority can affect health C.Positive aspects of a power position D.Disadvantages of being a boss 解析:选 B。主旨大意题。根据全文内容不难看出 B 项最符合,即位高权重影响健康。 Ⅳ.书面表达 下面是上个星期五早上 Peter 在上学路上遇到的一件事,请根据漫画内容,写一篇 100 词左右的短文。

Did Peter Do a Good Deed? 彼特做了一件好事吗?

________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ One possible version: On the morning of last Friday,Peter went to school as usual.He was walking along the road when he saw a well uncovered.He thought it was dangerous for passers -by,so he decided to cover the well.The cover was so heavy that he took great trouble to remove it.At last he managed to cover the well.Hardly had he turned his back and gone when he heard a cry for“Help”coming from the well.So he turned back and moved the cover away.To his surprise,a worker was inside the well.Peter tried his best to pull the worker out of the well.After that Peter covered the well again properly.


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