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中职语文基础上册《写作:应用文 便条》word教案


应用文写作-便笺(便条)和短信 一、概述 便条也是书信的一种形式。它的特点是内容简短,主要有临时性的询问、留言、通知、要求等。跟正 规书信相比,便条的语言比较口头化,比如要通知某事只需这样开头:Just a line to tell you that?? 而无须像正规书信那样 This is to inform you that??开头。另外,在便条中常出现省略现象,例如: “key to back door is under mat.”或者“key to back door under mat .”(后门钥匙在垫子下面) 代之以“The key to the back door is under the mat.”。 结束时也无需结尾礼词,只需写上写便条者姓名。如果是关系比较近的人,则只需写上姓或名。 便条的日期通常写在右上角。一般只写上星期几或者星期几上午或下午,也可写上午、下午的具体时 刻。日常应用中,写上几月几日的也很普遍。但一般不写年份,因为便条的内容多半是当日或近日内要办 的事情。写便条时,不得事先准备,因此无固定格式,大多用手写。 二、注意事项 1.词句简洁,尽量避免应酬语和各种敬词 2.切忌内容空洞、言不达意。 三、分类举例 1)请假(Asking for Leave) 例1 Directions:You are about to write a Business Leave Note of about 100 words. Please describe these information clearly. 1)the reason you ask for the leave 2)the time and how long you will leave Class 4,Grade 3 Aug. 22nd To Department Office Secretary Li, I‘m sorry to apply for ten day’s leave from the Aug. 23rd to sept,3rd instant. As I have to leave with the time is urgent. My father now in the hospital is badly ill. I have to go to see him and take care of him for a few days. You know I‘m the only child in my family. Of course I will show you the telegram about my fathers illness which is recieved from my mother to support my application. As concern as the missed lessons during my absence,I promise I will do my best to catch them on after I come back to the campus. Wish for your allowance. Yours respectfully ××× *本文是一封请假条,一般我们要向上级或老师请假,通常用的是 ack for leave 这个短语,请三天假 可写作:ask for three days‘leave;因病请假则是 ask for

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