Section Ⅱ — Learning about Language
charge 费用;主管 fine 罚款 advertise 做广告
physical 物理的;身体的 poster 海报;招贴
1.They put up posters all around the town advertising the circus.
2.—Do you know if Linda is willing to take charge of the program?
—It doesn’t hurt to ask,does it? 3.Stress has an effect on both your physical and mental health.
4.As you know,people advertise things which they want to
sell. 5.She was fined
$300 and banned from driving for one
二、阅读下列短文,试着将画线句子改为被动语态 Life in the future
1.In the future home,we will set cookers and we can cook a complete meal at the touch of a switch (开关).
2.Television will give the information on prices at the nearby shops as well as news and enjoyment.Videophones will bring pictures as well as sound to telephone conversation.
3.Machines will control temperature,lighting,enjoyment and gardening.
4.At work,robots will take over most jobs.Working hours will fall to under 30 hours a week.Holidays will get longer.
答案:1.In the future home,cookers will be set (by us) and a complete meal can be cooked (by us) at the touch of a switch.
2.The information on prices at the nearby shops as well as news and enjoyment will be given by television.
3.Temperature,lighting,enjoyment and gardening will be controlled by machines.
4.At work,most jobs will be taken over by robots.
1.duty to be in charge and get in trouble if things go wrong 所负担的责任以及事情出错后会陷入的麻烦 考点charge vt.& vi.收费;控诉 n. 费用;主管 The restaurant charged us ￡20 for dinner. 这家餐馆收了我们20英镑的餐费。
The man has been charged with murder. 那个人被指控犯有谋杀罪。 【高考典句】(2015·课标全国高考Ⅰ)Admission is at normal charges and you don’t need to book. 门票价格不贵,而且不用预订。
This company used to be in his direct charge. 这个公司过去由他直接管理。 归纳 charge sb some money for sth“因为某事/物收某人的钱”。 charge作“控诉”讲时,常与介词with连用。
阅读下列句子,体会黑体部分的含义 (1)Who will be in charge of this shop? =Who will take charge of this shop? 谁将负责这家商店? 含义 负责;主管 (2)The children were left in the charge of a nurse. 孩子们被留下来由保姆照顾。 含义 由……负责/主管 (3)The workers get medical service free of charge. 工人们免费得到医疗服务。 含义 免费
活学活用 用charge的相关短语完成句子 1)Who will take charge of/be in charge of the company if our manager isn’t here next week? 语法填空 2)Mary,we left you in charge of the room,but now it’s in a mess! 3)Since the able person,John,is in charge of the matter,we’re sure that the matter is under control now.
2.Now you are asked to make a poster to advertise a sporting event. 现在要求你制作一张海报为一项体育赛事做广告。 剖析本句是一个含有一般现在时的被动语态的句子。再如: His homework is usually finished in the evening. 他的家庭作业通常是在晚上完成。 考点 advertise vt.& vi. 做广告;登广告 They no longer advertise alcohol or cigarettes at sporting events.他们 不再在体育赛事上做烟酒广告了。
We should advertise for someone to look after the garden. 我们应该登广告聘人来照看花园。 归纳 advertise sth的含义是“做广告宣传某物”;advertise for sb/sth 的含义是“在报刊等上面登征求某人或某物的广告”。
派生词: advertisement n.广告 advertiser n.登广告者 advertising n.广告,广告业
1)Linda,make sure the tables
(set) before the
guests arrive. 2)Nowadays some stars like advertising
they can make a lot of money.
3)I’m calling to ask for information about the position
(advertise) in yesterday’s China Daily.
4)He is advertising his house. 答案:他正在登广告宣传自己的房子。
5)He is advertising for a house. 答案:他在登广告要买一套房子。
3.Grammar:一般将来时的被动语态 考点一 一般将来时的被动语态的构成 一般将来时的被动语态由“shall/will+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。 (1)主语+谓语+宾语 主动:We’ll build a new house next year. 被动:A new house will be built (by us) next year. (2)主语+谓语+间接宾语+直接宾语 含有双宾语的主动语态,在变为被动语态时可将其中一个宾语改为 主语,另一个不变。习惯上把间接宾语变为被动语态的主语。 主动:My mother will give me a shirt. 被动:I will be given a shirt by my mother. 注意 如果把直接宾语改为主语,则在间接宾语前加to或for。
A shirt will be given to me by my mother.
(3)主语+谓语+宾语+宾语补足语 主动:We’ll ask him to help you tomorrow. 被动:He will be asked to help you (by us) tomorrow. 注意 含有复合宾语的主动句变成被动句时,将其中的宾语变为主 语,宾语补足语不变。 下面以动词invite为例,列表说明一般将来时的被动语态的句式变 化:
I will be invited. He/She/It will be invited. We/You/They will be invited.
一般疑问句: Will I be invited? Will he/she/it be invited? Will we/you/they be invited?
特殊疑问句: Who will be invited? Why will I be invited?
I will not be invited. He/She/It will not be invited. We/You/They will not be invited.
Yes,you will. Yes,he/she/it will. Yes,you/we/they will.
I will. Because I am his best friend.
考点二 一般将来时的被动语态的注意事项 学习一般将来时的被动语态,除了要记住最基本的构成之外,还要 注意其他几种被动语态形式: (1)be going to be done;be to be done 主动:We are to repair the machine tomorrow. 被动:The machine is to be repaired(by us) tomorrow. (2)shall/will get+过去分词 主动:I’ll get the work done. 被动:The work will get done (by me). (3)will+become+过去分词 The truth will become known. (4)短语动词变被动语态时不能漏掉介词或副词。如: The girl will be taken care of by the old man.
在一般将来时中考 查主动形式表示被 动意义的动词
clean,sell,lock,open,read,write,wear,look,fear,cut ,compare,keep,burn,strike,pull,act,add,last 等。此 外,feel,seem,sound,taste,smell 等感官动词做谓 语的句子中,主语多半是事物,而这些动词和表
1)(2016·江苏高考改编)More efforts,as reported, will be made (make)
in the years ahead to accelerate the supply-side structural reform.
2)(2015·安徽高考改编)It is reported that a space station
will be built
(build) on the moon in years to come.
will be built (build) in Sichuan soon to promote the local economy.
4)(2015·四川高考改编)Across Britain,burnt toast
will be served (serve) to mothers in bed this morning as older sons
and daughters rush to deliver their supermarket bunches of flowers.
5)Is honesty the best policy?We
(teach) that it
is when we are little.
6)A new cinema here
is being built
to finish it next month.
7)A basketball match between the two famous teams
will be played (play) on the coming Saturday afternoon.
8)In the near future,a group of volunteers will be sent (send)
to Mars and stay there for some time.
will be made
(make) about any future
appointment until all the candidates have been interviewed.
10)It is reported that several new types of robots_w__il_l _b_e_d_e_v_e_lo_p_e_d__
(develop) next year.
11)In a room above the store,where a party was to be held (hold),
some workers were busy setting the tables. 12)It is said that a new computer will be designed
by him in a few days.
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