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高一一般将来时被动语态


一般将来时的被动语态
概念:一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态, 也表示将来经常发生的动作。
二、一般将来时结构: 1.主语+ will (shall) + 动词原形 ~。动词一般将来时,表示将要发生事 ( 所有人称都可以用 will,shall 只用于 I, We 后面) 如:肯定式:They will finish the work next week. 否定式: They won’t finish the work next week. 疑问式: Will they finish the work next week? 2. 主语+ be (am, is, are) going to + 动词原形 ~。 be going to, 表打算,准备计划将来干;表可能,有必然,通过现象来判断。 如:I’m going to see a film this evening. 今晚上我打算去看电影。 It’s going to rain. 天要下雨了。 We aren’t going to have any lessons next week. 我们下周不上课。

注意: will/ shall 和 be going to 结构的区别
(1) 对于事先经过考虑的打算、计划,应使用 be going to 结构。 Why are you taking down all the pictures? I am going to repaint the wall. (2) 对于事先未经过考虑的打算、计划,而是临时起意,则用 will 结构。常见于会话 时,乙听了甲的话做出的反应。 Where is the telephone book? I’ll go and get it for you . (3) 表示即将发生某事时,两者区别不大,多可互换。 What is going to happen? -----What will happen? be going to 一般指较近的将来,will 则表示较远的将来。 (4)正式的通知等多用 will. 3 4. .be about to + 动词原形, 表示即将发生的动作。 The concert is about to begin. 音乐会即将开始。 be +动词不定式,表示安排或计划好的动作。 There is to be a sports meeting next week.

将来时的被动语态
1. 动作发生在将来. 2. 强调动作的承受者,或不能或无须体积提及动作的执行者 结构: 1. shall /will be +过去分词 The 30th Olympic Games will be hosted by London in the year 2012. 否定句:shall /will not be +过去分词
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He will not be sent there tomorrow. 一般疑问式:Will +主语+be done…? Will the 30th Olympic Games be hosted by London in the year 2012? 特殊疑问式:特殊疑问词+will+主语+be done…? When will the 30th Olympic Games be hosted in the year 2012? 2. be going to be+过去分词 The old library is going to be pulled down soon. His new book is going to be published next month. 3. be to be +过去分词 The task is to be finished in ten minutes. Your homework is to be handed in tomorrow. 4. be about to be+过去分词 The wall is about to be painted by the worker. 注意事项 使用一般将来时的被动语态时,应注意以下两点: 1.在时间、条件状语从句中,应使用现在时表示将来时。同样,应使用现在时的被动语 态表示将来时的被动语态。例如: He says he will leave the company if he is punished for this. When the dam is completed,the Changjiang River will be controlled. 2.使用一般将来时被动语态时,学生易遗漏被动式中的 be。例如: 【误】A new film will shown at the cinema next week. 【误】Is this bridge going to completed before the end of this year? 【正】Is this bridge going to be completed before the end of this year?

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一般将来时被动语态
A.将下列句子改成被动式 1.They will give her a gold medal. _____________________________ 2.The construction workers will put down the old temple. _____________________________ 3.They will read The Music of Chance by Paul Auster. _____________________________ 4.The rabbits will eat the carrots. ____________________________________________ 5. The police is going to have the thief stay in prison. _____________________________________________________ 6. Kelly is about to sing us a song at the party. ____________________________________________________ 7.The mother is going to tell the baby a story _________________________________________________________________ 8. My mother will give me a present. ____________________________________________________________________ B.用被动语态对下列句子画线部分提问 1.They will build many new sport venues for the Beijing Olympic Games. __________________________________________________________________________ 2. Millions of people will watch the final match on TV. _________________________________________________________________________ 3.John will carry the Canadian flag at the opening of the Olympic Games. ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. They will make all the flags by hand. _________________________________________________________________________ 5. Mrs. Jones will take care of your pet dog while you are away on holiday. ____________________________________________________________________________ 6. The government will spend almost 100 million Yuan on this programme. _____________________________________________________________________________ 选择题 1.If the work ________,you can go and play games. A. finished B. has finished C. will be finish D. is finished in the classroom. 2. It was raining heavily outside, the children were made ______
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A. stay A. has written

B. to stay B. was written

C. staying C. had written

D. stayed D. is writing D. may not throw

3. Kate ___ the letter before her mother came into her bedroom. 4. To make our city more beautiful, rubbish ___ into the river. A. needn’ t be thrown A. rides B. mustn’ t be thrown C. can’ t throw C. is ridden 5. I like my bike. It ________ very well. B. is riding D. has ridden 6. —I won’t come to the party unless Tom ______, too. —You mean if Tom comes ,you’ll come. A. will invite 7. A. laughed at A.lookafter A. happens B. invites B. was laughed B. be taken good care B. happened C. invited C. laughed D. is invited D. was laughed at D. be taken good care of Everyone who heard Mr. Green’s story __________ it.

8. The children must _______. C. look the same 9. The woman still doesn’t know what _______ in her hometown C. will happen D. was happened 10. — I saw you were on foot this morning. —Yes. My bike ___________. A. is mending C. is mended A. has completed B. completes B. is being mended D. is being mending C. has been completed D. is completed

11. I need one more stamp before my collection ______. (NMET) 12. The police found that the house______ and a lot of things ______. (NMET) A. has broken into…has been stolen C. has been broken into…stolen table 20 years from now. (NMET) A. are not kept…will have to C. do not keep…will have to ——No, It is still in my pocket. A. Is…being given A. be taken care B.Was…give C. Has…been given D. Hasn’t…been given (NMET) C. take care
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B. has broken into…had been stolen D. had been broken into…stolen

13. If city noises ______ from increasing, People ____ shout to be heard even at the dinner B. are not kept…have to D. do not keep…have to

14. ——______the note ______ to Mr Smith?

15. I promise that the matter will______. B. be taken care of

D. take care of

16. We are told that a new car factory _____ here next year. A. will set up B. will be set up C. would set up D. would be set up 17. The 2012 Olympic Games _____ in London; several big changes _____ in the capital city. A. is held; will make B. will be held; will make D. is held; make C. will be held; will be made A. will be allowed A. are shown

18. You _____ to take so much luggage with you on the plane. B. will allow C. won’t be allowed D. won’t allow B. were shown 19. You _____ around our school this afternoon. Now, please have a good rest. C. are going to be shown D. will show 20. Can you tell me by whom the talk _____ tomorrow? A. will give B. will be given C. give D. be given

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