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倒装句(翻译与写作)


倒装句

倒装句之分类
? 全部倒装是只将句子中的谓语动词全部 置于主语之前。此结构通常只用与一般 现在时和一般过去时。 ? 车来了。 ? Here runs the car. ? 他来了。 ? Here he comes.

? 部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助 动词或情态倒装至主语之前。如果 句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词, 则需添加助动词do, does或did, 并将其置于主语之前。

? 1.If you don't attend the lecture, I shall not attend it, either. ? If you don't attend the lecture, neither/nor shall I. ? 2.Madame Curie was not only a great scientist but also a great wife. ? Not only was Madame Curie a great scientist but also a great wife. ? 3.We seldom go to the cinema. ? Seldom do we go to the cinema. ? 4.The water smells so terrible that I feel sick. ? So terrible does the water smell that I feel sick.

? 5.Though she is a child, she knows how to please others. ? Child as/though she is, she knows how to please others. ? 6. One knows its value only when one loses freedom. ? Only when one loses freedom, does one know its value. ? 7. She did not marry until the age of forty. ? Not until the age of forty did she marry.

? 8. If you had studied hard, you would have passed the exam. ? Had you studied hard, you would have passed the exam. ? 9. The tree fell down. ? Down fell the tree. ? 10. He stands at the gate. ? At the gate he stands.

? 很少有人在一生中取得如此大的成就。 ? Seldom has a man accomplished so much in his lifetime. ? 我很少看到这么好的电影。 ? Rarely have I seen such a good movie. ? 我生活中从来没有听过如此愚蠢的故事。 ? Never in my life have I heard such a stupid story. ? 他几乎都没有怀疑过那个害羞美丽的女孩 是个间谍。 ? Little did he suspect that the shy pretty girl was a spy.

? 他不仅是个伟大的政治家,还是个伟大 的科学家。 ? Not only was he a great stateman, but he was also a great scientists. ? 直到最近我才意识到为什么我会落在别 人后面。 ? Not until recently did I realize why I was lagging behind others. ? 他一完成演讲,人们就用问题开始轰炸 他。 ? Scarcely (hardly,no sooner) had he finished the speech when people bombarded him with questions.

? 只有这样我们才能克服这个困难。 ? Only in this way can we overcome this difficulty. ? 他的声音太大了以至于隔壁房间的人们也 可以无困难的听到他的声音。 ? So loudly did he speak that even people in the next room could hear him without difficulty. ? 在任何情况下我们都不应该放弃尝试。 ? Under no circumstances should we give up trying.


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