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分词的用法


分词的用法
一、现在分词作状语的用法 1、用法特点:现在分词或现在分词短语作状语表示时间、原因、条件、让步、结果、方式或 伴随情况等。例如: 1) Having finished doing his homework, the student went out for playing football.(时间) 那学生做完作业后,出去踢足球了。 2)Being a League member, he takes the lead at every turn. (原因) 他作为一个团员,事事处处起模范带头作用。 3)Having any time, I will join you in your games. (条件) 如果我有时间,我会加入你们的比赛。 4) Being an old man, he works hard like a young people.(让步) 虽然他老了,但是他干起活来像年轻人一样。 5) Her parents passed away one after another, leaving her lots of money. (结果) 她父母相继去世,结果给她留下一大笔钱。 6) Children left the classroom, talking and laughing. (方式或伴随) 孩子们又说又笑离开了教室。 2、语法关系:当现在分词作时间、原因、条件或让步状语时,如果前后主语一致,那么可以 换成相应的时间状语从句、原因状语从句、条件状语从句或让步状语从句。例如: 1) Listening to the radio, the old man went out for a walk.(时间) =While he was listening to radio, the old went for a walk. 那老人一边听收音机,一边散步。 2) Being a class cadre, Wang Jun sets a good example to his classmates.(原因) =As he is a class cadre, Wang Jun sets a good example to his classmates. 王俊作为一个班干部,为班上的同学树立好榜样。 3)Not listening to us, you will feel regretful one day.(条件) =If you don’t listen to us, you will feel regretful one day. 如果你不听我们的,有朝一日又会感到后悔的。 4) Being in poor condition, Iraq can get help from many other countries.(让步) Although it is in poor condition, Iraq can get help from many other countries. 虽然伊拉克情况不妙,但是它能得到许多其他国家的帮助。 二、巩固提高 I. Transform the following sentences according to the requirements in the bracket. 1. Playing outdoors, you must be careful for your safety. (改为时间状语从句) __________________________________________________________________ 2. Though we have little time, we might as well finish our task.(改为分词短语作状语) __________________________________________________________________ 3. They gave us lots of help, making us finish our task very soon. (改为并列句) __________________________________________________________________ 4. Being a Party member, he often takes the lead. (改为原因状语从句) __________________________________________________________________ 5. If I am in good health, I will work to more than sixty years old.( 改为分词短语作状语) __________________________________________________________________ II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. ___ the house on fire, he dialed 119. A. To see B. Seeing C. Having seen D. Being seen ( ) 2. __ a satisfactory operation, the doctor believed the patient would recover from his illness very soon.

A. Having been given B. Having given C. Giving D. Being given ( ) 3. When I got into my room, I heard her __________ in the next room. A. singing B. sang C. sing D. to sing ( ) 4.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, __ that he had enjoyed his stay here. A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added ( ) 5.China is one of the largest countries in the world, ______ 9.6 million square (平 方)kilometers. A. to cover B. covered C. covers D. covering ( ) 6. _ many times, he still couldn’t understand. A. Having been told B. Having told C. He having been told D. telling ( ) 7. __different kinds of pianos, the workers farther improved their quality. A. To produce B. Being produced C. Produced D. Having produced ( ) 8. He went from door to door, __ waste papers and magazines. A. gathering B. gathered C. gather D. being gathered ( ) 9. __ how to do the homework, I went to ask my teacher for help. A. Not to know B. Not knowing C. Knowing not D. Not known ( )10. with the size of the whole earth, the highest mountain does not seem high at all. A. Comparing B. To compare C. Compared D. Having compared 三、真题零距离 ( )1. the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 meters in height. (2010·上海) A. Approaching B. Approached C. To approach D. To be approached ( ) 2. A small plane crashed into a hillside five miles east of the city, _____ all four people on board. (2009·上海) A. killed B. killing C. kills D. to kill 二、现在分词作定语的用法 1、用法特点:现在分词作定语常表动作正在发生或性质特征。单个的现在分词作定语一般放 在被修饰词之前(偶尔放在其后) ,现在分词短语作定语须放在被修饰的词之后。例如: 1) The sleeping baby is only five months old. (表正在发生) 在睡觉的那个婴儿只有五个月大。 2) Professor Wang’s inspiring lecture attracted many students.(表性质特征) 王教授的具有感召力的演讲吸引了不少学生。 3) The student listening to MP3 over there is a newcomer. (表正在发生) 在那边听 MP3 的那位同学是一位新来的。 4) The boy making a face at the teacher’s desk is a naughty kid. (表正在发生) 在讲台旁做鬼脸的那个男孩是个顽皮的家伙。 5) I’m very sorry I have lost the interesting novel.(表性质特征) 非常对不起,我已经把那本有趣味的小说丢了。 2、语法关系: A. 某些作定语用的单个现在分词现已趋向于形容词化, 请同学们务必记住。 例如: interesting, disappointing, amazing, inspiring, exciting, boring, pleasing, surprising, amusing, , frightening, astonishing, tiring , moving etc. B. 现在分词作定语常可转化为定语从句。例如: 1) I watched an exciting football game on TV yesterday. =I watched a football game which is exciting on TV yesterday. 昨天我在电视上观看了一场令人兴奋的足球赛。

2) The girl performing an experiment is from Pudong, Shanghai. =The girl who is performing an experiment is from Pudong, Shanghai. 3) The teacher attending class in our classroom is a teaching researcher. =The teacher who is attending class in our classroom is a teaching researcher. 在我们教室听课的那位老师是一位为教研员。 C. 当定语从句换成现在分词作定语时,一定要注意从句与被修饰的词在逻辑主语上保持一 致。例如: 1) My father told me a story that is amusing last night. =My father told me an amusing story last night. 昨晚我爸爸给我讲了一个令人发笑的故事。 2) The singer who is singing on the stage is just Liu Huan. =The singer singing on the stage is just Liu Huan. 在台上唱歌的那位歌手正是刘欢。 二、巩固提高 I. Transform the following sentences according to the requirements in the bracket. 1. The girl is my sister. She is dancing on the sports ground. (合并为现在分词作定语) ______________________________________________________________________. 2. The stranger smoking in the shop is a thief. (将划线部分改为定语从句) ______________________________________________________________________. 3. There is a tall tree which covers the entrance to the cave.(将划线部分改为分词) _______________________________________________________________________. 4. The funny-looking monkey is waving to you. (将划线部分改为定语从句) _______________________________________________________________________. 5. The water is much too dirty to drink. It is running. (合并为现在分词作定语) _______________________________________________________________________. II. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. Here are some new computer programs _________ for home buildings. A. designing B. design C. designed D. to design ( ) 2. The price will save you one dollar for each dozen. A. reduce B. reducing C. reduced D. reduces ( ) 3. The wallet several days ago was found in the dustbin outside the building. A. stolen, hidden B. stealing, hiding C. stealing, hidden D. stolen, hiding ( ) 4. A person __ a foreign language must be able to use the foreign language ___all about his own. A. to learn, to forget B. learning, to forget C. to learn, forgetting D. learning, forgetting ( ) 5. The students in the university are all taking courses a degree. A. coming to B. going to C. leading to D. turning to ( ) 6. Many things impossible in the past are very common today. A. consider B. considering C. considered D. be considered ( ) 7 What’s the language in Germany? A. speaking B. spoken C. be spoken D. to speak ( ) 8. They found a old woman on the ground when the door was broken down. A. dying, lying B. dead, lied C. death, laying D. died, lain ( ) 9. On a morning the little girl was found at the corner of the street. A. freezing…freezing B. freezing…frozen C. frozen…frozen D. frozen…freezing ( ) 10.---I’d like to buy an expensive camera. ---Well, we have several models _______ . A. to choose from B. to choose C. to be chosen D. for choice

三、真题零距离 ( ) 1.The disc, digitally ________ in the studio, sounded fantastic at the party that night. (2004·上海) A. recorded B. recording C. to be recorded D. having recorded ( ) 2. I’m going to the supermarket this afternoon. Do you have anything ________ ? (20004·上海春) A. to be buying B. to buy C. for buying D. bought ( ) 3. The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses _________ vacation to China. (2005·北京) A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D. being paid 三、现在分词作表语和宾语补足语的用法 1、用法特点: 1)现在分词作表语,常表示主语的性质特征,其功能相当于形容词作表语的用法,可用程度 副词加以修饰。例如: (1) The basketball match I watched on TV last night is exciting. 昨晚我在电视上看的那场篮球赛令人激动。 (2) Last week my elder sister bought a book which is very amusing. 上周,我姐姐买了一本非常有趣味的书。 2)现在分词作宾语补足语,常表该句子的宾语正在发生的动作或其性质特征,涉及的动词主 要有 hear, feel, see, find, notice, watch, observe, have, keep, get, catch, send etc.例如: (1) The old man felt his heart beating faster and faster. 老人感觉到自己的心脏跳得愈来愈快了。 (2) Yesterday I caught a thief stealing a purse from a lady. 昨天,我抓住了一位小偷在偷一位女士的钱包。 (3) Nowadays, I find my little dog, Wang Wang, very interesting. 如今,我发现我的小狗旺旺很有趣味。 2、语法关系: 1) 现在分词与动名词作表语的区别。 现在分词表主语的性质特征, 其功能相当于形容词, 其 前可用程度副词加以修饰;动名词作表语表主语的身份、工作、职业,其功能相当于名词, 其前不能用程度副词修饰,可与主语掉换位置。例如: (1) The novel I borrowed from the school library is very moving.(现在分词) 我从学校图书馆借的那本小说非常感人。 (2) A nurse ant’s full job is laying eggs. (动名词) =Laying eggs is a nurse ant’s full job. 保育蚁的专职工作是产卵。 2) 现在分词与动词不定式作宾语补足语的区别。现在分词表宾语的动作正在发生或表宾语的 性质特征,强调动作的部分过程;动词不定式作宾补表宾语动作的全过程,不强调动作正在 发生。例如: (1) I find Lily watching TV in her room.(现在分词) 我发现莉莉在她房间里看电视。 (2) He felt the story you told very inspiring.(现在分词) 他觉得你讲的故事很鼓舞人。 (3) The teacher tell us to practice speaking English every day.(动词不定式) 老师嘱咐我们每天练习说英语。 二、巩固提高 I. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1. “We must keep a secret of the things here”, the general said, at the man in charge of the information office. A. discussed, stared seriously B. being discussed, seriously staring

C. to be discussed, seriously stared D. discussed, stared ( ) 2.The visiting Minister expressed his satisfaction with the talks, that he had enjoyed his stay here. A. having added B. to add C. adding D. added ( ) 3. the composition, John handed it to the teacher and went out of the room. A. Writing B. Having written C. Written D. Being written ( ) 4.Were you when you saw that wild animal? A. fright B. frightening C. frightened D. frighten ( ) 5.Properly with numbers, the books can be easily found. A. marked B. mark C. to mark D. marking ( ) 6.At this moment the bell rang the end of class. A. announce B. announcing C. announced D. to announce ( ) 7.He walked down the hills, softly to himself. A. sing B. singing C. sung D. to sing ( ) 8.I had to shout to make myself above the noise. A. heard B. hearing C. hear D. to hear ( ) 9.The graduating students are busy material for their reports. A. collect B. to collect C. collected D. collecting ( )10.The cars in Beijing are as good as those in Shanghai. A. produce, produce B. produced, produced C. produced, producing D. producing, producing 三、真题零距离 ( ) 1. If there’s a lot of work ______, I am happy to just keep on until it is finished. (2008·上海) A. to do B. to be doing C. done D. doing ( ) 2. Something as simple as ______ some cold water may clear your mind or relieve pressure. (2008·上海) A. to drink B. drinking C. to be drinking D. drunk ( ) 3. Ideally _____ for Broadway theatres and Fifth Avenue, the New York Park is a favourite with many guests. (2008·上海) A. locating B. being located C. having been located D. located

四、现在分词的完成时和被动式的用法 1、用法特点: 1)现在分词的完成式。现在分词完成式的结构是 having + past participle, 它常用作状语, 表示动作发生在主句谓语之前,或强调动作持续一段时间后,谓语动词才会发生,先后关系 较为明显。例如: (1) Having finished doing his homework, the child went out for playing football. 那孩子做完家庭作业后才出去踢足球。 (2) Having seen the answer to the problem, I thought of the way of solving it. 见到题目的答案,我才想起解题的方法。 2) 现在分词的被动式。现在分词被动式的结构有两种形式:一是一般式的被动式,其结构 为 being + past participle;二是完成式的被动式,其结构为 having been + past participle。一般 式表正在发生的被动行为,完成时表已经完成的被动行为。现在分词的被动式常作定语或状 语,它们都与主语存在逻辑上的被动关系。例如: (1) The building being built now is our new library. (一般式被动式作定语) 正在修建的那座楼房是我们的新图书馆。 (2) Having been beaten, the girl was black and blue all over.(完成式被动式作状语) 女孩挨打后,全身青一块紫一块。 2、语法关系:现在分词的完成时或被动式,无论作定语还是状语都可换成相应的定语 从句或状语从句。例如: 1) The bike being repaired in the repair shop is Li Hua’s. (作定语) =The bike which is being repaired in the repair shop is Li Hua’s. (定语从句) 正在修理店修理的那辆单车是李华的。 2) Having read English for half an hour, the student stopped to have a rest.(作状语) =After he had read English for half an hour, the student stopped to have a rest. (状语从句) 那位学生读了半小时的英语后,停下来休息了一会儿。 二、巩固提高 I. Transform the following sentences according to the requirements in the bracket. 1. The baby is being fed with milk. It was born last month. (合并为现在分词作定语) __________________________________________________________________________. 2. After she had read the instructions, the woman started to take medicine. (将划线部分改为分词) __________________________________________________________________________. 3. The patient having been operated on recovered well. (将划线部分改为定语从句) __________________________________________________________________________. 4. Having had his supper, the old man went out for walk. (将划线部分改为状语从句) __________________________________________________________________________. 5. The problem ___________ (put ) forward to at the meeting now is very difficult to deal with. (用所给动词的适当形式填空) II. Complete the sentences, using the present participle. The house _________________________ (在改建的) at present was set up fifty years ago. The recorder _________________________(已卖出去的) was made in Japan. ____________________________________(进行大量的研究后), the scientist set out to write his research paper. With his injured leg _______________ (在治疗), he had to lie on the bed. __________________________ (作完报告后),the professor from Shanghai International Studies University left the meeting place. III. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1.The meeting this evening is of great importance. A.holding B.held C.to hold D.to be held

) 2. —How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? —The key the problem is to meet the demand by the customers. A.to solving;making B.to solving;made C.to solve;making D.to solve; made ( ) 3.The computer centre, last year,is very popular among the students in this schoo1. A.open B.opening C.having opened D.opened ( ) 4.The man on now is my brother. A.to be operated B.being operated C.operated D.been operated ( ) 5.The first textbooks for teaching English as a foreign 1anguage came out in the 16th century. A.have written B.to be written C.being written D.written ( ) 6.The 0lympic Games, in 776 B.C,did not include women players until 1912. A.first played B.to be first played C.first playing D.to be first playing ( ) 7. The lady said she would buy a gift for her daughter with the . A.20 dollars remained B.20 dollars to remain C.remained 20 dollars D.remaining 20 dollars ( )8. With the money , he couldn't buy any ticket. A. to lose B. losing C. lost D. has lost ( ) 9. the office, the foreign visitors were shown round the teaching building. A. Having shown B. Showing C. Has shown D. Having been shown ( )10. He went from door to door, waste papers and magazines. A. gathering B. gathered C. gather D. being gathered 三、真题零距离 ( ) 1. ___ in the queen for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. (2008·福建) A. Waiting B. To wait C. Having waited D. To have waited ( ) 2. The country has already sent up three unmanned spacecraft, the most recent _____at the end of last March. (2007·山东) A.has been launched B.having been launched C.being launched D.to be launched ( ) 3. ______ into use in April 2000, the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns.(2005· 上海) A. Put B. Putting C. Having put D. Being put ( 五、过去分词作状语和定语的用法 1、用法特点:过去分词无论作状语还是作定语,都表被动、表完成,偶尔表状态。 1)状语。过去分词作状语主要是说明谓语动作发生的背景或条件,与句子主语有逻辑上的被 动主谓关系,表示原因、时间、条件、让步、方式或伴随情况等。这时的过去分词既可置于 主句前,也可置于主句后,常用逗号与主句隔开。例如: (1) Asked why he did it, the monitor said it was his duty. ( 表时间) 当被问及这件事时,班长说这是他的职责。 (2) Caught in a heavy rain, he was all wet. (表原因) 因为淋了一场大雨,所以他全身湿透了。 (3) Grown in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast. (表条件) 如果种在肥沃的土壤里,这些种子能长得很快。 (4) Defeated again, he didn’t lose heart. (表让步) 尽管再次被击败,但他没有灰心。

(5) He stood there silently, moved to tears. (作方式或伴随) 他静静地站在那里,被感动得热泪盈眶。 2)定语。过去分词作定语,单个的放在被修饰词之前,短语放在被修饰词之后,与被修 饰的词有逻辑上的被动关系。例如: (1) The injured workers are now being taken good care of in the hospital. 受伤的工人现正在医院受到良好的照料。 (2) Who were the so-called guests invited to your party last night? 昨晚被邀请参加你的晚会的那些所谓的客人是谁呀? 2、语法关系: 1)当过去分词作时间、原因、条件和让步状语时,分别可换成相应的时间状语从句、原 因状语从句、条件状语从句和让步状语从句。例如以上的 5 句分别可改为: (1) Asked why he did it, the monitor said it was his duty. ( 表时间) =When he was asked why he did it, the monitor said it was his duty.(时间状语从句) 当被问及这件事时,班长说这是他的职责。 (2) Caught in a heavy rain, he was all wet. (表原因) =As he was in a heavy rain, he was all wet.(原因状语从句) 因为他淋了一场大雨,所以全身湿透了。 (3) Grown in rich soil, these seeds can grow fast. (表条件) =If they are grown in rich sail, these seeds can grow fast.(条件状语从句) 如果这些种子种在肥沃的土壤里,它们就能长得很快。 (4) Defeated again, he didn’t lose heart. (表让步) =Although he was defeated again, he didn’t lose heart. 尽管他再次被击败,但他没有灰心。 2) 当过去分词作定语时,不管是单个的还是短语都可换成相应的定语从句。例如以上的两句 分别可改为: (1) The injured workers are now being taken good care of in the hospital. =The workers who were injured are now being taken good care of in the hospital. 受伤的工人现正在医院受到良好的照料。 (2) Who were the so-called guests invited to your party last night? =Who were the so-called guests who had been invited to your party last night? 昨晚被邀请参加你的晚会的那些所谓的客人是谁呀? 二、巩固提高 I. Transform the following sentences according to the requirements in the bracket. 1. Choked by the heavy smoke, he could hardly breathe.(将划线部分改为状语从句) _________________________________________________________________________. 2. This will be the best novel of its kind ever written. (将划线部分改为定语从句) _________________________________________________________________________. 3. If it had been given better attention, the accident could have been avoided.( 将划线部分改为 分词短语) __________________________________________________________________________. 4. The broken glass is my roommate, Hong Hong’s.( 将划线部分改为定语从句) __________________________________________________________________________. 5. If we are compared with you, we still have a long way to go. (将划线部分改为分词短语) __________________________________________________________________________. II. Complete the sentences, using the past participle.. Autumn comes near. There are ___________________________ (落叶) on the ground. The pupil ________________________________________ ( 被 带 到 老 师 办 公 室 的 ) is only nine years old this year.

The old man went into the room, _________________________( 后面跟着一条狗). _________________________ (如果多浇点水), these cabbages could have grown better. _________________________ (当被孤独地留在房间里时), the baby began to cry. III. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1.The result of the test was rather . A. disappointed B. disappointing C. being disappointed D. disappoint ( ) 2.I've never heard the word in spoken English. A. use B. used C. using D. to use ( ) 3. how to do the homework, I went to ask my teacher for help. A. Not to know B. Not knowing C. Knowing not D. Not known ( ) 4.Deeply , I thanked her again and again. A. being moving B. moved C. moving D. to be moved ( ) 5.With winter on, it's time to buy warm clothes. A. came B. comes C. come D. coming ( ) 6.______ the office, the foreign visitors were shown round the teaching building. A. Having shown B. Showing C. Has shown D. Having been shown ( ) 7.He went from door to door, waste papers and magazines. A. gathering B. gathered C. gather D. being gathered ( ) 8.The student corrected his paper carefully, the professor's suggestions. A. follow B. following C. followed D. being followed ( ) 9.People in the city do not know the pleasure of country life. A. live B. to live C. lived D. living ( )10.The foreigner tried his best, but he still couldn't make his point . A. understand B. understanding C. to understand D. understood 三、真题零距离 ( ) 1. More and more people are signing up for Yoga classes nowadays, ____ advantage of the health and relaxation benefits.(2005· 上海) A. taking B. taken C. having taken D. having been taken ( ) 2. The flowers ____ sweet in the botanic garden attract the visitors to the beauty of nature. (2004·上海) A. to smell B. smelling C. smelt D. to be smelt ( ) 3. The old man, ____________abroad for twenty years, is on the way back to his motherland. (2004·江苏) A. to work B. working C. to have worked D. having worked 六、过去分词作表语和宾语补足语的用法 1、用法特征: 1) 表语。过去分词作表语常表主语的状态或所具备的特征,其功能相当于形容词,其前可用 quite, much, very 等程度副词加以修饰。过去分词除作 be 动词的表语外,还可作 appear, feel, remain, seem, look 和 get 的表语。get 的常见的搭配有:get dressed/ hurt/ separated/ changed/ damaged/ burnt/ lost/ married/ drunk/ divorced 等。例如: (1) Our classroom is crowded. 我们的教室很拥挤。 (2) He told me that his father was dead drunk last night. 他告诉我他爸爸昨晚喝得烂醉的。 (3) Last month I got lost on the way to the county seat. 上个月,我在去县城的路上迷路了。 (4) I remained very tired though I had a rest. 尽管我休息了一下,但我仍然很疲劳。 (5) Children looked puzzled. 孩子们看起来迷惑不解。

2) 宾补。过去分词作宾语补足语一般都来自及物动词,表示被动意义或已完成意义,有时 候两者兼而有之。作宾语补足语的过去分词与宾语有逻辑上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词 动作的对象。英语中,带过去分词作宾补的动词不多,常见的如下:keep, leave, have, make, watch, notice, see, hear, listen to, feel, find, want, wish, like, expect, order 等。 例如: (1) Don't leave the windows broken like this all the time.不要让窗户一直像这样破着。 (2) The villagers had many trees planted just then.就在那时,村民们叫人种了许多树。 (3) When we got to school, we saw the door locked.当我们到学校时,我们看见门锁着。 (4) I want the suit made to his own measure.我想要这套衣服照他自己的尺寸做。 2、语法关系: 过去分词作表语与被动语态的区别。过去分词作表语与系动词被称作为“系表结构” ,表主语 的状态、特征,可用程度副词加以修饰,其功能相当于形容词,而被动语态则强调被动的动 作,其后可带 by 引进动作执行者,不能用程度副词加以修饰。例如: (1) All the doors are locked. 所有的门都是锁着的。 (过去分词) (2) He felt thoroughly broken down. 他觉得身体彻底垮了。 (过去分词) (3) The door was locked by our monitor. 门是咱们班长锁的。 (被动语态) (4) My desk and your desk are damaged by someone.(被动语态) 你的课桌和我的课桌都被人损坏了。 二、巩固提高 I. Fill in the blanks with the correct forms of the verbs given. 1. Hurry to turn off the gas. Your rice has got ____________. (burn) 2. We have had our recorder ____________. (fix) 3. The sergeant ordered the robber ____________ (take) to the police station. 4. I felt very ____________ (tire) after I had hiked a long time. 5. I found my door ____________ (unlock) when I went home. II. Complete the sentences according to the Chinese meanings. Her elder brother really got ____________ (醉了),didn’t he? I arrived at the school gate, only to find my purse ____________ (被偷了) When we heard his moving story, we were all very ____________. (受鼓舞) These children got ____________ (分开了) in the noisy street. We were ____________ (感动得) to tears when we saw the flood victims. III. Choose the best answer. ( ) 1.The scientists were waiting to see the problem . A. settle B. settled C. to settle D. settling ( ) 2.The ground is with leaves. A. covering, falling B. covered, falling C. covered, fallen D. covering, fallen ( ) 3.Lessons easily were soon forgotten. A. to learn B. learn C. learned D. learning ( ) 4.The wallet several days ago was found in the dustbin outside the building. A. stolen, hidden B. stealing, hiding C. stealing, hidden D. stolen, hiding ( ) 5.A person a foreign language must be able to use the foreign language all about his own. A. to learn, to forget B. learning, to forget C. to learn, forgetting D. learning, forgetting ( ) 6. different kinds of pianos, the workers farther improved their quality. A. To produce B. Being produced C. Produced D. Having produced ( ) 7.The students in the university are all taking courses a degree. A. coming to B. going to C. leading to D. turning to

( ) 8.Many things impossible in the past are very common today. A. consider B. considering C. considered D. be considered ( ) 9. many times, he still couldn’t understand. A. Having been told B. Having told C. He having been told D. telling ( )10.China is one of the largest countries in the world, 9.6 million square kilometers. A. to cover B. covered C. covers D. covering 三、真题零距离 ( ) 1. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English in a short period. (2007· 福建) A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve ( ) 2. Due to the heavy rain and flooding , ten million people have been forced _____their homes. (2008·上海春) A. leaving B. to leave C. to be left D. being left ( ) 3. Throughout history, the language _____ by a powerful group spreads across a civilization. (2008·上海春) A. speaking B. spoken C. to speak D. to be spoken


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