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高考英语写作话题4 保护环境专题作文


Protect the environment

ideas about environmental protection
? ? ? ? 1.protect our environment 2. prevent pollutions 3. Save resources 4. Wildlife protection

1. 1.protect our environment

? global concern ? get worse and worse/ ? get from bad to worse/ ? get more and more serious ? the destruction of our ? 3.环境的破坏 environment ? 4.改善环境刻不容缓 ? It’s high time that we did sth improve the environment ? raise awareness that ..of sth ? 5.提高..的意识 ? bear the responsibility to ? 6.承担保护环境的责 protect our environment 任 ? call on / call for/ appeal to sb to ? 7.呼吁某人做某事 do sth ? 1.全球的关注 ? 2.越来越糟

? 8.时间不等人 ? 9.努力做某事

? ? ?
? ? ? ? ?

? the clock is ticking ? make all efforts/ endeavor /make one’s utmost effort / go all out/try all means to do sth 10.采取行动/措施去? take action /take measures to do ? improve the present situation 11.改善目前的状况 ? pay attention to doing/show 12.关注 concern for sth ? cause harm/damage to 13.伤害/损害.. ? at all cost 14.不惜任何代价 ? so/as long as 15.只要 ? take the responsibility of doing 16.承担做某事的责任 sth 17.以牺牲..作为代价 at the cost/ expense of our ? environment

? 保护环境
? 环境污染 ? 释放有毒气体

? 受到严重污染
? 对…有害 ? (不)注意环保 ? 灭绝 ? 多植树

? 把垃圾分类
? 回收垃圾 ? 受益良多 ? 保持生态平衡

?Protect the environment ?Environmental pollution ?Give off/release poisonous gas ?Be seriously polluted ?Do harm to / be harmful to ?Pay (no) attention to ?Die out ?Plant more trees ?Sort the rubbish ?Recycle the rubbish ?Benefit a lot ?Keep the balance of nature

? 防止人们污染河流

? Prevent people from polluting the rivers

? In order to improve the ? 为了提高生活质量,环 quality of our life, it becomes more and 境保护变得越来越重要 more important to… ? 随着科技的进步,环境 ? With the development of science and 污染越来越严重 technology, more and more pollution is produced. ? 我们应该立刻采取措 ? We should take 施与污染作斗争 immediate action / steps to fight against… ? 唯有这种方式我们才能 ? Only in this way can we 享受新鲜空气,活得健 enjoy fresh air and live a healthy life. 康

Practice

?

1.近来环保已经引起了全球的关注。 Environmental protection has caused global concern recently. ? 2.我们应该马上采取措施来保护我们的环境免受污染。 It’s high time we took immediate measures to protect our earth from being polluted. ? 3.每个人都应该提高保护地球的意识。 Everybody should raise the awareness that it’s our duty to protect our mother earth. ? 4.你不难发现每个人都在伤害地球,然而他们可能自 己都没有意识到这一点。 You cannot difficultly see that everybody actually is causing damage to the mother earth, which , however, they may not be realizing.

? 5.无论如何我们不应该牺牲我们的环境来发展我 们的经济。 On no account should we develop our economy at the cost of our environment.
? 6.我们不能否认每个人都曾破坏过环境,所以我 们不能否认每个人都有责任来保护我们赖以生存 的星球。 We can’t deny that everybody has done something to damage the nature, so we can’t deny that everybody should take the responsibility for protecting our living planet.

? 7.随着世界人口的增长,我们的环境变得越 来越糟糕。
With the increase of the world population, our environment is getting worse and worse.

? 8.他们缺乏保护环境的意识。
They lack senses of protecting environment.

? 1.读写任务:阅读下面的短文,然后按照 要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

? Lakes, rivers and the air in many places in China are still polluted, some seriously, in spite of continuous efforts to control pollutions, a Chinese environmental official said on Tuesday. Zhang Lijun, Deputy Minister of Environmental Protection, said environmental protection department across the country should press enterprises harder on pollution control. ? The quality of the water sampled in almost a quarter of the monitoring stations set up along major rivers and in 28 major lakes averaged at level VI, which is too polluted to be used even for farm irrigation, while the air quality of 39.5 percent of 320 cities of prefecture level and above averaged level III or worse, according to a document circulated at the meeting. ? The Ministry of Environmental Protection was considering a policy to deprive polluting enterprises from enjoying favorable treatment in subsidies and taxation, usually given by investment-seeking local governments. ? Last year, 156 projects with a total investment of 473.7 billion yuan (US $69.28 billion) failed environmental evaluations due to potentially high energy consumption and pollution emissions, including many chemical and coal-burning plants. ? In 579 projects that passed the evaluation, with a total investment of 2.4 trillion yuan, clean production technology and facilities had been used to ensure the reduction of pollutants, such as sulfur dioxide, Zhang said.

? 写作内容 ? 以约30 词概括所阅读短文的主要内容; ? 以约120 词就“经济的可持续发展”发表看法, 内容包括: ? 请举例描述许多工厂或企业为了经济利益不顾环 保; ? 你对这些工厂或企业的看法; ? 请就“发展经济不应以牺牲环境为代价”展开论 述。 ? 写作要求 ? 作文中可使用自己的亲身经历或虚构的故事,也 可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文 中的句子。

2. prevent pollutions

? come to realize /be ? 1.意识到 aware of/ come to the understanding that ? 2.太污染了以至无法使用 ? be too polluted to be used ? air/water/soil pollution ? 3.空气/水/土污染 ? be seriously polluted ? 4.污染严重 ? control pollution/ ? 5.控制污染 pollution control ? press sb hard on ? 6.在….方面给某人施压 ? pollution emissions ? 7.排污 ? ensure the reduction of ? 8.确保减少污染源 pollutants ? 9.与污染做斗争 ? fight against pollution

? ? ? ?

10.减碳排放 11.全球气候变暖 12.人为 13.不要随地扔垃圾/吐痰

? ? ? ? ?

? 14.禁止滥用塑料袋 ? 15.禁止在公共场合抽烟 ? 16.改善我们的生活环境 ? 17.阻止某人做某事

? ?

? 18.减少使用一次性包装袋/容 ? 器/筷子

cut/reduce carbon global warming human activity don’t litter/ spit everywhere ban the abuse of plastic bags ban smoking in public improve our living conditions stop/keep./prevent/prote ct sb from doing reduce the use of single serving packages/ containers/ chopsticks

? 19.工业革命 ? 20.工厂排出的有害化 学品 ? 21.给汽车安装上控制 污染的装置

? industrial revolution ? harmful chemicals released from factories equipped cars with pollution-control devices

Practice

? 1.政府已经开始注意这个问题。 The government has begun to pay attention to the problem
? 2.为了保护环境,政府已经通过一些法规来阻止 人们乱扔垃圾。 To protect the environment, the government has passed laws to prevent people from throwing rubbish everything.

? 3.我们应该尽全力来处理污染问题,维护我们的 环境。
We should do our best to take care of the environment and pollution

? 2.读写任务.请根据题目要求完成写作任务。 ? 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150 词左右的英语短文。

? Throughout history man has changed his physical environment in order to improve his way of life. With the tools of technology he has changed many physical features of the earth. He has transformed woodlands and prairies into farms and made takes and reservoirs out of rivers for irrigation purpose or hydroelectric power. Man has also changed the face of the earth by draining marshes (排干沼泽)and cutting through mountains to build roads and railways. ? However, man’s changes to the physical environment have not always had beneficial results. Today, pollution of the air and water is and increasing danger to the health of the planet. Each day thousands of tons of gases come out of the exhausts of motor vehicles. Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surrounding areas of the countryside. The pollution of water is equally harmful. The whole ecological balance of the sea is being changed and industrial wasted have already made many rivers lifeless. ? Now environmental protection is more pressing than ever before. As we know, massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man’s existence. Indifference to these problems will mean committing suicide. Therefore, effective measures should be taken and laws passed to conserve environment. Otherwise, man is certain to suffer from the serious consequences caused by this lack of care for his living surroundings.

? 写作内容 ? 以约30和词概括短文的要点 ? 然后以约120词就“Saving Our city”这个主题写一 篇短文,至少包含以下的内容要点: ? 城市垃圾的危害:污染环境,有害健康 ? 你所在的城市如何处理垃圾的。 ? 写作要求 ? 1.以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的观点,也 可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文 中的句子。 ? 2.题目自拟

? The passage tells us that human has improved his living standard by altering the features of the earth, which has brought many benefits as well as harms to the environment. As a result, the environmental protection is more pressing than ever before.

3 Saving resources

? 1.自然资源的过度使用 ? The overuse of natural resources ? recycle natural resources ? 2.循环利用自然资源 ? save and treasure our ? 3.节约珍惜我们的资源 resources ? 4.没能做某事 ? fail to do sth ? 5.分类垃圾 ? sort rubbish ? 6.合理地处理垃圾 ? deal with rubbish properly ? 7.循环利用书和垃圾 ? recycle books/ trash ? 8.保护生态 ? protect the ecology ? 9.节约能源/水 ? save energy/ water ? 10.环保 ? go green ? 11.被…毁掉 ? be ruined with sth ? 12.骑单车上班 ? ride bicycles to work

? 13.开发可再生资源 ? 14.能源的消耗 ? 15.可持续发展 ? 16.环保产品 ? 17.环保地 ? 18.随着人口的增长

? 19.合理地利用水资源
? 20.照顾好我们的森林/ 耕地

? develop renewable resources ? energy consumption ? sustainable development ? eco-friendly products ? in an environmentally friendly way ? with the increase of pollution ? make proper use of water resources ? take good care of our forests/ farmland ?

? 21.环保的能源/产品/学? 校 ? ? ? 22.生态学校 ? 23.水的利用管理不善 ? ? ? 24.干掉 ? 25.对世界水的供应有 ? ? 压力 ? 26.水源短缺 ? ? 27.蓄水供农业使用 ? 28.依靠水供应的管理 ?

green/clean energy/ products/ school Eco-school water use has been poorly managed run dry/out put pressure on the world’s supply of water water shortage store water for agricultural use rely on/depend on the management of water supply

? ? ? ? ? ?

29.满足耕作的要求 30.灌溉用的水 31.水工程 32.为耕作提供水 33.水的配置 34.改善水利用的管 理

? meet farming requirements ? irrigation water ? water engineering ? provide water for farming ? water redistribution ? improve water use management

practice

? 1.象报纸和玻璃这样的垃圾应该回收。 Rubbish, such as old newspapers and glass, is recycled.

? 基础写作1 ? 全世界水源短缺情况严峻。目前超过335,000,000 人 没有足够的水使用。大多数居住在非洲和中东。研究表 明,到2025年,全球有大约30%的人面临缺水。除了目 前的28个国家,至少还有18个国家将出现严重的供水问 题。人们对水的需求持续增长,然而地球上的水不会增 加。水源短缺会引起健康问题,引起国际纷争,阻碍经 济发展。所以我们一定要节约用水。 ? 写作内容 ? 1.只能用5句话表达全部内容 ?

4 wildlife protection

? 1.灭绝

? 2.濒临灭绝

? 3.在野外 ? 4.导致人类的灭亡 ? 5.濒临灭绝的物种

? disappear /die out /become extinct /be driven to extinction /be wiped out / ? be threatened with complete extinction/be close to extinction /at a "high risk of extinction/ on the edge of extinction/ on the brink of extinction ? in the wild ? lead to the extinction of the human race ? endangered species

? 6.大量的

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

7.….的数目 8.面临….的威胁 9.毫不留情地 10.因为….被猎杀 11.导致 12.由于 13.面临许多威胁 14.巨大的挑战 15.存活下来

? thousands of /a (great) number of / quantities of/ vast quantities of / large numbers of /a large quantities of ? the number of ? be in danger of ? without mercy ? be killed for sth ? result in ? result from ? face many dangers ? an enormous challenge ? survive

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

? increase the chance of 16.增加某物生存的可能 survival of sth 性 ? certain kinds of a particular 17.某个物种的某些动物 species 18.在….有限制 ? There were restrictions on sth 19.大规模地 ? on a large scale 20.种类广泛的 ? a vast variety of 21.总体上 ? on the whole 22.适应在某个环境中生? be adapted to living in 存 specific environments ? The purpose of sth is to do 23.….的目的是做某事 sth 24.影响/保持自然生态的 influence /keep the balance of ? 平衡 natural ecology

practice

? 1.很多野生动植物已经死光,有一些正濒临灭绝,所 以很难保持大自然平衡。 Many wildlife have died out and some are in danger/ become endangered, so it’s hard to keep the balance of nature. ? 12.既然自然平衡已经遭受破坏,讨论谁是谁非已经 没有必要。 Now that the nature balance has been broken, it won’t be necessary for us to discuss whose fault it is.

? 基础写作1 ? 全世界水源短缺情况严峻。目前超过335,000,000 人 没有足够的水使用。大多数居住在非洲和中东。研究表 明,到2025年,全球有大约30%的人面临缺水。除了目 前的28个国家,至少还有18个国家将出现严重的供水问 题。人们对水的需求持续增长,然而地球上的水不会增 加。水源短缺会引起健康问题,引起国际纷争,阻碍经 济发展。所以我们一定要节约用水。 ? 写作内容 ? 1.只能用5句话表达全部内容 ?

? Throughout history man has changed his physical environment in order to improve his way of life. With the tools of technology he has changed many physical features of the earth. He has transformed woodlands and prairies into farms and made takes and reservoirs out of rivers for irrigation purpose or hydroelectric power. Man has also changed the face of the earth by draining marshes (排干沼泽)and cutting through mountains to build roads and railways. ? However, man’s changes to the physical environment have not always had beneficial results. Today, pollution of the air and water is and increasing danger to the health of the planet. Each day thousands of tons of gases come out of the exhausts of motor vehicles. Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surrounding areas of the countryside. The pollution of water is equally harmful. The whole ecological balance of the sea is being changed and industrial wasted have already made many rivers lifeless. ? Now environmental protection is more pressing than ever before. As we know, massive destruction of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat to man’s existence. Indifference to these problems will mean committing suicide. Therefore, effective measures should be taken and laws passed to conserve environment. Otherwise, man is certain to suffer from the serious consequences caused by this lack of care for his living surroundings.

? 写作内容 ? 以约30和词概括短文的要点 ? 然后以约120词就“Saving Our city”这个主题写一 篇短文,至少包含以下的内容要点: ? 城市垃圾的危害:污染环境,有害健康 ? 你所在的城市如何处理垃圾的。 ? 写作要求 ? 1.以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的观点,也 可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文 中的句子。 ? 2.题目自拟

? The passage tells us that human has improved his living standard by altering the features of the earth, which has brought many benefits as well as harms to the environment. As a result, the environmental protection is more pressing than ever before.


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