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河南省中原名校2017届高三上学期第一次质量考评英语试题(答案扫描版,详解)


中原名校 2016-2017 学年上期第一次质量考评 高三英语试题
(考试时间:120 分钟试卷满分:150 分) 注意事项: 1.本试卷分第 1 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分; 2.答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡的相应位置 3.全部答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效; 4.考试范围:高考全部内容。 第1卷 第一部分听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答 案 转涂到答题卡上。 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 5 分,满分 7 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出 最 佳选顼,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关 小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£19. 15 答案是 C。 1. What will the speakers watch today? A. The Storm. A. On the table. B. Football Stars. B. On the chair. C. Motorbike Journey C On the sofa 2. Where is the book with a red cover. 3. What did Katy do last Saturday? A. She had a tennis match 4. How does the woman feel now? A. Surprised B. Angry Puzzled B. She enjoyed concert. C. She went to a cafe B.£9. 18 C.£9. 15

5. What are the speakers talking about? A. An uncompleted building. B. An amusement park C. A fancy hotel. 第二节(共 15 小题:每小题 1 5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独自。每段对话或独自后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相位位置。听每段对话或独自前,你将有时间阅读 各个 小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独自读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6 What does the woman think of watching TV? A. Entertaining B. Informative C. Time-consuming 7 What does the woman hate? A. TV advertisements B. Bad news in newspapers C. Fashion pages in magazines 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. When did the man buy the mobile phone? A. About four days ago A. A new battery. B. About two weeks ago. C. About a month ago 9. What will the woman give the man? B. A special envelope C. A new phone. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What does the man think of his place? A. Unsatisfactory B. Well-equipped C. Affordable 11. What does the man want to do? A. Redecorate the house B. Move to a cheaper house C. Eat in an Italian restaurant 12. What does the woman suggest the man do? A. Turn to the newspaper. B. Look around himself C. Ask the manager for help

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Customer and waiter. B. Employer and employee C. Interviewer and interviewee B. Satisfactory. C. Awful 14. How does the woman feel about the man's work? A. Just so-so 15. Why should the man clear the plates as soon as possible? A. To let people have some space B. To give people space for dessert C. To welcome the following customers 16. What does the woman ask the man to do while he's walking around? A. Smile at customers B. Take away empty glasses C. Fill the water glasses quietly 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where can people make a steam-train journey ? A. In Scotland B B. In England C In Wales C Two hours 18. How long does the steam-train journey take from Fort William to Mallaig? A, One hour. One and a half hours. 19. What do we know about Go Wild adventure courses? A. They cost a lot of money. B They offer fun activities in 14 different places C. They need some safety preparation 20. What animal will visitors most probably see on the trips out to sea? A. Sharks B. Dolphins C. Whales 第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A. B.C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该顼涂黑。 A The Spotlightin Rio

Phelps puts spotlight on cupping(拔火罐) Olympic gold medalist Michael Phelps fed American swimmers t0 8 gofd medal in the 4xiOO-meter relay, but .what grabbed media attention and led to stories and photos around the globe were the purple and red circles on his back Michael Phelps of the USA is seen with red cupping marks on h/s shoulder as he competes during the 2016 Rio Olympics men's 200m butterfly in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil , Aug 8,2016 Chinese swimmer Fu Yuanhui goes viral Chain's women's swimmer Fu Yuanhui has created a sensation online not just by winning the bronze medal in the 1OOm backstroke competition, but also by her facial expressions during the post semi-final interview with China Central Television 'prehistorical power'." What she meant was that she had spared no efforts in the semi-final. Since then。 血e so-called "prehistorical power" has gone viral and become a new Internet meme Britain wins first Olympic diving gold in men's synchronized 3m springboard (男子双人 3 米 跳板) Britain's Jack Laugher and Chris Mears ended China's gold medal monopoly (垄断) over diving events at the R/o Olympics by winning the men's synchronized 3m springboard final On Wednesday, the country's first-ever Olympic gold medal in diving Laugher and Mears finished with a six-round total of 454.32 points, just 4.11 points ahead of silver medallists Mike Hixon and Sam Dorman of the USA at the Maria Lenk Aquatics Center. China's Cao Yuan and Qin Kai took the bronze with 443.70 points 21. What attracted media attention with Phelps' winning the gold medal A. His great leadership. B. His scars on his back. C. The cupping marks on his back. D. His achievements he made in the men's 200rn butterfly. (CCTV) on Monday When asked whether she held back for the final, Fu replied, "No, I utilized my

22. Which of the following is NOT the reason why Fu Yuanhui became the spotlight? A. Her devotion and determination to swimming. B. Her achievement in the 1OOm backstroke competition. C. Her facial expression during the post-semifinal interview. D, Her humourous reply to the reporter - so called "prehistorical power". 23. What can we learn from the third news? A. China didn't,t win any gold medals in diving events at the Rio Olympics. B. Britain became the gold medal monopolist of diving events at the Rio Olympics. C. Mike Hixon and Sam Dorman of the USA took silver with 447.81 points. D. Britain had never won the Olympic diving gold medal before the Rio Olympics. B Chances are that you've had to apologize plenty of times in your life. And there's a good chance that you've also expressed the phrase, "I never meant to hurt you." Stop doing that, says author Caroline Myss. In a talk Myss - a spiritual researcher - took on the topic of forgiveness and healing, and explained in no uncertain terms why "I never meant to hurt you" is never a sufficient apology, n。 matter who it comes from. "Picture that person coming up to you and saying, 'Wow, l'm sorry I did this, but, you know ,l never meant to hurt you. And, hey, can we just call it a day?"' Myss says. Though it can make the two bur\ the hatchet and keep friendship, that type of apology won't sit well with the person on the receiving end. "That whole little thing soul, that toxic (育毒的,中毒的 ) , sick feeling." Instead, Myss says it's important to approach the conversation differently. Basically, it's about offering more than an apology. It's about sharing a soul-to-soul confession (仟悔) . "Let's redo the scene," Myss says. "The person comes up to you and says... 'I need to tell you something. I consciously knew what I was doing. I know I went against you. This is not an apology. 1 am 'I never meant to hurt you' - that's the thing you can't forgive," she says. "It goes right to your

confessing my soul to you, and l'm asking now for your forgiveness."' Even saying those words on stages makes Myss visibly emotional, and she points out that this is how deeply apologies within the soul are supposed to resonate (引起共鸣) . "That's what heals," she says. A. B. c. D. ' . '

24. What does Myss think of the expression "I never meant to hurt you"? It must put the friendship to an end. It is a great way to express the apology. It doesn't have any effect on restoring the relation. It can't express the apology thoroughly and sincerely. B. make up D. accept the apology

25. What does the underlined phrase "bury the hatchet" mean? A. end the friendship C. bury the fighting tool 26. How should we apologize according to Myss? A. We should confess our faults and ask for forgiveness. B. We should say sincerely "I never meant to hurt you". C. We can go into a deep conversation to argue with our friend. D. We are supposed to make up with the other by giving some gifts to him. 27. What is the author's purpose of writing the passage? A. To encourage people to apologize first. B. To tell people how to apologize sincerely. C. To introduce the topic of forgiveness and healing. D. To explain why people can't say "I never meant to hurt you". C At a talk to some businessmen earlier today, one fellow asked me, "Would you give money to a homeless person, even when you know he's going to use it to buy alcohol?" I replied, "If all was giving was money, it'll be one thing. But for me, whenever I do give money, that's just the wrapping (包装纸) . The real gift is hidden inside - it's love. And l haven't ever found any reason to limit gifts of love " By the end of the night, I decided to get some pizza. In front of me in line was homeless-looking man. He was counting the few dollars bills in his hand, over and over again, .

until it was his turn to order. Just then, he told the young woman behind the counter, "I'II have the full cheese pizza." "Full?" she countered. "It's really big:' she added, although what she really meant to say is that it'll be too expensive for him. "Yeah, the full " "$18.65," she submitted. The bills he was counting weren't going to make it. I wasn't intending to get the whole pizza for him. But thinking back to my conversation with the business man, l realized that money was really just the wrapping. I made my move. "Can you charge that pizza with my order" I said to the cashier. "Really T' the homeless-looking man said. "Really?" the young woman behind the counter repeated. "Yes, really." That disheveled man and I had a sweet silent moment. To his silent question of why I was doing it, l added, "Just pay it forward for someone else." And he said, "Well, you know what? I was actually treating these five homeless guys out there." He was actually paying it forward, in the first place What an unexpected fortune to get a chance to be a part of a man's act of kindness. 28. What can we learn about the author from the first paragraph? A. He is wise and caring. C. He is selfless and straightforward. stupid. 29. What made the author decide to help the man? A. The request from the homeless-looking man. B. His sympathy for the homeless-looking man. C. His recalling the talk with the businessman earlier that day. D. The urgency from the young woman behind the counter. 30. Why did the homeless-looking man want to buy the whole pizza7 A. Because he was too hungry. B. Because he wanted to pay it forward. B. He is friendly and selfish. D. He is easy-going and

C. Because he wanted to treat his own five children. D. Because he wanted to help some homeless people. 31. What is the best title for the passage? A. Paying it forward C. A talk with a businessman D Zebra crossings - the alternating dark and light stripes on the road surface - are meant t。 remind drivers that pedestrians may be trying to get across. Unfortunately, they are not very effective. A 1998 study done by the Department of Traffic Planning and Engineering at Sweden's Lund University revealed that three out of four drivers maintained the same speed or even speeded up as they were approaching a crossing. Even worse? Only 5% stopped even when they saw someone trying to get across. Now a mother-daughter team in Ahmedabad, India has come up with a clever way to get drivers to pay more attention - A 3-D zebra crossing with an optical illusion (视错觉) . Artists Saumya Pandya Thakkar and Shakuntala Pandya were asked to paint the crosswalks by IL&FS, an Indian company that manages the highways in Ahmedabad. The corporation was looking for a creative solution to help the city's residents to cross the busy accident-prone (易出事故的) roads safely. Thakkar and Pandya, who had previously seen images of3-D zebra crossings that gave drivers the illusion of logs(原木)of wood on the streets in Taizhou, China, decided to test if a similar way would work in India. Sure enough, in the six months that the 3-D crosswalks have been painted across four of the city's most dangerous highways, there have been no accidents reported! The artists say that while it may appear that the zebra crossing could cause the drivers to brake suddenly and endanger the vehicles behind, such is not the case. Because of the way the human eye works, the illusion is only visible from a distance. As they get closer, the painting looks just like any other ordinary zebra crossing. The creators hope that their smart design will become increasingly common throughout India and perhaps even the world. So let's look for ward to it. 32. What can we learn from the first paragraph? B. Helping a homeless man D. Money was just the wrapping

A. Most drivers will slow down at zebra crossings B Common zebra crossings don't function well C Drivers have to stop when approaching zebra crossings D. About 95% of the drivers choose to speed up when approaching zebra crossings 33. Why do drivers seeing the 3-D zebra crossings slow down? A. Because the drivers consider the safety of pedestrians B Because the drivers mistake them for logs of wood On the streets C. Because the drivers are afraid of being fined for breaking the traffic rules D. Because the drivers don't want to brake suddenly and endanger the vehicles behind 34. The last paragraph is mainly about____ A. B. C. D. the theory of the 3-D zebra crossings the popularity of the 3-D zebra crossings the shortcoming of the 3-D zebra crossings the positive effect of the 3-D zebra crossings B Doubtful C. Approving D. Disapproving

35. What is the author's attitude towards the 3-D zebra crossings? A. Cautious 笫二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余 选项。 Every one complains is it ever helpful._36_Here are some tips to stop complauung and give up the negative thoughts: — 37 When you find yourself thinking or saying a negative comment about something or someone, stop and force yourself to say something positive instead. Seek the help of a cheerful friend to change you when you complain and help you to see the positive in the situation Make a list of things we are grateful for. We often complain about the things we don't have without noticing those things we already have Be grateful for what we have in our life because we are lucky simply for being ourselves.—38 一 Even if you argue that you are the happiest person in the world,

you still complain sometimes. Sometimes you complain: without even realizing il, but rarely

Learn to adapt to the changes. There are many things we can't change.__39__Aiways find the positive side of each situation, regardless of however difficult the situation is With parents' and friends' support, we can survive any life changes Al low yourself to vent(发泄)your feelings every once in a while. Constantly ignored negative thoughts could add up If you are really going through a rough time, don't be afraid to share your feelings with a close friend or family member or see a therapist Find what makes you happy. _40_ Maybe it is time to make the hard decision to move on to another job or career. Uncover what your biggest complaints are about and see if you can change the situation∞ make you happy. Choose happiness, focus on the positive, and be kind always! A. Change the way you think B Make positive people friends C E G complain. 笫三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A. B.C 和 D)中,选出可以填入 空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The best and only thing we can do is to accept them Sometimes this list can be easy, full of hobbies you enjoy Set down things we are thankful for and we'll see that we don't have any reason to D Are you constantly complaining about your present job? F. So how can you manage to force yourselves to end complaining?

I realize that we all live in a world where trust is in short supply. I' seems that everywhere I go, I have to any office I have 41 my identity and trustworthiness-whether it's a bank ,shop or

Been accustomed to living by the 42

that no one is trustworthy 43 rule

proved otherwise.

Yesterday l saw a young man who lived by a totally 44 1 was waking along a busy intersection when I 45 pedestrian crossing setting up a stall (货摊) . 46 But I noticed this young man was to see how he sold his teddy bears The mother asked the note and 50 48 47

a young man standing near。the

I would ignore and hurry past such sellers

so I stood for some time without crossing the street

Soon , a young mother with a little boy came by and the child set his 49

on one of

and it was only one dollar. She pulled out a lo dollar 51 back . I was

told the young man that she was giving him 10 dollars and wanted the 52 to know how he was going to do it He told the mom to put the 子) hanging around his neck and take out whatever change he 54 l realized that this young man's whole mode of earning 55 cheat him .There was no of earning l was so 57 Now l 59 56 her 53

in the pouch(袋

.on trusting people not to

for him to know if someone took out more out of his pouch

by how this young man trusted people that I bought a car model from .I just hoped to help a little

him I did not need it, 58

believe that the world would be a better place if we could all learn to 60 B. present B habit B. since B. different B. noticed B. Normally B handsome B bears B interest B stall c. prove D. request D. law D. unless D. common D. looked D. Casually D. strange D. pouches D. attraction D. help C although C. special C. watched C. Informally C. disabled C toys C heart C toy

others more, like the young blind street seller of toys 41. A. introduce 42. A. rule 43. A. if 44. A. similar 45. A. approached 46. A. Actually 47. A. blind 48. A. clothes 49. A. mind 50. A. price C practice

51. A. money 52. A. anxious 53. A. hand 54. A. gave 55. A. depended 56. A. problem 57. A. attracted . 58. A. either 59: A. firmly 60. A. take in

B charge B. surprised B money B owed B. settled B point B shocked B. instead B. tightly B. turn to

C change C. pleased C teddy bear C owned C. decided C way C excited C. moreover C unwillingly C help out

D. note D. curious D, necklace D. showed D. focused D. doubt D. touched D. though D. negatively D. believe in

第Ⅱ卷
第三部分英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分) ,

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形 式。 Whenever I use public transport and if l get 3 place to sit ,l offer that seat to someone who 61 (need) it more than I, especially to the elderly ,to women or someone 62 (desperate) looking for8 seat . I have made habit of saying "Thank you" to those 63 sacrificing their places for the fellow passengers on public transport So many times I 64 like Wildfire .I have seen that people around us get 65 (inspire) after seeing our kindness example, showing kindness behavior and they themselves also start behaving similarly,66 in offing their places and adjusting 67 things give huge joy and 68 Every human being has out open to Behave in a way that is already so natural within us (please) (come) (experience) that showing kindness in public places spreads are

(they)to others. Observing and experiencing such

I keep thinking that goodness will spread around the world through these ways. 69 pure soul having all goodness , but the only need is 70

第四部分写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除 或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下砸写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均限一词: 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Deal Tom, I am glad to hear that you are going to Canada to study . So I was writing to tell you anything about this country . Locating in North America, Canada is the second large country with the largest number of lakes in the world . The majority of people lives in the center of the country . However ,I suggest that you chose to study in the east, because there are many international students here and the tuition is lower. During your study , you can take the part in more activities after class ,where you can make more friends from different country. In this way ,your life will rich and colourful. Hope you will have a wonderful life there. Yours, Li Ming 第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是高三学生李华,进入高三后学习很紧张,压力很大,学习效果不好,尤 其是英语最差。请你用英文给你在美国上大学的笔友 John 写信介绍现在学习中的困难 和压力,并寻求学习英语的建议。 注意:1.词数 100 左右: 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3.信的开头和结尾己为你写好,不计入总词数。

Dear John How are you getting on these days?

Looking forward to your reply Yours sincerely Li Hua


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