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2019-2020学年高中英语 Unit 9 Wheels 4 Car Culture巩固提升训练 北师大版必修3

2019-2020 学年高中英语 Unit 9 Wheels 4 Car Culture 巩固提升

训练 北师大版必修 3
一、下面的句子给出了某个单词的使用环境,请用正确的单词补全句子

1The
get. 答案 amount

of something is how much there is,or how much you have,need,or

2A
number. 答案 figure

is a number representing an amount,especially an official

3If you say that someone is

to something,you mean that they like

it very much and want to spend as much time doing it as possible. 答案 addicted

4If you

that something bad,unpleasant,or embarrassing is true,you

agree,often unwillingly. 答案 admit

5The people who
there. 答案 occupy

a building or a place are the people who live or work

6We use
done. 答案 somehow

to say that we cannot say how something was done or will be

7You use

in order to indicate that it does not matter which of the

possibl e happens or is chosen. 答案 whichever

8If something

you,it is convenient for you or is the best thing for

you in the circumstances. 答案 suits 二、选择适当的短语,并用其正确形式完成句子
stress out be related to carry on be addicted to give up think about get stuck in pick up

1This company has now introduced a policy that pay rises
performance at work. 答案 are related to

2You’re quiet what are you

?

答案 thinking about

3A good business friend of mine said that if you cannot run your business in three

days you should

.

答案 give up

4When you

something,whether it’s a substance,an

activity or a person,it seems as if nothing can replace it. 答案 are addicted to

5Though tired and hungry,Mike 答案 carried on

until he finished his work.

6I often 答案 get stuck in

the traffic jam on my way to school.

7He had promised me to

me

at the airport.

答案 pick;up

8It must be

that the development at the cost of environment

will severely punish human beings. 答案 stressed out 三、用括号中所给单词或短语翻译下列句子

1 健康的饮食有助于降低患心脏病的风险。(cut the risk)

答案 Healthy eating can help cut the risk of heart disease. 2 与发达国家相比,我们还有很长的路要走。(compared to)

答案 Compared to developed countries,we still have a long way to go. 3 从那以后,参加 GRE 考试的人增加了 20%。(the number of,go up)

答案 Since then,the number of people taking GRE has gone up by 20%. 4 他们承认要学的东西还有很多。(admit)

答案 They admitted they still had a lot to learn.
5 每晚充足的睡眠对你的身体健康很重要。(amount)
答案 A good amount of sleep every night is important to your health.
6 他们只会发布合他们意的消息。(suit)
答案 They will only release information if it suits them.
7 事件发生在距他所站位置大约 500 米远的地方。(take place)
答案 The incident took place about 500 metres from where he was standing.
8 人们不能理解或者欣赏我们所经历的。(appreciate,go through)
答案 People do not understand or appreciate what w e go through. 四、阅读理解
(导学号 58030025) (2017·全国Ⅱ卷) Terrafugia Inc.said Monday that its new flying car has completed its first flight,bringing the company closer to its goal of selling the flying car within the next year.The vehicle —named the Transition — has two seats,four wheels and wings that fold up so it can be driven like a car.The Transition,which flew at 1,400 feet for eight minutes last month,can reach around 70 miles per hour on the road and 115 in the air.It flies using a 23-gallon tank of gas and burns 5 gallons per hour in the air.On the ground,it gets 35 miles per gallon. Around 100 people have already put down a $10,000 deposit to get a Transition when they go on sale,and those numbers will likely rise after Terrafugia introduces the Transition to the public later this week at the New York Auto Show.But don’t expect it to show up in too many driveways.It’s expected to cost $279,000.And it won’t help if you’re stuck in traffic.The car needs a runway. Inventors have been trying to make flying cars since the 1930s,according to Robert Mann,an airline industry expert.But Mann thinks Terrafugia has come closer than anyone to making the flying car a reality.The government has already permitted the compa ny to use special materials to make it easier for the vehicle to fly.The Transition is now going through crash tests to make sure it meets federal safety standards. Mann said Terrafugia was helped by the Federal Aviation Administration’s decision five years ago to create a separate set of standards for light sport

aircraft,which are lower than those for pilots of larger planes.Terrafugia says an owner would need to pass a test and complete 20 hours of flying time to be able to fly the Transition,a requirement pilots would find relatively easy to meet.

1What is the first paragraph mainly about?
A.The basic data of the Transition. B.The advantages of flying cars. C.The potential market for flying cars. D.The designers of the Transition. 答案 A 解析主旨大意题。第一段主要介绍了飞行汽车 the Transition 的座位、轮子、可折叠的机 翼、飞行的速度、燃油状况等基本的数据,因此 A 项正确。

2Why is the Transition unlikely to show up in too many driveways?
A.It causes traffic jams. B.It is difficult to operate. C.It is very expen sive. D.It burns too much fuel. 答案 C 解 析 推 理 判 断 题 。 根 据 第 二 段 的 “But don’t expect it to show up in too many driveways.It’s expected to cost $27 9,000.”可知 ,飞行汽车 the Transition 价格昂 贵,买家不多,路上少见。因此 C 项正确。

3What is the government’s attitude to the development of the flying car?

A.Cautious.

B.Favorable.

C.Ambiguous. D.Disapproving.

答案 B

解析推理判断题。根据第三段的“The government has already permitted the company to

use special materials to make it easier for the vehicle to fly.”可知,政府对此项

目 给 予 支 持 , 持 赞 同 的 态 度 , 故 B 项 正 确 。 cautious“ 谨 慎 的 ”;favorable“ 赞 同

的”;ambiguous“模棱两可的”;disapproving“不赞同的”。

4What is the best title for the text?
A.Flying Car at Auto Show B.The Transition’s First Flight C.Pilots’ Dream Coming True D.Flying Car Closer to Reality 答案 D 解析主旨大意题。第一段介绍了这种飞行汽车完成了第一次试飞;第二段介绍已经有大约 100 人交了购买定金;第三段提到了政府对此的支持;第四段介绍了让飞机投入使用的改良 办法以及对飞行员的要求等。纵观全文,这种飞行汽车投入使用的可能性越来越大,因此 D 项正确。 五、短文改错
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Uncle Marion was one of my mother’s younger brother.He has been died for a
year.When I was a teenager,he taught us how to hunt in the New Jersey woods used the hours before dawn.We usually left home at three o’clock in the morning,stayed in local restaurant for breakfast,and then travel on to one of his hunting destinations.Just after dawn,he would find the right spot in the woods.He would show me how not to make a sound and a movement.Though I never hunt ed an animal successful,I learned to be brave and patiently through the experience.
答案

Uncle Marion was one of my mother’s younger brother

.He has been

died

for a year.When I was a teenager,he taught us

how to hunt in the

New Jersey woods used

the hours before dawn.We usually left home at three

o’clock in the morning,stayed in

local restaurant for br eakfast,and then

travel

on to one of his hunting destinations.Just after

dawn,he

would find the right spot in the woods.He would show me how not to make a sound

and

a movement.Though I never hunted an animal

,I learned to be

brave and patiently

through the experience.


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