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英语课程实施方案


仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

英语课程实施方案

英语教研组撰写人员:

Alfred

中学

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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

牛场中学英语课程实施方案

一、 初中英语学科发展现状分析 ㈠
教材不适应农村实际情况 在新课程标准的要求下,目前云南省昭通市所有中学都使用仁爱版初中英语教材,该 教材的特征是板块结合新颖、内容生动有趣、联系设计灵活、口语训练充分、知识背景广 博,的确是一本好的教材。但它对昭通市下的农村中学英语教学却有很大的不适应性。首 先,教材内容起点高,按照新课程要求,小学从三年级开始必须开设英语课,因此中学一 年级的新教材是在学生已经学过四年英语基础上进行设计的。而从 2015 年前小学毕业的 农村学生都没有接触过英语课,也就是包含现在的农村初中生和正在小学读书的五六年级 学生。 这样使得多数学生一开始就感觉学习英语十分费劲, 很快就失去了学习兴趣。 其次, 内容量大且过于新颖,生词量大。新教材涉及的城市生活的内容太多,很多农村学生视野 小,知识面窄,他们根本不知道新教材中所提到的语言知识如电脑网络,旅游,科技等, 这无疑又增加了他们学习英语的难度。另外每个单元至少都有二十多个生词,对农村学生 来说由于起点低,学习起来很困难,记忆方面会比较薄弱。这都不利于教师进行有效的教 学。



英语教师方面的专业知识和技能限制 我市农村中学教师队伍的整体素质近年来有了很大的改观,基本适应了原来的英语教

学体系,但面对新的课程体系他们不仅在教育理念上没有完全转变过来,专业知识、专业 技能上也存在较大的缺陷。面对新的情况,在教学实际中往往是“穿新鞋走旧路”。而新
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

课程培训起到的作用是有限的, “多理论,少实践;多城市,少农村”无疑是教师的一 个难题。毕竟农村的学生知识面窄,很多东西都是懵懂,教师要生动形象的去说课就一定 要费很大的努力把课文的知识点反复查阅,花足心机去备课。



农村中学生的学习基础差 由于农村生活水平比较低下,导致很多学生的启蒙教育不够好,基础不扎实,学习风

气不好,接受能力薄弱,思维不够活跃。他们对英语既好奇又学习不入脑,认为上课听明 白,完成作业就可以了。其实英语不像汉语,有太多语法点,而且单词并不是汉语那么容 易记。加上由于经济问题,很多学生都只有课本,没有工具书和复习资料等。还有农村的 孩子多为内向型。这些不利因素都导致农村中学生对英语的学习兴趣提不起,缺乏学习动 力,因此英语水平慢慢的变低下水平。

二、 初中英语学科发展目标
以素质教育和全面培养学生的综合能力为目标,以“基础实、技能多、素质好、适应 快”为原则,转变教育教学观念,为培养新世纪高素质人才打下坚实的基础。建成一支能 适应全面素质教育、适应新世纪高素质人才培养要求的师资队伍。

㈠ 创设有特色的学科教学
1、以活动为突破,用兴趣作指南 。 为培养学生的学习兴趣,提高同学们学习英语 的积极性,可以组织全校性的英语竞赛系列活动。内容包括: 英语词汇竞赛、英语口语比 赛等。通过这一系列活动,不仅为学生提供了在生活中应用英语的机会,也使他们提高学 习英语的兴趣。 2、开展各式英语学科活动,穿插于教学当中。在日常教学的过程中尝试多种形式的 英语学科教学小活动。例如:开展课前两分钟的英语小演讲,利用零碎的时间开展英语阅 读,朗读,以及英语小游戏等活动。

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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

㈡ 教师专业发展
促进学科的发展,关键是提高教师的专业发展水平。因此我们要以教师主动发展为核 心,通过 2—3 年的努力培养出更多的骨干教师。 1、加大教师素质培养的力度。提高和完善教师自身的知识水平和知识结构,了解专 业领域内的发展情况。 2、努力打造开放式、研究型的教师队伍。 在科组内营造相互听课,相互评价的积极 的教研氛围。 3、充分发挥学科带头人的作用。教研组组长要发挥领头羊的作用,使教研组内研究 的氛围形成并稳定发展。鼓励中青年教师奋发图强,不断进取,提高教学科研能力。争取 在职称评定,论文发表等方面获得较好成绩。

三、 初中英语单元教学目标
㈠仁爱英语九年级上册

Unit 1 The Changing World Topic1 Our country has developed rapidly . Section A
Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词: proper, by the way, bell, grandpa, chairwoman, grandson
2. 学会区别 have been to 与 have gone to

Ⅱ、学习重点及难点: 了解并掌握现在完成时的基本用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测: 自学第 1 和第 2 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1. 变化的世界_________________2. .巨大的变化 ______________________ 3.越来越漂亮______________ 4.. 如此(那么)多的人___________________ 5. 拍照__________________
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Step3. 精讲点拨: 1. 语法重点导入(根据句意在横线上填入谓语动词的适当形式) 1. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground now. 2. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground yesterday. 3. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground when I saw him yesterday. 4. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground every day. 5. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground tomorrow afternoon. 6. He ______________ (play) soccer on the playground for a long time. 注意(6)句中的时间状语,看 P118 现在完成时讲解, 总结现在完成时用法 总结:(1) 现在完成时的构成是---________________________ 看 P140-142 过 去分词表。 (2) 经常搭配的时间副词有: just, already, yet, ever, never, before… (3) 现在完成时句型转换 写出(6)句的否定句:______________________________________________ 写出(6)句的一般疑问句并肯定回答:_________________________________ 写出(6)句的划线提问句:___________________________________________ 写出(6)句的反意疑问句:_______________________ (4) 观察 1a 中出现的现在完成时的句子并翻译理解 1. You have just come back from your hometown. 译:_____________________ 2. Great changes have taken place there. 译:_____________________________ 3. My hometown has become more and more beautiful. 译:_________________ 4. Where have you been? I have been to Mount Huang with my parents. 译:_______________________________________________________ 5. Where’s Maria? She has gone to Cuba to be a volunteer. 译:______________ (5) 现在完成时考点:have / has been to --- have / has gone to 练习:参看 P118 现在完成时讲解,完成 P2(2) 区别:have / has been to 表示曾经______________,现在_____________; have / has gone to 表示已经______________,现在______________.
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

说明:have (has) been to

表示曾经到过某地,而现在人已回来。 表示现在还在那里, 表示到某地去了,人已不在此地。

have (has) been in have (has) gone to Step 4. 典题训练.

一.选择:1. Tom _________ to China three times. A. has been 2. ------A: ____the USA? A. Have you ever gone to C. Have you ever been to 3. -------A: Where is Peter? Do you know? -------B: Sorry , I don't .But I think he ___the library. A. has been to B. have gone to C. has gone to B. has gone C. have been

------B: No, never. B. Do you ever go to

二.用词的适当形式填空 1. We ____ (clean) the classroom already . We ____ (clean)the classroom yesterday afternoon . 2.He ____ not ____( post) the letter yet . He ____ not ____ ( post)the letter an hour ago . 3 .A:____ your uncle ____ (arrive) in Beijing yet ? B:Yes, he ____ . A:When ____ he ____ (arrive) ? B:Three days ago . Step5. 归纳小结: 总结 have been to 与 have gone to 的区别; 归纳现在完成时的时间状语。 Step 6. Homework. 看 P118 现在完成时讲解, 总结记忆现在完成时用法。

Section A 第
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词: proper, by the way, bell, grandpa, chairwoman, grandson 2. 学会区别 have been to 与 have gone to Ⅱ、学习重点及难点: 了解并掌握现在完成时的基本用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测: 自学第 1 和第 2 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1.长假过后_______________________2.从…回来_____________________ 3.发生____________4.提高我的英语水平________________________. 5.顺便问一下___________6.我感觉不舒服________ 7.患感冒_____________8.很长时间_____________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. Great changes have taken place there. 形式 点拨:change 有名词/动词两种词性,名词词意是_________/__________等; 动 词词意是_________ take place --- 发生、举办,指非偶然性事件的―发生‖,即这种事件的发 生一定有某种原因或事先的安排 区别:happen --- 发生、碰巧,一般用于偶然或突发性事件 注意:take the place of…--- 取代某人的位置 练习:a. Jason _______________________ Miss Li to teach us French next term. b. The Olympic Games of 2008 __________________ successfully in Beijing. c. What _________________________ to you yesterday? 2. But there were so many people that I couldn’t find a proper place to take photos. 思考:so…that…意思是__________,引导_______状语从句 思是_______,引导_______状语从句
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注意:taken 是 take 的______________

区别:so that…意

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

练习:a.为了拍照,他爬得很高。_______________________________________ b.他爬得那么高,以至于能拍照。______________________________

3. There goes the bell. 译: _____________________________ 提前引起的__________句

思考: 这是个 there

回忆:副词 here, there 提前到句首要引起主谓倒装,但是当主语为人称代词时 不倒装。 练习:a. Here comes the No.31 Bus. 译:________________ b. There they are. 译:___________________ c. Jim 跑过来了。译:_____________________ d.他跑过来了。 译:____________________________ Step 4. 典题训练: 补全对话 A: Hello, Wang Hongqi. (1)________________? B: I have been to an English training school to improve my English. What about you? A: I have just come back from Canada. My father has worked there for a long time. B: (2)_____________________? A: I went there a month ago. B: (3)_________________________? A: No, I have never been there. B: (4)_______________________? A: Wonderful. I like living there. The people there are very friendly. I have made many friends there. I like the food there. By the way, have you ever been abroad? B: (5)_______________, but I want to go abroad very much. My English is poor. A: Study hard, next year, let’s go to Canada together. B: Thank you. I’ll study harder. Step5. 归纳小结:
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

总结现在完成时的用法。 Step 6. Homework. 完成练习册 Section A .

Section B 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学 习 新 单 词 : shut, rope, granny, describe, in detail, education, develop, development 2. 了解中国青少年过去生活与现在生活的不同。 Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:继续学习现在完成时的用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 3、4 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1.参加…___________________2.为…打扫房间_________________________ 3.一段多么美好的经历啊!____________________________ 4.从…学到很多___________________________5.网上聊天_______________ 6.一篇有关青少年的文章_______________7.过着艰苦的生活___________ 8.详细地描述…________________9.为贫困家庭提供帮助_______________ 10.受到很好的教育________________________ Step3. 问题导学:读 1a,回答下面的问题 1. Has Maria taken part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays? __________________________ 2. What has she done? _________________________________________ 3. What does she think of it? ______________________________________ Step4.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. You have taken part in some volunteer activities during the summer holidays, haven’t you? 思考:haven’t you? 构成了句子的_____________部分
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

2. What a wonderful experience!

同义句:How _______________________

3. Though I had no time to travel, I still felt very happy.思考:你能将上句改为用 but 的形式吗?________________________________________________ 看课本 P105 注解并总结:though 和__________引导______________从句,语 气较弱,不与__________连用; _____________和_______也用于引导_________从句, 带有强调的意味, 语气较 强。 4. Is that so? 区别:Is that all? 链接:a. Do you think it’ll rain soon? I think so. b. Do you believe China will become No.1 in the world one day? I believe so.拓 展:我希望如此________________ 我猜是这样的_________________ 注意:I hop not. __________________ I don’t think so._________________ 5. In order to help support their families, they had to be child laborers. 思考:你能将上句改为…so that…形式吗? ____________________________ 总结:in order to + 动词原形,在句子中做目的状语;so that 后面引导的是目 的状语从句 练习:为了赶上早班车,他们起得很早。 a.______________________________ b.____________________________________________________ Step 5.典题训练: 1. 练习: 根据时间状语的变化写出谓语动词的不同形式并完成后面的反意疑问 句。 a. He ____________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the last summer holidays, ________________? b. He ____________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the next summer holidays, ______________? c. He ___________(take) part in some volunteer activities during the summer
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

holidays every year, ________________? 2.感叹句转换练习: a. 多么狭窄的公路啊! What___________________________________! How___________________________________! b. 多么艰苦的生活条件啊! What___________________________! How__________________________________! Step6. 归纳小结: Step 7. Homework.. Write an article about teenagers nowadays. / /

Section C 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词及短语: communication, quick, keep in touch with, far away, sort, rapid,
progress, make progress, already, succeed

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2. 进一步学习现在完成时的用法。 Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:继续学习现在完成时的用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 5、6 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1.艰苦的生活条件________________2.高大而明亮的楼房________________ 3.有机会干…_________________4.接受良好的教育____________________ 5.与…保持联系___________________6.远方的亲戚_____________________ 7.变得更加高大明亮___________________________ 8.享受更加多样的业余活动_________________________________ 9.不但…而且…________________10.另外还有_________
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

11.变得更加简单而快捷______________12.记住过去____________________ 13..立足现在__________________14.展望未来__________________ Step3. 问题导学:读 1a,回答下面的问题 (1) How about Beijing’s roads in the past?_____________________________ (2) Could most families get enough food in the past?_______________________ (3) Why didn’t the children have a chance to go to school?__________________ Step4.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. Usually, a big family were crowed in a small house. 点拨:crowd --- 拥挤, 挤,聚集(动词);人群,群众;一群(名词) --- 拥挤的(形容词) 注意:拥挤的交通不能直译为 crowded traffic, 而是__________ traffic 2. Life was so hard that people had no time or money to enjoy leisure activities. 思考:你能将上句改为 too…to 形式吗? Life was _______ _______ _______ people ______ _______ time ________ money to enjoy leisure activities. 3.China has developed rapidly since the reform and opening-up. 点拨:since --- 从…以来 (介词+连词) ,是使用现在完成时的标志词,上面句 子中的 since 是_____词 注意:since 后面的时间短语是过去的时间,后面的句子要使用过去时 4.There are more kinds of food and clothes to choose from. 点拨:choose from…--- 从…中选择 --- ___________ (名词) 思考:to choose from 在句中做______________语 5. Beijing has made rapid progress and it has already succeeded in hosting the 2008 Olympic Games. 链 接 : succeed( 动 词 )---____________( 名 词 )---______________( 形 容 词)---_______________(副词) 点拨:succeed in (doing) sth. --- 成功地做了某事
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crowded

链接:choose ---___________(过去式)

拓展:fail (in) sth.---

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

___________ / fail to do sth. --- __________ 6. What be sb. / sth. like…? --- …怎么样?(询问人/物本身固有的品质,特征) 练习:过去新乡的气候如何?经常刮风。____________________________ 区别:What does sth. / sb. look like? --- …看起来怎样?(询问人/物的表 象) 练习:Tom 长得如何?他又高又壮实。______________________________ 区别:How is / are sb. / sth.? --- …怎么样?(询问人/物目前的状况) 练习: 你妈妈近来怎么样?很好。__________________________________ 点拨: happen to sb. / sth. --- 某人/物发生某事 sth. do sth. --- 某人(偶然)做某事 Step 5.典题训练: 练习:a. I _______________ ( be ) like this since last month. b. He ____________ (teach) us since I _________ (come ) it this school. c. They _____________ (keep ) in touch with each other since they __________ ( meet ) the first time in Beijing. Step6. 归纳小结: 拓展: happen to sb.

Step 7. Homework. Write a passage on ―Changes in My Hometown‖ according to the report above. Eighty words at least.

Section D 备课人: Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词及短语: war, note, composition, consider, draw up, tool, thanks to 2.复习总结现在完成时的用法。 Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:总结现在完成时的用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 7、8 页的内容,并写出下列英语。
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审稿:严磊



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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

1.be very popular with…______________________ 2.be excited at their visit______________________ 5.看露天电影__________________________________ 6.更喜欢在家看电视____________________________ 7.去电影院看电影______________________________ 8.去滑旱冰____________________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. First, consider it carefully. 点拨:consider --- 考虑 链接:同义词组是---_______________

总结: 考虑做某事---consider doing sth. 练习:我在考虑换工作的事。___________________________________ 2. Thanks to the government’s efforts… 点拨:thanks to --- 多亏,由于 区别:thanks for --- 为…而谢 练习:a. Thanks to your help, I could finish my work on time. 译:___________________________________ b. Thanks for helping me finish my work.
译:___________________________________

Step 4.典题训练:1.用词的适当形式填空: (1) A: (2) I (3) My mother (4) A: Where’s Maria? (5) Lily you (make) your bed? (water) the flowers already. (work) in the hospital for twenty years. B: She Beijing twice. to the library. B: Yes. I have.

(6)I ____ never ____ (speak) to a foreigner. (7) – ____ Tom ____ (return) the library book? ---When ___ he ___ (return) it? ---Half an hour ago. (8) I ____ (not finish) my homework yet.
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---Yes, he has.

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

(9) He ____ (study) at this school for two years. (10) –Where’s your mother? 2. 单项选择 1. ____ the help of the government, the poor children can get ____ good education. A. Under; a B. With; a C. Under; an D. With; an
--She ____ (go) to hospital.

2. ---___ he ever ____ abroad? ---No, never. A. Did; go B. Have; been C. Has; been D. Has; gone

3. Though it was so cold, ____ he went out without a coat. A. but B. or C. so D. /

4. ---Hello, this is Lily’s speaking. Can I speak to Mr. Lee? ---Sorry, he’s ____ to Tianjin. A. been B. gone C. went D. go

5. Our job is ____ the children. A. look after B. looks after C. to look after D. looked after

6. ___ her efforts, the projects will be a success. A. Thanks B. Thank C. Thanks to D. Thank to

7. Mary ____ just ____ to New York. She’ll not be back until next Monday. A. have; been B. has; gone C. have; gone D. has; been

8. I ____ afraid of the dark, but now I don’t. A. use to B. used to C. use to be D. used to be

Step5. 归纳小结:

Step 6. Homework. Imagine what our country will be like in 2050, and write an outline.

Topic 2 China has the largest population .
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Section A 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词及短语: yet, probably, call up, European, population, recent, because of, policy, neither 2.学习掌握下列有用句子:(1) So do I. (2) Neither do my parents. Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:继续学习含有―just‖, ―never‖, ―yet‖, ―ever‖ and ―already‖ 的现在完成时。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 9 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1.不再____________________.2.迷路,走散_______________ 3.倒霉_______________4.给他打个电话______________________ 5.这么个地方____________________________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. I have just called you, but you weren’t in. 点 拨 : call --- 给 … 打电话 /____________/_____________ in --- 在家 = _________ 链接:不在家--- _________ 链 接 : 给… 打电话还可以 说: ____________ 6 课时

练习:昨天他给我打电话时我不在家。_______ he ________ me yesterday, I _______ ________. 2. I’ve never been there before, but I don’t want to go there any more. 点拨:before --- 以前 (表示时间),在句中是副词(不是连词或介词),模糊时间 状语,表示到说话时间为止之前发生的事,大多使用完成时态 点拨:not...any more = no more --- 不再… (强调程度) 链接:not ...any longer = no longer --- 不再… (强调时间) 练习:a. He is no more angry with me. = _______________________________________________
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

b. Hurry up, or we won't wait for you any longer. =_____________________________________________ 3.---I really hate to go to such a place. ---So do I. 结构是:so + be

点拨:So do I. --- 完全倒装句,含义是:A 如此,B 也如此 / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语

拓展:上述结构的否定形式为:Neither / Nor + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主 语 --- A 不是这样,B 也不是这样 Step 4.典题训练: ( 一 )a. He likes playing the piano, __________________. (她也是) b. They are interested in Chinese culture, ________________. (我们也是) c. Tom can work out the difficult problem, ________________. (我也能) d. He has been to Beijing before, __________________. (他弟弟也去过) e. I am not good at singing, ________________________. (他也是) f. I have never been there, _________________________. (他也是) ( 二)选用所给单词或词组填空 already, yet, ever, never, have been to, have gone, have been in 1. Tom has _____ finished his homework. Now he is playing football on the playground. 2. Have you _____ been to the Great Wall? 3. She hasn’t come back ____. 4. I have ____ heard of that before. It is so strange. 5. He has ____ eaten chocolate, has he? 6. Has he kept the book ____? 7. –Have you seen the film? ---Yes. I have ____ seen it. 8. ____ you ever ____ Hainan? 9. How long _____ you ____ this city? 10. Mr. Wang isn’t here. He ____ Shanghai.
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Step5. 归纳小结:

Step 6. Homework. Make five sentences. Use the present perfect tense with the words ―just‖, ―already‖, ―yet‖, ―ever‖, ―never‖.

Section A 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词及短语: yet, probably, call up, European, population, recent, because of, policy, neither 2.学习掌握下列有用句子:(1) So do I. (2) Neither do my parents. Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:了解并讨论中国人口 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 10 页的内容,并写出下列英语。 1.在(两个中)另一张照片上_____________________ 2.我爸爸的家庭照片___________________________ 3.至少三四个孩子_____________________________ 4.在那个时候_______________________________ 5.发生______________ 6.近年来_________________ 7.很大的发展__________________________________ 8.因为计划生育政策___________________________ 9.过去常常…___________________ 10.对某人要求严格_____________________________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. It seems that their living conditions were not very good. Their living conditions didn’t seem to be very good.
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7

课时

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

回忆 seem 的三个结构--a.It seems that + 句子 词短语 c.主语 seem + to be / to do 练习:他好像不在家。 a.______________________________ c.________________________________ 这天似乎要下雨了。 a.______________________________ c.________________________________

b.主语 seem + 形容词/名词/介

b._____________________________

b._____________________________

2. China had the largest population in the world and it was not well developed. 点拨:population --- 人口,居民,其修饰词是:large 和 small 用 many 和 few !!! 总结:询问和回答人口常用句子是 --- What’s the population of…? population of… 练习:--- 中国有多少人口? _____________________________ 3. ---No one likes ―Little Emperors‖. ---Neither do my parents. 巩固:a.你不是工人,他也不是。_____________________________________ b.---他们昨晚没去电影院。---我也没去。_________________________ c.---Tom 以前没去过网吧。---我也是。___________________________ 拓展: neither 和 either 的区别 → neither --- (两者中)没一个 任何一个 both --- ___________ / either…or… / both…and… either --- (两者中) --- …have a 切记:不要

固定搭配:neither…nor… Step 4.典题训练:补全对话

A: Hello, (1)__________________Kate? B: Sorry, she isn’t in right now. Is that Susan speaking? A: Yes. Who’s that? B: This is Mike. (2)___________? A: Fine, thanks. Can I leave a message? B: Of course. (3)_________, please. I’ll go and get a pen.
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

(Soon Mike returns.) B: OK, please. A: I’d like to ask her if she will go to the English party next week. Will you please tell her to call me back when she returns? B: No problem. (4)_______? A: It’s 78340631. B: OK. Bye-bye! A: Thanks. (5)______________. Step5. 归纳小结:

Step 6. Homework. 完成练习册

Section B 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词: increase 2.学习掌握下列有用句子:(1) It says the world has a population of 6.5 billion. (2) It is increasing by 80 million every year. (3) Which country has the largest population? (4) —What’s the population of the U.S.A.? —It’s… (5) So it is. Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:了解数字的表达 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 11、12 页的内容,并写出下列英语. 1.一份有关人口的报告__________________2.65 亿人口__________________ 3.增加 8 千万_________________________4.美国的人口__________________
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8

课时

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

5.发展中国家_____________________6.发达国家_______________________ 7.另外________________________8.快速增长_________________________ 9.执行计划生育政策___________________10.控制人口数量______________ 11.543.7_____________________________ Step3. 问题导学:读 1a,回答下面的问题 1. What does Kangkang think of the population of the world? _______________ 2. How is the population of the world increasing every year? ______________ 3. What about the population of China? __________________________ 4. What’s the population of India? _________________________________ 5. What’s the more serious problem in developing countries? ____________ 6. How does China control the population? _______________________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. And it is increasing by 80 million every year. 点拨:increase by --- 增加了… 拓展:increase to --- 增加到…

练习:a. Our pay has already increased by three times. 译:_______________________________________________ b. Our rice output has increased to 6 million tons this year. 译:_______________________________________ 2. It shows that the population in developing countries is larger than that in developed countries, doesn’t it? 思考:你能解释一下句中的两个 that 吗? (1)______________________________ (2)__________________________ 3. ---The population problem is more serious in developing countries. ---So it is. 点拨:So it is. --- 半倒装句,含义是:A 的确如此 / 助动词 / 情态动词 练习:a.--- I think Tom can work out the problem. --- So he can. 译:________________________________________ b. --- It’s a fine day today. ---____________________. (的确是这样)
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结构是:so + 主语 + be

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

c. --- They have just finished their homework. --- ____________________. (的确是这样) 注意:完全倒装句和半倒装句是重要考点,一定要观察,理解并会使用! Step 4.典题训练: 阅读对话,用所给动词的适当形式填空 A: Where (1)_____ you ____ (go) this morning? B: I (2)______(go) to a shopping center. A: (3)_____ you ____ (buy) anything? B: No, I bought nothing. There (4)_____ (be) too many people in the shop. My son got lost in the shopping center. A: Really? Have you (5)____ (find)him yet? B: Yes, I have. I really hate shopping. There are too many people. A: That’s true. What happened to your son? B: I (6)______ (take) him shopping with me. He moved faster than me. A few minutes later, I didn’t (7)_____(know) where eh was. He was lost. A: (8)_____ (be) he afraid? B: Of course. He (9)_____ still _____(cry) when I (10)_____ (find) him. He said he didn’t want to go shopping again. Step6. 归纳小结: Step 7. Homework. Write a report about the population of China in the future.

Section C 第 Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词: difficulty, be short of, so far, take measures to do sth., percent 2.学习掌握下列有用句子:(1) … and about one fifth of the people in the world live in China. (2) … our government has taken many measures to control the population.
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9

课时

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

(3) Thanks to the policy, China is developing quickly and people’s living conditions are improving rapidly. Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:强化练习现在完成时的用法和高位数的表达法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 13、14 页的内容,并写出下列英语. 1.大约五分之一的人______________2.更少的生活空间__________________ 3.带来很多其它的困难__________________4.能源短缺__________________ 5.到目前为止________________6.采取很多措施________________________ 7.be known as…______________8.work well in doing…___________________ 9.多亏了这个政策_________________10.一条很长的路要走______________ 11.成为最严重的问题之一__________12.面临严峻的人口问题____________ 13..增长得越来越慢_______________14.五分之二的…___________________ 15..成功地解决…________________16.处理这些问题_________________ Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. What problem do you think China’s large population has caused? 点拨:cause --- 带来,引起,导致 点拨:do you think 在句中做插入语 2.…and about one fifth of the people in the world live in China. 点拨:one fifth --- 五分之一 分子大于一,分母用复数 试 一 试 : 1/2_______________ 1/3_________________ 2/3________________ 3/4_________________ 特殊情况:(a) half______________ / a quarter________________ 拓展:几分之几的… --- 分数 + of … 练习:a. Two fifths of the students ____________ (be) from Europe. b. Two fifths of water ____________ (be) from the river. 3.For example, we are short of energy and water. 点拨:be short of --- 缺乏… 拓展:be short for…--- 是…的缩写
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同义词组:bring about

分数表达口诀:分子基数词,分母序数词,

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

4.Most cities are more crowded than before, and the traffic is much heavier.点拨: crowded --- 拥挤的 heavier --- 更繁重的 much___________比较级 5. So far, our government has taken many measures to control the population. 点拨:so far ---到目前为止, 常与现在完成时一起使用 练习:a. So far , I ______________ (make) several good friends in my school. 思考:句中 more __________比较级;

b. So far, China ___________ (have) the largest population in the world. 6.It has worked well in controlling China’s population. 点拨:work well in (doing) sth.--- 在做某事方面很有成效 --- _______________=be good at… Step 4.典题训练:单项选择 1. What has ____ the world’s population? A. happening to B. taking place C. happened to D. taken place 区别:do well in…

2. Hi, Li Hong, Xiao Gang has ____ called you. Where have you been? A. just now B. now C. just D. never

3. –Do you know ____ the population of China was in 2005? ---I have no idea. A. that B. how much C. what D. how many

4. In our class ____ of the students are girls. A. three fifths B. three fifth C. third three D. third fifths

5. The population of the two villages ____ les than two million in 1999. A. are B. is C. were D. was

Step6. 归纳小结:

Step 7. Homework.完成练习册。

Section D 第
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10 课时

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Ⅰ. Aims and demands 学习目标: 1. 学习新单词: unless, couple, a couple of, market, excellent, keep up with, relation, belong to 2. 复习现在完成时及―just‖, ―yet‖, ―already‖, ―ever‖ and ―never‖的用法: (1) have/has been to… (2) have/has gone to… Ⅱ、学习重点及难点:强化练习现在完成时的用法。 Step 1. 导入。 Step 2. 自学检测:自学第 15、16 页的内容,并写出下列英语. 1.不到 600 人______________________ 3.住得很远__________________ 5.很多名胜古迹____________________ 7.故宫______________________ 9.跟上,赶上____________________ 2.互相帮助__________ 4.一段悠久的历史_____ 6.长城____________ _ _____ _____ ____

8.颐和园_____________________ 10.belong to…_________________

Step3.精讲点评(在文中划出下面的句子并翻译) 1. I live in a small mountain town called Fairmont. 点拨: called Fairmont --- 过去分词短语作后置定语, 还可以替换为: named / with the name of 练习:那个名叫 Jim 的男孩是我弟弟。The boy _______ ________ is my brother. 2. I can’t go shopping in big stores unless I travel for a couple of hours. 点拨:unless = if … not 同义句转换:

______________________________________________________________ 点拨:a couple of…= a few, several --- 一些,几个(修饰可数名词) 拓展:a couple of…--- 一对儿,夫妇(多用来指人和动物) 区别:a pair of…--一对儿(多用来指不能分开的物品) 3. People have to study and work hard to keep up with the quick development of modern society. 点拨:keep up with ---(保持)跟上,赶上
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区别:catch up with --- (从落后到)跟

仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

上,赶上

思考:come up with???

Step 4.典题训练:单项选择 1. The population of the two villages ____ les than two million in 1999. A. are B. is C. were D. was

2. China’s population is the ____ in the world now. A. most B. largest C. more D. much

3. We won’t wait for you ____ you come here on time. A. if B. when C. unless D. till

4. ___ Lily ____ Lucy may go with you because one of them must stay at home. A. Not only; but also B. Neither; nor C. Both; and D. Either; or

5. ---Lily’s not visited any places of great interested in China. ---____. A. So has her twin sister B. Neither is her twin sister C. So her twin sister has

D. Neither has her two sister 6. ____ the overpopulation, we are short ______ energy and water. A. Because; with B. Because of; of C. Because of; on D. Because; in

7. The train goes _____. A. faster and fast B. fast and faster C. faster and faster D. fast and fast

8. Little Kate went to school _____ it rained heavily yesterday. A. though B. if C. but D. since

9. ---When ____ you ____ the factory? ---Last week. A. did; visit B. have; visited C. are; visiting D. will; visit

10. Hi, Li Hong, Xiao Gang has ____ called you. Where have you been? A. just now B. now Step6. 归纳小结: C. just D. never

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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

Step 7. Homework.完成练习册。

Unit1 Topic3 第 1 课时 课题:The world has changed for the better SectionA
学习目标 1 学习含有 for 和 since 的现在完成时 2 学习派生词的构成 3 学会关注和描述 社会发展变化。 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 和 3 学习难点:延续性动词和非延续性动词 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导: :
一. 读 1a,回答问题 1. How long has Helen been in New York? ________________________________ 2. What does Helen think of living in New York? _________________________________ 3. How is the traffic in New York? ______________________________________ 4. How were the streets in the past? __________________________________________ 5. Why does Helen advise Bob to come to New York for a visit? _________________________ 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.在电话中交谈___________________________ 2.很长时间____________ 3.那里的交通_____________ 4.很快习惯…_____________________________ 5.过去常常是…___________ 6.改善很多____________ 7.几年前__________________________________ 8.过去________________
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仁爱版九年级上册英语教学案

9.相当安全_______________ 10.事实上_______________________________ 11.来参观一下___________________________ 12.亲眼目睹…___________________________ 13.做个报告________________14.照顾_____________ 15.一个热心人____________________________ 16.form new words_________________________ 17.add prefixes and suffixes_______________________ 18.try to list more words__________________________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析

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1. How do you like living there? 同义句:What __________________________________________________? 练习:你认为长城怎么样?a._______________________b.________________________ 2. But I heard that the traffic there was terrible and almost everyone drove too fast. 点拨:hear---听见+宾语,听说+宾语从句 到…的来信 思考:2 句中的 heard 在此意思是__________, 后面是 that 引导的___________________ 巩固: I have never heard of the singer from Africa. 译: a. ______________________________ b. Helen couldn’t hear anything because of her illness. 译: ________________________ c. We haven’t heard from him for a long time. 译:______________________________ 点拨:the traffic there---那儿的交通,there 在此做 the traffic 的后置定语 练习:the food there_______________ 那儿的生活_____________________ 北京的天气 ______________________ 点拨:drove too fast---开车太快 总结:我们学过的表示“快”的单词有:fast, quick 和 拓展:hear of…---听说 hear from…---收

rapid 区别: 1)表示人的动作之迅速,三者都可用,有时可换用。 如: a fast / rapid / quick worker 一个____________的工人 a fast / rapid, quick / typist 一个 ___________的打字员 2) fast 表示“快”,侧重指速度方面。 如:a.She ran as fast as she could. 译:___________________________________ b.You are reading too fast for me to follow. 译:________________________________ 注意:询问速度或表示钟表走得快等,通常用 fast。 如:a. _________ ___________is the fish swimming? --- 这鱼游得有多快? b. My watch is________ _________ _______. --- 我的表快 5 分钟。 3) quick 通常表示某一动作来得突然或时间持续很短, 有时还含有匆忙之意(但通常 不指动作的频率)。 如:a.He gave her a quick kiss. 译:__________________________________ b. He had a quick look at it. 译:__________________________________

c.She _______ ____ _______ ___________ and rushed off to work. --- 她匆匆吃了早餐 就赶去上班。 注意:催人快做(快走等),通常用 quick。 如:快点!--- ________________ 4) rapid 比另外两词要稍正式些,通常指突然或急速(且连续不断)的动作。 如:a. He asked questions in rapid succession(连续).--- 他连珠炮似地发问。 另外: rapid 还有一个特殊用法,即指一种有益的高速度(相比之下,fast 和 quick 有时

指无益的急速)。 如:He has made rapid progress in English recently. 译:____________________________ 3. You will get used to it very soon if you come. 译:_______________________________ 点拨:get(be) used to---习惯于,to 在这里是介词 是不定式符号 练习:a.我们将很快习惯北京的生活。We ________ soon ________ _______ ______ the life ______ _________. b. 他 已 经 习 惯 步 行 上 班 了 。 He _______ already ________ ________ _______ _________ to work. c.他过去常常开车上班。He ________ ________ __________ by car. 4. They used to be, but the city has improved a lot since I came here a few years ago. 译:_____________________________________________________________________ 思考:since 在句子中做_______词,后面只能使用________________时态 四.填写 1c 的空格,分析现在完成时中 since 和 for 用法的不同 for + _____________的时间;since + _______________的时间 五.仔细阅读 P121-122 英语构词法,写出 P18(3)中单词的意思 区别:used to---过去常常…, to 在这里

三: 归纳总结 本课重点学习了————————————————————— 四:自我检测题: 一,单项选择。 ( )1 How do you like _____at this school? B to study C studies D studying

A study (

) 2 I heard the traffic was ________and everyone drove too________

A Terribly , quick B terribly, fast (

C terrible, fast

D terrible quickly

)3 Lucy and Lily _______China for 5 months. B have been in C have been to D have gone to

Ahas been in (

)4 He _______to school by bike, but now he ________to school on foot. B used to go , D gets used to go D get used to going , used to go

A used to going, gets used to go C used to go , gets used to going (

)5 Isn’t it very cold in winter there?________It’s very warm. B No, it isn’t C Yes , it was D N o , it wasn’t

A Yes, it is

二 句型转换。 1My father used to play cards. (改为否定句) My father __________ _________to play cards.

2 How do you like the film?(同义句转换) _______do you _______ ________the film? 3 I have been here since I came here two years ago.(对划线部分提问) ____________ ______________have you been here? 4 As a matter of fact ,he is always ready to help others.(同义句转换) _________ __________, he is always ready to help others.

(B) 根据句意,用所给单词或词组的适当形式填空。 mention, homeless, at home and abroad, get used to, in need 1..It’s reported that there is a wonderful program to help ________ people return to work. 2.He tried to find out the problems ________ in the article. 3.Project Hope has raised much money from people ________. 4.Sooner or later I think you will ________ working here. 5.A friend ________ is a friend in deed. Ⅱ.英汉互译。 分) (5 1.As a matter of fact, it is a program that helps homeless people. ___________________________________________________________

2..You shouldn’t leave. You’d better see it for yourself. ___________________________________________________________ 3.她来北京 3 年了。 (用 for) ___________________________________________________________ 4.他们力争让流浪儿童重新过上正常的生活。 ___________________________________________________________ 5.大多数人因气候寒冷而生病。 ___________________________________________________________ 6..多亏了这个节目____________________ 7..说出两者的不同___________________ 8.因为腿伤________________________ 三. 读 2b,用 for 和 since 填空并总结非延续性动词(短暂性动词)和延续性动词之间的 转换规律

Unit1 Topic3 第二课时 课题:SectionB
学习目标: 1 继续学习含有 since 和 for 的现在完成时, 进一步了解现在完成时与一般过去 时的区别。 2 学习合成词的构词法。3 学会关心他人,让世界充满爱。 学习重点:现在完成时和一般过去时的区别 学习难点:一般过去时中终止性动词和现在完成时中延续性动词的转换。 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:
一. 读 1a,填写 1b 的空格 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 .给我看一片有趣的文章______________

2.无家可归的人______________________ 3.数百人_______________ _4.重新工作_____________ 5.过正常生活_________________________ 6.发现需要帮助的人__________________ 7.选定适当的方式____________________ 8.medical treatment___________________ 9.给他们提供住处____________________ 10.对自己有信心_____________________ 11.change for the better________________ 12.according to the conversation above___ a.die --- be dead b.leave---__________________ c.come to---___________________ d.join…---_____________________ e.buy---___________________ f.borrow---______________ 拓 展 : a.finish --- be over d.become---be b.begin/start---be on c.get to/reach/arrive in---be in/at _

练习:观察 2b 中的句子,将下面一般过去时的句子转换为现在完成时 a.The meeting finished a moment ago. →____________________________________ b.The film began 5 minutes ago. →________________________________________ c.They got to the airport an hour ago. →____________________________________ d.He became a doctor 5 years ago. →_______________________________________ 四.在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1. It is about a program that helps homeless people. 译:_______________________ 点拨: program --- 节目,组织… 注意: 在此引导了一个定语从句, that 修饰前面的 program

练习:a.That is a serious problem that makes us worry about. 译:_______________________

b.He came up with a good way that helped him solve the problem successfully. 译:________________________________________________________ 2.Once they find people in need, they decide on suitable ways to help them. 译:____________________________________________________________ 点拨:once --- 一旦…就…(连词),引导时间状语从句,从句中用一般现在时表示将来 点 拨 : in need --- 在 困 难 时 , 在 贫 困 中 danger______________ 点 拨 : decide on --- 决 定 , 选 定 某 事 sth.---__________________________ 练习: a.一旦她来到这儿, 请拨打 1598 找我。 _______ she __________ here, please ________ ______ ______ 1598. b.一旦你遇到危险,请拨打 110 报警。_______ you’re ____ ________, please call ______ __________ at 110. c.We should provide help for people in need. 译:____________________________ d.They decided on the best way to solve the problem after the meeting. 译:_________________________________________________________ e.As there wasn’t enough time, they decided to start at once. 译:__________________ 链 接 : decide (not) to do 链 接 : in trouble______________ in

3.The program also provides them with houses. 译:________________________________ 点拨:provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb.--- 给某人提供某物 同义句转换:The program also _________________________________________________. 练习:a. 超市应该为我们提供各种健康食品。Supermarket should __________ us ______ _______ ____ healthy food. b. 120 必须为病人提供及时的救助。120 must __________ help _______ the patients ______ _________. 4. It trains them so that they can find jobs again. 译:______________________________ 思考: that…意思是_________,引导____________从句, so 同义词组是__________________ 练 习 : They started early so that they could get there on time. 译 :

___________________________________________ 同义句转换: ________________________________________________________________ 链接:so…that…意思是_________,引导__________从句, 同义词组是: too…to… 反义词组 是: enough to… 练习:a.The boy is so young that he can’t look after himself.---________________________ b.The film is so interesting that it makes us laugh.---___________________________ 5. I think it is important for these people to feel good about themselves. 译:______________________________________________________________________ 点拨:feel good --- 感到愉快(有信心) 链接:feel well--- 感觉(身体)好 feel good about oneself---自信(自我感觉良好)

注意:well 在此是形容词,相当于:fine / healthy

6. He has been away from the army for nine years because of a leg wound. 译:______________________________________________________________________ 点拨:be away from---离开,不在某地(延续性) 点拨:because of---因为 (后跟原因状语) 点拨:a leg wound---腿伤 区别:leave---离开(短暂性) 区别:because---因为 (后跟原因状语从句)

思考:眼伤---__________________

同义句转换:He _________ the army nine years ________ _________ he had ________ _________ ___________. 练习:a. 因为流感,他两天没去上学了。 He _______ ________ _______ ______school ______ two days ______ ____ the flu. b. 因为下大雨,他们一星期没出门。 They _____ _____ at home _______ ____ ______because of _____ _______ _______

三:归纳总结:本课学习了———————————— 四:自我检测题: 1 单项选择。 ( )1 ________you get lost, please call me . A Though ( B Until C Before D Once

)2Please ________the poor people ________some food and clothes.

A Provide ,for (

B provide, with C provide, of p D rovide, from

)3 Oh, you’re late again, The film _______for twenty mintutes. _What a pity! A Has begun B began C has been on D ha ve been on

(

)4The old photo makes me ________my childhood. A Think of B think over C thinking of D thinking over

(

)5 I must go home now, I have been away from home________

A Since 9 o’clock B for two hours ago C for 9 o’clock D at 9 o’clock ( )6 I think ______is necessary _________him the news. A T hat, to tell ( B this , telling C i t ,to tell D it, tell

)7 The government helped the _______people build the house. B disabled C homely D homeless

A Disable (

)8We haven’t ___a plan。Could you give us some advice? B decided to C decided with D decide on

A Decided on (

)9My grandpa ________for seven years. --------I’m sorry to hear that. B dead C has been dead D has died

A Died (

)10 The boy always feels good about ___________ B his C him D himself

A He

Unit1 Topic3 第 3 课时 课题:SectionC
学习目标:1 谈论社会服务机构,使学生对其有简单的了解和认识。 2 谈论一下社会热点话题,增强学生的同情心和社会责任感。 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 学习难点:someone 和 anyone 辨析 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:
一. 先试着回答 1a 的两个问题再读 1a

二. 读 1a,完成 1b 三. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.be famous for its success in doing…______________________ 2.重新过上正常的生活________________ 3.把钱借给他们______________________ 4.租公寓房__________________________ 5.给他们的孩子买衣服________________ 6.a special program___________________ 7.流浪儿童________________________ 8.与此同时_________________________ 9.学习厨技__________________________ 10.完成他们的培训___________________ 11.严格遵守制度_____________________ 12.携带毒品______________ _13.偷东西____________ 14.不遵守其它的制度_________________ 15.一个成功的好机会_________________ 16.像其他孩子那样生活______________ 17.complete the following tasks___________ 18.the purpose of this passage___________ 19.描述…的生活_____________________ 20.列举两个其它的问题_______________ 21.解决这些问题___________________ 22.过幸福的生活(2)___________________ 23.残酷的战争______________________ 24.提供暖和的住房___________________ 25.享受社区服务_____________________ 26.受到良好的教育___________________

27.世界卫生组织_____________________ 28.中国少年儿童基金会_______________ 29.国际红十字会_____________________ 30.中国青年志愿者协会_______________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.It is famous for its success in helping homeless people return to a normal life. 点拨:success in doing --- 在干…方面的成功 练习:a. I wish you success in passing the driving exam. 译:___________________________ b. China’s success in hosting 2008 Olympics makes Chinese people proud. 译:_________________________________________________________ 总结: successful(形容词) in doing…= do…successfully(副词) = succeed(动词) in doing…--be 成功地做某事 练习:他们已经成功地通过了考试。 a.____________________________________________ b._______________________________________________ c.______________________________________________ 2.The food is prepared, cooked and served by the street kids.译: __________________________ 点拨:is prepared, cooked and served ---被动语态 by --- 被,由…(后跟动作的发出者)

练习:a. The big dinner was cooked by mother. 译:__________________________________ b. The classroom is cleaned by the students every day. 译: ________________________

三:归纳总结-——————————————————————
四 自我检测。 1 单项选择。 ( )1 Were you _______the task? A Successs in finishing C succeessful to finish ( B successful in finishing D succeeded in finishing

)2 Have you ever ________anything? __No ,never. A Stol en B stole C steals D steal



)3If_______disobeys the school rules. He wiss be punished. A All B both C anybody D somebody



)4 He never misses a good chance ________his English. A Practice B practicing C to pratice D practiced



) Every day, many people lose their jobs, and I think it is ________them to find new jobs 5 in a couple of weeks. A Easy for B difficult for C easy of D difficult of

2 补全对话。 A Hello, Emma, have you ever been to Qingdao? B Yes,I have. A How many times have you been there? B________________________________ A Only once?When did you go there? B Two years ago. A _____________________________________ B Great! It is a very beautiful place, especially the beaches and the waves. A_______________________________________________ B Of course I did, I went swimming in the sea every day. Sometimes we went boating. A Have you done any other water sports? B _________________________________________ A Surf? How did you learn to surf? B I learned it from my uncle before I came here. A_________________________________________ B Yes ,I’d love to.I’ll teach you how to surf next summer holiday. Each nation has many people who help to take care of others. For example, some high school and college students in the U.S.A. often spend many hours as volunteers in the hospitals, orphanages (孤儿院) or rest homes. They read books to the people in these places, or they just visit them and play games with them or listen to their problems.

Other young volunteers go and work in the homes of people who are sick or old. They paint, clean up or repair their houses, do their shopping or mow (割,修剪) their lawns. For boys who no longer have fathers, there is an organization called Big Brothers. College students and some other men take these boys to baseball games or fishing trips and help them get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers. Each city has a number of clubs where boys and girls can go to play games. Some of these clubs show films or organize short trips to the mountains or some places of interest. Most of these clubs use a lot of high school and college students as volunteers because they are young enough to know the problems and needs of young boys and girls. Volunteers believe that some of the happiest people in the world are those who help to bring happiness to others.

根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。 ( )26.In America, it takes most of high school and college students little time to be volunteers in hospitals, orphanages or rest homes. ( ( )27.Some young volunteers can go and play in the homes of people who are sick or old. )28.If a boy has no father, he can get to know things that boys usually learn from their fathers in an organization called Big Brothers. ( )29.Most of the clubs don’t like to use the high school and college students as volunteers because they’re too young to remember anything. ( )30.If you bring happiness to others, you will feel happy too.

Unit1 Topic3 第 4 课时 课题:SectionD
学习目标:1 复习现在完成时。2 复习构词法(合成词和派生词)

3 了解希望工程,教育学生要富有爱心。 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 和 3 学习难点:掌握现在完成时。 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:
1 在文中找到并划出下面的短语

1.了解__________ 2.希望工程________________ 3.a social service program______________ 4.目的是,力争达到…_________________ 5.中国的贫困地区____________________ 6.为…支付教育经费__________________ 7.在过去的六年中____________________ 8.国内外人士________________________ 9.为…支付_________ 10.送…到大学______________ 11.二百三十万学生___________________ 12.有很多工作要做___________________ 13.没有…的帮助____________________ 14.继续她的学业_____________________ 15.change her life_____________________ 16.一名大学生______________________ 17.leave the college____________________ 18.在你的周围_______________________ 2. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.It aims to bring schools into poor areas of China. 译:_______________________________ 点拨:aim to do sth. ---目的是,力争达到… 标,目的,企图(名词) 练习:a. We must aim to find the lost purse. 译:___________________________________ b. They aim to be there around 6:00. 译:____________________________________ c. What’s your aim in life? 译:__________________________ d. aim at a success 译:___________________ 2.In the past six years, Project Hope has raised about 3 billion yuan from people at home and abroad.
42

拓展:aim at sth.---瞄准…目标

aim---目

译:_______________________________________________ 点拨:in the past +时间段 = in the last +时间段 --- 在刚刚过去的一段时间(含现在),常与 现在完成时连用 区别:in the past = in the old days --- 过去,与过去时连用 练习:a. 在过去的二十年里中国发生了巨大的变化。________________________ b. 在过去的三年里你长大了很多。_________________________________ c. 过去中国很贫穷。_____________________________________________ 点拨:at home and abroad --- 国内外 拓展:go abroad --- 出国

练习: a.作为一名钢琴家,朗朗享誉国内外。Lang Lang ____ ________ ______ a pianist ___ ______ _____ ________. b.因为长城,中国享誉全世界。China _____ ________ _______ the Great Wall _____ ______ _____ _________. 3.Without the help of Project Hope, she couldn’t continue her studies. 译:_______________ 点拨:without the help of --- 没有…的帮助 在…的帮助下 点拨:continue --- 继续 同义词组:____________ 反义词组:________________________ ---

练习:a. 没有老师的帮助,他不可能顺利考试通过。 ______ ______ ________ _____ his teacher, he _______ ______ the exam _____ b. 在 Linda 的帮助下,她在学习英语方面一直保持和其他同学并驾齐驱。 _______ _____ ______ ____ Linda, she _______ _____ ______ the

_______students in learning English.

三:归纳总结:—————————————————
四 自我检测。 1 完成句子 1.Project Hope _______ ________(致力于)help poor children afford their education. 2 .Rose _______ _________ -_________(为。。。 。。。工作)this company since she came here. 3.__________ ____________ ________ (没有你的帮助), I can’t finish my work on time. 4. A large number of travellers from ___________(国内外)come to Beijing every year.
43

5 Sorry, Madam, you haven’t _______ ____ (付款)the bag. It’s 45yuan 2 单项选择。 ( )To help the poor student, we _______a lot of money from the teachers and students in our school. A have risen ( B have raised C have kept D have lent

)2Though the farm work is hard, we aim _________it before 6:00 p.m. A finishing B finishes C to finish D finish

(

)3 The letter ________that his uncle will come back from the USA next week. A writes B tells C speaks D says

(

)4 He _______many friends in the past three years A made B makes C has made D will make

(

)5 _______the money, he helped a lot of homeless people build houses. A Spend B In C With D Use

(

)1.She has _____ this car for nearly ten years. A.buy ( B.bought C.have D.had

)2.You can’t trust what he said, you should go and _____ for yourself. A.look B.see C.find D.study

(

)3.—Is it interesting to play computer games? —Yes, _____ you are interested in playing computer games, you’ll have trouble giving it up. A.once B.twice C.as D.as soon as

(

)4.The supermarket provides customers _____ plastic bags for free. A.on B.with C.of D.in

(

)5.I think it’s good _____ us _____ eat healthy food. A.for; to B.for; for C.to; for D.to; to

(

)6.We should do our best to help homeless people live a _____ life. A.happily B.bad C.normal D.terrible

(

)7.The traffic in the city _____ be terrible, but now it has improved a lot. I think you
44

will _____ it soon. A.use to; use to C.used to; get used to ( B.get used to; used to D.get used to; use to

)8.His father has worked in this factory _____ he came here in 1980. A.since B.for C.when D.how long

(

)9.Project Hope is _____ to help the poor children go to school. A.aim B.aiming C.purpose D.wanting

(

)10.She _____ great progress in the past 2 years. A.made B.had made C.has made D.make

Unit 2Topic1 Pollution causes too many problems Topic1 第 1 课时 课题:SectionA
学习目标:1 学习直接引语和间接引语 2 谈论不要种类的污染,提高环保意识 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 1b 和 3a 学习难点:直接引语和间接引语之间的转换 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:
一. 读 1a,完成 1b 的内容.注意时态的变化。 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.计划一次野餐_____________________ 2.一个充满鲜花和草地的漂亮的地方 ________________________________ 3.一些化工厂________________________ 4.两天后_______________ 5.我的天哪!____________ 6.难闻______________
45

7.把…倒入… ______________ 8.complete the table___________________ 9.过去________________ 10.现在________________ 11.对动物造成很大的伤害____________________ 12.大气污染___________ 13.土壤污染_____________ 14.水污染______________ 15.光污染_______________ 16.噪声污染______________ 17.垃圾污染__________ 18.大量使用化学药品_________________ 19.使人们感到不舒服__________________ 20.呼吸困难_________________________ 21.做一些有用的事___________________ 22.对眼睛有害_______________________ 23.影响我们的环境___________________ 24.到处乱扔…__________________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.You will see bees and butterflies dancing? 译:_______________________________ 点拨:see sb. doing sth.---看见某人正在做某事。强调事件,(延续性)行动正在进行。 对比:see sb. do sth.---看见某人做某事。表示看见整个事件,(短暂性)行动的全过程,动作 已经结束。 总结:这样的动词还有---hear, watch, find, feel---叫做感官动词 练习:a.刚才我看见她穿过了马路。__________________________________________ b.刚才我看见她在跳舞。______________________________________________ 2.The flowers and grass have gone!译: _____________________________________
46

点拨:have/has gone---已经不复存在,不见了,消失了 巩固:a. Has your headache gone yet? 译:____________________________________ b. I left my bike outside the library, but when I came out, it had gone. 译:_______________________________ 3. It smells terrible. 译:__________________________________________ 点拨:smell terrible --- 系表结构 --- 难闻 初中常见的系动词总结: (1)状态系动词只有 be 一词,表示主语状态、性质、特征 a. He is a teacher.___________________________ b. They are at home._______________________________ (2)持续系动词,用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有 keep, stay, remain 等 a. He always keeps quiet._________________ b. We must stay healthy._________________ (3)表像系动词,用来表示“看起来像”这一概念,主要有 seem, appear, look 等。 a. He looks tired. ________________________________ b. It seems serious.

_______________________________(4)感官系动词,主要有 feel, smell, sound, taste 等 a. The flowers smell very sweet._____________________ b. The fish tastes

delicious.__________________________ (5) 变化系动词, 表示主语变成什么样, become, 有 get,turn,go,grow ---变得 a. The weather gets warmer and warmer.______________________________________ b. He became mad after that. ________________________________________ c. The leaves turn green in spring. _________________________________________ d. She grew rich after a short time.____________________________________ 总结:系动词本身有词义,但不能单独用作谓语,后边必须跟表语(多为形容词) ,构成 系表结构说明主语的 状况、性质、特征等情况。
47

练习 1)我昨天感到伤心。译:_________________________ 2)他变得越来越壮。译:__________________________ 3)音乐听起来很棒。译:_________________________ 4)丝绸摸起来很柔软。译:_______________________ 4.Look,there are several chemical factories pouring waste water into the stream. 译:____________________________ 点拨: pour…into…把?往?里倾倒(排放) 练习:a.Did you pour the bad soup into the plastic bag? 译: ________________________________________________ b.不要把脏水倒进池塘。译:______________________________________ 点 拨 (2) : waste --- 废 弃 的 , 无 用 的 ( 形 容 词 ) --- waste land___________ waste wate___________ waste --- 废物,废料(名词) waste --- 浪费(动词) 常用短语: (a) waste of…---一种…的浪费 用法: waste … doing sth.--- 浪费…做某事

点拨(3):there be + sb./sth. + doing sth. 有某人某物正在做某事 练 习 : a.There are two people waiting for the bus at the bus stop. 译 : ________________________________________ b.看! 有个小男孩正在树下玩耍。 ________________________________________ 译: c.听!有个人在隔壁唱歌。译:____________________________________________ 拓展:there be + sb./sth. + to do sth. 有某人某物去做某事 练习:a.There is no time to think. 译:_________________________________________ b.There were few machines to help us to do farm work in the past. 译 : __________________________________ 5.People use chemicals too much in their fields. 译:_______________________________ 点拨:use…too much---大量使用… 对比:too much / too many / much too

练习:a. In some cities there is _______ _________ air pollution caused by many cars.
48

译:__________________________________________________________ b. He is a rich man with _________ __________ money, but he feels lonely. 译:__________________________________________________________ c. Pollution causes ______ _______ problems. 译:________________________ d. They were ________ ________ excited and couldn’t help jumping and dancing. 译:__________________________________________________________ 6. Litter influences our environment. 译:__________________________________ 点拨:influence --- 影响,对??起作用(动词) 练习:a. His books have influenced the lives of millions. 译:______________________ b. Don’t let me influence you either way. 译:_____________________________ 拓展: influence---影响, 作用(名词) 产生(很大)影响 练 习 : a.The influence of the weather on the farming is very important. 译 : _________________________________ b.老师的行为对他们的学生产生很大影响。Teachers’ behavior _____ ___ ______ ________ ___ their students. 常用短语: have an (strong/great) influence on …对?

三:归纳总结:————————————— 四 自我检测。单项选择。 ( A at ( )1 Reading in bed is harmful _________your study. B to C in D on

)2 Kangkang said he ________bees dancing here in the future. B see C sees D would see

A will see (

)3We _______with our noses. B look C sound D taste

A smell (

)4 ________pollution can cause trouble. C Few D Too many

A Much too B Too much (

)5 Oh , _______! You’ve made so many mistakes . B my goodness C I hope not
49

A bad luck

D of course

(

)6Time is knowledge , and time is money, don’t ________it , please. A influence \B influences C wasted D waste

(

) 7 We’re too tired . Let’s go out and ________the fresh air. A breathe B breath C to breathe D to breath

(

)8 Don’t throw rubbish into the rivers. You may ________them.

A pollute B pollution C polluted D polluting ( )9 There is a man _______you at the school gate now. B waiting C waiting for D waits

A is waiting (

)10 The government has done _________to stop the pollution , so the air

becomes fresh again. A useful something B nothing Csomething useful Danything useful

Unit2 Topic1

第 2 课时

课题:SectionB 学习目标: 1 继续学习并掌握直接引语和间接引语的用法。 2 学习表达责备和抱怨。 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 和 1b 学习难点:掌握直接引语和间接引语的用法 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:一. 在文中找到并划出下面 1.看起来很虚弱_________________ 2.自打上个星期到现在___________ 3.排放有害气体_________________ 4.make my chest hurt______________ 5.另外_________________________ 6.产生很多噪音_________________
50

7.睡得好____________ _8.心情糟糕________________ 9.不能忍受这样的环境___________ 10.河里的死鱼__________________ 11.尽快解决这一问题_____________ 12.引起许多麻烦_________________ 13.给报社写信__________________ 14.感觉好些____________________ 15.感觉更难受__________________ 16.这周边的环境._________________ 17.direct speech_________ 18.indirect speech________ 19.给同学们做报告______________ 20.几年前______________________ 21.discuss the following questions in groups __________ 22.在采访的结尾________________ 23.排放废水或气体______________

51

二. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.What’s wrong with you? 思考:同义句 1)_________________2)________________3)_____________ 2.How long have you been like this? 译:_________________________________ 点拨:how long---多长时间,谓语动词必须为延续性动词。区别:when---什么 时间, 谓语动词多为短暂性动词。 练习:1) ---___________have you learned English? 2) ---___________did you start to learn English? ---Since two years ago. ---Two years ago.

链接: how much / how many / how soon / how often / how far / how heavy / how 用 tall / how wide 填空 1)________ ________ is Xinxiang from Zhengzhou? 2)________ ________do you play computer games? 3) ________ ________does the huge stone weigh? About 70km. Twice a week. About 10 tons.

4) ________ ________ is the Great Wall? It is wide enough to permit(允许) five or six horses to stand side by side. 5) ________ ________is Yao Ming? He is 2.26 meters. In two weeks.

6) ________ ________will you come back from your hometown. 7) ________ ________ brothers and sisters do you have? 8) ________ ________ money do you want?

A brother and a sister.

The more, the better.

3.The bad air makes my chest hurt. 译:________________________________ 点拨: hurt --- 感到疼痛(不及物动词) 受伤的(形容词) 练习:a. I hurt my foot in the door. 译:_____________________________ b.He is badly hurt. 译:____________________________________ c. The strong light makes my eyes hurt. 译:____________________ 4.I can’t stand the environment here. 译:____________________________ 点拨:stand --- 承受,容忍,经受,常与 can / could 连用。 拓展:1)stand sth./sb.---忍受某人/某事 2)stand doing sth. 忍受做某事 3)stand 拓展: 1)弄伤,弄疼(及物动词) 2)

sb./sth. doing sth.忍受某人/物做某事 a)我无法忍受他的错误。 I ________ _________ __________ __________ b)他总是做傻事, 我真受不了他。 always _______ ________ ________, I really He _________ ________ _________. c)我无法忍受等你这么久。I ________ _________ _________ _________ you _________ __________. d)他不能忍受人们乱丢垃圾。He ________ _____________. 5.Anyway, I hope the government will solve this problem soon. 译 : _________________________________________ 点拨:anyway---无论如何,不管怎样, 一般用于句首,后用逗号隔开。 练习:1)无论如何,我将帮你完成这项工作。译:______________________ 2)Anyway thanks. 译:______________________________ ____________________________ 三.认真阅读 P119 直接引语和间接引语,完成课本 P28(2) 三:归纳总结:______________________________________________ 四: 自我检测。1 单项选择。 ( )1 The teacher asked me _______ A that I could answer the question B whether could I answer the question C whether I could answer the question D if I can answer the question ( )2 If you want to catch the first bus, you had better ________early. A to get up ( B got up C getting u p Dget up 同义句: ________ people __________ litter

)3 He asked me ,‖_____________‖ A What are you doing when Tom leaves? B What you are doing when Tom

leaves? C What were you doing when Tom leaves? D That what you were doing when Tom left. ( ) 4 I’m not sure _________to call him or not.

A if (

B weather C that

D whether

)5He asked Lucy if she could swim. He asked Lucy. ―___________________‖ A I f she could swim C Could you swim? B Can you swim? D Can I swim?

(

)6 The office is so small that we can’t working in it. A stands ( )7 B stand C makes D make long have you known him? _I’ve known him

How

____________________ A two years ago B since last year C two years D in two years

2 将下面直接引语和间接引语相互转换。 1 “I often play the piano.‖ Tina said. Tina said ___________________________________ 2: ―Did you write to your friends yesterday?‖ he asked me. He asked me ______________________________________ 3‖Where shall we meet‖ Lucy asked. Lucy asked _____________________________ 4‖Don’t disturb me ,‖ he said to his brother. _______________________________________________ 5Mary asked me if I was reading books. ―_____________________________________‖ Mary asked me.
完形填空 I can’t remember when I started collecting litter. But it was when I got tired of nearby that I realized no one else was going to pick it up. I live near a forest in Ohio, America. I can walk there going there to play with my dog. But one day there was 17 18 three minutes. I used to love much litter there that I became 19 happy when I went 16 litter

very unhappy. I decided to clean up the forest, and I wanted to

again. I made my first trip to clean the forest that afternoon. I took a big black rubbish bag with me. Ten minutes 20 I started to pick up litter, my bag was full! There were cans, bottles,

broken glass and newspapers in it. From then on, I 21 to the forest four times a year to pick up litter. I often stay there 22 to do something for the environment. After each trip, I 23 of it is recyclable(可回收利用的), I’ll 24 they

for three hours. It makes me feel

look through all the litter that I’ve collected. If

keep it. I can’t understand why people drop litter. But I will keep on picking it up stop dropping it. I know I am only doing a small bit important. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )16.A.seeing )17.A.after )18.A.such )19.A.make )20.A.after )21.A.had gone )22.A.tired )23.A.many )24.A.until )25.A.helped B.throwing B.for B.very B.feel B.later B.have gone B.sad B.few B.after B.to help C.dropping C.with C.so C.look C.before C.go C.interesting C.any C.as soon as C.help 25

the earth, but I still think it is

D.cleaning D.in D.too D.find D.of D.will go D.great D.much D.when D.helping

Unit2 Topic1 第 3 课时 课题:SectionC
学习目标:了解噪音污染,提高环保意识。 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 学习难点: not all ... 以及其它部分否定结构 It is reported that ...no better than 学习过程:
一. 先回答 1a 的两个问题再读 1a 二. 读 1a,完成 1b 三. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语

1.在午夜播放高分贝的摇滚乐______________ 2.烧木材,天然气,石油和煤__________________________ 3.用风力发电_______________________ ___4.课下大声地讨论____________________ 5.课下大声地交谈____________________ 6.在今天的世界_______________________ 7.一种污染__________________________ 8.对人们的健康有害_________________ 9.工作和生活在噪声的状况下__________ 10.容易失聪_________________________ 11.印刷报纸_________________________ 12.相当多的人_______________________ 13.丧失听力_________________________ 14.和 65 岁的人一样差_______________ 15.听高分贝的流行音乐________________ 16.在公共场合制造大的噪声___________ 17.打扰他人__________________________ 18.对人的听力有很大的伤害________________ 19.感到不舒服和不愉悦___________________ 20.become sick or deaf_________________ 21.尽力解决…_______________________ 22.所有的环境问题___________________ 23.包括噪音污染______________________ 24.一个合适的标题___________________ 25.住在机场附近_____________________ 26.到处扔垃圾_______________________ 27.紧挨着一条繁华的街道居住________________ 28.在锯木厂工作_____________________

29.污染的坏作用_____________________ 30. the same meaning__________________ 四. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.However, not all people know that noise is also a kind of pollution and is harmful to human’s health. 译:___________________________________________________________________点拨: not all… --- 不是所有的都?(部分否定) 练习: Not all people are interested in English. 译:______________________________ 总结:not 与 all, every 以及 every 的派生词连用时表示部分否定。 练习:a) Not everybody likes watching TV. 译:________________________________ b) Not everything you did was right. 译:_________________________________ 拓展:neither, none, nothing, nobody, no one 等,则表示全部否定。 练习:a) Neither of the students likes music. 译:________________________________ b) I think nothing is difficult for me. 译:_________________________________ c) 在我们周围没有哪个人喜欢“小皇帝” 。译:__________________________ 点拨:be harmful to sb. / sth. --- 对某人/物有害 练习:a. Reading in the poor light is harmful to eyes. 译:_______________________ b. 熬夜对健康有害。译:__________________________________________ 2.Rcently, it is reported that many teenagers in America can hear no better than 65-year-old people do, because these young people always listen to loud pop music. 译 : _______________________________________________ 点拨:It is reported that---据报道 (后接 从句) 链接:据说__________________

点拨:no better than…和?(几乎)一样坏/差 = almost as bad/badly as… 练 习 : a)His English is no better than yours. 译 :

______________________________________________________ b)Lucy did no better than Lily (did) in the exam.= Lucy did _______ ________ ________Lily (did) in the exam. 3.It not only disturbs others but also does great harm to people’s hearing. 译 :

_________________________________ 点拨:do harm to sb. / sth. = be harmful to sb./sth. --- 对某人/某物有害 拓展:harm 还可以作动词:harm sb./sth. --- 伤害某人/某物 练习:1)His words did harm to his mother. 译:_____________________________

2) Littering around harms the environment. 译:________________________ 巩固:a.化学制品对环境有害。译:______________________________________

b.吃油炸食品对健康有害。译:_______________________________________

三:归纳总结:——————————————————————— 四 自我检测。 1 根据首字母或汉语提示完成句子。 1 I’m sorry to d________you, but can I talk to you for a moment ? 2 He works in a factory . His work is to p_____newspapers. 3 Loud noises can cause h________loss. 4 The great noise pollution can make people d_________ 5 He had _______ ___ ___(一种)feeling that she would phone him. ___(在公共场合中)

6 She doesn’t like to be seen _______ 2单项选择。 (

)1How long has he been abroad?-He has been abroad ------last year. A for B after C in D since

(

)2 The rubbish is almost everywhere ,Do you still want to have a picnic here?

_______, I hate to stay here. A Yes , of course , ( B Of course not C I’d love to D Yes, I do

)3 Planes and machines produce_________noise. A much too B too much C a lot D too many

(

)4 I can’t stand the students _______mach noise in class. A make B to make C made D making

(

) 5Sam told me that he_______to the party the next day. A went B will go C goes D would go

(

) 6Miss wang told us the moon _______around the earth. A moves B moved C is moving D had moved

(

)7 It is reported that the bad weather will ________for three days. A begin B stay C leave D stop

(

)7 After ______deeply , he dived into the water. Abreathe B breathes C breathing D breath
填入适当的句子,补全对话。

A: Hello, May! B: Hi, Peter! I haven’t seen you for weeks. 11.________________________ A: I have been to Hawaii (夏威夷). B: How was your journey? A: Great! Hawaii is a beautiful place. B: 12. ________________________ A: I went there by air. B: 13. ________________________ A: Yes, I had lived there for 4 years before I came here. B: 14. ________________________ A: I traveled with my friends. B: 15. ________________________ A: I have been away for about eleven days. B: What a wonderful journey! A: Yes, it was! (A) 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。 1.Look, there is a bird _____ (sing) in the tree. 2.The bad air makes my chest hurt and it’s difficult for me _____(breath). 3.They are doing their homework carefully. You’d better not _____(disturb) them.

4.Litter _____ (influence) the look of our city. 5.It is known that smoking does great _____(harm) to us. (B) 根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。 6.The chemical factories _____ (生产) terrible gas. 7.Each year people pour _____ (废物) into rivers, lakes and so on. 8.There are _____ (几个) students reading books over there. 9.Do you know he has _____ (参军) for five years? 10.Loud noises can cause high _____ (血) pressure as well. 根据短文内容,用所给单词的适当形式填空。loud, live, pollution, easy, pollute, waste Life today is much better. However, there are new problems. One of the biggest ones is pollution. Water 11 has made rivers dirty. It kills fish and 13 and become angry more 15 12 our drinking water.

Noise pollution makes us speak

14 . Air pollution is the

most serious kind of pollution. It’s bad for all

things in the world.

Unit2 Topic1 第 4 课时 课题:SectionD
学习目标:1 复习直接引语与间接引语的用法 2 总结污染的种类及其危害 学习重点:重点活动是 1a 和 3 学习难点:归纳总结本话题的语法:直接引语和间接引语 学习过程: 一:导入: 二:自学指导:
一. 读 1a,完成 1b 的表格。 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.许多种污染__________________________________ 3.对我们的健康有害____________________________ 5.create the air pollution__________________________ 2.在我们周围_________ 4.在许多方面____________ 6.随着污染的增长__________

7.工业的发展__________________________________ 9.破坏土壤____________________________________ 11.strong, changeable light ________________________

8.到处是垃圾。______________ 10.导致高血压______________ 12.做绿色环保人士__________

三:归纳总结:
(一) 直接引语和间接引语 1 将下面的空格补充完整 在引用别人原话时,被引用的部分称为----------------如: ―What are you reading,Jane?‖ Maria asked .当用自己的话转述别人的话时,被转述部分称为-------------------。如: Maria asked Jane what she was reading. 直接引语和间接引语可互相转换,但要注意以下几个变化: 1. 直接引语变为间接引语时,引导词要根据句子类型的不同有所变化。 1)如果直接引语是陈述句,变成间接引语时,引导词用----------------------------如: She said, ―I’m very glad to have such a chance.‖→She said (that) she was very glad to have such a chance. 2)如果是一般疑问句时,则用-----------------------------如: Maria asked Jane, ―Can they get good food and medicine?‖→Maria asked Jane whether/ if they could get good food and medicine. 3)如果是特殊疑问句时,则用相应的疑问词-----------------------------------等。如: Maria asked Jane, ― What are you reading?‖→Maria asked Jane what she was reading. 4)如果是祈使句时,则多用动词--------------------------------------------------。如: Mother said to me, ― Try again.‖→ Mother asked me to try again. ― Don’t be afraid‖, Tom said to Dick.→Tom told Dick not to be afraid. 2. 语序的变化:若是从句,一律为-----------------------------------3. 时态的变化。 1)主句为现在或将来时态时,间接引语的时态-----------------------;如: He says, ―I’m tired.‖→ He says he is tired. He will say, ― The boy was lazy.‖→ He will say the boy was lazy.

2)主句为过去时态时,间接引语则一般都有改成相应的-----------------但表示自然科学和真 理之类的----------------------------------。如: He said, ―I’m sorry.‖→ He said he was sorry. The teacher told us, ―The earth moves around the sun.‖→ The teacher told us the earth moves around the sun. 4. 人称的变化。如: The teacher said, ―John, you must bring your book to the class.‖→ The teacher told John that -------------must bring his book to the class. 5. 时间状语的变化。如:now→------------today→----------------; tonight→-------------------------ago→----------------- yesterday→---------------------last night→----------------------the day before yesterday→---------------------tomorrow→----------------------- next week→-----------------------6. 地点状语的变化。如:here→---------------7. 指示代词的变化。如:this→-------------; these → -------------------8. 动词的变化。如:come → ------------; bring → ---------------把下列直接引语的句子变为间接引语。 1 Granny said,‖ The chemical factory produces terrible gas.’ _________________________________________________________ 2The teacher said ,‖ China is trying to solve noise pollution problems‖ _________________________________________________________ 3Kangkang asked Granny .‖How long have you been like this? ___________________________________________________________ 4Michael asked Jane,‖ Do you still want to have a picnic here? ______________________________________________________ 5Jim asked John ,‖What was your hometown like a few years ago? ________________________________________________________ 四 自我检测。 根据首字母或汉语提示完成句子。

1 The cleaners collect the l________on the street every day. 2 Working too long makes people feel tired and unpleasant _______ _______(也) 3 The government plans to _________(创造) more jobs for the young. 4 The main purpose of ______________(工业)is to creat wealth. 5 He lost a lot of _____________(血) in the accident. 2 单项选择。 ( )1 ——the development of industry, China is becoming stronger and stronger. A With B Without ( C In D During

) 2 The Chinese ________the beautiful life with their hands. A is producing B produced C creates D are creating ( )3 She asked me ________eat too much, A not to B don’t C didn’t ( D never

) 4 What does ―Not all the flowers and grass have gone‖ mean? A All the flowers and grass have died C All the flowers and grass have gone B Some flowers and grass have died D Both flowers and grass have gone

(

)5 There are ________kinds of pollution on the earth. A quite a little B much C quite a few D a lot ( )6 We haven’t decided ________to visit Beijing or not . A if ( B whether C what D how

) 7 If we work in a _________place for a long time, we’ll feel uncomfortable and

unpleasant. A loud B noisy C noisily D sound ( )1.—How long _____ you _____ here? —For about two years so far. A.have; studied ( B.did; live C.do; stay D.were; swimming

)2.We have known each other _____ ten years ago. A.for B.ever C.about D.since

(

)3.There is _____ pollution in the world. We must stop it.

A.much too ( )4.—Is the flower beautiful?

B.too much

C.many too

D.too many

—Yes, at _____ it’s _____ the one you bought for me. A.last; as bad as C.last; not better ( )5.I can’t stand _____ for you so long. A.to wait ( B.waiting C.waits D.waited B.least; no better than D.least; no worse than

)6.The boss made child laborers _____ 12 hours every day. A.working B.works C.work D.to work

(

)7._____ the environment is important for human beings. A.Take care of B.Taking care of C.Took care of D.Take the care of

(

)8.—Have you finished your homework? —Not _____. There are still some exercises to be done. A.already B.yet C.just D.ever

(

)9.—It smells terrible. What has happened here? —Look, there is much waste gas _____ from the chemical factory. A.pour B.pouring C.poured D.pours

(

)10.When I was walking in the street yesterday, I saw a UFO _____ over my head. A.flying B.flies C.flew D.to fly

Unit2 Topic2 第 1 课时 课题:SectionA
学习目标
学习新单词和一些短语 as a result, behavior, in the beginning, day by day, die out

学习重点:现在完成时的用法
(1)As a result, air pollution has become a serious problem. (2)Humans have come to realize the importance of protecting animals.. :

学习难点:不定代词的用法
(1) None of us likes pollution. (2) Don’t spit anywhere in public. (3) Everyone should care for wild animals and plant more trees.



自学指导:
一. 读 1a,回答 1b 的问题 二. 读(2) ,用所给的单词填写空格 三. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.读这篇文章______ ___________

2.世界上最大的煤炭生产国和消费国 _______ ______________________________________ 3.(作为)结果,因此_____ 4.一些有用的措施_____________ 5.(我们中)没有人______________ 6.到处丢垃圾____________________ 7.当众吐痰______________________ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____ ____

8.踩踏草坪_____________________________________ 9.采摘花朵_____________________________________ 10.关爱野生动物_________________ ____

11.多种树______________________________________ 12.给政府提建议____________________ 13.发出很大的噪音_____________ 14.更差的是 _________ ____ ______

15.制定规章制度______________________________ 16.遵守规章制度(2)____________________________ 17.对…来说很难_______________________________ 18.一开始 _ _________

19.尽他们最大努力去做某事______________________

20.变得越来越好______________ 21.一天天,逐日______________

__________ __________

22.迅速消失____________________________________ 23 完全灭亡, 灭绝______________________________ 24.过着安静的生活______________________________ 25.come to realize_______________________________ 26.保护动物的重要性____________________________ 27.破坏环境____________________________________ 四.在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1. It says that China has become the world’s largest producer and user of coal. 译:__________________________________________________ 点拨:It says that --- 书上/报纸上…说…(后接宾语从句), that 可以省略 链接:a. _____ --- 据说 b. --- 据报道

c.It’s (well) known that --- 众所周知 d.It’s believed that --- 人们相信 练习: a.据报道,近几年来气温已经变高了。____ ____ ______ _____the temperature ______ _______ _________. b.众所周知, 她是一位著名的医生。 c.人们相信吸烟导致癌症。 d.报纸上说污染仍是个严重的问题。 . . .

2. But the government is doing something useful to protect the environment. 译 : ____________________________ 点拨:something useful---一些有用的事(形容词后置修饰复合不定代词) 练习:没什么有趣的事情 ______________ 一些重要的事情 的事情 链接:enough 修饰形容词或副词时也要后置 _________________ 3. None of us likes pollution. 译:_____________________________________ 练习:足够大________________ 足够宽 没什么特殊

点拨:none --- 没有一个,没有一点儿(代词)

比较:①none 既可指人,也可指物;no one = nobody 只能指人,不能指物。 ②none 后常接 of 构成 none of …短语, 后接 a. 不可数名词(谓语用单数) b.复数名词,代词,单数集合名词(谓 语用单复数均可) ③no one = nobody 后不接 of 短语。作主语时,谓语动词用单数,可以与 else 连用, none 不可以。 注意:no one 用来回答 who 提出的问句,none 用来回答 how many 或 how much 提出的 问句。 练习: 我的朋友都没有去过那里。 ________ of my friends a. 译: _ /___ been there .

b. 以前没有人去过那儿。译:_________________________________

c. 没有其他的人知道这件事。译: ______ ______ _________ knows about that.

d. ---谁和他一起去的那儿?---没有人。译:–__________________. e. 多少学生曾经去过美国?没有一个人。 译:---

has gone with him?

---

students have ever been to America?

---_____________

f. 没有人喜欢污染。译:________ of the people like pollution.=__________ likes pollution. 4. Everyone should care for wild animals and plant more trees. 译:_____________________ 比较:everyone 和 every one 点拨: everyone =everybody---大家,每人(不定代词), 作主语时谓语用单数。 (不能跟 of 短语,反 意疑问句中 they 替换) 练习:a. 人到齐了,不是吗? 译:________ ______ here, ________ ________? b. 每 个 人 都 在 家 呆 着 , 不 是 吗 ? 译 : ________ ______ at home, _________ __________?

点拨:every one---每一个, 可以指人=everyone,也可以指物, 作主语时谓语用单数。(后跟 of 短语) 练习:a.我们每个人都有工作的权利。_______ ______ us _____ a right to work. b.他把每一个月饼都吃了。He ate up _______ _______ ______ the cakes. c.我认识他们中的每个人。I know _______ _______ _______ ________. d.我们班每个人都爱学英语。________ in our class ________ English. 点拨:care for… --- 照顾… 拓 展 : 好 好 照 顾 …--c.________________________ 5.We should do everything we can to protect the environment. 译:____________________ 点拨: everything---每件事物, 一切(不定代词), 作主语时, 谓语用单数。 (反意疑问句中 they 替换) 练习: 1)宴会的准备工作现在都已就绪, 不是吗? __________ ______ ________for the party, _______ _______? 2) 一 切 顺 利 , 不 是 吗 ? ____________________________ , ________________? 同义词组 ____________ a._______________________ /____________ b.______________________

点拨:everything we can (do)----我们能做的一切 拓 展 : everything he likes---_________________ everything you

know---____________________ 练习:1)Take it easy. We’ll do everything we can to help you. 译:_______________________ 2)为了让他高兴妈妈给她买了她喜欢的一切。Her mom _________ ________ _____ ____ ___make her happy. 3)你应该把你知道的一切都告诉他。You should_______ _______ _______ _______ ________. 6. Can you give some advice to the government? 译 :

___________________________________________________ 点拨:give some advice to sb.=give sb. some advice 给…提建议 注意:advice 是不可数名词;可数名词建议是________________

练习:一条建议

(可数名词)

______

(不可数名词)

听取某人的建议

___________________ to others. 译 :

7.Even worse, some of them are quite rude when talking _____________________________________

点拨: when talking to others = when (they are )talking to others 是一个省略句; 在 when, while 引导的时间状语从句中,如果从句的主语和主句的主语一致且从句的谓语含有 be 动词的某种形式,可同时省略从句的主语和 be 练习:1)过马路时一定要小心。 Do be careful when/while _________. 2) 走 在 回 家 的 路 上 我 遇 见 了 她 。 When/While , I met her. 8.Everyone knows their behavior is bad, but none of us knows how to stop them. 译:__________________________________ 点拨:how to stop them 在句中作 knows 的宾语。疑问代词 who, what, which 等和疑问副 词 when, where, how 等后面跟不定式,构成不定式短语。在句中可作主语、宾语、表 语、宾语补足语等。作主语时,谓语用单数。 练习:1)到哪里去还是个问题。_______ _____ ______ ______still a question. 2)问题是怎样学好英语。The question is _____语 3) 他 会 建 议 你 们 如 何 处 理 这 件 事 。 He it. 作_____语 4 我不知道下一步做什么。I don’t know 语 __ next. 作_____ will advise you __ 作_____语 作 _ __ __________

learn English well.

四:自我检测题: ( )1.The leaders have done everything they can ------people’s

livingconditions. A,improving B,improved C,to improve D,improves

(

)2.---How many students A,None B,No one

are

there

at

school

on Sunday ?

C, Anybody if you set

D, Someone your mind D on it .

(

)3,-----is

difficult

A,Nothing ( )4.Wang

B, Everything isn’t here

C Anything .She

Something gone for

Fang

has

holidays. A, somewhere ( there )5.You’d is B ,where C,anywhere not read D. everywhere newspaper because

better in it .

today’s

A.something thing ( kinds D.anything )6. More of new

interesting

B.nothing

special

C.important

and

more

animals

are

because

of

all

pollution . out B.dying what care down you C.dying off D.dying away

A. dying ( )7.I

think. care about C.didn’t care

A. don’t for

about care

B.haven’t for

D.won’t

( out.

)8. — What

a

terrible

sandstorm

!We’d

better

not

go



causes

it?

A.How

B.What C.Why

D.How

often

(

)9.Don’t

step

the

grass

and

pick

flowers

us.

A.in; around

B.on; around

C.on; among

D.on; between

( Inner

)10.People Mongolia, A.as result

have , we B.as a

cut

too

many

trees

in

Alashan

often result

have C.as

sandstorms. a result of D.result

Unit 2 Topic 2 第 2 课时 课题:SectionB
课型:新授课 备课人:严磊 学习目标:学习新单词和短语
sand, cut down, change into, prevent, prevent …from, human being, although, law, turn off 学习 重点 ; (1) Trees can stop the wind from blowing the earth away. (2) Pass laws against water pollution. (3) Remember to turn the tap off when you leave.

时间 : 审核人:

学习难点
1. 继续学习不定代词和副词 2. 学习污染对事物的伤害 学习过程: 一. 读 1a,回答 1b. 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语

1.刮大风 2.伴有很多沙尘 _

3.走在路上___________________________ 4.刚才______________________________ 5.砍伐太多的树木____________________ 6.造成沙尘暴________________________

7.结果______________________________ 8.大量富饶的土地____________________ 9.变成沙漠__________________________ 10.阻止大风刮走泥土______________ 11.阻止流水冲走泥土_________________ 12.对人类有害_____________________ 13.绿色长城________________________ 14.需要努力工作_____ 15.形成 ____________________________ 16.颁布法律 17.记得去关水龙头 18.循环利用废水 ____________ ____________ ______

三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.What bad weather! 译:____________________________________ 总结:What 引导的感叹句--- a. What+形容词+不可数名词/可数名词复数! b. What+ a/an+ 形容词+可数名词单数! 练习:1)多么繁忙的一天呀! _______ 3)多么艰苦的工作呀! _ 4)多么轻松地工作啊! 2)多么大的雪呀!

5) 多么美丽的花呀! 2.As a result, a lot of rich land

____________________ has changed into desert. 译 :

________________________________________ 点拨:change …into…(把…变成…)= turn… into… 练习:1)加热能使水变成蒸汽。Heat ________ _ _____ water ________ steam.

2)他们正在使沙漠变成农田。They ________ ________ desert ______

3)Could you change this article into English? 译:_______________________________ 3.Trees can also stop the wind from blowing the earth away. 译: ________________________ 译: ____________________

They can also prevent the water from washing the earth away.

Stop factories pouring waste water into rivers. 译:_________________________________ 点拨:stop sb./sth. (from) doing sth. = prevent sb./sth. (from) doing sth. --- 阻止…做某事 (from 可以省略) 链接:同义词组 keep sb./sth. from doing sth. --- 阻止…做某事(from 不能省略) 练习:1)大雨使我们无法外出。 a. b. c. _______________ ______________________ _________________ 2)昨天我因病没法去游泳。 a. b. c. ____________________________ ___ __________ _________________ _______

4.Cutting down trees is harmful to human beings, animals and plants. 译 : ________________________________ 思考:cutting down trees 是________词短语在句子中作______语,谓语用______数。 练习:1)散步是我的爱好。 2)打乒乓球很有意思。 3)阅读使人完美。 a man my hobby. great fun. .

5.Although we have built ―The Great Green Wall‖, we still need to work hard to protect the environment. 译:_________________________________________________________________ 点拨:although 是 状语从句, 可以和 些。 互换,although 较正式, 更为口语化,使用更普遍 词,有“虽然,尽管”和“不过,然而”两层意思,引导

注意:although 引导的从句不能与 but, however 同时连用,但常与 yet, still 连用。 练习:a.虽然他老了,但是他仍然继续努力工作。_________ he_____ old, he still _________ working hard. b.当时我觉得她错了,不过我什么也没说。_________ I _______ she was wrong at that time, I ______ _______. 6. Remember to turn the tap off when you leave. 译:_____________________________

点拨:①remember to do sth. 记着做了某事(事情还没做)remember doing sth. 记得做过某 事(事情已做) 链接: 某事(事情已做) 练习: a.别忘了放学后关门窗。 译: b.我记得曾告诉过你关于她的事。 译: _________________________________ _______________________ 开大 忘记做了某事(事情还没做) 忘记做过

点 拨 : ② turn off 关 上 ( 灯 、 水 龙 头 、 电 器 等 ) 链 接 : 打 开 关小_____________

四:自我检测题: ( )1.What B.a fine weather !Let’s C. bad go hiking .

A.a bad (

D. fine destroying the environment.

)2.We should to

humans

A. keep . by B. stop. ( I can )3.I have to

C.prevent. by D.stop. from for the traffic lights to green .Then

wait

go on walking. B. changed C. change to D.changing into work . It us to

A. change ( Stop

)4. He made a working. B. because you

serious mistake during the

A .caused . (

C. did

D. made

)5. ----Have

seen my basketball? in the classroom just now.

-----Yes. I saw it A .everywhere

B. nowhere C. anywhere D. somewhere

(

)6.The heavy rain

us from

finishing the work.

A .protected. ( )7.If

B.prevented C.moved D.made city noises are not from increasing, how can

people live happily ? A .protected ( A .pour ( B. kept C. given up D. refused never waste D .have into the rivers and poured . seas.

)8.Factories should B pouring

C. poured government

)9. Neither the B. under

nor official is

A .by law (

law C above law haschanged

D. obey the law three years.

)10.My hometown B to C .with

a new one in the last

A .in

D. into

. Ⅱ.情景交际。 分) (5 A: Where have you been, Mike? I phoned you, but you weren’t in. B: 11

A: Why did you go there? B: A: 12 13 It has made several old people who live nearby sick.

B: Do you think“Greener China”can do something? A: B: 14 15 I think we should write a letter to the newspaper about the pollution. It’s our duty to protect the environment.

A.Because I found the factory pouring waste water into the river. B.Good idea! C.I’ve been to a rubber factory. E.That’s terrible. F.What should we do to stop it? G.Yes, of course.

Unit 2

Topic 2

第 3 课时

课题:Section
学习目标:学习新单词和短语

c

on earth, period, millions of, take away, rise, level, refer to

学习重点:
(1) When it rains or when the wind blows, the earth is taken away. (2) The heat from the sun can’t escape so the temperature is rising.

学习难点:
(1) Forests have become deserts, so more and more sorts of animals and plants are disappearing. (2) As a result, many rivers and lakes are now dead. (3) Too much harmful radiation from the sun passes through the hole and reaches the earth directly. (4) It causes the level of the oceans to rise and the climate of the earth to change.

学习过程:

一.读 1a,完成 1b 面 二. 在文中找到并划出下的短语 1.臭氧层_______________________________________ 2.更多的二氧化碳_______________________________ 3.在地球上;究竟_______________________________ 4.在这个时期___________________________________ 5.大大改变了我们的星球_________________________ 6.全世界(2)____________________________________ 7.数以百外计的树木_____________________________ 8.拿走,取走____________________________________ 9.污染空气_____________________________________ 10.越来越多种类的动植物________________________ 11.一种特殊的氧气______________________________

12.形成一个非常大的洞________________

_______

13.来自太阳的有害的射线_______________________ 14.穿过这个洞_________________________________ 15.直接地到达地球_____________________________ 16.致癌_______________________________________ 17.增加了许多__________________________________ 18.燃油________________________________________ 19.来自太阳的热量______________________________ 20.温室效应____________________________________ 21.海平面______________________________________ 22.全球气候____________________________________ 23.涉及,有关,提到____________________________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.Some things we’ve done are very good for the earth while some are bad. 译 : _______________________________ 点拨:①Some things we’ve done --- 我们已经做过的事情,在句子中作主语 they’ve seen---____________ ②while 并列连词, “而,却” ,表示对照关系。 练习:a.她妹妹喜欢唱歌,而她喜欢阅读。 ____________________ the films

b.昨天他们都出去了, 而她却留在家里。 ______________________________________ 链接:while--- 在…时 --- 从属连词,常引导含有延续性动词的时间状语从句,表示一个 动作在进行的同时,另一个动作也在发生 练习:我做作业时,妈妈正在做饭。 ______________________________

while--- 一会儿,一段时间 --- 名词 常用短语:for a while --- 一会儿 练习: 我们将离开一会儿。 ____________________________________

2.When

it

rains

or

when

the

wind

blows

the

earth

is

taken

away.

译 :

________________________________________ 点拨:take away 拿走,取走, 句子中是被动语态 练习: 我不喜欢这些书, a. 请把它们拿走。 ________________________________________ b. They took away everything they like when they left. 译 :

___________________________________________ 拓展:与 take 有关的词组

脱下, (飞机)起飞 把…带到…去 发生 __

_

______________

乘公交车,轮船,火车 ___________________ 轮流,替换 照顾,照看 拍照 休息一下 坐下 吃药 吸毒 ____________ ____ ____________ _______ ____________ _________ ______

花费某人时间做某事 锻炼_________________________

3.The heat from the sun can’t escape so the temperature is rising. 译:________________ 点拨:rise --- 升起,上升 (不及物动词) (及物动词) 练习:1)太阳从东方升起。The sun ________ in the east. 2)河水在慢慢地上涨。The water in the river _______ __________ ___________. 3)让我们为友谊干杯。Let’s ______ glasses to _________ ____________. 拓展:raise ①举起,提起,抬起 ; ② 筹集

四:自我检测.完形填空。 (10 分)
Today we can see that many people are cutting down the trees in the forests. A lot of 16

lands have become deserts. If we read newspapers, we’ll learn that the forests on the earth are getting smaller 17 . We are cutting down large numbers of trees 18 19 we need wood and 20 or 30 years. 20

farmland. Some scientists say that there will not be any great forests

What will happen if the forests disappear? A lot of plants will die and the animals will

their homes. In many places the new farmland will soon look not grow there. There won’t be enough climate of the earth changes, life will be become

21

the old desert. Crops will

22 , and the weather will get hot and dry. If the 23 for everyone. Our living environment will

24 . More and more rich farmland will disappear. We will suffer a lot from both

droughts (干旱) and floods. It’s our duty 25 the forests well. Everyone should try his best to make a contribution

(贡献) to taking care of the forests. Stop cutting down the trees and make the world greener! ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )16.A.low )17.A.on time )18.A.or )19.A.in )20.A.find )21.A.like )22.A.snow )23.A.easy )24.A.better and better )25.A.to do B.rich B.all the time B.so B.at B.build B.up B.sunshine B.hard B.worse and worse B.do C.lonely C.in time C.because C.on C.lose C.at C.wind C.happy C.bigger and bigger C.to protect D.high D.no time D.but D.with D.decorate D.out D.rain D.interesting D.moreand more D.protect

Unit 2 Topic 2 第 4 课时 课题:Section D
学习目标:学习新单词和短语 take up
学习重点: (1) This harms the environment … (2) At the same time, dealing with … (3) Of all the garbage, about 35 percent can be recycled while the rest can’t. (4) How shall we deal with it? 学习难点:继续学习不定代词和副词 (1) None of us likes pollution. (2) Don’t spit anywhere in public. (3) Everyone should care for wild animals and plant more trees. (4) We should do everything we can to protect the environment.

自学指导:
一. 读 1a,完成 1b. 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短 1.大约四亿三千万吨废品________________________ 2.占用,占据_____________3.同时___________ 4.处理废品____________________________________ 5.在所有的垃圾中______________________________ 6.需要占用太多的空间__________________________ 7.做某事有困难________________________________ 8.花费太高____________________________________ 9.循环使用 7/20 的垃圾___________________________ 10.divide the class into several groups________________ 11.discuss their own uses__________________________ 12.更糟糕的是__________________________________

13.像爱他们自己的孩子一样爱我__________________ 14.为他们做更多有用的事情_________ 三在文中划出下面的句子并分析一. 读 1a,完成 1b. At the same time, dealing with the waste costs too much money. 译 :

________________________________________ How shall we deal with it? 译:___________________________________ 同义词组: do with

点拨①:deal with sb./sth. --- 对付,应付,对待某人或某事 比较:deal with (多和 how 连用) / do with (多和 what 连用) 练习:你是如何处理这个问题的?a. _____ _____ the problem? 巩固:a.他善于应付压力。 He

did you ____ _____ the problem? = b.

did you

pressure.

b.我用了一上午的时间处理这些电子邮件。I________ the whole morning_______ _______ these e-mails. c.She is used to dealing with all kinds of people. 译:____________________________ 点拨②:花费大盘点 1.) It takes sb. 时间 to do sth. --- 做某事花费某人?.时间 2.) 人 spend 钱或时间 (in) doing sth. --- 某人花费钱或时间做某事 on sth. --- 某人在某物上花费钱或时间 4.) 物 cost 钱 --- 某物价值多少钱

3.) 人 pay 钱 for 物 --- 某人为某物付钱 练习: a.完成那篇作文花了我三天时间。

1)spend---_____________________________________________________

2)take---______________________________________________________ b.他花了一万元买了这辆二手车。 1)spend________________________________________________________

2)pay_________________________________________________________

3)cost_________________________________________________________ c.I paid ten yuan for the book. (写出同义句) The book ________ ___________ ten yuan. I _________ ten yuan __________ the book.

四:自我检测题:
( )1.—Would you like to have _____? —No, thank you. I’ve had enough. A.anything more C.more anything ( B.something more D.more something

)2.The driver was badly hurt _____ of the traffic accident. A.at a result B.in the result C.with the result D.as a result

( time.

)3.This washing machine is very easy to use. _____ can learn to use it in a very short

A.Somebody (

B.Anybody

C.Nobody

D.Few people

)4.—Hi, Bob! I can’t find my story book. Have you seen it? —Sorry, I haven’t. Why not ask Jim? Perhaps he’s seen it _____. A.anywhere B.everywhere C.nowhere D.somewhere

(

)5._____ everybody likes watching TV in my family. My parents like doing outdoor activities. A.No B.Not C.None D.Nobody

(

)6.We must plant more trees after we _____ every year. A.cut off them B.cut them off C.cut down them D.cut them down

(

)7.The cleaners must keep the street _____. A.from getting dirty C.to get dirty B.to dirty D.getting dirty

(

)8.—Is _____ ready for the trip? —No, we haven’t got a camera. A.nothing B.everything C.something D.anything

(

)9.None of us _____ running, but we all like swimming.

A.likes (

B.like

C.liking

D.would like to

)10.Liang Li always helps others _____ she is very busy. A.but 二,阅读理解 Animals are people’s friends. But many wild animals are facing the danger of dying B.and C.although D.because

out, because the environment that they are living in has changed greatly. For example, their living area has become smaller and smaller because of pollution and the development of cities. They have no room to live in except the zoo. And many of the wild animals now can’t find enough food to eat. At the same time, man is killing off animals just for getting their fur, teeth and meat. People should realize how serious the situation is and something should be done to protect the animals. We should set up some nature reserves so that animals can live freely. And people shouldn’t be allowed to kill the endangered (处于危险中的) animals. We should also do something to make our world cleaner. Fresh air, clean water and green grass are all important for animals. The death of the endangered animals will bring a disaster (灾难) to human beings. 根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。 ( ( )26.The number of the wild animals is smaller now. )27.With the development of the cities, the living area for the animals has become smaller and smaller. ( ( )28.Man is killing off animals just for fun. )29.The wild animals are very safe now, because we have found a lot of useful methods (方 法) to save them. ( )30.All of us should try our best to protect the animals.

Unit 2

Topic 3 第 1 课时

课题:Section A
学习目标;学习新单词
plastic, suppose, nod, agreement, shake

学习重点;Everyone is supposed to do so. 学习难点:学习四 个连词的用法
(1) Noise is a kind of pollution and it’s harmful to our hearing. (2) The earth is beautiful but people are hurting the earth now. (3) Work hard, or you will fail the exam. (4) She was busy cooking while they were watching TV.

自学指导:
一. 读 1a,回答问题 1.What is Jane working for? _____________________________________________________ 2.What’s Jane’s main job? _______________________________________________________ 3.What does the three Rs refer to? ________________________________________________ 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.一名…的学生_______________________ 2.一名来自…的记者___________________ 3.环境保护__________________________ 4.为一个组织工作____________________ 5.我的专职工作____________ _6..传播信息__________ 7.使用纸的正反面____________________ 8.循环使用塑料袋____________________ 9.不仅…而且…________________ 10.鼓励某人做某事___________________ 11.搜集废纸_________________________ 12.饮料罐_______________

13.把他们分类__________ _14.为了, 以便于…___________ _15.应该____________ 16.把垃圾分类______________________ 17.垃圾的种类________________________ 18.努力工作___________ 19.考试不及格____________ 20.正忙着做饭_______________________ 21.点头________________ 22 摇头_________________ 23.快点!________________ 24.错过公交车__________ 25.数次失败________________ 26.放弃_____________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1,We all know that you’re working for an organization that protects the environment. 译 :

_____________________________________________________________________________ ___________ 思考:句中的第一个 that 引导 __________从句, 第二个 that 引导___________从句 点拨:work for… 为…工作 链接:play for --- ___________

拓展:work as --- 充当,担当 work on---从事 work out ---算出 work hard at ---在…方面工 作努力 巩固:a. We should work for our motherland to make her stronger and more beautiful . 译:__________________________________________________________ b. You can work as a teacher like Linda after college. 译:____________________ c. He is working on a special job to protect the environment. 译:___________________ d.Can you work out how much money it will need? 译:_________________________

e.Work hard at English and you will make great progress soon. 译:_________________ 2.My main job is to help spread the message about protecting the environment. 译:______________________________________________________________ 总结: sb. (to) do sth.---帮助某人做某事 help sb. with sth.---帮助某人某事 can’t help doing help sth.---禁不住做某事 练习: 1.每天做锻炼有助于保持健康。_______ _________every day _______ ______ ______ fit. 2.我昨天帮助我妈妈做家务活了。I _______ my mother _______ _____ _________ yesterday. 3.你能帮帮我的英语吗? Can you _______ me ________ my English? 4.听到那个消息后,她禁不住哭了。________ _______ the news, she ________ _____ _____. 5. I think recycling can not only protect the environment but also save money. 译:_______________________________________________________ 点拨:not only …but also… 不仅……而且…, 并列连词短语,连接并列的各种成分,当连 接并列主语时, 谓语动词和邻近的主语保持一致,即“就近原则” 。 练习:1.不仅我们而且她以前也到过那里。______ _____ we _____ _____ she _____ _____ there _______. 2.他不仅说了,而且做了。He _____ ______ said it, but also ______ it. 3.我们不仅学习汉语也学习英语。__________________________________________ 4.他不仅是一位老师,还是一位作家。_______________________________________ 4.It’s nice of you to do that. 译:____________________________________________ 点拨:It’s +形容词+of sb. to do sth. ---某人做某事真是太… (形容词是描述人的品质的) 同义句转换: sb. be + 形容词+ to do sth. 练习:It is nice of you to help us. = ________ are nice _______ ______ _______. 区别:It’s + 形容词 + for sb. to do sth.. 做某事对于某人来说很…… (形容词是描述事物的 特征) 同义句转换:To do sth. is + 形容词 + for sb. 练 习 : It is necessary for us to wash hands before meals.=________ _______

________is_____________ for us. 巩固:a.对我们来说每天练习说英语是必要的。It’s _________ ____ us to practice ________ Englis b.帮助我们做了这么多活儿你真是太好了。It’s kind ____you _____ ______ us with _____ ______ work. c.你那样和你父母讲话是不礼貌的。It’s ________ ____you ____ ______ ______your parents _____ that. 4. Everyone is supposed to do so. 译:____________________________________________ 点拨:suppose – (根据所知)认为, 推断,料想, 后接宾语从句,注意第一人称时否定前移 练 习 : I suppose that the price will go up. 译 :

____________________________________________ 变为否定句:_______________________________________________ 点拨:be supposed to do sth.---(按规定,习惯,安排等)应该, 必须, 有义务做某事, 语义 相当于 ought to 和 should 练习:1)我认为你一小时前就应该在这儿。I think you ________ __________ ____ ______ here an hour ago. 2) 你应该早点完成作业。You homework earlier. 5. About 35% of the garbage in Hong Kong can be recycled every year while the rest can’t. 译:__________________________________________________________________ 点拨:the rest---剩余的(人或物) 拓展:the rest of…---(人或物中)剩余的 _______ ___________ ______ __________ your

练习:a.他的余生很精彩。__________ ________ of his life _________ _____________.

b. Mary 和 Beth 要去看电影,其余的女孩则要去买东西。 Mary and Beth will _______ _______ ______ ________and ______ _______ ___the girls are to go shopping.

语法链接---并列句 1)并列句是由连词把两个或两个以上的简单句连成的一个新句子,即:简单句+并列连词

+简单句。 2)常用并列连词和短语 and(并且),but(但是) ,or(否则) ,so (所以),for(因为),while(当…….时候;然而) when(当……时候), not only…but also…(不仅…而且…),neither…nor…(既不…也不…), either…or…(或者… 或者…) 练习:完成 42 页第 3 部分, 请写在下列横线上 1.____________________________________________________________________ 2.______________________________________________________________________ 3.______________________________________________________________________ 4._______________________________________________________________________ 5._______________________________________________________________________ 6.______________________________________________________________________ 7.______________________________________________________________________ 8._____________________________________________________________________

四:自我检测题: ( )1,It’s very kind A,of ( )2.The B, to you to C. at take D. in place on Tuesday, but we had to help me with my chemistry.

meeting

postpone(推迟)it. A,is supposed B.is ( supposed to C, was supposed D, was supposed to

)3----I like riding fast. ----Oh ,you mustn’t

It’s very exciting . like that, you may have an accident.

do it

A,and B, or C, so D, but ( )4, Wei Li doesn’t have much money , she always enjoys

herself and A,so

has a lot B,but C,and

of good friends. D, because

(

)5,I like music A,when

he likes sports.

B, while C, so D, or have realized the of learning English. D, importances called the three Rs.

(

)6, Most people A ,important

B, importantly C, importance and ”are

(

)7,“Reduce, reuse A,recycling

Brecycles C ,recycle D, recycled the environment. Dto protecting

(

)8,We should encourage students A,protect B,protecting C ,to is C, to protect

(

)9,My job A,feed

the animals. feed D feeding

B, fed

(

)10,You should

the rubbish first.( sort )

Unit 2
学习目标:

Topic 3 第 2 课时 课题:SectionB

1. Learn a new word and a phrase: ought to, action

学习重点:
2. Learn some useful sentences:: (1)Would you like to be a greener person? (2)First, you ought to turn off the lights when you leave a room. (3)Easier said than done. (4)Well, actions speak louder than words. (5)May I have your attention, please?

学习难点 3. Go on learning how to protect the environment.

学习过程:
一. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语

1.做一个环保人士____________________ 2.关(灯…)_______________ 3.骑车_________________ 4.最好做…____________ _5.代替…________________ 6.乘公交车或打的_____________________ 7.短距离旅行________________________ 8.节约能源___________________________ 9.减少空气污染_______________________ 10.带个布袋__________________________ 11.Easier said than done.________________ 12.Actions speak louder than done._____________ 13.(你)自己种蔬菜_____________________ 14.一些重要的事情____________________ 15.参加这项活动______________________ 16.在海滩见面__________ _17.坐车去那儿__________ 18.按时____________ 19.垃圾分类________________ 20.很多艰难的工作要做_______________ 21..确保__________ 22.早点儿睡___________________ 23.这么多的垃圾_____________________ 二.在文中划出下面的句子并分析 1.May I have your attention , please? 译:_____________________________________ 点拨: attention ---注意(名词) _______ attention to 练习: Please pay attention to what I will say. a. 译: __________________________________ 链接: attention to… --- 注意… pay 拓展: 多加注意…pay

b.他当时都没有过多注意我们。He _______ _______ ________ _______ _____ ______ at that time. 2.You ought to turn off the lights when you leave a room.译:___________________________ 点拨:ought to---应该,应当(情态动词,无人称,时态及数的变化) 表示责任, 义务或道义 上应该…语义同 should 注意:ought to 的否定形式为 ought not to do sth., 缩略形式 oughtn’t to 疑问形式为 Ought + 主语 + to do sth.? No, 主 + ought not. ought to 的反义疑问句中,附加疑问部分用 ought 或 should 疑问 练习:a. We ought to be polite to the old. 译:__________________________________ b.你应该帮你妈妈做些家务活。You _______ ____ ______ your mother _____ some housework. c.你不应该在墙上画画。You ______ ____ draw on the wall. d.我应该立刻去浇花吗?________ I ______ _______ the flowers at once? e.我们应该现在出发,是吗?We _______ _____ ______ now, ________ _______? 2.You’d better walk or ride a bike instead of taking a bus or a taxi if you travel a short distance. 肯定回答:Yes, 主 + ought. 否定回答:

译:________________________________________________________________ 点拨:’d better = had better 总结:had better (not) do sth. 最好(不)做某事

点拨:instead of 代替,而不是 (介词短语) 比较:take the place of sb. to do sth.= take sb’s place to do sth.---代替某人做某事(动词短语) 练 习 : a. 你 们 最 好 明 天 准 时 到 这 儿 。 You ________ _______ ________ here ______ _______tomorrow. b.老人最好不要开车。_____ ______ ______ ______ ______ drive cars. c.我将代替他参加运动会。 will ______ _____ ____ the sports meet _______ _______ ______ I I will ______ ______ _______ ___ ____ to _____ ______ ______ the sports meet. d.昨天晚上我去看电影了没有呆在家。I _____ ___ ____ ______ instead of _______ at home_____ ____.

3.The clean-up starts at 9:30 a.m. 译:___________________________________________ 点拨:clean-up --- 清扫;清理(合成名词) 点拨:此句用一般现在时表将来,一般现在时表将来主要是与安排,计划或与时刻有关的 动作。 可以这样使用的动词还有:arrive, begin, come, end, leave, go, return, finish, open 等。 链接:现在进行时也可表将来。它常有“意图”“安排”或“打算”的含义。 , 现在进行时表将来比较生动,给人一种期待感。一般现在时表将来和现在进行时表 将来有时可以互换, 体会:The football match starts at 10:30.= The football match is starting at 10:30. 译: __________________________ 练习:a.他什么时候出发去北京?When ______ he _______for Beijing? b.运动会将要在下周六开幕。The sports meet ________ _____ next Saturday. 4. Make sure you go to bed early tonight. 译:_______________________________________ 点拨:make sure + (that)从句 --- 确保,务必 链接: ①be sure of / about sth./sb. ---对某人/物有把握 做某事 ③be sure + (that)从句--- 确信… 练习:a.当你离开教室的时候, 确保窗户是关着的。 _____ ____ the windows are closed when you ____ the classroom. b.他深信自己会成功。He _____ _____ _____ his ________. 同义句:He ____ _____ _____ he will succeed. c. He is sure to succeed. 译:_________________________ 6. We’ve got so much garbage! 译:___________________________________________ 点拨:have(got)= have ---有 注意:疑问形式---Have you got…? = Do you have …? ②be sure to do sth.---肯定或有把握

练习:a.你发烧了吗?______ you ______ a fever? = ______ you ______ a fever? b.他得了流感,是吗?He _____ _____ flu, _______ ____? = He ______ flu, ______ _____?

四:自我检测题:

1.During this p_____ we have changed our planet a lot in many ways. 2.First you must dig a h_____ before planting a tree. 3.The flood nearly reached roof l_____. 4.I hope the boy won’t have bad b_____ as before. 5.When the sun r_____, everything is bright. 6.不要到处扔垃圾。 Don’t throw the rubbish _____ and _____. 7 森林有利于防止水土流失。 Forests help to keep water _____ _____ the earth away. 8.我们应该尽一切努力保护环境。 We should do _____ _____ to protect the environment. 9 大量良田变成荒漠,遍地是沙子。 A lot of rich land has _____ into desert, _____ only sand. 10 水污染导致我们城市切断供水两天。 The water pollution caused our city to _____ _____ its water supply for two days. .完形填空。 Some people say they have a solution to the problems of car crowding and pollution. In many cities, hundreds of people 16 bikes to work every day. In the New York City, some

bike riders have even founded a group: Bike for a Better City. They say if more people ride bikes to work, there would be 17 cars and less dirty air.

For several years this group has tried to gather help for bike riders. They want to have special roads 18 bikes only, because when bikes and cars use the same roads, there may be

accidents. Bike for a Better City thinks if there were bike roads, more people would use bikes. But no bike roads have been established 19 . Not everyone thinks it is a good 21 . And most people live 20 . 22

Drivers don’t like it, and some shop owners don’t like it, far from the city to travel by bike. Still, 23

has been done about it. On Saturdays and 24 to cars, and the roads may be used by 25 bike roads. I

Sundays, the largest open park in New York is

bikes only, but the group still says this is not enough and goes on fighting

think there will be more bike roads in the future. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )16.A.on )17.A.fewer )18.A.until )19.A.yet )20.A.hope )21.A.so )22.A.very )23.A.everything )24.A.closed )25.A.get B.ride B.less B.for B.already B.way B.and B.quite B.something B.open B.to get C.by C.many C.as C.still C.help C.also C.too C.anything C.opening C.ask D.take D.more D.of D.once D.idea D.either D.so D.nothing D.closing D.to ask

Unit 2
学习目标 :
1. Learn some new words:

Topic 3 第 3 课时 课题:Section C

technology, electric, wheel, steel

学习重点:
2. Go on learning some compound sentences: (1) In many countries, people produce power from coal, but it is very dirty and causes acid rain. (2) Although electric vehicles produce no pollution, there will be an increase in electricity needs if they are widely used.

学习难点:
3. Learn the advantages and disadvantages of some kinds of energy.

学习过程:
一.先查 1a 的生词的意思,再读短文,然后给每段选出合适的图片,最后完成 1b 二. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语 1.查这些单词 ________________________

2.understand the meanings further 3.通过读短文(的方式) ________________ 4.produce power from coal______________ 5.使用核能生产能源 __________________________________ 6.全世界的人 7.寻找新办法_________________________ 8.首批国家之一_______________________ 9.使用沼气技术_______________________ 10.制沼气______________ 11.动物粪便_____________ 12.在人们的日常生活中________________ 13.在 20 世纪 90 年代__________________ 14.花销很少__________________________ 15.被广泛使用 ______________________ 16.最著名的磁悬浮火车________________ 17.达到最高时速_____________________ 18.每小时 431 公里____________________ 19.更贵得多_________________________ 20.传统铁轨__________________________ 21.考虑…______________ 22.别的什么____________ 23.利用水的运动_____________________ 24.用太阳能发电____________________ 三. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析

1.Some

countries

use

nuclear

energy

to

produce

power.





_____________________________________________

点拨:use sth. to do sth.=use sth. for doing sth. ---使用某物做某事 练习:a.在过去人们使用竹子写字.People _______ bamboo ______ _______ in th past. b.人们用风发电。People _____ wind _______ producing electricity. 区别:还有一些介词也可表示“用” ,如:in,by, with

a. You can solve the problem in this way. 译:_________________________________ b.You can buy lots of things with the money. 译:______________________________ c.My father goes to the office by car. 译:_____________________________________ 2.They are very efficient and cost a little to run.译:___________________________________ 点拨: run---使运转,使运行 练习:看,我们的新机器正运转的很好。Look! Our new machines ______ _______ _______. 点拨:cost a little--花销很少 花销太高---______________

练习:在大城市生活花销太高。______ ________ _________ ________ to live in big cities. 3.There will be an increase in electricity needs if they are widely used. 译: _________________ 点拨:increase---增加, 在此句中为_____词 to…增加到… 练习: a.明年在数量上会有所增加。 There _____ _____ an _______ in number _____ _______. b.每年增加 800 万吨。It __________ _____ 8 _________ tons every year. c.到目前我们班已增加到了 54 人。The number of the students _______ _______ _____54 so far. 点拨:need---需要,在句中为_____词; 此外,need 还是情态动词和行为动词 练习:a.没有必要每天去那。 There is _____ ______ to go there every day. b.Do you need more money? 译:___________________________________________ c.我必须马上去吗?没有必要。 _______ I go there _____ ______? No, you ______. d.如果你不舒服就不必来。You _______ ________ ________ come if you feel sick. 同义句:You __________ come if you feel sick. 3. The train can reach a top speed of 431 km per hour. 译:_____________________________ 点拨:reach a speed of+具体速度 ---达到某个速度 链接:increase by…增加了… increase

链接:at a speed of + 具体速度----以某个速度, 可用 high, low, full 等形容词修饰 speed 。 练习:a.北京至天津线火车时速达到每小时 300 千米。 Beijing-Tianjin train ______ ___ _______ ____ 300 km per hour. b.我们以每小时 30 英里的速度前进。We were traveling ____ _____ _______ _____thirty miles per hour. 4.What else can be used to produce electricity. 译 :

____________________________________________ 点拨:else 修饰不定代词,疑问代词,放在不定代词,疑问代词的后面,做后置定语 点拨:can be used --- 含有情态动词的被动语态 练习:a.风可以被用来发电。Wind_____ _____ _____ to ______ __________. b.因特网可以被用来聊天。The Internet _____ _____ ______ ____ _______. 5. It takes people just 7minutes to go to the airport 30km away. 译:_____________________ 同义句:________________________________________________ 6.However, maglev guide paths are much more expensive than traditional steel railways. 译:__________________________________________________________________ 点拨:形容词前可加 a lot, much, far, a little ,even 等词修饰;还可在形容词比较级前加表数 量的词。 练习:a.Don’t go by plane. It’s a lot more expensive. 译:______________________________ b. His illness is far more serious than we thought. 译:___________________________ c. It’s a little colder today than it was yesterday. 译:____________________________ d. It was cold yesterday, but it’s even colder today. 译:_________________________ e. My sister is two years younger than me. 译:________________________________

四:自我检测题
It’s important to learn things about protecting environment. Here’s a 4Rs rule for us. ·Reduce If you want to reduce waste, you should use things wisely (明智的). A large number of trees are being cut down to make paper. If everyone uses paper carelessly and then throws it away, soon we would not have any trees left. Some other things are also being wasted, and people don’t know what to do with waste in big cities, so it’s necessary to reduce waste. ·Reuse You should always think of reusing the usable (可用的) things before throwing them away. Give your clothes or things you don’t use to the poor. In a family, you may pass such clothes on to your younger brothers or sisters. ·Recycle Bottles, cans and paper can easily be recycled. By doing so we save lots of time and money, for example, cola cans are sent to a factory, where they’re smashed flat (压平) smelted (熔化), and and the metal things are made into new cola cans. ·Repair If one of the legs of your table is broken, you can repair it. If you want to change for better ones, it’s better for you to sell the old ones or give them to other people who can use them after doing some repair. ( )36.The ―Reduce‖ rule mainly requires us _____. A.to use things wisely C.to use paper carelessly ( B.to cut down many trees D.to use more and more things

)37.What’s the right order of recycling cola cans? a.smash them flat c.smelt them A.a-b-c-d b.collect the used cans d.send them to a factory B.d-c-b-a C.b-d-a-c D.b-d-c-a

(

)38.The ―Reuse‖ rule mainly requires us _____. A.to throw away the old clothes B.to collect waste paper and soft drink cans C.to use both sides of paper D.to give the old but usable things to the poor

(

)39.Which sentence is about the ―Repair‖ rule? A.When you leave a room, turn off the lights. B.Take a cloth bag when you go shopping. C.Don’t use plastic bags. D.If your chair is broken, you can repair it.

(

)40.Which is the best title for this passage? A.A 4Rs rule C.Save energy B.Protect the environment D.Good habits

Unit 2 Topic 3 第 4 课时 课题:Section D
学习目标:1. Learn some new words:
towel, offer

学习重点:复习一些复合句子
(1) About 35% of the garbage in Hong Kong can be recycled every year while the rest can’t. (2) People produce power from coal, but it is very dirty and causes acid rain.

学习难点:3. Learn how to be a greener person. 学习过程:
一. 在文中找到并划出下面的短语

1.阻止工厂倒废水-------------------------2.变得环保________________________ 3.努力做他们所能做的------------------------

4.进行短途旅行______________________ 5.捡起垃圾 __________________________ 6.多久一次 ___________ 7.pale green ____________ 8.medium green ___________ 9.bright green __________

10.停止努力__________ 二. 在文中划出下面的句子并分析 They are trying to do what they can to protect the environment. 译 :

___________________________________ 点拨: 此句中 what they can 做 do 的____语;to protect the environment 做句中的_______ 状语。 练习:a.我们一定要力所能及地去帮助别人。译:____________________________________ b.他们竭尽所能解决了那个难题。译:________________________________________

三: 自我检测题:
Ⅰ.单项选择。 (10 分) ( )1.—When _____ he leave for the city? —He _____ next week. A.does; will leave ( B.does; leaves C.has; has left D.will; leaves

)2.—It’s a long story, but you can hardly find new words in it. —Good! _____ it will be too hard for children. A.So B.And C.But D.Or

(

)3.Students ought _____ the truth. A.to tell B.tell C.telling D.told

(

)4.He is tall, _____ his son is short. A.when B.or C.while D.and

(

)5.If we travel a short distance, we should walk _____ taking a bus. Then we’ll be greener people. A.instead of B.rather C.while D.but

(

)6.She bought a skate board online _____ she saved a lot of time. A.so that B.as soon as C.such that D.no matter

(

)7.Every student is _____ to obey the school rules. A.suppose B.supposed C.should D.ought

(

)8.A farmer in England used animal waste to _____ his machine. A.manage B.use C.run D.start

(

)9.You ought to return the book to the school library _____. Other students will borrow it. A.at times B.in time C.on time D.at the same time

(

)10.He is rich, _____ he is happy, too. A.and B.so C.or D.but

Ⅱ.情景交际。 分) (5 A: Hi, Jane. Would you like to help save the environment? B: I’d like to. 11

A: Well, first, you can start by turning off the lights when you leave a room. B: Yes. That’s easy. 12 What’s next?

A: Second, you can ride a bicycle. Don’t take a bus or a taxi if you don’t have to. B: 13 What else?

A: Third, try to recycle paper. B: Mmm. Newspapers, magazines, we have a lot of paper at home. Good idea. A: The fourth idea is to turn off the shower when you’re not using it. B: 14

A: Yes. Get wet, turn off the shower, put the shampoo (洗发剂) in your hair and then turn on the shower and wash it out. B: Yes, 15 We have to save water.

A.But what can I do for you? B.I think water is very important to us. C.You mean when I have shampoo in my hair? D.But what can I do? E.That will save a lot of money, too. F.Take a bag when you go shopping. G.Sometimes I turn off the lights without thinking. (A) 根据句意及汉语提示完成句子。 1.We should reuse plastic bags __________ (而不是) throwing them away. 2.We can sort waste paper and soft cans __________ (以便) they can be recycled. 3.Many poor people live in the houses without __________ (用电的) light. 4.There are many _________ (毛巾) in the box. 5.I don’t know how to do it. Could you __________ (提供) me some useful advice? (B) 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。 6.These tin bottles were collected for _____ (recycle).

7.In some countries such as India, shaking the head means _______ (agree). 8.In my hometown, we have _______ (reuse) some waste things for producing energy again. 9. _______ (nod) your head if you agree with me. 10.The earth is _______ (shake), and there must be an earthquake (地震). Ⅱ.英汉互译。 分) (5 11.你们是怎样处理塑料袋的? How do you deal with _____ _____? 12.那个小女孩的父母决定待在家里不出去了。 The girl’s parents have decided to stay home_____ _____ going out. 13.当你离开教室的时候, 应该随手关灯。 You _____ _____ turn off the lights when you leave the classroom. 14.说比做更容易。 _____ said than_____. 15.行动胜于言辞。 Well, _____ speak louder than _____. Ⅲ.书面表达。 (10 分) 保护环境,人人有责” ,请以 How to Be a Greener Person 为题,写一篇有关环保的短 文,并适当发表你的看法。 (80 词左右)

Unit 3
2 掌握

Topic 1

Section A

一 、学习目标:1 掌握 language, from now on, be pleased with (1)I can’t wait to fly there!

(2)You’ll have a good chance to practice English there. 3 帮助学生学习被动语态的用法 二、 学习重点:(1)Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world. (2)English is spoken as the main language in America.

三、学习难点

It is also widely used throughout the world now.

四、学习过程: (一 )导入:自学 1a 汉译英:1.看一看___________ 2.把…粘在墙上______________3.将能/会做某事__________________ 4.卡通人物______________ 6..有一天_______ 5.数百万世界各地的人_____________ _7.为…做好准备________________

8.迫不及待做某事__________________________9.有好机会做某事_________ 10.作为主要语言_______________________11.尽(你的)全力_______________ 12 从今往后__________ 14.更加努力工作 __

(二) 自学指导 :1.You can stick it on the wall in your room. 点拨: stick sth. on the wall 把…粘在墙上 the wall of your room. 练习:请把这张中国地图粘在墙上。 同义句 You can it on

拓展:1)stick ---木棒,枝条(名词)

collect dry sticks to make a fire

2)stick to sth./doing sth.---坚持、主张某事/坚持做某事 练习:a.他总是坚持自己的决定。 He always _____ _ . b.她坚持每天早起。 She ____ ____ ____

every day.

2.I will be able to see more cartoon characters.

总结:be able to do sth.--- 有能力做某事,会做某事(用于各种时态) ; can do sth. --- 会做某事,能做某事; 时态。 练习:a.再过几个月我就会说法语了。I _______ ____ ______ in another few months. b.你会开车吗? _______ you drive a car? = _______ you _______ _____ drive a car? c.这件事我们现在可以谈。 We _____ talk about it now. speak French 只有过去式 could,不能用于将来时和其它

d.当她还是小孩子时,就能唱得很好。She ______ ______ _____ sing well when she _____ a child. 3. Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world . English is spoken as the main language in America. It is also widely used around the world. 点拨: enjoyed---被喜爱 is spoken---被说 is used---被使用 (一般现在时的被动 is

语态)被动语态构成:动作承受者+ be 动词+及物动词的过去分词+(by + 动作 执行者) 练习: 1.黑板经常在课后由学生们擦。 The blackboard _____ often ________ _____ students after class. 2.门是他刚刚关上的。The door _____ ________ by 3.丝绸是在杭州生产的。Silk _ _ just now. Hangzhou.

4.I hope I can go there one day. 辨析:one day (过去)有一天, (将来)有朝一 日 / some day 有朝一日,总有一天(将来) you ________ understand.

练习:1.总有一天你会明白的。

2.一天,他在街上遇到一位老朋友。He ______ one of ______ ___________ on the street ______ _______. 5. I can’t wait to fly there. 点拨:can’t wait to do sth. --- 迫不及待地做某事 练习:孩子们迫不及待地想打开盒子。 ___________________________

链接:1)wait for… 3)keep sb. Waiting

2)wait for sb. to do sth. 4)wait a minute/moment/second

6. You’ll have a good chance to practice English there. 点拨:have/get a chance to do sth. 有机会去做某事 练习:a.我们将有出国留学的机会。We’ll ______ ____ ____ __________ for study. b.我希望有机会和你用英语交流一下。I hope I’ll _____ ___ _______ ___ ____________ _____ you in English. 点拨:practice ---实践,练习(名词); practice=practice---实践,练习(动词) 用法: practice/practise doing sth.---练习做某事 练习:Linda 每天练习弹钢琴。 7.Try your best and work much harder from now on. 点拨:from now on --- 从今以后,从现在开始(用于将来时) 链接:from then on ___ (用于______时) ___ ____ ______

练习:a.我希望从现在起我们是好朋友了。I hope we ______ ______ good friends __ _ . b.从那以后,她就再也没有迟到过。She _______never .

8.At last, he was pleased with one of his pictures of the mouse. 点拨:be pleased with sb./sth.…对…感到满意/高兴 练习:a.我对他刚刚所说的话非常满意。I’m very 同义词组: ____ what he

______ just now. 链接:be pleased to do sth. --- 高兴/乐于做某事 练习: 我们应该乐意帮助别人。We _________ _____ be _________ ______ help others. (三)典题训练看 P54---3b 的例句,将下面的主动语态变为被动语态 1. Many people speak English around the world. --- English ______ ________ ______ many people around the world. 2. Chinese built the Great Wall in the old days.--- The Great Wall _______ _______ ________ Chinese in the old days. 3. They are planting trees now. --- Trees _______ ________ ________ ________ them now. 4. They are planting trees this time yesterday. --- Trees ________ ________ ________ _____ them this time yesterday. 5. We will plant more trees next year. --- More trees ________ ________ ________ next year. (四) 、归纳总结

English is widely spoken throughout the world. stick v. language the world. be+p.p

, Section A

Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over

(五) 当堂检测

看 P54---3a 的例句, 先写出被动语态的句子,然后再变为主

动语态 1. Beijing Opera is enjoyed by many foreigners. Many foreigners __________ Beijing Opera. 2. Many trees ______ ________ ____ ____ every year. --3. _____ _________ ________ every year. 3. Many roads ______ _______ ____ _______ every year.
4. - ______ ______ _______ _______every year.

Unit 3
2 掌 握 on

Topic 1
business, be

Section B
similar to, translate,

一 、学习目标:1 继续学习一般现在时的被动语态

translate?into, company, general, in general, besides, once in a while, 等词组的用法 二、 学习重点:In general, he has no trouble understanding people from different countries, because most of them can speak English. 学习难点:(1)Is English spoken as the official language in Cuba? (2)Once in a while, Jane’s father has to travel to a country where English is not spoken. 四、学习过程:(一 )导入:英汉互译: 1.pack your bag_______________ 2.去古巴出差_______________________ 3.作为官方语言 5.一样,相同___________ 4.与…相似___________ 6.有些麻烦__________________

7.用西班牙语进行一些长谈__________________ 8. 向 翻 译 求 助 ____ 9. 到 很 多 国 家 旅 行

________________________ 11.通常,总的来说________________________ 12 做某事没有麻烦____________ 13.作为母语(第一语言) ________ ____ 14 其他的一些国家

______________________________20.有时,偶尔___________________ (二)自学指导: 1.I’m going to Cuba on business. 点拨:on business 出差

练习:上个星期他去北京出差了。He _______ ______ Beijing _____ ________ _______ ________. 2.Is English spoken as the official language in Cuba? official ---官方的,正式的(形容词) / 官员(名词) 链接:

点拨:as ---作为(介词)

office---________ officer---________ 练习:英语在大学被当做第一外语去学习。English ______ ______ ______ the first_________ language at college. 3.---Is Spanish similar to English? ---Not really.

点拨:①similar---类似的,相像的(形容词) 似,与…相像 近义词组: ______ (与…不同)

常用短语:be similar to … 与…相 ________ (与…相同) 反义词组:

②Not really. --- 事实上没有,不全是

练习:.我对这件事的见解和 James 的一样。My opinions on the matter________ ______ ______ ______ ________. 4.Is it possible for you to have any trouble? 对某人来说做某事是可能的 点拨:It is possible for sb. to do sth.---

链接: is possible + that 从句 --- 可能…注意: It

It is possible for sb. to do sth. 不能变成 sb. is possible to do sth. 5. In general, he has no trouble understanding people from different countries, because most of them can speak English. 点拨:in general 通常,大体上,总的来 拓展: ① trouble --(动词) get out of trouble sb. to

讲 have (no )trouble (in )doing sth. --- 做某事(没)有困难 麻烦,困难(不可数名词) trouble look for trouble ② trouble --- 使烦恼,麻烦 in trouble get sb. into trouble

do sth.练习:a.昨天我毫不费力地找到了他的家。 _____ ____________________

.6. It is used as the first language by most people in Great Britain, America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. sb. be used in 点拨:be used as 作为…被使用 拓展: be used by

7.Besides, it is used as a second language in India and some other countries. 点拨:besides ①还有, 此外(副词) ②除…之外(介词) , 多用于肯定句中 注

意:beside---在…旁边(介词) 辨析:besides, except, but ---除了 besides ---表示除了提到的事物之外,还包含其他的 except=but---表示不把提到的事物算在内;but 着重整体,用在 no, all, nobody, where, who 等词后 练习:a.除了玛丽我们全都到了。We are all here ___ / ___ Mary. ___

b.除了打你之外,他们还有没有什么别的举动? Did they do anything hitting you? c.这位歌手仍然年轻而且漂亮。The singer is still young and beautiful d.除你之外, 没有人给我写信。 _________ writes to me __ / _

. you.

8.Once in a while, Jane’s father has to travel to a country where English is not spoken. 点拨:once in a while 偶尔,有时候 链接:in a while---_________after

a while ---_________ for a while---________练习:a.如果你偶尔给我写封信,那就 太好了。It would be nice ______ you to write to me ______ ____ ________. b.我一 会儿就回来。 I’ll be back _____ ___ _______. d.他们在网上聊了一会儿。 They chatted _____ ____ _________on the Internet. .c.过了一会儿他回来了。 ______ back He

9.Whenever that happens, an interpreter helps him. 点拨:whenever(连词)--- 每 当,无论何时 = no matter when 引导让步状语从句 拓展: whatever 无论什么 怎样 wherever 无论何地 whoever 无论谁 however 无论 I hear that

练习: a.每当我听到这首歌的时候, 我就想起你。

song, I think of you. b.无论我解释的多么细致,她还是没有弄懂。 she still didn’t understand. c.他无论走到哪里都要带着他的狗。 him. he went, he took his dog with carefully I explained,

10.The interpreter translates the language and explains the culture of the 点拨:translate sth. to sb. --- 把…翻译给某人 translator---翻译(家)

country to him.

拓展:translate…into…把…翻译成…
(四)、归纳总结

English is widely spoken throughout the world. on business translate…into… Cuba? divide … into … in general

Section B

Is English spoken as the official language in

Is it possible for you to have any trouble?

四) 当堂检测 (

)1.—What a nice classroom! —It _____ every day.

A.is cleaning (

B.has cleaned

C.must clean D.is cleaned

)2.I spend much money on books _____ I am not rich. A.but B.so C.even though D.as if

(

)3.China takes the leading position _____ space industry. A.in B.a t C.of D.up

(

)4.Teachers should _____ their students to practice _____ English as much as B.let; speak C.make; speak D.keep;speaking

possible. A.encourage; speaking

(

)5.Maria has _____ trouble _____ math, so she often asks her math teacher for A.much; understanding C.many; understanding B.no; wit D.not; to understand

help.

Unit 3

Topic 1

Section C

一 、学习目标:1 继续学习一般现在时的被动语态 2 掌握 tongue, mother tongue, state, speaker, communicate, conference, ourist 的用法
二 、 学 习 重 点 : tongue, mother tongue, state, speaker, communicate,

conference, ourist
学习难点:the number of 四、学习过程: (一 )导入:汉译英: 1.(全世界)人数最多 ____________________ 2. 多于,超过__________________ _ 3. 在所有这些语言中_____________________ a number of

two thirds of

another+数词

4. 最 为 广 泛 地 被 使 用 ________________________5. 最 新 的 研 究 ____ ____________________ 6.作为他们的母语__________________ 7.讲英语的人 ___________ __8.纵然,即使 9.作为一门外语

__________10.国际航空__________________________

11. 在 国 际 贸 易 中 _______________________12. 世 界 上 2/3 的 科 学 家 ______________ 13.因特网用户____________

14.用英语交流_________________________ 15.变得越来越重要__________________________ (二)自学指导: 1.Is English spoken by the largest number of people in the world? The United States has the largest number of English speakers. 点拨:number---数目,数量(名词) 辨析:the number of 和 a number of the number of + 复数名词--- …的数目 (作主语时,谓语动词用单数) a number of + 复数名词---许多,若干 (作主语时,谓语动词用复数) __ students in our the largest number of---最大数量的…

练习:a.我校许多学生对流行音乐感兴趣。

school____ _________ ___ pop music. b. 许 多 教 师 已 经 入 了 党 。 _________ the Party. c.我们班有 20 个男生。 ___ the boys in our class ___ teachers

2.Recent studies show that over 400 million people speak English as their mother tongue. 点拨:study---研究(名词)

show --- ①表明,说明,告知(动词) 用法:1)show + (that)从句 2)show sb.+ 疑问代词或副词 + to do sth. ②出示,给…看 用法:show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. ______ ______

练习:a.你能告诉我去车站的路吗?Could you ________ the station? b. 请 你 演 示 一 下 怎 样 用 这 台 机 器 好 吗 ? Will you _______ this machine?

_

me

__

c.研究证明光速比声速快。_______ _______ that ______ ______ ____ light is ________ than ______ of sound. d.他让我看了他的照片。 _____________ 3. About 300 million people speak English as their second language. 点拨:as 在这儿是 词,意思是 。 ____ =

4.Even though it is not the first or second language in many countries, such as Japan, Germany, France and China, it is also learned as a foreign language.

点拨:even though --- 即使(连词) ,引导让步状语从句,同义词组: even if 练习:a.即使我们很聪明,我们仍需努力。_____ ___________ we are clever, we must ______ _______. b.即使失败,我也要尝试一下。_____ _________ I fail, I

will ______ ____ _______. 5.And two thirds of the world’s scientists read in communicate in English, too. 点 拨 : 分 数 的 表 达 口 诀 : 分 子 ______ 词 , 分 母 ______ 词 , 分 子 大 于 1, 分 母 ________。 分数修饰可数复数名词和不可数名词时,后必须有 of; 所修饰名词的数保持一致。 练习:a.三分之一的学生考试不及格。 the students 作主语时,谓语动词与

____

in the exam. the land __

b.陆地的三分之二被水覆盖着。 ____
with water.

6.A wide knowledge of English also helps us follow television programs and enjoy interesting films. 点拨:a wide knowledge of English --- 广泛的英语知识

7.The English language plays an important part in our lives. 点拨:play an important part ---扮演重要角色 练 习 : 中 国 在 世 界 上 扮 演 着 越 来 越 重 要 的 角 色 。 China is _______ _____ ____ _____ ___________ _____ in the world.

(三)典题训练
Ⅲ.完形填空。(10 分)

More than 3,000 languages are spoken on the earth today. Many of these languages are spoken 16 small groups of people. On the 17 hand, over 200

languages are spoken by one million or more people. Chinese is the language spoken by the 18 number of people in the world. But English is most 19 spoken

in the world. English is spoken by more than 400 million people is 21 20 their first language. It

by most people in the U.S.A., Great Britain, Canada, Australia and 22 used very widely in many other countries of the

New Zealand. And it is world.

Look at the back of your watch. You may see the English words “Made China, or Japan, even Germany.”English is the first language in countries. Why are English words 25 24

23

of these

on it? That is because in the modern world

English is widely used for business between different countries. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( )16.A.as B.by C.for D.with D.the second D.larger

)17.A.other B.others C.another )18.A.biggest

B.bigger C.largest

)19.A.wide B.wider C.widest D.widely )20.A.of B.in C.by D.as C.speak D.speaking C.also D.too

)21.A.spoke B.spoken )22.A.either

B.as well

(

)23.A.at

B.of

C.with D.in

(
(

)24.A.no one

B.none C.nothing

D.no

)25.A.written B.wrote C.wrD.writing

(四) 、归纳总结

(五) 当堂检测Ⅱ.综合填空。(5 分) 根据句意,用所给单词的适当形式填空。

English is widely spoken throughout the world. Section C mother tongue the number of Of all these languages, English is the most widely used. a number of two thirds of

rapid, understand, hold, language, begin, need, wide English is the most 1 used language in the world. It’s used as the mother tongue 2 in the U.N.

by most people in many countries. It’s also one of the working China is developing 3

and Beijing hosted 2008 Olympic Games. If we want to 4 , more and

communicate with foreigners and prevent them from having trouble more people who can speak English well are 1._____ 2._____ 3._____ 4._____ 5 .

5._____

Unit 3

Topic 1

Section D

一 、学习目标:1 总结一般现在时的被动语态 2 掌握 position leading powerful 的用法 二、 学习重点:话题一中的重点词语和语法 学习难点:一般现在时的被动语态构成及用法用法 四、学习过程: (一 )导入:1.越来越广泛地被使用___________________________

2.在 19 世纪______________________3.成为强国__________________________ 4. 自 20 世 纪 50 年 代 起 ________________________5. 处 于 领 先 地 位 __________________ 6. 因 此 ______________________7. 一 个 拥 有 世 界 上 最 多 人 口 的 国 家

8.鼓励某人去做某事_________________________

9.受某人的欢迎__________

10.在 …方面取得很大进步 ____________ __________

11 被要求去做某事

12. 英 语 的 学 习 _______________________________13 被 看 做 …, 被 认 为 …_______________________ __14. 一 个 重 要 产 业

________________________________ 15 世 界 上 剩 余 的 ( 国 家 ) _________________________16.according to your opinions 17 汉语的重要性 _ 18.学习英语的优点

19 汉语的发展 (二)自学指导:

______

1.It’s true that English is used more and more widely around the world 2.The American computer and Internet industry has taken the leading position in the world. 3.Now, students are required to learn English, and the study of English is regarded as a very important industry in China as well as in the rest of the world. 点拨: require --- 需要, 要求(动词) regard …as…---将…认为; 把…看作… well as…---除…之外还有;也 总结:1) require sb. to do sth.---要求某人做某事(主动语态); 2) sb.be required to do sth.--某人被要求做某事(被动语态) 3) sth. require doing --某 物需要被…(主动表被动) 练习: a.昨天你要求我做什么?What did you _ . yesterday? …as

b.地板需要洗刷了。The floor requires______

c. We are required to take part in the sports meeting.

d.我们把 Linda 既当老师又当朋友。We _________ Linda _______ our teacher ____ ______ _____ our friend. (三)典题训练 Fill in the blanks. 1. English is changing ____ _ the _____________ (develop) of the world. (take) the ________

2. Since the 1950s, the American Internet has ______ (lead) position in the world.

3. China has encouraged more people ________ (learn) English since the 1970s. 4. A celebrating party will be ______ (hold) in our classroom. 5. The pollution _____________ (四)、归纳总结 1. the 19th century 2. the 1950s 3. the 1970s Great Britain… (regard) as the most serious problem now.

the U.S.A. … China… mother tongue second language scientists, read Internet, communicate

Over 400 million people… 300 million people… Two thirds… about 200 million users… (五):当堂检测:(A)

English is now the first language of about 400 million people, the mother language of 12 countries and the official language of thirty-three more countries. That means one in every seven people in the world speaks English.English has become the new Latin(拉丁语) of the century. One must know English is a part of the twenty-first century. In Italy, for example, English is a must for many technical (技术的) jobs. In China, English is the most important foreign language learned at school. Now no other language on the earth is better suited to play the role of the world language. Because English is easier to learn than any other language, and it easily borrows local words and phrases from other countries to expand(丰富,扩大) its vocabulary.

English is so widely used that it has become the standard language for all kinds of international communication. Now 75% of the world’s mail is in English. 60% of the world’s telephone calls are made in English. 60% of the world’s radio stations are broadcast(广播) in English and over half of the world’s books and magazines are written in English. In a word, English is now the world’s first language. ( )26._____ countries speak English as their mother language. A.11 ( B.12 C.33 D.45

)27.“English has become the new Latin of the century” means _____. A.English has a long history B.English is as important as Latin C.English has borrowed lots of words from Latin D.English is as difficult to learn as Latin

(

)28.If you want to ask for a technical job in Italy, you must be

able to _____. A.speak C.speak ( Latin English B.speak D.speak French Italian

)29._____ of the world’s magazines are written in English. A.More than 50% B.75% C.60% D.Less than 50%

(

)30.The writer thinks English is now _____. A.a native language C.an official language B.the world language D.the Latin language

One day, I happened to meet an Englishman in the street and soon we began to talk. As I was talking about how I was studying English, the foreigner seemed to be very surprised, gently shaking his head and saying,“You don’t say! You don’t say!” I was puzzled(困惑的), and I thought, “Perhaps this is not a right thing to talk about.” So I said to him, “Well, shall we talk about the Great Wall? Have you ever been there?” “Certainly. When I’m back home, everyone will laugh at me if I leave here without seeing it. The Great Wall is wonderful!”“Yes, it is one of the wonders in the world. And people of many countries have come to

visit it.” As I went on telling him more about it, he stopped me again, “You don’t say!” I couldn’t help asking,“Why do you ask me not to talk about it?” “Well, I didn’t ask you to do so.” he answered, greatly surprised. “Didn’t you say ‘You don’t say!’?” I asked again. Hearing this, the foreigner laughed loudly. He began to explain,“‘You don’t say!’means ‘Really?’ Perhaps you know little about English idioms(习惯用语).” Wow! How foolish I was! Since then I have been careful with English idioms. 根据短文内容,判断正(T)误(F)。 ( )31.The foreigner didn’t want to listen to the writer to talk about

how he was studying English. ( )32.The writer was puzzled because the foreigner knew the Great Wall

very well. ( ( ( )33.The foreigner thought the Great Wall was wonderful. )34.Perhaps the story happened in China. )35.When the foreigner used the idiom“You don’t say!”, he meant

“Stop talking!”

Unit 3
一 、学习目标:1 掌握

Topic 2

Section A

Australian, difference, autumn, face to face

2 掌握(1) Sorry, I can’t follow you. Can you speak more slowly, please? (2) English is spoken differently in different

English-speaking countries 二、 学习重点:(3) Have a good trip! (4) If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences. 三、学习难点:用现在进行时表示将来 四、学习过程:(一 )导入:英汉互译 1.在校门口______________________2.说得再慢些_______________________

3.给你打招呼问好___________________________4.代替?______________ 5.和---一样_______________6.not exactly______________ 7.某事做得好_____________________/_____________ 8 在不同的讲英语的国家_________________________ 9.英式英语______________________10.听起来有趣______________ 11.祝你一路顺风_______________________________ 12 众所周知 _____________________13.彼此理解______________ 15.依赖,取决于_______

14.很多不同的意思____________

16.两者之间的不同之处__________________________ 17.和?有点儿不同____ 18.成功做某事______

19make yourself understood_______________________20 参加她的下次考试 ______________ 21.在这段谈话中_________________________22.在将来_______________ 23.面对面________ (二)自学指导: 1.Can you speak more slowly, please? 思考:有关“说”的词汇:_________(说话,说语言); _________(告诉,讲述); ________(说…);__________(谈话) 练习:a.Can you _________ English or Chinese? b.He ________ that he had finished his task. c.He is a funny man, he always ________ jokes to us. d.Let’s _________ about our plan, shall we? 2. I just said hello to you. 点拨:say hello to sb.---给某人打招呼

拓展: 给某人道歉__________________给某人告别__________________给某人 道谢_____________________ 练习:1.因为我的错误我应对他说声抱歉。I should _____ _______ ____him __________ _____ my mistakes. 2.天黑了,我们该互相道声再见了。It’s ________ now, we’d ________ _______ ________ to ______ ______.

3.帮了我们这么大的忙,请让我们对你说声感谢。Let’s ______ _______ ____ you for you ______ us so much. 3.Sorry, I can’t follow you. 译 : _______________________________ 拨:follow=understand=catch ---理解,明白 练 习 : 我 不 太 明 白 他 说 的 话 。 I /__________/__________what ______ _________. 拓展:follow --- 遵守规则;跟随;仿效;跟得上 练习:1.他拒绝听从我们的劝告。He _________ to ________ our __________. 2.王老师进入教室,学生们紧跟其后。Mr. Wang entered the classroom and the students __________ her. 3. 对 每 个 人 而 言 遵 守 交 通 规 则 是 很 重 要 的 。 It’s _________ for _________to ________the ________ ________. 4. By the way, I’m flying to Disneyland tomorrow. 点拨:一些表示位移的动词: go, come, start, leave, fly, arrive, drive, travel, return 等,常用现在进行时表将来 5.Once, when I was in London, my friends told me to put my suitcase in the boot. boot---长筒靴, 行李箱(英) 链接:once ---一旦(引导时间状语 couldn’t___________ 点

点拨:once --- (过去)曾经,有一次(副词) 从句=as soon as) once ---一次(副词)

练习:写出 once 的意思:a.Once you start, you will never give up. b.Once he lived in America, but now he lives in England. c.We ought to see the dentist once a month. 6.If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences. 点拨:make oneself + 过去分词 --- 使某人或某物被… 练习:She couldn’t make herself heard because of the noise. 链接:a.make sb. do sth.---让(使)某人做某事 b.make sb./sth.+形容词---使某 人/某物成…状态 c.make sb.+名词---选某人为… 练习:a.She _______ (make)her children ________ (wash) their hands before ________( eat).

b.The teacher ________(make) him ________(stay) after school yesterday. c.切洋葱让我流泪。________ the onions _______ ____ _______. d.我们选 他做班长。We _____ ____ monitor. e.烧菜的味道令我感到肚子饿。The smell of cooking ________ _____ _________. 点拨:difference --- 不同(可数名词) 地______________ 常用词组:the differences between…and… ---…和…之间的不同之处 different from…---与…不同 练习:a.你能说出他们之间的区别吗? Can you tell me _______ ____________ _________ them? b.美式英语与英式英语没有很大差异。American English ____ not _______ __________ _____ British English. (三)典题训练:用现在进行时表将来补充下面的句子 1).你什么时候动身?When _______ you _________? ______ _________. 3).王叔叔要来吃晚饭。Uncle Wang _____ _________ to have supper. 4).妈妈今天下午去香港。My mother _____ _________ for Hong Kong this afternoon. 5).我明天飞罗马。I ______ _________ to Rome tomorrow. 6).他后天回来。He _____ _________ the day after tomorrow. 7).我们下周到。 We _____ __________next week. 拓展:某些非位移动词亦可用现在进行时表将来:sleep, take, change, work, see, buy, meet 等。 (四)归纳总结 2).我要走了。I be 拓展:不同的_____________ 不同

English is widely spoken throughout the world. stick v. language all over the world. be+p.p

, Section A

Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from

through out=all over English is spoken as the main language in America. I can’t wait to fly there. from now on It is also widely used throughout the world now.

(五) 自我检测:1. We should know the _________ (different) between British English and American English. 2. The woman is too nervous to make her ___________ (understand). 3. My teacher ________ (fly) to Fujian next week. 4. He succeeds in _______ (pass) the exam. Ⅱ.情景交际。(5 分) A: Hello, Granny! What are you doing? B: 1

A: Learning English? Why? B: Yes. 2 More and more foreign friends will come to China. I want 3

to do something for them.

A: You’re great, Granny! Well, English has become more and more popular. 4 B: You’re right, dear. 5

A: Of course, Granny. Let’s learn English together. B: That’s fine. Thank you. A: You’re welcome.

A.Where have you been? B.Beijing hosted the 2008 Olympic Games.C.Don’t worry. D.It’s widely spoken by many people in the world now. E.I’m learning English. F.Can you help me with my English? G.And I want to make some foreign friends as well.

用所给单词的正确形式填空 same change succeed use speak difference

As we know, English is widely _____________ around the world. But can all English ____________ understand each other all the time?Of course not. Even the ______word can have many different meanings.Sometimes the meaning can_______, depending on the country where it is spoken. For example, there are differences between British English and American English. Also, Australian English is a little different from British English. If you want to _______ in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these__________.

Unit 3
一 、学习目标:1 掌握 a ride, get in, pick up, victory

Topic 2

Section B

see ? off, put out, ask for a ride, give sb.

2 掌握(1)The foreigner is asking for a ride.(2) It’s quite all right. 二、 学习重点: (3) I hope I won’t have much difficulty communicating. (4)Whenever you need help, send me an e-mail or call me. 三、学习难点:用现在进行时表示将来 四、学习过程:(一 )导入:英汉互译: 1.为某人送行____________ 2.乘飞机去…___________ 3.在他们去机场的路上______________________ 4.伸出他的手,大拇指朝上 __________________ 5.请求搭乘_______________________ 6.看他身势语_______________________ 7.载我一程到机场去________________________8.上车__________

9.









_____________________9.

A

Tour

in

the

U.S.A.___________________________ 10 have much difficulty communicating______________11.搭载那个外国人

_______________________ 12. 给 他 发 一 封 邮 件 _____________________________13. 动 身 去 迪 斯 尼 乐 园 _________________________ 14.去加拿大旅行__________________________ (二)自学指导:1.Now they are on their way to the airport. 点拨:on one’s way (to) --- 在去?的路上 练习:a.在我回家的路上我看到一辆小型巴士。____ _____ _____ _______, I saw a ___________. b.她在赴机场的途中,车子发生了故障。She was ____ ____ _____ ____ the airport when her car broke down. 链 接 : No way!---_________ by the way___________ This way,

please!____________out of the way________________ 2.Michael and Kangkang are going to see them off. 点拨:see sb. off --- 为某人送行 练习:a.明天我们将去机场为康康送行。 We______ ________ Kangkang ______ _____ the airport tomorrow. b.他已经去德国了,我们昨天为他送的行。He _____ _____ ____ ________, we _____ him _____ yesterday. c.如果明天天好, 我将去给她送行。 it ____ fine tomorrow, I ____ ________ If ____ ______. 3.Michael sees a foreigner putting out his hand with his thumb raised. 总结:(1) _________________---看见某人在做某事; _________________--看见某人做了某事(全过程) 类似的感官动词还有: _________(听见);__________(观看);___________(注意 到);___________(发现)等 练习: a. I saw them _____________(play) volleyball all this time yesterday.

b.When I came in, I noticed him _____________(watch) TV.

c.He found a boy _____________(break) the glass of the window and run away. 点拨: put out --- 伸出; 熄灭 练习: a.吉姆把脚伸出来把我绊倒了。Jim _______ his foot _______ and tripped me. b.The firefighters did what they could to put out the fire. 点拨:with his thumb raised ---大拇指朝上(介词短语做伴随状语),其中 raised 是过去分词作 his thumb 的后置定语 练习: a.The teacher goes into the classroom with a big smile on her face. 译:___________________________________ b.我看见 Tom 手里拿着一双筷子进了餐厅。 I _____Tom ______ ______ the dining room______ _____ ______ ____ _____________ in his hand. 4. in twenty minutes 译:____________________ 加时间段,常与将来时连用 练习:a.只需要一周的时间就会准备好。 It will be ready _____ ______ ______ time. b.---会议多久以后开始?---一个半小时后。 ---______ ______ _____ the meeting begin? ______ ___ ______ _______. 对比: after+时间段,常用于过去时。 ---It will begin ____ ____ 点拨:in 在?以后,后

练习:a.三年后我成了一名英语老师。I _________ an English teacher _______ ________ ________. b.---你什么时候离开了英国?---半年后。---_______ ______ you leave Britain? ---______ _____ ___ _______. 注意:after + 时间点则可用于各种时态。 练习:李平八点后回了家。Li Ping ________ home _______ ________. 李平会在八点后回家。Li Ping ________ _________ home _______ _________. (三)典题训练: ( )1. —Where is my father, Mom? B. on the way —He is __ to his office. C. in this way D. to the way

A. by the way

(

)2. The engineer hopes______ from Macao in a few days. A.returning B. to return C. returns D. returned

(

)3. They said they __ China for Japan. A.are leaving B. will leave C.leave D. were leavin

(四) 自我检测: Ⅲ.完形填空。(10 分) Do you know? There is one language 16 in every country in the world.

People, young or old, short or tall, thin or fat, use it very often. It is everybody’s second 17 . It is very easy to 18 , though you

can’t hear it. It is a sign language. When you wave(挥手) to a friend on the street, you are language. When you 20 19 sign

up your hand in class, you are saying,

“Please ask me, I think I know the answer,” or “I have some questions to 21 .” When you smile at someone, you mean to be 22 to him.

When you put your forefinger(食指) in front of your mouth, you mean, “ 23 quiet, please.” When a policeman wants to 24 cars or buses,

he raises his right arm. Sign language is very useful in quiet places or places ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( 25 of noise. It is different from body language. B.use C.using D.uses

)16.A.used )17.A.sign )18.A.write

B.action B.say

C.language D.expression

C.express D.understand C.speak D.speaking D.take D.tell

)19.A.use B.using )20.A.look

B.make C.put C.answer

)21.A.ask B.say

)22.A.friend B.friendly C.kindness D.kindly )23.A.Take B.Make C.Is D.Be

)24.A.say B.catch )25.A.full

C.stop D.prevent

B.none C.made D.some

(五)归纳总结:

Unit 3
一 、学习目标:1 掌握

Topic 2

Section C

pronounce, pronunciation, fill in

2 了解并掌握美国英语和英国英语的区别 二、 学习重点:美国英语和英国英语的表达上的区别 三、学习难点: 美国英语和英国英语的单词发音和拼写的区别 四、学习过程:(一 )导入:英汉互译: 1.如何拼写这个词 _______________________________2 in some expressions

3.











….















___________________________________________ 4.书面英语______________ 6.相当不同_____________ 8 在拼写和发音上 5.英语口语_____________ 7.大体上讲______________ _________________9.例如(1)______________

10 英式发音____________________________ 11 美式发音____________________________ English is spoken differently in different countries. Section B face to face see sb. off put out ask for a ride give sb. a ride get in pick up have much difficulty (in) doing … 12.至于_______________ 14.例如(2)________ 13 容易找到______________ 15.在客厅(英式)________________________ I’m flying to Disneyland. My uncle is meeting us tomorrow. It’s quite all right. I’m leaving for Disneyland this afternoon.

16.在客厅(美式)_________________________ 17.填表格(英式)_________________________

18 .填表格(美式)_________________________ 19.坐地铁(美式)_________________________ 20 .坐地铁(英式)_________________________ 21.大多数时候_____________________________ 22.相互之间理解起来很困难______________________ 23.注意…_______________________________ 24 一些有关迪斯尼的信息________________________ 25 .喜欢在迪斯尼度假_______________ 26 .离…很近__ (二)自学指导: 1.Generally speaking, American English is different from British English in pronunciation and spelling. 点拨:generally (speaking) ---一般来说,大体上,大概 (放于句首),用于总体说明一件事, 相当于 in general 练习:a.一般来说,你现 在准备得越充分,考试前你越不会紧张。 __________ __________, ____ ______ preparation you do now, ____ _____nervous you will be before the exam. B . 一 般 来 说 , 坐 飞 机 省 时 但 有 些 贵 。 In _________, _______ ___ _____can______ ______but cost ____ ______. 2.As for the spelling differences, you can easily find them when you use a computer. 点拨:as for sb./sth. ---至于,关于某人或某物。 练习:a.至于莉莉,她现在日子过得不错。 _____ _____ Lily, she is doing fine. _______ _____

b.关于那道数学难题,我已经解决了。____ _____ that math problem, I ________ ________ it _______. 3.However, most of the time, people from the two countries do not have much difficulty understanding each other. 点拨: difficulty---艰难, 费劲,

辛苦,难度,困难(不可数名词) have difficulty (in) doing sth.---干某事有困难 练习: .他很艰难地穿过了马路。 _____ ______ _________ __________ the road. He 拓展:当 difficulty 意为“难题,难事,困境”时则为可数名词,复数形式为 difficulties. 练习:a.我们在生活中会遇到许许多多的难事,我们应该迎头面对。 We will have lots of __________ in our life, we ________ ____ _______ them

head-on. b.你在学习中会遇到很多难题,千万别放弃。You’ll have plenty of ________ in your study, don’t ______ ____! 4.The Disneyland in California is close to Los Angeles. 点拨:be close to 是一个形容词性短语,意为“紧挨着……‖ 。此时 close 意为 进的,与……靠近(距离或空间) 练习:a.宾馆就在城中心附近。The hotel ____ ________ ____ the _________ ____ the town. b.你不能参加派对,因为它离你考试时间太近。 You can’t ____ ____ ______ ________, for it ______ ________ ____ your exams. 拓展:close --- 亲密的,亲近的(形容词); close --- 关闭(动词) 练习:a.我和我哥关系十分密切。My brother and I ________ very ________. b.我和杰克自六岁时就是密友。Jack and I have been ________ ________ ________ we ________ six. 5.They are fond of exciting rides like Pirates of the Caribbean. 点拨: fond of… --- 喜欢 be _________ ___________. b.她过去喜欢弹钢琴。She _______ ____ be _______ _____ _______ the piano. 6.Children enjoy action rides like Magic Mountain, for they are a lot of fun. 点拨:for---因为,由于(并列连词),表示补充说明,一般不能放在句首。 练习:.我相信她,因为她不可能向我撒谎。I _________ her, ______ she can not _______ _____me. (三)典题训练: Every person uses his own special words to show his ideas and feelings. Some of these expressions are commonly used for many years. Others are popular for just a short time. One such American expression is ―Where’s the beef ?‖. It is used when something is not as good as it is said to be. In the early 1980s, ―Where’s the beef ?‖ was one of the most popular expressions in the United States. It seemed as if everyone was using it at that time. Beef, of course, is the meat from a cow, and no food is more popular in America than a hamburger made from beef. In the 1960s, a businessman named Ray Kroch began 练习: a.他非常喜欢踢足球。 ____ ______ ____ He

building small restaurants that sold hamburgers at a low price. Kroch called his restaurant ―McDonald’s‖. Ray Kroch became one of the

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