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大学英语三(综合教程)第一单元


大学体验英语三(综合教程) Unit 1 Caring for Our Earth Listen and Talk Lead in
Global warming may be the most harmful environmental problem 1) have created, and the most difficult to solve. Our society is largely 2) by the fossil fuels that cause global warming. Its growing consequences ― ecological disruption, floods, droughts, disease ― are convincing more and more people that we must cut down 3) pollution. Many people view global warming as a problem too large and too 4) for anything they can do to 5) . However, in reality, there are lots of things we can do to stop, or at least to reduce it. ☆ Plant a tree. Trees "6) " carbon dioxide, but only as long as they're living. ☆ Install low-flow shower heads and faucets. You'll use less than half the water without 7) . ☆ Buy energy-efficient electronics and appliances. Then, turn them off when they're not in use. ☆ Reduce! Reuse! Recycle! Recycling a stack of newspapers only 8) will save a good-sized tree. ☆ Mount a local 9) against global warming. Educate your community about how to cut greenhouse gas pollution. Support measures at the national and local levels that increase energy efficiency, and that 10) the use of clean, renewable solar and wind technology. Key:1. human beings; 2. powered; 3. greenhouse; 4. far away; 5. make a difference; 6. breathe in; 7. decreasing performance; 8. four inches high; 9. campaign; 10. encourage

Passage A: Care for Our Mother Earth
2. Answer the following questions with the information from the passage. 1) What does Aman Motwane mean by saying that "look at the relationship between the tree and its environment and you will see the future of the tree"?
The world is a whole. Nothing in it can be isolated. Everything affects and is affected by its environment. Trees are not exceptions.

2) According to Leon Nacson, what should we do to help the environmental problem?
We'd better let nature develop in its own course and do not interfere too much. Tread as lightly as we can, take as little as possible, and put back as much as you can.

3) Why does Amrit Desai describe human beings as "greedy"?
We are never satisfied with what we have, and always ask for more than what is necessary.

4) What is Dr. McKinley's purpose in holding the interview?
He wants to raise readers' awareness in different aspects of the environmental problem, and urge them to act immediately to protect the environment.

5) Can you summarize in one sentence the view of each of the four experts interviewed?

1) We should see the world as one interconnected, interrelated whole. (Aman Motwane) 2) The two most pressing environmental issues are deforesting and global warming. (Walter Semkiw) 3) Air and water pollution are our Number One priorities. (Leon Nacson) 4) We are the cause of the ailing planet and we are the victims. (Amrit Desai)

6) How "green" are you? How much are you aware of the damage you are doing to our Mother Earth?
open.

3. Choose the best answer to each question based on the information you obtain from the passage. 1. It can be concluded from the passage that ______. A) fossils fuel are the only cause of global warming B) trees play an important role in avoiding global warming C) the interview is held in Australia D) experts do not have a solution to the environmental crisis 2. By saying that "the biggest threat to our environment today is the way we see our environment" (line 2-3), Aman Motwane implies that ______. A) everything in the ecosystem is part of one complete whole B) most people hold a wrong view on the environment C) everything affects and is affected by its environment D) people are indifferent to the environment protection 3. In Leon Nacson's view, air and water pollution are our Number One priorities because ______. A) he cannot understand why people are polluting air and water B) there will be nothing left for future generations C) we would run out of air and water if we didn't stop polluting them D) air and water pollution are the current and future state of the environment 4. Which of the following best explains Amrit Desai's words "we live divided lives"? A) We pollute Mother Earth in pursuing a better life, which, consequently, hurts ourselves. B) We are never satisfied with what we have, and we do not make good use of natural resources. C) If Mother Earth is ill, we, as her children, only enjoy part of our life. D) Though we have created the environmental problem, we try to separate ourselves from it. 5. According to Dr. McKinley, what is the root cause of the environmental problem? A) Deforesting and global warming. B) The abuse of natural resources. C) Air and water pollution. D) The attitude of human beings. Answer: 1.B, 2.B, 3.C, 4.A, 5.D

4.Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word. In an interview for Awareness Magazine, four specialists discuss their views on environmental i____with Dr. McKinley. Leon Nacson is particularly worried about air and water p___and Walter Semkiw is especially concerned with d___and global warming. Aman Motwane believes that we have to realize that everything is r___, and therefore that every action has a consequence; and Amrit Desai makes a link between c___and global r___, arguing that human greed poses a serious t___to Mother Earth. The message is that the environment is OUR r____and that we all have a part to play if we want to save our planet. Anwser: 1.issues 2.pollution 3.deforestation 4.related 5.consumption 6.resources 7.threat 8.responsibility 5. Pair each word in the left column with a word associated in meaning in the right column and then make a sentence with the paired words. 1. soda a. flood (b) 2. deforest b. thirsty (a) 1. I was so thirsty that I drank up the soda. 2. Floods will occur if the land is deforested. 1. addicted a. concern ( ) 2. environment b. greed ( ) 3. expert c. inexhaustible ( ) 4. possession d. wisdom ( ) 5. resources e. smoking ( ) Anwser: 1.e 2.a 3.d 4.b 5.c 1.Addicted smokers find it extremely difficult to give up smoking. 2.Now there are more concerns for the environment. 3.It is not enough to rely just on the wisdom of the experts for the solution; we have to do something ourselves about the pollution. 4.The problem of the environment partly lies in our greed for more conveniences, comfort and possessions. 5. Natural resources can be divided into four groups, the inexhaustible, the renewable, the non-renewable, and the recyclable. 6. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. isolate priority consumer convenience element release specific strategy trap isolate

1. The company will spend $6 million on sales ___ as well as the development of new products. 2. We all agreed on our basic aims, but when we got down to ___ items it became more complicated. 3. Nowadays, ___ not only demand the high quality of the products but also their after-sale

services. 4. The movie star was caught in the act of shoplifting but was ___ after he left his ID to the supermarket. 5. The soldiers pretended to run away and the enemy, in pursuing them, were finally ___ . 6. As a ___ of being in hospital, Shelly decided to become a nurse. 7. The village ___ from the outside for three days because of the flood. 8. After the Second World War, millions of people were left homeless; so the government decided to give ___ to housing. 9. In many shops, shopping bags are provided for the customers' ___ . 10. With a tearful love story and two famous stars, the movie has all the ___ for a success Anwser: 1.strategies, 2.specific, 3.consumers, 4.released, 5.trapped, 6.consequence, 7.was isolated, 8.priority, 9.convenience, 10. elements 7. Complete the following sentences with phrases or expressions from the passage. Make changes where necessary. 1. A few mirrors can instantly ___ this room and make it seem a much larger and lighter one. 2. Because of a flat tire, he had to walk ___ to the gas station for help. 3. Don't worry about the repairs, just ___ and let us professionals do the work for you. 4. Any damage to the books ___ carelessness must be paid for by the borrower. 5. He hated having to ___ the hotel bedroom ___ a stranger Anwser: 1.transfrom, 2.all the way, 3.sit back, 4.resulting from, 5.share ... with 8. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 这场给人类带来巨大灾难的战争对这样一个诗人产生了什么影响呢? (impact on)
How did the war, which brought terrible disasters to mankind, impact on such a poet?

2. 做母亲的有时候不能察觉她们所宠爱的孩子们的过错,这样做的结果会使孩 子们再次犯同样的过错。 (be blind to)
Mothers are sometimes blind to the faults of their beloved children, which will cause the children to make the same mistake again.

3. 作为一个在这个完全陌生国度的新移民 (immigrant) 她总是感觉到孤立无援。 , (isolate)
As a new immigrant in this completely strange country, she always felt isolated.

4. 做事不先考虑周全常会导致失败,因此我们应该三思而后行。 (result in, act before thinking)

Acting before thinking often results in failure, so we should think before we leap.

5. 奢谈的时候已经过去了,我们必须积极行动起来保护我们的环境。 (take ... action)
The time for talking is past; we must take a positive action to protect our environment. 9. First notice the italicized structural similarities between the choice sentences and their simulated reproductions, and then do the simulated translation of the Chinese sentences. 1. Look at the relationship between the tree and its environment and you will see the future of the tree. Quit smoking now and you will be healthier. 每次服两片药,每天三次,你的病几天就会好了。 2. These are two elements that are not inexhaustible. Although the plan has been made, it is not unchangeable. 他不是没有耐心,他只是太累了。 3. Once we reach the point of no return, there will be nothing left for future generations. Once the situation reaches the point of no return, a crisis is inevitable in the near future. 一旦水源短缺到了无可挽回的地步,只得放弃这座城市。 4. Can you please share your wisdom with our readers and tell us where you see the environmental crisis heading? You should share your opinion with other students and listen to what they think about this issue. 我们愿意与在座的各位代表交流我们在城市规划方面的经验,并向他们说明我们的创新特 色。 5. Too many of us just sit back and say “I’ll let the experts deal with it.” We can’t just sit back and pretend it’s none of our business. 对日益严重的交通问题我们不能袖手旁观。 1. Take two pills each time and three times a day and you will be well in a few days. 2. He is not impatient; he is just too tired. 3. Once water shortage reaches the point of no return, there will be nothing left to be done but abandon the city. 4. We’d like to share our experience in city planning with every representative here and show them what is special of our innovations. 5. We can’t just sit back and do nothing about increasingly serious traffic problems.

Passage B: Frog Story
12. Choose the best answer to each question with the information from the passage. 1. What is the author's purpose in writing the story? A) He wants to tell the story of an extraordinary frog. B) He wants to tell readers the characteristics of frogs. C) He wants to show that frogs and humans can live together. D) He wants to encourage readers to fight against pollution. 2. Finally the author realized that the frog preferred staying in the studio rather than in the greenhouse because ______. A) he wanted to remind the author that it's time to take actions against pollution B) he enjoyed being there surveying the world through a computer with the author C) he loved the tone of the computer which sounded like other frogs D) he was afraid the pollution outside might affect his skin 3. Frogs are called an "indicator species" because ______. A) their lungs are turned inside out B) their skin is dried up like paper C) their skin is sensitive to environmental pollution and global climate change D) frogs can warn people of environmental pollution by killing themselves 4. What does "sober folks"(line 7 from the bottom) refer to? A) People who are aware of the environmental problem. B) Adults not addicted to alcohol. C) People who lead a simple life. D) Adults on the planet. 5. By saying "there are no boundaries" (line 3 from the bottom), the author indicates that ______. A) human beings have no more choices but act now B) human beings and frogs are connected in the ecosystem C) frogs can communicate with human beings in a certain way D) the fight against pollution is endless Anwser: 1.D, 2.A, 3.C, 4.A, 5.B 13. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. overtake directly focus subtle species cup (v.) tone audio decade boundary

1. The essayist's language expresses rich and ___ meanings. 2. The stockbrokers ___ by the sharp drop in the stock market last Tuesday. 3. Biologists have estimated that there are around one million animal and plant ___ living in the rainforests.

4. In the United States the cost of living has been steadily rising for the past few ___ . 5. The quickly growing company has ambitious plans to expand beyond national ___ . 6. That computer store is having a sale of ___ software; let's go and have a look. 7. To be safe, you'd better put on your dark glasses to avoid the sun shining ___ in your eyes. 8. When the kitchen is finished I'm going to ___ my attention on the garden. 9. In a serious ___ , the doctor warned him to keep off sugar. 10. She ___ her hands around the mug of hot coffee to warm them. Anwser: 1.subtle, 2.were overtaken, 3.species, 4.decades, 5.boundaries, 6.audio, 7. directly, 8.focus, 9.tone, 10. cupped 14. Complete the following sentences with phrases or expressions from the passage. Change the form where necessary. 1. I didn't expect you are so efficient; ___ , the task will be finished ahead of schedule. 2. ___ safety, you must keep all medicines away from children. 3. When we ____ know these new employees better, we will assign tasks to each of them. 4. This evening dress is rather expensive since it is made ____ . 5. In the World Cup, England tried to beat its long-term rival Argentina and qualify from the "Group of Death", and ____ . Anwser: 1.at that rate, 2.For the sake of, 3.come to, 4.by hand, 5. vice versa 15. Translate the following sentences into English.

1. 年轻人有时会抱怨无法和父母沟通。 (communicate with)
Young people sometimes complain of not being able to communicate with their parents.

2. 她从小就盼望着能在中国的一个村庄住上几年, 现在她终于梦想成真了。 (take up residence)
She has been longing to take up residence in a Chinese village for a few years. Now her dream has come true.

3. 家养的动物习惯于依赖人,因此很难在野外继续生存。 (survive)
Domestic animals are used to depending on humans, so it is difficult for them to survive in the wild.

4. 他突然有种恐惧感,觉得自己会因为经济不景气而被公司裁员。 (overtake)
He was suddenly overtaken by a fear that he would be laid off by the company because of bad economy.

5. 我想他很快就会回来,因为他答应和我一起吃晚饭。 (figure)
I figure he'll be back soon since he promised to have dinner with me.


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