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定语从句与六种易混句型巧区分


定语从句与六种易混句型巧区分
一、 定语从句 定语从句 which / that /who / whose / whom / as / when / where / why 1.That bank which / that was opened last week is a very modern one. 2.An architect is a person who / that designs houses and buildings. 1.The island, which is at the mouth of the river, is being developed as a scenic spot. 2.My son, who is a surgeon, is now in Sweden as a visiting scholar. 3.The man with whom you shook hands just now is head of our department. 4.The room in which my family live used to be a garage. 1.That is the book ( which / that ) I referred to in my talk. 2.He is a teacher ( whom / that ) we all have high respect for. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. This is the best film that has ever been made. The first place that we visited was the Great Wall. The only furniture that he had in the room was a bed and a small desk. That is all that I want to say. / Is there anything that I can do for you? They talked about persons and things that they remembered in the school. Is there any book that I can refer to? Who is the girl that is standing at the school gate? Which is the book that you want to borrow?

1.The hero whose left leg he lost in the war is well looked after. 2.On the hill were maple trees whose leaves had turned red. On the hill were maple trees the leaves of which had turned red. On the hill were maple trees of which the leaves had turned red. He is a teacher, as / which is clear from his manner. As is natural, she married an American businessman. He used such expressions as he could find in the texts. They stayed for the night in the same room as / that they had once rented. I still remember the day when / on which we first met. We will never forget the day which we spent together. We will never forger the day when we worked together. The city where / in which I was born is on the new railway line. I like to take my vacation in the mountain, which is quiet and beautiful. I like to take my vacation in the mountain, where there are many plants.

This is the reason why / for which he left the company. This is the reason which he gave us for his action. This is the reason why he did that thing. 二、定语从句是高中阶段的重点语法项目之一。因此,同学们有必要全面弄清其用法。 定语从句从句型上讲,它与六种句式相似,十分容易混淆。为了帮助同学们分清定语从句与 这六种句型的差异,现将其分类例析如下。 一、定语从句与并列句 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 ①Mr Li has three daughters,none of _____ is an engineer. , . ②Mr Li has three daughters,but none of _____ is a dancer. , . ③Mr Li has three daughters; _____ are doctors. ; . 2.定语从句与并列句的主要区别在于:并列句有像 and,but,so 等并列连词或两个句子 用分号连接,这时就不能再用引导定语从句的关系词了。从结构上看,①小题是定语从句, 故填 whom;②小题有并列连词 but,是并列句,故填代词 them;③小题是两个并列分句, 无需连接词,缺少主语,故填 none 或 they。 二、定语从句与地点状语从句 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 ①Rice doesn't grow well _____ there is not enough water. . ②I still remember the farm _____ my parents worked ten years ago. . 2.定语从句与地点状语从句的主要区别在于:定语从句有表示地点的先行词,而地点状 语从句则没有;定语从句的关系词根据需要可用“介词+which”来代替 where,而地点状 语从句则通常只能由 where 引导。因此,从结构上看,①小题无表示地点的先行词,故为 表示地点的状语从句,填 where;②小题中 the farm 是先行词,是定语从句,故填 where, 此处的 where 可用 on which 替换。 三、定语从句与强调句 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 ①It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met Liang Wei at the airport. . ②It is the factory _____ Mr Wang works. . 2.定语从句与强调句的主要区别在于:强调句的结构为“It is/was+被强调部分+that +从句” 。被强调部分可以是除谓语以外的任何成分,当被强调部分是人时,还可用 who 代 替 that。这一句型中,一定不能因为被强调部分是表时间或地点的词就用 when 或 where 代 替 that。从结构上看,①小题是强调句,故填 that。此种情况检测的标准是:先把强调句中 的 It is/was 去掉,再把被强调部分还原,在不增加或减少任何单词的情况下,如句子仍然 成立则为强调句,否则为定语从句。将第①小题改为:I met Liang Wei on the morning of May 1st at the airport.显然,这句话是正确的,故为强调句 故为强调句。②小题则是定语从句,用上述方法 故为强调句 转换便知 the factory 前差个介词 in,故填 where。

四、定语从句与结果状语从句 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 ①I have the same computer _____ you have. . ②She is such a kind and funny girl _____ all of us like to make friends with her. . 2.定语从句与结果状语从句的主要区别在于(这里只讨论 the same. .as/that 和 . such..as/that 两种情况) . :在这两种情况下,如果 as/that 既引导从句,同时又在从句中 充当一定的成分,则 as/that 引导的是定语从句。在 the same..as/that 结构中,用 as 指 . 一样的,但不是同一个事物;用 that 指同一物品,故①小题填 as;如果 as/that 在从句中不 作任何成分,只起连接作用,则 as/that 引导的是结果状语从句,故②小题填 that。 五、定语从句与习惯句型 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 ①It is the first time _____ she has been in Shanghai. . ②It was the time _____ Chinese people had a hard life. . 2. 这里①小题是一个习惯句型, 结构为: is/was the first/second .. time +that 其结构为 It / 结构为: / . 从句。故①填 that,其意为:这是她第一次在上海。②小题 the time 是先行词,其后是表示 时间的定语从句,故填 when。 六、定语从句与单句 1.用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 的词完成下列句子, .用一个恰当的词完成下列句子 使之完整与正确。 ①The mother told the lazy boy to work,_____ didn't help. , . ②The mother told the lazy boy to work._____ didn't help. . . 2.含有定语从句的复合句与两个单句的主要区别在于:前者有主句,有从句,必须有关 系词;而后者则是两个单独的句子,不需要任何关联词。①小题两个句子用逗号连接且没有 并列连词,显然应是主从句关系,因此需用关系词 which,前面整个句子作先行词;②小 题则填 It,代替前面的整个句子。解题时,注意标点符号的运用。


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