The Attributive Clause 定语从句
A Riddle (谜)
They are kind and warmhearted people who can give time, energy and talents to help others in need and serve their communities, expecting nothing in return. Who are they?
A Riddle (谜)
They are kind and warmhearted people who can give time, energy and talents to help others in need and serve their communities, expecting nothing in 限制性定语从句 return.
Usage of the attributive clause
I can modify (修饰) nouns or pronouns.
I’m good at giving a definition(定义) of a word.
I’m also skilled at giving a description(描述) of sth. / sb. .
which √ 关 that √ 系 代 who 词 whom whose when 关
系 副 词
先行词 （物） 主 宾
√ √ √ √ √ √ √
先行词 （人） 主 宾
地点 时间 原因 定语 状语 状语 状语
（一） 根据从句和先行词的关系 1. He has two sons who work in the same company.
2. He has two sons ,who work in the same company.
1. 关系代词 which, that, who, whom, whose, as
2. 关系副词 when, where, why
1.The boy ____ broke the window is called Tom. who (which/that) 2.The money____________ my mother gave me yesterday has been stolen. that 3. Shanghai is no longer the city______ it used to be. 4.The boy _______ parents are dead is brought whose up by his grandfather. whom 5. Do you know Tom, ______ we talked about just now. 6. He has passed the college entrance examination, which makes his parents quite happy. _____
when 1. I still remember the day ______ I came here. where 2. This is the house ______ I lived last year. 3. Those successful deaf dancers think that dancing is an activity ______ sight matters where more than hearing. 4. I had told them the reason ____I didn’t attend why the meeting.
1. 先行词是表示时间、 地点、原因的名词 2. 定语从句中缺少状语
定语从句中，先行词是时间、地点、原因的名词 时,关系代词和关系副词如何确定？ 1.The library ________ students often study was where
on fire last night.
2. The librarywhich/thatyou visited yesterday was ________ built in 1990. which/that 3. I’ll never forget the time __________ I spent on campus. which/that 4. The reason __________she gave was not true.
1. I still remember the day when I came here. = I still remember the day on which I came here. 2. This is the house where I lived last year. =This is the house in which I lived last year. 3. There are many reasons why people like traveling. = There are many reasons for which people like traveling.
This is the place in which I lived last year.
Do you like the book for which she paid $10?
只有当先行词为表示时间、地点、原因的名词， 且介词＋关系代词在定语从句中作时间状语、地 点状语、原因状语时，介词＋关系代词才可以换 成关系副词when／where／why。
?The rate ______ which wild animals are at being destroyed has increased.
?He is the man _____ whom I think you can depend . on
with ?He referred me to some reference books ______ which I am not very familiar.
in the front of ?This is our classroom ,_______________ which there is a teacher’s desk.
to whom 1. The man ________ I spoke on the phone last night is very good at wrestling. 2. There is a tall tree outside, under which stands our __________ teacher. from which 3. On the hill stands the tower __________ people can have a good view. 4. He paid the boy $10 for washing ten windows, of which most ________ hadn’t been cleaned for at least a year.
六 疑难点突破 (一) of which/whom 的用法
1. This is the house whose window broke last night. = this is the house, the window ___________ broke of which last night. of which = this is the house, __________ the window broke last night. 2. The committee consists of 20 members, most _________ are women. of whom 练习： There are two buildings on the beach, ______ the C smaller serves as a hotel. A. Of them B. whose C. of which D. of whom
The Great Wall is one of the world-famous draw buildings that ______ (draw) lots of visitors. The Great Wall is the only one of the buildings is on the earth that ____ (be) seen from the moon.
(三)the way 作先行词时，定语从句的情况
Compare the following two sentences:
The way (which/that) he explained to us was quite __________ simple. The way (in which/that) he explained the sentence ____________ to us was not difficult to understand.
练习: What surprised me was not what he said but A _____ he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which
them 1. He has two sons. Both of ________ are teachers.
them 2. He has two sons, and both of _______are teachers.
whom 3. He has two sons, both of ________ are teachers.
(五) as 引导定语从句的用法
as 引导的限制性定语从句 (1) 当先行词前有so，such，the same等修饰时， 常用 as引导定语从句，此时as为关系代词，在 句中作主语、宾语和表语。
as This is such an interesting book ____ we all like. as This is so easy a question _____ I can answer . as He is not the same man _____ he was.
that This is such an interesting book ____we all like it.
as 引导的限制性定语从句 (2)
Please compare and translate:
This is the same book as I lost. 这本书和我丢的那本一模一样。 This is the same book that I lost. 这本书就是我丢的那本。
This book is not such ____ I expect. as
这不是我想要的书。 先行词such 为代词，意为“这样的人或物”
As 1. ____ is known to all, the moon travels round the earth. which 2. The moon travels round the earth,________ is known / as to all. 3. He came here very late,which was not expected. _____
4. The moon travels round the earth. ___ is known It to all. It 5. ____ is known to all that the moon travels round the earth. 6. What is known to all is that the moon travels _____ round the earth.
B 1. He is not the man _______ he used to be. A. what B. that C. which D. as 2. It’s helpful to put children in a situation D _____ they can see themselves differently. A. that B. when C. which D. where 3. He was educated at the local high school, A _____ he went on to Beijing University. A. after which B. after that C. in which D. in that
4. His walking-stick, _______ he can’t walk, D was lost yesterday. A.that B.with which C.which D.without which 5. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house C ____ the roof is under repair. A. whose B. which C. of which D. that B 6. Whenever I met her, _____ was fairly often, she greeted me with a sweet smile. A. who B. which C. when D. that
D 7. I don’t like the way_____he spoke to me. A.by that B.what C.by which D./ C 8. _____ was most important to her, she told me, was her family. A. It B. This C. What D. As
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