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建平中学高二英语第一学期牛津版:Unit3 fashion


Unit 3 Contemporary Style

contemporary

???

? belonging to the present time ? syn. modern

style ???
? the quality of being fashionable in the clothes that you wear ? Short skirts are back in style. ? fashion ? vogue ? fashion: a popular style of clothes, hair, etc. at a particular time or place; the state of being popular ? style: the quality of being elegant and made to a high standard 优雅格调;品位; 风度

? Fashions fade (褪色), style is eternal (永恒).
? The difference between style and fashion is quality(素质).

? Fashion can be bought. Style one must possess(拥有).
? Only great minds can afford a simple style.

So…

?The truly fashionable are beyond fashion.

Then there are many suggestions from well-known and unknown people:
? If most of us are ashamed of shabby(褴褛 的) clothes and shoddy(劣质的) furniture, let us be more ashamed of shabby ideas and shoddy philosophies(哲学).... It would be a sad situation if the wrapper were better than the meat wrapped inside it. ~Albert Einstein

? People seldom notice old clothes if you wear a big smile. ~Lee Mildon ? Be careless in your dress if you will, but keep a tidy soul. ~Mark Twain
? Beauty of style and harmony and grace and good rhythm depend on simplicity.

? The expression a woman wears on her face is more important than the clothes she wears on her back.
? To be a fashionable woman is to know yourself, know what you represent, and know what works for you. To be "in fashion" could be a disaster on 90 percent of women. You are not a page out of Vogue.

Text

What is a “presentation”?
? A prepared talk (given to a group of people to introduce something or state an opinion) ? Spoken language or written language? ? (Refer to P37 “Strategy”) ? Read through the text and find out the sentences in spoken language. (Meanwhile, do C)

Here are the five objects Laura brought along:
blouse Hat made of beaver fur bag

Blonde

wig

trainers

The viewpoint Laura wants to express by showing each different object:
object A blouse A pair of trainers A blonde wig An old hat A little bag why it is significant
It is very expensive

Laura’s viewpoint
Fashion is important to her.

Her brother took a It was a waste of trip to London to buy time and money. them. It was fashionable in Changes in fashion can create or ruin jobs. the 1960s Beavers almost became extinct.
Mother Teresa, a famous woman, just used a very ordinary bag like this.

Fashion can affect the natural world.

Fashion is not the most important thing in life.

Read and answer:
? What should one do first when making a speech? (para.1) ? Make the topic and viewpoint clear to the audience. ? How did Laura do it? ? What should one do then? (para.2-5) ? Illustrate the topic/ viewpoint by giving examples, statistics, etc. ? What examples or statistics did Laura give in her presentation? ? What should one do at the end of the speech? ? Summarize or restate the topic/viewpoint or make comments and give suggestions.

Summary of each paragraph:
? Para. 1 Laura is giving a talk about fashion and will illustrate it with five objects. ? Para. 2 She shows her favourite blouse to prove that fashion is important to her. ? Para. 3 Her brother Gary wasted a trip to London by spending all his time shopping for trainers. She shows the class the pair that he bought. ? Para. 4 She shows a wig to remind the class that fashion is a big business.

? Para. 5 She shows an old hat to illustrate the impact that fashion can have on the natural world. ? Para. 6 She shows a bag like the one Mother Teresa carried all her possessions in to remind us that fashion is not really the most important thing in life.

Useful expressions in each paragraph:
Para.1 By fashion, we mean… popular trends (in…) styles of dress illustrate… bring along

Para.2 a piece of clothing can afford sth with one?s own savings Para.3 be keen on win a free trip to sp appreciate search for a waste of (time and money)

Para. 4 create or ruin jobs belong to in the 1960s (1960?s) close down lose one?s job Para. 5 as well be made of as a result become extinct go out of style (be in style)

Para. 6 Never judge a book by its cover. be awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace as usual remind sb of sth/ that clause

Let?s practice:
? Suppose you were Laura, give the presentation with the help of the picture and key phrases. You can do this using your own words.

Para.1 By fashion, we mean… popular trends (in…) styles of dress illustrate… bring along

Para.2 a piece of clothing can afford sth with one?s own savings The more…the more…

Para.3 be keen on win a free trip to sp appreciate search for a waste of (time and money)

Para. 4 create or ruin jobs belong to in the 1960s close down lose one?s job

Para. 5 as well be made of as a result become extinct go out of style (be in style)

Para. 6 Never judge a book by its cover. be awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace as usual remind sb of sth/ that clause

Language points

mean
1. What does this sentence mean? (VN) 2. What did he mean by that remark? 3. What did she mean by leaving so early? 4. What she means is that there?s no point in waiting here. 5. He means what he says. 6. Don?t laugh! I mean it.

7. The chair was clearly meant for a child.(为…准备的) 8. This book is meant to increase children?s interest in reading. 9. I?m sorry I hurt you. I didn?t mean to (do that). 10. I didn?t mean you to read the letter.(打算让某人做) 11. This new order will mean working overtime. 12. We?ll have to be careful with money but that doesn?t mean that we can?t enjoy ourselves.

Let’s review:
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? By…, sb mean… mean doing mean to do mean sb to do be meant for… be meant to do… mean what sb says mean it mean that…

fashion
in fashion out of fashion fashionable a.

illustrate
1. To illustrate his point clearly, he told his audience a short story. 2. He illustrated his point by relating his own experiences. illustration n. 阐述,说明;插图 I like magazines full of illustrations.

object
? n. ? 物体 ? 宗旨,目 的 ? (研究、 注意、极 其想得到 的)对象 ? 宾语
? The object has no real value, materially or emotionally. ? She knew that she was an object of pity among her friends. ? As a heavy child, she became the object of ridicule from classmates. ? The object of the exercise is to raise money for the charity. ? Which word is the object in this sentence?

? ? ? ? ? ?

v. 不喜欢;不赞成;反对 object object to sth/ sb object to doing sth object to sb(?s) doing sth object that…

? If nobody objects, we?ll postpone the meeting till next week. ? Many local people object to the building of the new airport. ? I really object to being charged for parking. ? Do you object to my/me speaking to him about it? ? He objected that the police had arrested him without sufficient evidence.

? ? ? ? ?

objective adj. 客观的; 目标的; n. 目标 objection n. 反对 I no longer have any objection to your going to see her.

clothing, clothes, cloth, clothe
clothing: 1)protective/ warm clothing (u.n) 2) the high cost of food, clothing , shelter and transportation 3) the clothing industry 4) a piece of clothing clothes: (pl) Women like to wear fashionable clothes. cloth (u.n) woollen/ cotton cloth the cloth industry But: a floor cloth 擦地板布 (c.n in compounds) clothe (vt) to dress sb They clothe their children in the latest fashions.

afford
? He can afford an apartment. ? I can't afford three weeks away from work. ? can't afford to buy sth. 买不起... ? can't afford to waste sth. 浪费不起

be keen on
She's keen on sailing. A keen north wind was blowing. He has a keen brain. Competition is very keen. They are rather keen to purchase Chinese goods.

appreciate
? 感激;感谢 I appreciate your help. (Thank you for your help.) We appreciate your efforts for the development of the company. We greatly appreciate your timely help. I would appreciate it very much if you could help me. ? 鉴赏;欣赏;赏识 Do you appreciate good wine? I think that young children often appreciate modern pictures better than anyone else.

ruin
? n. 废墟 We saw the ruins of the church. ? in ruins 遭到严重破坏 Years of fighting have left the area in ruin. 经年的战争使得这个地区满目疮痍。 ? Vt. 毁坏;毁灭 She poured water all over my painting, and ruined it.

search& search for
? The party then searched the whole cave thoroughly but did not find anything except an empty tin trunk. ? search a house for a hidden weapon ? 在住宅内搜查武器 ? search for hidden treasure ? 寻找隐藏的财宝 ? in search of (=in one's search for) 为了寻找, 追求

remind
? vt ? (常与of, to + inf, that连用)使想起; 使记起;提醒 Please remind me to leave her this note Please remind me that I must call her up before nine. The film reminded him of what he had seen in China.

judge
? 评论;评判;判断 Can you judge which shoes are best? Don't judge by appearances. 人不可以貌相。 We can't judge what he really meant by doing so till we know all the circumstances. "我们只有了解了全部情况后,才能对他这样做的真实意图作 出判断。” ? judging by(或from)根据...来判断 Judging from what you say, he is right. ? as/so far as I can judge, 据我判断, 我认为

close down
? (使)停业, (使)停产 ? Because of the continued loss, the factory closed down. ? 由于连续亏损, 工厂关闭了。 ? The government closed down the newspaper. ? 政府封闭了报馆。 ? Several research institutions were closed down for lack of fund. ? 由于缺乏资金, 好几家研究机构被迫关门了

Other quotations about “fashion”
? While clothes may not make the woman, they certainly have a strong effect on her self-confidence - which, I believe, does make the woman. ? The best-dressed woman is one whose clothes wouldn't look too strange in the country. ~Hardy Amies ? So soon as a fashion is universal, it is out of date.

What's your view about fashion?
Someone?s opinion: ? I'd like to present my opinion. We can?t live without fashion, especially the one that suits us well. Fashion can bring us with lots of things, such as beauty, power and also advantages. Fashion is a weapon for woman to become a pretty woman. Fashion can help women to be more confident in their life and work. Fashion can make people think that they are unique in their outfits. Right, Fashion is so magical, It's also an attitudes towards life. Choose fashion, choose a lifestyle.

beaver

an eager beaver
干事卖力的人; 勤奋的人; 干劲十足的人; 拼命三郎


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