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攻克四级第四讲 对比论述型作文


对比论述型作文
四级作文(四)

对比论述型作文
对比论述型作文在四六级作问中比例最大,常见 于题目加中文提纲式作文,其主要特点是运用对 比比较法分析事物的优缺,缺点找出存在原因. 对比论述型作文分两种:
A. 观点对比论述(2007.6,1999.6,1998.6, 1997.6, 1996.1,1995.6,1993.12,1993.6)九次六级作文, 九次 四级作文中2005年12月 . B. 现象对比论述(1995.1, 1992.12, 1992.6 六级考试作文. 2006年 6月大学英语四级考试

观点对比论述 2005年12月考试作文真题及范文 Part ⅤWriting Directions:For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below. 1.名校校园正成为旅游新热点 2.校园是否应对游客开放,人们看法不同 3.我认为……

观点对比论述布局谋篇 1. 结合题目及提纲,可判断这是一篇观 点论述文 2. 依据提纲内容,转换成相应的三段式 结构模式. (1) 概述现状,指出一种观点及理由. (2) 详细叙述另一种观点及理由. (3) 说明作者的看法/打算

Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists?
Currently, campuses of famous universities have become one of the popular tourist destinations. This phenomenon has aroused great public concern. There is no consensus of opinions among people as to whether the university campus should be open to tourists. Some argue that tourists should be denied access to the campus. After all, they believe, the Ivory Tower is not a park but a holy place reserved for college students. Tourists may distract students from their study. But others take the opposite attitude. They maintain that revenues from campus tour may, at least, ease the university’s financial burden.

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If asked to voice my view on this, I favor the latter group of people. No matter whether campus tour brings in profits or not, it should not be banned as long as tourists obey campus regulations. 【点评】 这次的作文回归议论文,而该类型题目的写作 方式在90年代是经常考查的。 一个热门话题,大 家对此的观点各异,可以充分地给出自己的观点, 因此如果大家用以往的真题练习过,应该会觉得 很容易上手。另外,在写该类文章的时候,一定要 注意侧重点。一般来说,我们可以侧重描述对同 一事物的不同观点,而自己的观点部分,只要你对 前面描述的几种观点做一个选择就可以了。

一..2000年6月, 1996年1月四级六级作文 Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary? 1. 很多人认为有必要举行英语口语考试,理由是 2. 也有人持不同意见 3. 我的看法/打算 二.1997.6 My View on Job-Hopping/Opportunity 1.有些人喜欢始终从事某一种工作,因为--2. 有些人喜欢经常更换工作,因为--3.我的看法 三.1995.6 Should Fireworks Be Banned? 1.有人认为放爆竹是好事,为什么? 2.有人认为放爆竹是坏事,为什么? 3.我的看法

四. Long Vacation or Short Vacation (1) 目前有些学校开始实施每年放三次短假 (2) 分别列举赞成长假和短假的原因 (3) 我的观点 五. On Part-time Jobs (1) 越来越多的学生从事兼职 (2) 兼职的利弊 (3) 我的观点 六. Spring Festival Gala on CCTV (1) 许多人喜欢在除夕看春节晚会 (2) 但有些人提出取消春节晚会 (3) 我的看法

模板一
(1)Nowadays, there is an argument/ no agreement / much disagreement among people concerning / over-----------. (2) Some people think/ It is greatly held/agreed that----------.(3) In their opinions, ---------------. (4)On the contrary/ However, others think /claim that -----------. (5) First of all,----------(6)Secondly,-----------.(7) For example,-----------.(8) Last but not least----------. (9) In my opinion / AS far as I am concerned,----.(10) For one thing,-------.(11) For another,----.(12) As a result,--填充内容(1)重复题目内容, 适当变换句型或用词(2)表明 一种观点(3) 具体阐明这种观点(4)表明另一种相反的 观点.(5)理由一(6) 理由二(7) 举例证明(8) 理由三(9) 作 者自己的看法.(10) 要点一(11) 要点二(12)总结上文

模板二
(1)-----------. (2) This question has been brought into focus among people recently. (3) Some people argue that ---(4)In their opinions, ---------------. (4)On the contrary/ However, others maintain /claim that -----------. (5) First of all,----------(6)Secondly,----------.(7) For example,-----------.(8) Last but not least----------. (9) As to me/For my part / As far as I am concerned,---.(10) On the one hand,-------.(11) On the other hand,---.(12) As a result/ Therefore,---填充内容(1)重复题目内容, 适当变换句型或用词(2)表明 一种观点(3) 具体阐明这种观点(4)表明另一种相反的 观点.(5)理由一(6) 理由二(7) 举例证明(8) 理由三(9) 作 者自己的看法.(10) 要点一(11) 要点二(12)总结上文

2006年6月大学英语四级考试(新题型) Part Ⅰ Writing 注意:此部分试题在答题卡1上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lecturers. You should write at least 120 words following the outline when bellow: 1. 有些大学允许学生自由选择某些课程的任课教师 2. 学生选择教师时所考虑的主要因素 3. 学生自选任课教师的益处和可能产生的问题

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On Students Selecting Lecturers At present, as educational reform finds its way into campuses, some universities and colleges begin to permit students to select their lecturers freely. Students base their selection on a great variety of factors. For some, the first thing they bear in mind is if the professor excels at his or her field and conveys his or her idea with humor and passion, etc. For others, the crucial factor is that if the teacher is mild in grading their essays or papers. The strengths of selecting your favorite teacher on a free market are that the best teachers potential could be fully made use of and students could find more enjoyment in their study. The weakness, however, is that teachers who hand out higher marks maybe popular with some students, which will definitely have negative impacts.

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【点评】 现象对比论述 本次新四级考试的作文沿用了老四级的作文 命题模式和话题选择,难度并不是很大。 话题依 然选择与学生关系密切的校园类,使学生拿到题目 后有一种亲切感,不至于出现对题目非常生疏,无 话可说的情况。本次作文的提纲则包含了现象描 述、原因分析和利弊阐释这样的三个典型段落,也 再次体现了段落写作的重要性。只要考生在平时 的训练中多注意写作基本功的训练,经过从词汇使 用的准确性到句子的完整性,再到段落写作练习的 过程,在此基础上背一定数量的好词好句,以及一 些常见的替换词和常用表达,作文得高分并不是奢 望。

模板一 ? (1)Nowadays, ---------.(2) However,--------(3)----has/have brought more sides/bad effects. (4)The side/bad effects are listed as follows: (5)The first one is-------.(6) Another is----------. (7) For example,---------(8) The last is--------. (9)As far as I am concerned, I think--------. (10) For one thing,-----------.(11) For another,-----. (12) Therefore,---填充内容(1)根据题目内容概述现状.(2)指出出现的问 题.(3)连接上句的关键词或以代词形式代替.(4)承上 启下(5)列举缺点/影响一(6)列举缺点/影响二(7)举例证 明(8)列举最后一缺点/影响(9)自己的观点(10)论点 一.(11) 论点二(12)最后总结归纳.

模板二 (1) There are-------.(2) But------------.(3) --------has /have a lot of disadvantages. (4) The disadvantages are listing as follows: (5) Firstly,---------.(6) Secondly,----------.(7) Take --------for example,---------------.(8) Moreover/ What’s more / worse----------. (9) For my part/ In my opinion,------------------.(10)On the one hand, -------------.(11) On the other hand,----------.(12) In a word,-----------. 填充内容(1)根据题目内容概述现状.(2)指出出现的问 题.(3)连接上句的关键词或以代词形式代替.(4)承上启 下(5)列举缺点/影响一(6)列举缺点/影响二(7)举例证明(8) 列举最后一缺点/影响(9)自己的观点(10)论点一.(11) 论

Cheating on Exam
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(1)Nowadays, cheating in exam is very common almost everywhere in our country especially in universities.(2) However, the cheating habit takes root in elementary school, buds in high school and flowers in college. (3)such prevailing cheatings have brought more sides. (4)The bad effects are listed as follows: (5)The first one is that scores got by cheating cannot indicate one’s weakness of knowledge and ability, which makes it difficult for the teachers to be aware of the student's weakness so as to offer some help.(6) Secondly, cheating in exams may encourage other students to follow , for some students can be awarded prizes or permitted to enter good universities by cheating in exams

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.(7) For example, graduate students can be exempted from taking English classes if their college records of English exams are good. (8) Lastly, it is not helpful for fair competition for some students can get high grades even if they do not wok hard. (9)As far as I am concerned, I think cheating is an unhealthy tendency, and therefore should be done away with.(10)For one thing, regulations should be enforced that students with cheating behavior must be punished severely.(12) For another, as a student, we should be honest and strict with ourselves. (12) Therefore, both the students and the schools should make a joint effort to get rid of cheating in exam.

热点预测: 观点对比论述: Is Pressure a Bad Thing? Fast Food Where to Live--In the City or in the Country? E-Book or Paper-Book? 现象对比论述: My View on Cheating in Exam Pros and Cons of a Part-Time Job Advantage and Disadvantage of Private Cars


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