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2016年上海市建平中学高三上英语期中试卷


建平 2016 年秋高三期中
(完卷时间: 120 分钟满分: 150 分)

II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.

A friend of mine,in response to a conversation we were having about the injustices of life,asked me the question,"Who said life was going to be fair,or that it was even meant to be fair?" Her question was a good one.It reminded me of something I 21 (teach) as a youngster:lifeisn't fair.One of the mistakes many of us make isthat

we feel sorry for ourselves,or for others,22(think) that life should be fair,or that somedayit will be.It's not and it won't be. One of the nice things about accepting the fact that life isn't fair is23 it keepsus from feeling sorry for

ourselves by encouraging us to do 24_________ we can with what wehave.Accepting this fact also keeps 25 _____ from feeling sorry for others because we are reminded that everyone is dealt a different hand;everyone has unique strengths and problems in the process of growing up,facing the reality and making decisions;and everyone has those times 26________ they feel wounded unfairly treated. The fact that life isn't fair doesn't mean we shouldn't do everything27our power to improve our own lives or the world as a whole. On the contrary,it suggests that we should.When we don't recognizeor admit that life isn't fair,we tend to feel pity for others and for ourselves, a self-defeatingemotion that does nothingexcept28 ________(make) everyone feel worse.When we do recognize that life isn't fair,however,we feel sympathy for others and for ourselves.And sympathy is a heartfelt emotion that 29________ (deliver) lovingkindness to everyone it touches.The next time youfind yourself 30______ (absorb) in injustices of the world,try reminding yourself of this very basic fact.Youmay be surprised that it can make you out of self-pity and into helpful action. 答案 21 was taught 22 thinking 23that24the very best 25us 26that 27. in 28to make29delivers 30 being absorbed Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. marked G. progressive B. advocate H. comparatively C. persuasive I. partly D. focused J. postponing E. distinct K. rising F. absence

Twenty years ago there was a debate about whether there were specific “Asian values.” Most attention ___31__ on the doubtful claims that democracy was not among them. But a more interesting, if less noticed, argument was that —1—

traditional family values were strong in Asia than in America and Europe, and that this _32____ accounted for Asia?s economic success. In the words of Lee Kuan Yew, former prime minister of Singapore and a keen _33____ of Asia values, the Chinese family encouraged “scholarship and hard work and thrift and deferment (推迟) of present enjoyment for future again.” On the face of it his claim still appears __34_____. In most of Asia, marriage is widespread and illegitimacy(私生) almost unknown. In contrast, half of marriages in some western countries end in divorce, and half of all children are born outside wedlock. The recent riots across Britain, whose origin many believe lies in a __35__ of either parental guidance or filial(子女的) respect, seem to underline a profound difference between East and West. Yet marriage is changing fast in East, South-east and South Asia, even though each region has different traditions. The changes are36______ from those that took place in the West in the second half of the 20th century. Divorce, though _37___ in some countries, remains ___38___ rare. What?s happening in Asia is a flight from marriage. Marriage rates are falling partly because people are _39____ getting married. Marriage ages have risen all over the world, but the increase is particularly__40___ in Asia. People there now marry even later than they do in the west. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passages there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. The term "cyberspace" was coined by William Gibson ,a science fiction writer in his 1982,and expanded on it a couple of years later in a novel Neuromancer.His ______ creation turned out to be remarkably prescient(有先见之明). Cyberspace has become shorthand for the computing devices, networks, fiber-optic cables, and wireless links that bring the internet to billions of people around the world. The _____ made by these technologies have brought tremendous benefits to everyone who uses the web to _____ humanity?s collective store of knowledge every day. But there is a darker side to this extraordinary invention. Data _____ are becoming ever bigger and more common. Last year over 800m records were lost, mainly through attacks. Among the most prominent recent _____ has been Target, whose executive stood down from his job in May, a few months after the giant retailer _____ that online intruders had stolen millions of digital records about its customers, including credit- and debit-cards details. The potential damage, though, extends well beyond such _____ intrusion. Wider _____ have been raised by the realization of a growing numbers of cyber-warriors being recruited by countries that see cyberspace as a new territory of warfare. America?s president, Barack Obama, said in a White House press release that cyber-threats “______ one of the gravest national-security dangers” the country is facing. Securing cyberspace is hard because the architecture of the internet was designed to promote connectivity, not ____. Its founders focused on getting it to work and did not______ threats because the network was attached to America?s military. As hackers______, layers of security, from antivirus programs to firewalls, were added to try to keep them at bay. Gartner, a research firm, admits that last year organizations around the globe spent 67 billion in information security. _______, these defenses have worked reasonably well. Despite the talk about the risk of a ‘cyber 9/11’ , the internet has proved remarkably ______. Hundreds of millions of people turn on their computers every day and bank online, shop at_____ stores, share gossip and photos with their friends on social networks and send all kinds of sensitive data over the web without ill effect. Companies and governments are shifting ever more services online. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. A.technical A.senses A.break t hrough A.collections A.hackers A.assessed B.literary C.deliberate D.noble B.restrictions C.connections D.differences B.keep back C.stand for D.tap into B. mistakes C. leaks D.sources B.agencies C.critics D. victims B.insisted C.revealed D.concluded —2—

47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54.

A.social B.cultural C.civil D.commercial A.gaps B.contacts C.effects D.concerns A.pose B.solve C.maintain D.reduce A.availability B.security C.temptation D.preservation A.worry about B.specialize in C.keep away D.put off A. broke down B.turned up C.fell apart D.shut down A.Of course B.In another word C.On the whole D.Above all A. calm and stable B. fun and fashionable C. profitable and productive D. wild and well-received 55. A.luxurious B.favorite C.virtual D.convenience

Section B Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) E-learning-An Alternative Learning Opportunity Day school Program Secondary students across Toronto District School Board(TDSB) are invited to take one or two e-Learning courses on their day school timetable. Students will remain on the roll at their day school. The on-line classroom provides an innovative relevant and interactive Learning environment. The courses and on-line classroom are provided by the Ministry of Education These on-line courses ? are taught by TDSB secondary school teachers ? are part of the TDSB Student?s time table; and ? appear on the Student?s report upon completion Benefits of e-Learning Include: ? Access to courses that may not be available at his or her TDSB school ? Using technology to provide students with current information: and. ? assistance to solve timetable conflicts Is e-Learning for You? Students who are successful in on-line course are usually; ? able to plan, organize time and complete assignments and activities; ? capable of working independently in a responsible and honest manner; and , ? able to regularly use a computer or mobile device with internet access Students need to spend at least as much time with their on-line course work as they would in a face-to-face classroom course.

56. E-Learning courses are different from other TDSB courses in that . A. they are given by best TDSB teachers. B. they are not on the day school timetable. —3—

C. they are not included on students? reports. D. they are an addition to TDSB courses. 57. What do students need to do before completing e-learning courses? A. To learn information technology on-line. B. To do their assignments independently. C. To update their mobile devices regularly. D. To talk face to face with their teachers. 58. What can be inferred about the online courses from the advertisement? A. The on-line course is free of charge B. Student will use electronic devices in the on-line course C. Little communication with teachers is needed in the on-line course D. When timetable conflicts, priority should be given to the on-line course.

(B) It's an annual argument. Do we or do we not go on holiday? My wife says no because we have no savings to save us. I say you only live once and we work hard and what's the point if you can't go on holiday. The joy of a recession ( 不景气) means no argument next year - we just won't go. Since money is known to be one of the things most likely to bring a relationship to its knees, we should be grateful. For many families the recession means more than not booking a holiday A YouGov survey of 2, 000 people found 22% said they were arguing more with their partners because of concerns about money. A recent research shows arguments about money were especially damaging to couples. Kim Stephenson, an occupational psychologist, believes money may be different things to men and women. “People can say the same things about money but have different ideas of what it's for.” he explains. “They'll say it's to save, to spend, for security, for freedom, to show someone you love them.” He says men are more likely to see money as a way of buying status and of showing their parents that they've achieved something. “The biggest problem is that couples assume each other know what's going on with their finances, but they don't. There seems to be more of a taboo (禁忌) about talking about money than about death. But you both need to know what you're doing, who's paying what into the joint account and how much you keep separately. In a healthy relationship, you don't have to agree about money, but you have to talk about it.” 59. What does the author say about vacationing? A. People enjoy it all the more during a recession. B. It is the chief cause of family disputes. C. It makes all the hard work worthwhile. D. Few people can afford it without working hard. 60. What does the author mean by saying ?money is known … to bring a relationship to its knees?(Lines 1-2, Para. 2)? A. Money is considered to be the root of all evils. B. Few people can resist the temptation of money. C. Some people sacrifice their dignity for money. D. Disputes over money may ruin a relationship. 61. The YouGov poll of 2,000 people indicates that in a recession ______. A. conflicts between couples tend to rise. B. couples show more concern for each other. C. it is more expensive for couples to split up. D. divorce and separation rates increase. 62. The author suggests at the end of the passage that couples should _______. —4—

A. put their money together instead of keeping it separately B. make efforts to reach agreement on their family budgets C. discuss money matters to maintain a healthy relationship D. avoid arguing about money matters to remain romantic 56-58 DBB 59-62 CDAC (C)

Summary (10%) Directions: Read the passage carefully. Write a summary of the passage in 60 words. In what concrete ways can information and communication technology (ICTs) benefit the two-thirds of humanity who are more concerned about their next meal than about e-mail or eBay? First, there are economic advantages of these technologies. Besides providing business with the opportunity to access real-time market information and complete business transactions economically, ICTs can reduce costs and provide a channel to market goods and services. One small company from Tanzania replaced $ 20 faxes with 10 cent e-mails and saw its telecommunications bill go from over $ 500 per month to $45 per month. In the business-to- section you will find examples like EthioGift .com which sells gifts, including sheep and al, cover the Internet. Health services also benefit from ICTs. Using the Internet ,doctors in poor can keep up to speed with the latest developments in their field as well as seek help from their peers. This technology can also facilitate the control of diseases. Throughout Africa for instance, individual cases of meningitis(脑膜炎) are tracked over the Internet so that epidemics can be stopped early. ICTs can make it easier to reach a broad section of population in education too. The African virtual university is a distance learning project which is partly financed by the World Bank, and which serves the countries of sub-Saharan Africa. The virtual university uses satellites to broadcast televised courses to students who communicate with teachers by e-mail and telephone. Finally, we come to what has been called “e-government”. E-government initiatives focus on making government transparent and accountable by providing citizens with direct access to information. Critics might argue that when you’re being stalked by war ,hunger and disease , this may no t be a priority. But government is about more than just the ability to pay your taxes online or apply for a driving license over the Internet . It is about giving citizens access to information which allows them to make informed decisions on subjects that affect their lives.

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